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£ s. ST. MALCHUS. Pa. 218: Incipit vita Malchi monachi captivi

Pa. 226: PAFNUCIJ monachi vita feliciter incipit

In 1 vol. small 4to. MS. ON VELLUM AND PAPER, 235 pp.; in the original boards covered with whitish leather, with the bookplate of the Duke of Sussex

(Flanders), 1457 60 00 An interesting collection. The account of George of Hungary's visit in 1353 to the Purgatory of St. Patrick is believed to be unique. He is described as a young nobleman of the court of King Louis I of

35 MISSAL OF PHILIP OF SAVOY; preceded by a Calendar;

imperial 8vo. ILLUMINATED MS. ON VELLUM, written in
double columns, with fine floreated borders, richly painted
initials, and numerous gilt capitals, several letters historiated
with small MINIATURES and two full-page PAINTINGS (God
in Majesty, and the Crucifixion); the prince's armorial
bearing repeated many times in the borders ; in an excep-
tionally fresh and splendid condition, bound in black leather
and enclosed in a pull-off case

About 1470-75 175 00
The Calendar reveals the hand of a Cluniac monk, or the vicinity
of the Abbey itself. The escutcheon is that of Savoy (gules,
a cross argent), charged with a bordure componny or and azur. It
represents Philip of Savoy, who was, in 1470, in the service of his
kinsman, Charles of Burgundy, and who bore the title of Count of
Beaugey and Bresse. He afterwards become Duke of Savoy on the
death of his grand-nephew in 1496, but only lived till 1497.

This is a fine example of Burgundian work, and highly interesting

for its historical associations.
36 OVID. Page 1 : Pvblij Ouidij Nasonis Sulmonensis Fastorum liber primus

incipit . Page 227: .. Publij Ouidij Nasonis sulmonensis poete
clarissimi Fastorum libri sexti et ultimi telos. Tuus Alberthus Sauo.
narolla scripsit. Under this the painted escutcheon of Savonarola in
union with that of Ariosto on the right of the shield and of Bonacossi on
the left.

Small 4to. well-written MS. on paper; hf. bd. from the Drury and
Philipps collections

(Ferrara, about 1470) 5 00
There are numerous glosses in a somewhat later hand than that of Savonarola. –
There is a small square piece cut out above his inscription, which probably contained
the name of the person for whom he wrote the book. The triple escutcheon gives a
particular interest to this volume. It shews that Alberto must have been a brother of
the famous monk, whose parents were Niccolo Savonarola and Elena Bonacossi. The
Ariosti shield shews that there was a second alliance, probably with a sister of the

great Ariosto's father.
37 PLAUTI COMEDIÆ OCTO : Amphitryo, Asinaria, Captivi, Curgulio,

Cassina, Cistellaria, Epidicus, Aulularia. 4to. MS. on paper, by Italian
hands (Gothic, Roman, and semi-Italic letters) ; calf, from the Phillipps

About 1460 7 00
There are several glosses and emendations on the margins by an able scholar who
was an acquaintance of J. B. Egnatius, whom he frequently cites but does not always

agree with. These notes were written about 1500-1510.

written in red and black in large Gothic letters, twenty lines
to the page, each section splendidly decorated with an initial
enclosing a fine Miniature (altogether 110 in number), and
with a rich semi-border of scrolls, birds, flowers, leaves, and
gold drops; the first leaf of the list of contents and the first



£ d. leaf of the text cut away ; a noble example of Italian art and calligraphy, bound in blue morocco extra, by Kalthoeber

Written probably in Rome, about 1440-50 120 0 0 This important as well as magnificent MS. was written in some Cistercian house, probably for one of the Cardinals of the Church who belonged to that order. The miniatures though small, are painted with wonderful vigour and skill, the design and modelling of the faces being particularly excellent. The Music is Gregorian in square notes on a staff of four lines.

