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CHARLES W. ELIOT, President of the University.
HENRY W. TORREY, Professor of Ancient and Modern History.
EZRA ABBOT, Professor of New Testament Criticism and Interpretation.
WOLCOTT GIBBS, Professor of the Application of Science to the Useful Arts.
FRANCIS J. CHILD, Professor of English.
CHARLES ELIOT NORTON, Professor of the History of Art.
JUSTIN WINSOR, Librarian of the University.
GEORGE L. GOODALE, Professor of Botany.


SAMUEL H. SCUDDER, Assistant Librarian in Charge of the Catalogue.
GEORGE F. ARNOLD, Curator of the Shelves.
THOMAS J. KIERNAN, Supt. of Circulation.


The care of the several libraries devolves upon some member of the faculties of the respective departments when regular librarians have not been appointed.

HENRY L. EUSTIS, Professor, and Dean of the Lawrence Scientific School.
FRANCIS H. STORER, Professor, and Dean of the Bussey Institution.
EDWARD C. PICKERING, Professor, and Director of the Astronomical Observatory.
SERENO WATSON, Curator of the Herbarium, Botanic Garden.
JOHN H. ARNOLD, Librarian of the Law School.
CHARLES B. ELDER, Librarian of the Divinity School.
JAMES E. CLEAVES, Librarian of the Medical School.
FRANCES M. SLACK, Librarian of the Zoological Museum.

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REFERENCES FOR A FORENSIC. Merivale, Fall of the Roman republic, and his one

volume General history of Rome, ch. 28–29, the latter WERE THE GRACCHI TRUE PATRIOTS, OR WERE giving the condensed results of his more extended THEY MERE DEMAGOGUES?

works. Merivale also wrote the article in the En

cyclopædia britannica. Eliot's History of liberty, II. DR. PEABODY'S FOR JAN. 6, 1880.

113, characterizing Tiberius as the leader of reform and Caius of revolution. Schmitz's History of Rome.

Ph. Smith's Ancient history, III. 31, uses compactly The chief original authorities are Plutarch's Lives the labors of Mommsen, Long, and others. Napoand Appian's De bellis civilibus, both written two hun. leon III., in his Histoire de Jules César, ch. 6, Eng. hundred years after the events. There are scattered lish translation, treats the subject with favoring views. passages in Cicero, which are gathered in Orelli's H. C. Reiff, Geschichte der römischen bürgerkriege, Onomasticon, II. 531,

1825. W. Drumann, Geschichte Roms in seinem überLong traces the later opinion, that the Gracchi

gange von der republik zur monarchie, 1834-44, vol. were pestilent demagogues to Cicero. Sallust inci- vi., gives his authorities. Carl Peter, Geschichte Roms, dentally charges them with immoderation, though 2d ed., 1866, II. Michelet, Histoire romaine : répusympathizing with their party: Livy's books for this blique, and the English translation by Hazlitt. Duruy, period are lost; but what is known as his Epitome Histoire des Romains, II., ch. 19 and 20. Ampère, has been filled out in Freinsheim's Supplement to L'histoire romaine à Rome, iv., ch. 15, summing up Livy from all available sources.

the characters of the Gracchi, p. 323. Vertot, Histoire The question of the trustworthiness of these origi- des révolutions romaines. The condensed account in nal authorities is examined in Dr. Robert Schmidt's Smith's Greek and Roman biography, II., 290, is genKritik der quellen zur geschichte der gracchischen un- erally favorable in tone. ruhen, 1874; F. D. Gerlach, Die geschichtschreiber The condition of the people and of the laws, as der Römer, 1855; H. Peter, Die quellen Plutarchs, illustrating the movements of the Gracchi, is set forth 1865, pp. 93-100 ; Niebuhr, Lectures on Roman his as follows:tory (Schmitz's translation), lecture ix. ; Arnold, Geo. Rawlinson, Manual of ancient history, 5th peLectures on Roman history, New York edition, p. 59, riod, book 5, compendious, and giving intended laws

