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more nearly resemble those of the folio of 1535 than the type in any
other book. It is not therefore unreasonable to stick to the old belief
that the volume was printed in Switzerland.


80 BIBLE, MATTHEW, FIRST EDITION. Title printed in red and black within an allegorical woodcut border: The Byble, which is all the holy Scrip- ture: In whych are contayned the Olde and Newe Testament truly and purely translated into En- | glysh by Thomas | Matthew.

│ . . │. . │. . | M,D,XXXVII, Beneath the lower




Fol. 267


edge of the woodcut: Set forth with the Kinges most
gracyous lycēce. On the reverse: These thynges ensuynge
Foll. 2, 3 contain Kalendar and Almanack (1538-
1557). Fol. 4a: An exhortacyon and at foot two
large flourished Gothic letters I R (standing probably for
JOHN ROGERS). Foll. 4b and 5a: The summe z content
Foll. 5b and 6: To the moost noble and gracyous |
Prynce Kyng Henry the eyght signed on 66: Youre
graces faythfull z true subiect | Thomas Matthew. under
which are two large flourished letters H R (probably stand-
ing for Henricus Rex). Foll. 7-19 contain a Table. Fol.
20a The names of all the | bokes .; 20b a full-page
woodcut of Adam and Eve in the Garden. Fol. 21a: The
fyrst boke of Moses called | Genesis. |
(numbered Ccxlvij): The ende of the Ballet of
Ballettes.. Fol. 268 is the title, within a woodcut border,
of The Prophetes | in Englysh, |. On the reverse a wood-
cut in the middle, the initials R G above, and E W below, in
large flourished Gothic letters (probably for Richard Grafton
and Edward Whitchurch. The text follows on foll. 269-362
(numbered j-xciiij), and on the last page, under the con-
clusion of Malachi, are the large flourished letters W T
(perhaps standing for William Tyndale). Fol. 363, title
within woodcut border: The volume of the bokes called
Apocripha: . On the reverse: To the Reader. Foll.
364-443 (numbered ij-lxxxj) contain Esdras III to
Maccabees. Fol. 444 blank. Fol. 445, title within the same
woodcut as on first title: The newe Testament of | oure
sauyour newly.. | into Englyshe with Annotacions |
in the Mergent...
Prynted in the
yere of oure Lorde God. M.D.XXXVII. The text
follows on foll. 446-553 (numbered ij-Cix). Foll. 553b-
555b contain The Table. Fol. 556a: The ende of the
newe Testament, and of the whole | Byble, To the
honoure and prayse of God was this Byble prynted and
fy-nesshed, in the yere of oure Lorde God a, |




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Folio, black letter, double columns, with woodcuts, with an engraved portrait of John Rogers by A. Bloemaert inserted;

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having the first title and the colophon inlaid, nevertheless a
fine as well as perfect copy in old russia gilt, gilt edges
(bound about 1770), from the collections of Lea Wilson, Dunn-
Gardner, and Lord Ashburnham

EXCESSIVELY RARE. The book was printed abroad-most people think at Antwerp-under the revision of John Rogers, who was then residing either at Antwerp or at Wittenberg. (The name Thomas Matthew is merely pseudonymous.) The three chief woodcutsnamely, Adam and Eve, the allegorical title, and the one that precedes Isaiah, are from the same blocks as were used by Ludowich Dietz in printing the Low German Bible at Lübeck in 1533-34; and the large flourished letters above referred to appear to be from the same fount of type as the similar initials found in that Low German Bible. The blocks may have been borrowed from Dietz. The text is printed so correctly that it is difficult to consider this book as having been set up by foreign compositors whether at Antwerp or at Paris.

On the back of the New Testament title, there is a Register taken from the book of Cockwold Church, of the births and christenings of the children of Sir Thomas and Dame Barbara Bellayse from 1602 to 1618; and on a blank page before the New Testament a list of the children of Henry and Grace Bellasyse from 1626 to 1646.

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The Byble in Englyshe, that is to saye the con- | tent
of all the holy scrypture bothe❘ of ŷ olde and newe testa-
ment, truly translated after the veryte of the | Hebrue
and Greke textes, by dy- | lygent studye of dyuerse
excellent learned men, expert in the forsayde | tonges.
Prynted by Rychard Grafton z | Edward Whitchurch.
Cum priuilegio ad imprimen- | dum solum. | 1539.
title printed in black and red within a large and fine woodcut
border which contains a great number of figures, and exhibits
in two places the escutcheon of Thomas Cromwell (within a
wreath and within a garter). On the reverse of the title:


• •


The names of all the bookes of the Byble | Foll. 2
and 3 contain the Kalendar and the Almanac for 1539-
1557. Fol. 4a: An exhortacyon to the studye of the
holy Scriptures . Fol. 4b and 5a: The summe and
content. . Fol. 56: A prologue. . Fol. 6: A descripcyon
and successe of the kyn- ges Fol. 7a (numbered
Fol. j) The first boke of Moses. . Fol. 91, title within
a woodcut border in compartments: The second | parte
of the Byble con- | taynyng these | bookes. | The booke of
On fol. 213 (numbered Fo. cxxiij) the book of
Job ends. Fol. 214, title printed in black and red within a
woodcut border in compartments: The thirde | parte of
the Byble con- taynyng these | bookes. The psalter
On fol. 345a (numbered Fo. cxxxiiij. the numbers 127 and
128 having been skipped) the Prophecy of Malachy ends.
Fol. 346, title (within the same border as the first title of the
book): The volume of the bokes called Hagiographa.
On fol. 425 (numbered Fo. lxj by error for lxxx) the



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1537 200 00

£ s. d.