The full offices for the enthronement of a Pope, and the coronation

of an Emperor form part of the text.
38*PORTOLANO. MS. Atlas, consisting of 24 large leaves of vellum, with

Hydrographical Maps of the world, COLOURED AND ILLUMINATED, by a
Portuguese seaman, preceded by tables of Declinations, Calendar, etc.
large square folio, calf

About 1600 63 00
Arranged as follows : The first leaf is blank, the second contains a large and fine
drawn picture of the Crucifixion. Fol. 3 is adorned with painted roses and leaves and
some large illuminated letters accompanying the description of the Sun's movements.
On fol. 4 begin Rules for the movable feasts, with flower-decoration beautifully done.
On the reverse of that leaf and the obverse of leaf 5, there are two wind-roses (or
compasses). The back of fol. 5 and front of fol. 6 are tables connected with the
Calendar. Leaves 7-12 contain the tables of “Declinacrões," ending on page 24.
Page 25 is a map of Northern Europe, 26 and 27 South Europe, the Mediterranean,
and North Africa. 28 Turkish dominions, 29 a part of Brazil, 30 and 31 West Africa,
32 South East Africa, 33 the same continued Northwards, 34 and 35 From the Red Sea
to Ceylon, 36 The two Indias and the Islands, 37 the same extended Northwards with
the Philippines and Japan, 38 Coasts of New Guinea and its neighbours, 39 Atlantic
coasts, 40 West Africa, 41 Mexico and California, 42 West South America, 43 East
South America, 44 Regions near the mouth of St. Laurence, 45 West Europe and North
West Africa and Islands, 46 and 17 The West Indies from Florida to the Amazon,
48 Spain and West Africa. There are various paintings of figures, towns, etc., in the
blank spaces on the maps.-The prominence given to Lisbon and the Portuguese escutcheons
would seem to show that the work was done before 1580, but it was probably somewhat

later, although certainly before the discovery of Le Maire's strait.

contain the Calendar ; Foll. 7-155 the Psalter, etc.; Fol. 156
the Te Deum, 157-8 the Athanasian Creed, 159-161 the
Litany; Foll. 162-190 contain the Hymns

illuminated with rich borders, 24 MINIATUREs in the Calendar,
and 9 LARGE MINIATURES in the body of the book ; entirely in
fresh and brilliant state ; in a sixteenth-century stamped
binding, rebacked Probably done in Paris about 1480-90 200 0 0

This beautiful volume can hardly be equalled in any public library, for the extraordinary freshness and purity of its condition. The vellum is perfectly white and smooth, the ample margins have never been touched since the day the book was originally bound, the colours and the gilding are as bright as when they were first laid on, and from beginning to end, the pages wear an air of distinction and sumptuous magnificence which is very rarely to be seen.

There are two leaves in front of the Calendar, which were originally blank, but on which a hand of the early part of the sixteenth

century has written “ La grande Confession generalle.”
40 PTOLEMY'S GEOGRAPHY. Κλαυδίου Πτολεμαίου Γεω-

γραφικής Υφιγήσεως (Βιβλίον ..) Introduction to Geo-
graphy in Greek, folio, MS. on paper, double columns,
44 lines to the column; with many diagrams; in a fifteenth



century binding of wooden boards, backed with leather

About A.D. 1260-70 40 0 A GREAT RARITY: the complete Greek text of the famous Alexandrian Geographer, but without any maps.

This text is marked on the first page as having been corrected and annotated about 1320-25) by Nicephoras Gregoras, the Byzantine historian, and to him is probably due the substitution of leaves 61-101 (completing the book) for the original 61-74 (which had left the book unfinished, and which are still preserved at the end of the MS.). To him also we may ascribe the insertion of 21 blank leaves between leaf 80 and 81-this having been done probably for the purpose of getting maps to illustrate the book.

The MS. is therefore of considerable interest from more than one point of view, and is in no degree inferior (but rather superior) to the codex of the same age which was published in facsimile by Didot. The autograph inscription of Nicephoras Gregoras runs thus

Το παρόν Βιβλίον εδιορθώσεν και εξηγη' μετά σχολί’ Νικηφόρος και

Γρηγοράς. .
41 TERENTII Comediæ cum Glossis, small folio (or 4to.) MS. on paper by

an Italian hand, neatly written on 112 leaves ; French calf extra, gilt

About 1450
The paper is tough and shiny, with an eight-petalled star for its mark.
42 TERENTIUS. Page 1: Afri . TERENTII . IN | cipit . ARGVMENTVM 1

