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£ d. 5 AUGUSTINUS, BARNARDUS, HIERONYMUS. Liber

Epistolarum. (S. Augustini Epistolæ aliquot; S. Bernardi
et S. Hieronymi Epistolæ nonnullæ; S. Bernardi ad Fratres
de Monte Dei de Vita solitaria). 4to. or small folio, MS.
ON VELLUM, 68 leaves, with rubricated initials; in its curious
original binding (rebacked) of wooden boards covered with
red leather which is stamped all over with little squares,
roundels, oblongs and triangles, enclosing figures, and the
words Iste liber est Sancte Iustine de Padva

(Padua) Rolandus Monachus, 1410 40 0 0
A very curious example of Italian stamped binding at the beginning
of the fifteenth century. The stamped patterns are multiplied innum-
erably on both sides; the figures they enclose are an eagle and an
Agnus Dei of different sizes, and a great quantity and variety of
architectonic ornaments.

There are two inscriptions by the scribe, who was a monk in the Benedictine house of St. Justina at Padua. The fuller one is on leaf 22. His handwriting is of French cursive character through the first half of the MS., but approximates to Italian cursive in the rest of the book.

On the tenth and eleventh leaves is the short treatise De divina Sapientia, beginning “Theodorus Episcopus Toletanus," which gives an account of Origen as a fallen star, and describes one of his heresies as

being “Ex nihilo nihil fit vel fieri potest et sic mundus ab eterno fuisse.” 6 HEBREW BIBLE, with the two Masoras, small 4to. MS. BEAUTIFULLY

WRITTEN UPON THE MOST DELICATE VELLUM, in double columns, 30 lines
to the column, the Masoras written at top and bottom, the Keri and Ketib
indications between and outside the columns; in the original stamped red
leather

Italy, about 1480 36 0 0
A triumph of Hebrew calligraphy by an Italian hand.

A note on the fly-leaf shews that the book belonged, in the early part of the sixteenth century, to Nehemia of Modena.

The Megilloth are written at the end of the volume ; not, as in most cases,

immediately after the Pentateuch.
7 APOCALYPSE WITH GLOSSES. Page 1, beginning of text: A POCA |

LIPSIS | IHU XPI quā | dedit illi ds palam facere | seruis suis . . Begin-
ning of Gloss : In pmis pon“qsi prologù ad comdationē opis in ģ
attentū auditorē , beniuolū ređã

4to. MS. ON VELLUM, in which the first initial A is an elaborate work
of white interlacement on a red ground; 48 leaves ; in a very early bind-
ing of boards covered with a whitish leather About A.D. 1000-1025 32 00

The text occupies the middle of the page, in bold characters in black ink; the Glosses, which are very beautifully written in a minute round Caroline hand, are in a browner ink and occupy the margins on the right and left as well as the spaces between the lines of text. These are sixteen to every page. The last six leaves of the work were deficient in the fifteenth century, and were then supplied in a beautiful Italian hand nearly resembling the original calligraphy. Two final leaves are added by the Italian scribe

giving a chronological exposition of the seals in the Apocalypse.
7*BIBLE. LIBER EZECHIEL, cum Glossa Origenis, folio, MS. ON VELLUM by

an English hand, carefully written and corrected, 129 leaves, usually in
treble columns, the text in a fine bold character occupying the middle
column, the gloss in smaller letters on each side; in the original boards
covered with a whitish skin

About A.D. 1190-1200 12 00
There are in various places notes on the text and corrections in a hand of the
thirteenth century. One of these on fol. 47 runs thus :-“Abhinc emendatus est liber
sñ biblioteca de Benestañ.” The last word is evidently Beverstane, but where Beverstane
is or was, we do not know, but it may have been a branch house of some great
monastic institution. However the annotator intended this inscription to be read in
Latin, it is obvious what his meaning was.' He wanted to convey that he had compared

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d. the text of this MS. with that of the Beverstane Bible, and marked the variant readings.

On the first page is the signature of I. Thomkyns who was the owner of the MS. about 1550. It belonged about 1670 to a certain B. R. who has written five lines of

verse on the bottom margin of the same page.
8 BIBLE. Josue, JUDICES, RUTH, CUM GLOSSIS ADAMANTII. Folio, FINE MS.