The Gracchi have been the subject of various mon- succinctly. Long, Decline of the Roman republic, ch. ographs. T. Lau, Die Gracchen und ihre zeit, 1854. 2, on the agrarian laws; ch. 20, on the two parties, with an examination of authorities; K. W. Nitzsch, Optimates and Populares; ch. 10, on the condition Die Gracchen und ihre vorgänger, 1847; D. H. Hege- of the state. L. H. Morgan, Ancient society, on Rowisch, Geschichte der gracchischen unruhen, 1801; F. man political government. T. E. May, Democracy in D. Gerlach, Tiberins und Caius Gracchus, 1843; Europe, I., ch. 5, gives a running commentary, as Ahrens, Die drei volkstribunen, 1836, covers Tiberius illustrating the course of the government by the peoonly; A. H. L. Heeren, Geschichte der bürgerlichen ple. Macé, Des lois agraires chez les Romains. K. unruhen der Gracchen, 1824, in his Vermischte hist. Bücher, Die aufstände der unfreien arbeiter, 1874. schriften, III. ; Saint-Réal, Conjuration des Gracques. W. Drumann, Die arbeiter und communisten, 1860.

The only available monograph in English is Bees- Expression of the popular feeling, as regards the ly's Gracchi in the Epochs of ancient history series, characters of the Gracchi, can be derived from the which is a compact narrative, sympathetic in tone, plays of which they have been made the subjects, lists particularly towards liberius, weighing the conflict- or accounts of which can be found in Larousse's ing views of Mommsen and Long.

Grand dictionnaire, viii., 1418, and in the Boston pubThe later reaction from the old condemnatory view lic library Fiction list, p. 118. began with Niebuhr's distinction between public and private property in the laws proposed. "Niebuhr, Lectures, Schmitz's translation, lecture 89. The

– The University Library has recently received later view of Mommsen, Römische geschichte, book

329 volumes and 106 pamphlets, mostly relating to iv., ch. 2 and 3, Dickson's English translation, is ac

the classics, philology, and natural history, as a becounted cynical by admirers of the Gracchi; and a

quest from Dr. Charles Pickering, of Boston (H. U., historian like Mommsen, who theorizes without re

1823); About one fourth of these were assigned to straint, is weighed properly with Long: Declineret Pickering’s library (117 vol. and 40 pamphlets) was

the departmental libraries. The remainder of Dr. the Roman republic, 1864, who places his facts care. fully, and writes with an almost utter absence of in

given to Smith College, Northampton, and to the ference. Long calls the Gracchi turbulent and

Medical Library, Boston. ambitious, but well-intentioned. An appreciative but critical view of Mommsen's general treatment of Scudder's Catalogue of scientific serials (LiRoman history is given in E. A. Freeman's Histori- brary of Harvard University, special publications, I.) cal essays, II.

makes an octavo volume of 380 pp. It was issued Arnold's Later Roman commonwealth, ch. 2 and 3, in August last, and has been well received. The is made up of articles that were first printed in the subscriptions to it, however, have not yet covered Encyclopædia metropolitana, and the tendency of his the cost of publication. Copies may be had at the views is democratic.

library, bound in red cloth, for $4.00; in sheets, Other general histories are as follows:

printed on one side only, $5.00

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Occasionally titles are given of other than recent accessions for the purpose of rectifying the old

cataloguing or of drawing attention, with explanatory notes, to important books.

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Accessions to the several departmental libraries are indicated by heavy-faced letters after the titles,
as follows:-
AO. Astronomical Observatory.

LS. Law School.
BG. Botanic Garden.

MS. Medical School.
Bussey Institution.

MZ. Museum of Zoology.
DS. Divinity School.

SS. Lawrence Scientific School.


M., pseudon. Catalogue des livres rares et précieux de M. Paris. 1785. 80. IV. 726

Priced in MS.
Under the * * is written “De theirs," or "De theiss."

Abbott, Benjamin Vaughan. Dictionary of terms and phrases used in American or English jurisprudence. 2 vol. Boston. 1879. 1.80 LS.

Abbott, Edwin Abbott. Latin prose through English idiom. Rules and exercises on Latin prose composition. With additions by E. R. Humphreys. Boston. 1876. 24°.