Natus ex celsis tectis . . After a prologue which ends half way down
pa. 3, the Andria begins. Pa. 67: .. Plaudite . caliopius recensui . I
arguments and prologue of the Eunuch. Pa. 142: . . vos ualete et
plaudite Caliopi | us recensui. |..|..|..|P. Terentii afri poete
comici he | autontumerumenos Pa. 214: .. P. Terentii afri
poete comici adel | phos incipit foeliciter ... Pa. 283: . . FORMI-
ONIS ARGVMEN | TVM Pa. 356: . . Eiusdem hechira inci | pit
foeliciter Pa. 417: . . Et uos ualete et plaudite Calio- 1 pius

12mo. a pretty little Italian MS. on fine vellum, beautifully written
in Roman lower-case letters, but the rubricated headings somewhat faded ;
gilt russia

About 1460-65 8 80 This MS. was brought from Italy by the Abbé Celotti, and then passed into the

collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps.

PLAYS, supposed to have been written at Woodkirk, in
Yorkshire, in the Cell of Augustinian or Black Canons,
for the study of persons intending to take part in those
Pageants at Wakefield, or at Woodkirk Fair, folio,

MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM, written in a bold hand with
Initial Letters ornamented with the Pen, having the Speeches
separated by lines of red ink; olive morocco extra, gold
tooling, tooled leather joints, gilt edges, by C. Lewis

About 1460 720 00
The Mysteries (or Miracle Plays) contained in this remarkable
Volume are: Creatio, Mactatio Abel, Processus Noe cum Filiis,
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Processus Prophetarum, Pharao, Cæsar
Augustus, Annunciatio, Salutacio Elizabeth, Prima Pagina Pastorum,
Secunda Pagina Pastorum, Oblacio Magorum, Fagacio Joseph et Mariæ
in Ægyptum, Magnus Herodes, Purificacio Mariæ, Pagina Doctorum,

£ $.

d. Johannes Baptista, Conspiracio et Capcio, Colaphizatio, Flagellacio, Processus Crucis, Crucifixio, Processus Talentorum, Extractio Animarum ab Inferno, Resurrectio Domini, Peregrini (or Thomas Indie], Ascensio Domini, Juditium, Lazarus, and Suspentio Judæ (this last is in a later handwriting and was probably added towards the end of the XVth century). The language of these Pageants betrays a northern origin and the Secunda Pastorum, described by Mr. Collier as " the most singular Piece in the whole collection," offers local allusions tending strongly to corroborate the claim of Woodkirk to the production of these Mysteries. The word Wakefield, written by the original scribe in the heading of the first and of the third piece, seems however to indicate beyond a doubt that the mysteries were played in that town. The editor of the volume published for the Surtees Society did not observe this fact. He was evidently under the impression that Wakefield " was in the same somewhat later hand in which are written in one place the word “barkers," in the other the word “glovers," and in a third and fourth “ lytsters” and fysshers ”—the names of the guilds or trades which performed the pieces in question. But whether Woodkirk or Wakefield be the spot in which this volume was produced-and the two places are not far apart—the MS. remains a wonderful and priceless monument of old English dramatic literature, and one of the chief glories of the literary history and language of Yorkshire.

It is not known when this volume first came into the possession of the Towneley family. Their early connection with Yorkshire, as well as Lancashire, enables us to surmise that it may have formed part of the Towneley collection at a remote period, or that at least it was in the fine library formed by John Towneley, who died in 1607, whose great love for his books was evinced by the bindings in which

he had them covered, all bearing his arms and motto.
44 UTRECHT PSALTER. Latin Psalter in the University Library of

Utrecht (formerly Cotton MS. Claudius c. vii) photographed and
produced in facsimile by the permanent Autotype process, square folio,
211 leaves, with so many pictorial designs; hf. brown morocco (1874) 7 10 0

This book furnished a splendid opportunity for the exhibition of palæographical
learning. Some scholars put it in the sixth century, others in the tenth; Sir E. M.
Thompson finally placed it about the year 800, at which period (in his opinion) the
writer transcribed it from a much older MS., imitating the writing and the draught-
manship of his original. The text is in Rustic capitals, with uncial headings ; and at
the end, in the same hand is the Athanasian Creed, which religious people will not

allow to have existed before the ninth century.
45 VALERIUS MAXIMUS. The first two leaves contain a Table.