ON VELLUM, 97 leaves ; the text in large letters, with twenty-two lines to
the page, and forming a central column ; the gloss in smaller characters
in a first and third column, forty-three lines to the column; with three
handsome illuminated initials ; hf. bd. from the collection of Sir Thomas
Phillipps

About 1190-1200 24 0 0
This is probably the second volume of a magnificent Latin Bible written in Paris
or (Rouen) in the time of Richard Cour-de-Lion. The calligraphy is at once bold and
beautifnl, and, with the decorative initials, might easily be taken for the work of a

Winchester artist.
9 BIBLIA LATINA VULGATA. Small folio, FINE MS. ON

VELLUM in minute characters, with large ornamental initials,
274 leaves, written in double columns, 57 lines to the column;
bound in old rough calf

Written probably in England about A.D. 1250 52 10 0
A triumph of minute calligraphy. The contents are as follows :-
Foll. 1-8 contain the list of chapters from which lessons were chosen
for liturgical purposes, with catchwords, in triple columns. Foll. 9-52
the Pentateuch ; 53-63 Joshua, Judges, Ruth; 64-101 four books of
Kings, and two of Chronicles; 102-112, the book of Ezra-Nehemia,
and Hester, Tobias, and Judith; 113-123a, Maccabees ; 1236-145
Isaiah and Jeremiah; 146-174a Baruch, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel,
Amos, Abdias, Jonas, Micheas, Nahum, Habbacuc, Zephania, Aggai,
Zacharia, Malachi, and Job; 174b-186 Psalms; 187-204 Proverbs,
Ecclesiastes, Cantica, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus. Foll. 205-226 the
Gospels; 227-236 Acts and Canonical Epistles; 237-249a Paul's
Epistles; 2496-259, the Apocalypse. Foll. 260, 261 contain some
acephalous annotations on the Apocalypse ; 262-268 Jeronymi Epistola
de omnibus divinis historie libris ; 269-275 the Interpretations of

Hebrew names, in quadruple columns, incomplete at end.
10 BIBLIA LATINA VULGATA. 12mo. PRETTY MS. ON

VELLUM in minute characters by an English hand, 611
leaves, double columns, 40 and 41 lines to the column ; with
numerous small illuminated initials enclosing tiny and
delicate Miniatures; in a purple velvet binding About 1260 40 0 0

A description is inserted, in the handwriting of the late Professor
J. H. Middleton who owned the little volume, and who has noted the
deficiency of six leaves. He says, “The writing and the miniatures

are of exceptional delicacy and beauty."
11 BIBLIA LATINA. Old Testament from Proverbs to Malachi (which is

followed by Tobias), and the New Testament entire (except the last
leaf of the Apolcalypse). Small 4to. MS. ON VELLUM in a handwriting
of remarkable beauty, the New Testament in a smaller hand than the
rest, 60 and 64 lines to the column ; russia binding, from the Ashburnham
library

About 1260-65 12 00
There are some MS. Notes, one of which shews that Henry Vernon was the

owner about the beginning of the sixteenth century.
12 BIBLIA LATINA. Small 8vo. (12mo.) MS. ON UTERINE VELLUM, written

in double columns, with 51, 52, or 53 lines to each column, painted
ornamental capitals and running titles in blue and red; gilt binding

About A.D. 1280 15 15 0
A pretty example of minute calligraphy. A leaf or two of the prologue before
Genesis is cut away.

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13 BIBLIA LATINA VULGATA, cum interpretationibus

nominum Hebraicorum. Small 8vo. BEAUTIFULLY WRITTEN
MS. ON THE FINEST AND MOST DELICATE VELLUM, WITH
ABOUT 70 TINY MINIATURES enclosed within the first initials
of the Biblical books, and about as many decorative letters
for the initials of the Jeremian prologues; AN EXQUISITE
BOOK in an old French blue morocco binding (Duseuil)

About 1280-90 100 0
This is apparently French, not English, work, although it might
with some show of correctness be attributed to an English artist. The
minute illustrative designs are very effective and elaborate within
their narrow frames, and the whole book is in such a condition that
few examples of its kind can be placed in rivalry with it. The margins
of the vellum are large and reduced but little from their original
amplitude.

