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treatment with liquor in another machine, and the liquor-tank forms one continuous receptacle, and thus does not allow of building the machine in sections—that is to say, increase its capacity by degrees and facilitate transport.
The object of the present invention is chiefly to provide means whereby the said defects are overcome and also the quantity of liquor required for the treatment of the hanks is greatly reduced.
APPARATUS FOR DYEING SLIVERS. Charles M. Hanson, of Peacedale, Rhode Island. Patent No. 791,148, dated May 30, 1905.
This invention relates particularly to the lower part of the apparatus, described in U. S. Patent No. 708,808, and the method of conducting the dyeing liquor to the stock to be dyed, the upper part of the apparatus being substantially the same as in the said patented apparatus, for a detailed description of which reference is made to said patent.
My improvement consists in arranging a hood over the central bottom opening of the inclined floor of the apparatus, having a packing-ring on the bottom edge thereof between said hood and floor and a series of liquor-conducting pipes, connected with the crown of said hood about equidistant apart around the central vertical drive-shaft, which passes down through the hood. The pipes extend up and out radially from the crown of the hood to the bottom inner edge of the usual perforated cans and from said point each pipe has two branches, one branch extending up vertically next to the inner side of its respective perforated can and another extending horizontally to under the center of said can and connected with the bottom of the usual vertical perforated tube, which extends up through the center of the can. The branch pipes are each perforated the whole length of the inner sides next to the cans for the purpose of discharging the dyeing liquor against the perforated surfaces of the cans, which being rotated slowly inde. pendent of the high speed imparted to the operating parts of the apparatus, as described in the patent previously referred to, causes the liquor to enter the cans and pass through the stock contained therein, the centrifugal force caused by said high rate of speed causing the liquor to percolate thoroughly through every part of said stock, and thus evenly dyes the same throughout its entire body.
DYEING-MACHINE. James A. Willard, of Chattanooga, Tennessee, assignor to Vacuum Dyeing Machine Company. Patent No. 793,488, dated June 27, 1905.
The machine described in this invention is constructed to dye, wash, and fix the dyestuffs upon the material being operated on while it is submerged at all times without coming in contact with the air and until the color has been set and made fast or permanent.
It aims to provide a dyeing-machine with new and novel means for removing the dyed or washed material from the vat in which the material was operated upon.
The invention further aims to construct a machine for dyeing raw stock, wool, and similar material which is so constructed that after the material has been compressed so as to be operated upon it will be securely held in its compressed condition.
The claim covers a dyeing-machine involving a vat, a removable perforated top plate for said vat, a vertically-movable perforated supported plate operated in said vat and adapted to support the material to be operated upon, means communicating with said vat for circulating dye liquor therethrough, a lifting-rod for vertically moving the supporting-plate, a lever connected with said rod for reciprocating it, and means connected with the lever for actuating it.
MACHINE FOR DYEING, &c. Stuart W. Cramer, of Chariotte, North Carolina. Patent No. 793,510, dated June 27, 1905. This invention relates to the treatment of textile fibres and fabrics by dyeing, bleaching, washing, or cleansing and the removal of the water or the liquid therefrom either at intervals during the process or at its conclusion.
The purpose of this invention is to accomplish any or all of these results in one single machine, which therefore performs the functions of a combined dyer and centrifugal machine, thereby condensing into one machine the operations usually performed in two separate machines, with the attendant economy in both time and labor. It believed that better results will be obtained where the several operations are carried on in one single machine than when divided into two separate machines, because of the element of quickness and celerity of operation that is thereby possible, for in many cases these operations should follow each other with the least possible interval between them to insure the best results.
This is a centrifugal type of machine providing that the various operations of dyeing, washing, and hydroextracting may be done in one machine without handling the material during the intermediate processes.
The claims cover the details of construction.
DYEING APPARATUS. Otto Kunz, of Vienna, Austria-Hungary. Patent No. 793,594, dated June 27, 1905.
This invention relates to improved apparatus for dyeing textile fibres, and more particularly silk yarns, of that type in which the skeins hang from rollers which rotate with alternating motion.
The essential feature of the invention is the arrangement of laterally-swinging rods or bars which enter the skeins and prevent the threads becoming entangled no matter how close they may lie together and which, furthermore, cause a swinging motion of the skeins in the dye-bath. In this manner every thread will be thoroughly saturated with liquor. A special device is also provided for enabling the dyed skeins to be readily lifted out and new ones inserted.
ROTARY OXIDIZING APPARATUS. Alexander N. Dubois, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Patent No. 794,085, dated July 4, 1905.
This invention relates to improvements in rotary oxidizing apparatus for the use of dyers.
The object of the invention is to improve the construction of apparatus shown and described in U. S. Patent No. 676,647, by providing means whereby the goods contained in the oxidizingcylinders will be prevented from being thrown and piled up in one end of the cylinders, thereby retarding and prolonging the oxidizing of the same.
With this object in view the invention consists in the construction and arrangement of certain of the parts.
DYEING-MACHINE. Robert P. Smith, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, assignor of onehalf to George E. Drum, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Patent No. 794,560, dated July 11, 1905.
The machine described in this invention may be said broadly to consist of a suitable tank adapted to contain the dyeing solution, and a suitable receptacle to contain the articles to be dyed and adapted to be introduced into or removed from the tank. This tank may be of any shape and size for its intended purpose. In the present instance it comprises a body portion semicircular in cross-section, and with the end walls, closing the ends of the semicircular body portion and forming suitable supports for the tank. The receptacle is preferably of the same general shape as the interior of the tank, but slightly smaller in dimensions, to the end that it may be readily introduced into or removed from the tank as desired. The top of the receptacle is open, and it is provided with a hinged bottom, pivoted, and held in place by a suitable bolt. The bottom of the receptacle is provided with perforations for the admission of the dyeing-solution when the receptacle is introduced into the tank. The claims cover the details of construction.
CONTINUOUS BLEACHING APPARATUS. Manuel Muntadas Y Rovira, of Barcelona, Spain. Patent No. 796,345, dated August 1, 1905.
This invention relates to improvements in continuous bleaching apparatus, and is a specific improvement on the apparatus described in a former patent, No. 761,107.
The invention relates to an apparatus forming a series of treating-chambers wherein the fabric is accumulated while being subjected to a lixiviation in each chamber, and these chambers are so disposed that the lye acts therein in a methodical order, said chambers being also subjected to a different pressure generally increasing from one another. The fabric is caused to pass through the lye before entering the corresponding chamber, and after a first lixiviation it is washed out with water, said washingwater being separated or conveyed out of the chamber. After the second lixiviation the fabric passes between a couple of cleansingrollers, and after the last lixiviation it is subjected to a methodical washing, the pressure gradually increasing from the ends to the center of the apparatus.
The claims cover the details of construction.
APPARATUS FOR DYEING. James A. Willard, of Chattanooga, Tennessee, assignor to Vacuum Dyeing Machine Company. Patent No. 796,381, dated August 1, 1905.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in apparatus for dyeing raw stock—wool and similar materials, particularly improvements upon Patents No. 715,719, December 9, 1902; No. 723,795, March 24, 1903; No. 744,147, November 17, 1903, and application Serial No. 179,848, filed November 4, 1903.
The object of the invention is to construct an apparatus which is particularly adapted for dyeing, washing, and fixing dyestuffs upon the material being operated on while it is submerged at all times without the material coming in contact with air until the