II. 1001 Also edition of 1877

Adams, Charles Francis, jr. Notes on railroad accidents. New York. 1879. 12o. VII. 858

Adams, Henry. The life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia, etc. 1879. 1. 80.

7347.10 Adelaide, South Australia Philosophical society. Transactions and proceedings and report for 187778. Adelaide. 1878. 80.

MZ. African (South) folk-lore society. Folk-lore journal, edited by the working committee of the society. Vol. i. pt. 1-4. Jan. - July, 1879. Cape Town, etc. 1879. 80.

27254.40 [Ageno, Francesco).

I casi della guerra per l'indipendenza d'America. [Edited by] Giuseppe Colucci. 2 vol. in 3. Genova. 1879. sm. 80. 6355.25

Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius, of Nettesheim. De Occvl. Ita Philoso- | phia Libri i Tres. ! (Cologne. Colophon :-) An: 1 no M.D.XXXIII. | Mense Iulio. / sm. fo Port. and diagrs.

İII. 477 From the libraries of Count Vladyslav Bielinski and Zygmunt Czarnecki with the book-plate of the latter. There are a few MS. marginal notes.

Of this very rare work three different editions were published in the year 1533 ; according to Clément this is the first. - See Brunet, 114; Clément's Bibl. curieuse hist. et crit., i. 91-93 ; Panzer, vi. 426, xi. 404, 405.

Alix, (Pierre Henri) Edmond. Essai sur l'appareil locomoteur des oiseaux. Paris. 1874. 89. MZ.

Allen, Alfred H. An introduction to the practice of commercial organic analysis. Vol. i. London. 1879. 80.

V. 392 Allen, Zachariah. Solar light and heat: the source and the supply. Gravitation : with explanations of planetary and molecular forces. New York, etc. 1879. 80.

V. 414 Sequel to the author's " Philosophy of the mechanics of nature," etc. published in 1851.

American art review (The). [Edited by S. R. Koehler, W. C. Prime and C. c. Perkins.] Vol. i. no. I. Nov. 1879. m. Boston, etc. 1879. 40. To be continued.

Anderson, John. Anatomical and zoological researches: comprising an account of the two expeditions to western Yunnan in 1868 and 1875; and a monograph of the two cetacean genera, platinista and orcella. London. 1878. 4o, and atlas of 84 plates.

MZ. Andrews, George. Reports of cases in the king's bench, in the eleventh and twelfth years of George the Second. 2d ed. By G. W. Vernon. London. 1792. 80.

LS. Annual record of science and industry for 187178. New York. 1872–79. 12o.

23.282 The publication is discontinued. Anson, Sir William Reynell, 3d bart. Principles of the English law of contract. Oxford. 1879. sm. 80. (Clarendon press series.)

LS. Antoine, Franz. Die coniferen nach Lambert, Loudon und anderen. Wien. 1840. fo. Col. plates. BG. Imperfect :- pp. 89-104 and plates 34-43 are wanting.

Aradas, Alessandro, and Benoit, L. Conchiliologia vivente marina della Sicilia e delle isole che la circondano. Catania. 1870. 4o.

MZ. Archbold, John Frederick The law and practice in bankruptcy. Toth ed. By J. Flather. London, etc. 1844. 120.

LS. Pleading and evidence in criminal cases. By John Jervis. 19th ed. By William Bruce. London. 1878. 120.

LS. Archiv für die holländischen beiträge zur naturund- heilkunde. Herausgegeben von F.C. Donders und W. Berlin. Bd. i.-iii. Utrecht. 1858-64. 80.

MZ. Archiv for mathematik og naturvidenskab. Udgivet af Sophus Lie, Worm Müller og G. A. Sars. je_ze bind. * Kristiania. 1876–78. 80. VI. 605

Archiv für psychiatrie und nervenkrankheiten. Redigirt von C. Westphal. ix. bd. Berlin. 1879 ['78–79). 80. To be continued.

Arndt, Ernst Moritz. Life and adventures. Compiled from the German. Preface by J. R. Seeley. London. 1879. sm. 80.

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