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second Maccabees ends. Fol. 426, title in black and red
within a woodcut border in compartments: The newe
Testament in engly she . On fol. 528a (numbered
Fo. ciij) the New Testament ends in the first column,\
and is followed in the same column by A Table to fynde
the Epistles and Gospels. . Fol. 529b, colophon: The ende
of the new Testamēt : | and of the whole Byble, Fynisshed
in Apryll, | Anno. M.CCCCC.xxxix. || A dno factu est

Folio, Black letter, printed in double columms, with woodcuts; the sixth leaf in facsimile, the book being otherwise in fine and perfect condition; splendidly bound in red morocco by Riviere

1539 130 00

A superbly fine and unmixed copy of the first edition of the Great Bible. An ugly one, mended and made up by a considerable number of facsimiles, was sold at the Ashburnham sale for a relatively high price, £73.

£ s. d.

82 CROMWELL'S BIBLE. Title, within the same woodcut border as was used in the 1535 Bible: The Byble | in Englyshe, that is to saye the content of all the holye | scrypture, bothe of the olde and newe Testament, truly translated after the veryte of the Hebrue and Greke textes, by the diligent stu- dye of dyueres excellent | lerned men, experte in the foresayde tongues. | Prynted at London by Thomas Petyt, and Roberte Redman, for | Thomas Berthelet Prynter vnto the Kynges grace. Cum Priuilegio ad impri- mendum solum. | 1540. On the reverse an Almanac for 1540-1568). Foll. 2, 3, and 4a are occupied by the Kalendar, the Names of the books, and a prologue; 4b being blank. Fol. 5a: The fyrste Booke of Moses.. Genesis to Job follow with numeration, ending on fol. 218 (numbered 214): Foll. 219-444 (numbered i-ccxxvij) contain the Psalter to Maccabees. Fol. 445 is the title of the New Testament, within the same woodcut border as the first title. Foll. 446-554 (numbered ij-lxiiij and Ivij-Cij) contain the New Testament. Foll. 555-556 contain A Table to finde the Epistles etc., and the colophon : Imprinted at London by Robert Redman, and Thomas | Petyt, for Thomas Berthelet: Prynter vnto the Kynges Grace. | CVM PRIVILEGIO AD IMPRI MENDVM SOLVM

Small folio, having two leaves inlaid and some margins a little mended, nevertheless a very fine copy, perfect, sound, and genuine, in an elaborate calf binding decorated in Grolieresque style (probably by Clarke)

This is the second edition of Cromwell's Bible, and was reprinted from the first edition of 1539 described above, about the same time when Cranmer was issuing his own modification as the second edition of the Great Bible. It is excessively rare in a perfect condition. There was no copy in the Caxton Exhibition.

1540 74 0 0

83 TESTAMENT, TYNDALE. Title: THE NEWE | TESTA- | MENT | in Englyshe [by Tyndale] and in | Latin of Erasmus | Transla- | tion. | NOVVM TESTAMEN- TVM anglice et | latine. | Anno dni. 1549. This intitulation printed within a woodcut border. On the reverse: The bokes contay- ned in the newe Te- | stamente. | . . Fol. 292 (marked CC.lxxxxi): . . The ende of the newe | Testamente. Here folowe the Epistles taken out of the olde Testamente, whiche are | red in the churche after the vse of Salysbury vpon certayne dayes of the yeare. Fol. 300b: . . Here endethe the Epystles of the olde testamente. Foll. 301-304 contain the Table of the Pystles and Gospels, at the end of which on 304b is the colophon: Thus endeth the newe Testa- | ment both in Englyshe z in Laten, of mayster Eras- | mus translacyō, with the Pystles take out of Olde testamēt. Set forth with the Kynges moste gracyous lycence, and Imprynted by Wyllyam Powell | dwellynge in Fletestrete at the sygne of the George nexte to saynt Dun- stons Churche. The yere of our Lorde. M.CCCCC. | xlix


Small 4to. the English and the Latin printed collaterally on each page, the former in Black letter, the latter in Roman; the title in facsimile and the margins of fol. 2 mended; old English black morocco gilt (bound about 1665-70)

1549 24 0 0

Dunn Gardner's (which had been Lea Wilson's) copy, having a facsimile title like this one, sold for £35.

