Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700-1900
South India is often portrayed as a land of Hindu orthodoxy, yet in fact three great "world religions" have interacted in the region over many centuries. This book uses a powerful combination of oral, literary, and architectural evidence to investigate the social and religious world of those large and influential groups of South Indians who came to identify themselves as Christians and Muslims, while retaining powerful links with the religion and culture of the wider society. The author shows how Christianity and Islam spread along the military and agricultural frontiers of southern India, and how certain beliefs and practices derived local force from an ambiguous relationship with the worship of existing Hindu goddesses. The book illuminates not only the meaning and history of religious conversion and the nature of community, but wider processes of social and political change within the sub-continent and colonial societies in general.
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Arcot authority Brahman British Carnatic caste groups caste notables Catholic Caussanel centres ceremonial church claim Cochin colonial communities conﬂict converts cult saints cult shrines cult traditions dargah deities demonic devotees domain eighteenth century European families festival ﬁerce ﬁgure ﬁrst goddess guru Hindu Hindu temple hinterland History holy places honours Ibid identiﬁed India Islam Jacobite jati talaivan Jesuits Kallar Kat Bava Kerala Khan’s Labbais large numbers lineages localities locality’s lord Madras Madurai Malabar Malayali maraikkayar martial metran military Minaksi mission missionaries Muhammad Muhammad Ali Muslim Nagore Nathar Wali Navaiyat nawab nayaka Nayar networks nineteenth century organisation Padroado Paravas Pillai poligar poligar country population Portuguese pre-colonial priests Pudukkottai raja Ramnad rank region’s religious rites ritual rulers sacred sacriﬁce Sahib Shanars social society south Indian southern St Thomas Christians status Suﬁ Syrians Tamil country Tamilnad Tanjore texts Tirunelveli trading Travancore Trichy Tuticorin Vadakkankulam Vellala village Walahjahs warrior west Asian worship Yusuf Khan