On fol. 3a : Valerij Maximi factorum dicto493 memora-
bilium ad Tiberium Cesarem liber primus Incipit. Fol.
1226: . . Explicit liber nonus Valerij maximi. Deo
Gratias Amen.

and fine in execution ; and also a great number of decorative
initials, painted or gilt ; the work of a Florentine hand;
bound in green morocco

Mccccxviij fuit completus (Florence, 1418) 100 0 0 The miniature representing the author, which appears on the first page is one of remarkable excellence, and may have been the work of a considerable painter. The escutcheon in the border below is argent, a cross gules (Popoleschi), on which there is an escutcheon of pretence, quarterly, 1 and 4 gules, 2 and 3 (Patrizi) fessy, argent and sable. This

seems to point to a son-in-law of Bartholomeo Popoleschi, who had
died three or four years before the date of the MS.

This fine Florentine MS. is in admirably fresh condition, and is
beautifully written in Gothic characters, in double columns, 35 lines
to the column. There are occasional notes by either the scribe or the
first owner, making references chiefly to Livins, which are handsomely
written in the Roman minuscule of the time. The date given above
is in the hand of the annotator, and on a flyleaf at the end, but it

evidently indicates the period of the completion of the text.

FRATRIS VINCENTIJ .. 25 books in 2 vols. ; SPECULI
HISTORIALIS pars secunda (libros IX-XVI complectens)
et pars quarta (libros XXV–XXXII complectens),
2 vols. ;-together 4 vols. large folio, MS. ON VELLUM
written in double columns, 48, 50, or 57 lines to the
column, with ornate initials and rubrications ; hf. bd. from
Sir Thomas Phillipps' library

Cambron in Hainaut, about 1280-1300 60 0 0
MSS. of this great medieval encyclopædia, completed in 1244, are
not rare in public libraries, but they are very seldom seen in the open
market. The prologue or apology of the complete work (that is, the
Speculum Majus, compiled in four divisions : Naturale, Historiale,
Doctrinale, and Morale), is here found prefixed to the second volume of
the Naturale, in front of the Index to that volume.

At the end of the first of the above four volumes we find an inscription : Explicit iste liber, sit scriptor crimine liber. Amen.-At the end of third : Explicit secunda pars speculi hystorialis. Liber Sancte Marie de Camberone. Johannes de Resbais scripsit orate pro

Finito libro sit laus et gloria Christo.-At the end of the fourth: Explicit liber sancte Marie de Camberone quarte partis speculi hystorialis. Johannes de Resbais scripsit Orate pro eo karissimi fratres viri Dei.—Below this in another hand is : Anno milleno quater L quater X quoque quarto libros complevit atque quievit.-All the four volumes are marked on the first page as Liber Ste Marie de Camberone in a hand of about 1300. The institution was a Cistercian abbey of considerable note, at Cambron in Hainaut, about twenty miles north

of Mons and five and twenty to the east of Tournai.
47 VIRGILIUS. Bucolica, Georgica, Æneis, 3 parts in 1 vol. 4to. (small

folio), 226 leaves, MS. BEAUTIFULLY WRITTEN OF FINE VELLUM, with two
illuminated initials of interlacement pattern, and several painted ones;
old vellum covers

Venice, about 1460 20 0 0
The writing is of that upright nearly Roman character from which the Subbiaco

type was evolved.
48 WHERWELL PSALTER. Psalterium Latinum, cum

precibus, litania, et symbolo, smallest 4to. MS. ON VELLUM,
with illuminated large initials, and a great number of capitals
in gold; calf Wherwell in Hampshire, about 1320-30 60 0 0

An interesting volume regularly and beautifully written before

1340.—There is a Calendar on the first six leaves, containing
most of the usual English names, and also some obits. On the
14 March we find Obiit Matildis de Littelton bone memorie Abbatissa
de Wherewell. She died in 1340, and this was added at the time. On
July 7 is added a note of the death of John de Columbers; on Sept. 18,
that of Hegeline de Columbers; on the 19 October, John le Columber
Miles. These are all 14th Century additions.

The Calendar bas directions in French at the bottom of each



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