£ s. d.


Title: The
whole | Byble that is the holy scripture | of the Olde and
Newe testament | faythfully translated into Englysh by
Myles Couerdale, and | newly ouer | sene and correcte.
M.D.L...|..| Prynted for Andrewe Hester, dwellynge
| in Paules churchyard at the sygne of the whyte horse,
and are there to be solde. This intitulation within an
architectural woodcut-border, beneath which is Set forth
with the Kynges | mooste gracious licence. Fol. 2a: The
bokes of the hole Byble |.. Foll. 2b-4a are occupied with
Coverdale's dedication to Edward VI (identical with the
1535 dedication to Henry VIII except for the change of
name, the omission of the reference to the Queen, and a
modification of the last paragraph) Foll. 4b-6b contain the
Prologe to the reader; foll. 7 and 8 a Kalender. These
eight preliminary leaves are all in English black letter and
were printed in London. The text of the Bible printed in
foreign type at Zürich begins on fol. 9 (numbered Fo. I.):
The fyrst boke of Moses called Genesis. | ... Fol. 500a
(numbered Fo. CCCCXCIIII the numbers 377 and 378
having been skipped by an error of the compositor) contains
the ending of the second book of Maccabees. Fol. 501a
numbered Fo. I): The new Testament of our | sauiour
Iesu Christ.. Fol. 621 (numbered Fo. CXXI) contains
the ending of the Apocalypse. Foll. 622-624 contain The
Table of the Sondayes and The Table for the Holy dayes;
with the colophon on 624a: To the honoure and prayse of
God, was this | Byble prynted and fynished in the yeare


of oure | Sauoure Iesu Christ M.D.L. the | xvj. daye in the
moneth of August.

Small 4to. the title inlaid and several leaves repaired with
letters or parts of letters in facsimile; the book however per-
fect, in blue morocco, gilt edges, from the libraries of the
Duke of Sussex and the Earl of Ashburnham

(Zürich and London), 1550 75 00 A perfect copy of this edition is one of the rarest things known to bibliographers. This copy was imperfect when the Duke of Sussex had it, but was made complete by Lord Ashburnham.-In the Zürich issue the preliminary matter consisted of a title (attributing the translation to Thomas Matthew) and of eighteen other leaves; but of those original preliminaries only a single copy exists, which is preserved in the Public Library at Zürich, and bears (on its title) the imprint of Christoph. Froschouer. Hester purchased the stock, and substituted his own eight preliminary leaves, including the title with the true name of the translator.

85 TESTAMENT, TYNDALE. Title: The newe Testament | of our Sauiour Iesu Christe. Faythfully tran- | slated out of the Greke, |. . │. . Here a woodcut portrait of Edward VI, and under it a motto from Mathew xiii in Latin and in English. On the reverse: The copy of the byll.. Fol. 2a: Jugge's Epistle To the most puysaunt and mightye Prince Foll. 3-8 contain the Calendar, 9-14 the Almanack and Table, 15 A perfecte supputation, and 16 An exhortation. with the life of St. Matthew on the reverse. The text, followed by the Epistles and the Table, occupies 322 leaves; on the reverse of the last being the printer's mark and the colophon: Imprynted at London by Rycharde Iugge, dwel- lynge in Paules churche yarde at the signe of the byble. | With the kynge his mooste gratious lycence, and | priuilege, forbyddynge all other men to print | or cause to be printed, this, or any other | Testament in Englyshe.

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£ 8. d.

Small 4to. Black Letter, with numerous woodcuts, including the curious representation of the Devil as a man with a tail and a wooden leg; the title, the eighth leaf from the end, and the last leaf in facsimile, the corner of a leaf mended and made up; blue morocco, gilt edges R. Jugge, 1552 20 0 0

This edition, printed in London by Jugge, contains some of the same large flourished letters as have been remarked in Matthew's Bible of 1537, and in the Lubeck Low German Bible of 1533-4.

86 CRANMER'S BIBLE. Title: The Bible in Englishe according to the tran- | slation of the great | Byble | 1553. Fol. 4776: . . Imprinted at London by Richarde Grafton, printer to the Kinges highnes. An. M.D.LIII. Cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum.

Small 4to. printed in an extremely minute Black Letter;
QUEEN ELIZABETH'S COPY, bound for her in black morocco,
with crown and shield in gold on the sides (with the bookplate
of the Duke of Sussex), in a red morocco case

A perfect copy of this Bible is a rarity of the first order. It must
have been very rare even about the year 1600 (which seems to be the
period of the binding), since the Queen could get no other to put into
her library than this one, which had belonged to a theologian named
Robert Buxton, and bore a number of MS. notes in his handwriting.
The name (6
Robt. Buxton" on the title was written by him before 1559.
This date is proved by a note on the title of the New Testament which
begins thus: "Mr. Doctor Watson bysshop of Lyncolne holdyth the
Worde was God and not God was the Worde, for then word factum est

1553 110 00

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