The writing is in double columns, 46 lines to the column.

Besides the book-initials, there are frequently incipient borders forming architectural patterns, and containing niches in which the

figures of the illustrations are painted.
14 BOETHIUS. John WALTON'S TRANSLATION, IN ENGLISH

VERSE, OF THE CONSOLATIO. Page 4, line 1: Unsufficiaunce
of conning and of wyt | Defaute of langage and of Elo-
quence | This werke fro me shuld haue withholden zit |
But that youre heeste hath done me violence | . This
dedication to Lady Elizabeth Berkeley ends on pa. 2 with
the words In wille to do your seruice and pleasaunce · |
Explicit prefacio Translatoris | Incipit prologus eiusdem
sup librii Boicij. Page 3: The while yt Rome was regninge
in his floures | Pa. 7: . . Incipit liber . .|..|..|
Allas I wretche that whilome was in welthe | And lustie
songes vsid for to write .. Page 178, last two lines:
And so it byndeth hym to a litill stounde | To haue a man'
pdurablenesse.

Small folio, ENGLISH MS. ON VELLUM, with illuminated
initials at the beginnings of the sections, and a painted border
on the first page ; russia binding, from Sir Thomas Phillipps'
collection

About 1460 40 0
John Walton, Canon of Oseney, was the best versifier of his time.
He wrote the work in 1410 at the request of Lady Elizabeth Berkeley.
In the dedication he alludes “ To Chaucere that was floure of
Rethorik," and to “Gowere that so craftilie doth trete.” There are
very few MSS. of the poem to be found outside of public libraries.

The text was printed at the monastic press of Tavistock in 1525,
but that volume is one of the rarest of books of which even the
British Museum has no copy.

From some scribbled notes, we learn that this MS. belonged to the
Chapman family in London, in the fifteen sixties.

In this MS. the secondary form of the letter r which usually

resembles 2 is always so written as to appear more like a 3 than a 2. 14*CATHERINA DA SIENA. Incipit prologus in legendam pro predicatoribus singulariter abreviatam beate Katherine de Senis sororis

ordinis de prima Sancti Dominici ordinis Predicatorum. . . Ego frater Thomas de Senis .. Small folio, MS. ON VELLUM by an Italian hand, written

£ 8. d.

5 15 0

3 0 0

6 0 0

in double columns, 94 pp. the first 80 in Gothic letter, the other 14 in small
semi-Roman; with two historiated initials giving portraits of the Saint ;
in the original binding of boards, covered with reddish leather

Tuscany, about 1435
This MS. is of the author's own time ; might even be in his handwriting. He
composed the work about 1420-30, professing only to abridge and modernise the older

life by Raymund of Capua ; but he is cited as one of the authorities on the subject. 15 CICERO. . Tulius de Oratore; idem de optimo genere Dicendi, sm. folio,

MS. on paper, 110 leaves, 39 lines to the page ; bds. Italy, about 1460 15*[CRANE (Ralph)] Certaine Carolls or Diuine Hymnes for Christmas Day.

Together with diverse Devout Meditations Vpon our Saviors Passion
and Resurrection (all in English verse with five pages of noted Music).
Small 8vo. MS. 56 pp. in a fine Italic hand; in the original limp
vellum wrapper, gilt, and having the figure of an eagle stamped on the
sides

Aboat 1600
This curious MS. contains some excellent poetry, and is dedicated by T. S, to
Susanna, Judith, and Hester Beckwith. The letters IH S surmount every page and
lead to the inference that T. S. was a Catholic. He says, in his dedication, concerning
the poems" which (not foolishly .. to appropriate to myselte that which is not my
owne) I have onely transcribed from a better Pen." As there is said to exist another
MS. of the same contents, dedicated to Lord Baltimore, and entirely in the hand-
writing of Ralph Crane, the latter may be considered the author. The music, however,
appears only in this T. S. manuscript. A stanza from the piece upon Easter :

I got me flowers to strew thy way

I got me boughs of many a tree,
But thou wast up by breake of Day

And broughtst thy sweets along with thee.
16 DRAWINGS OF MILITARY ENGINES and various useful Inventions,

with explanatory text opposite each figure, by an English adventurer
of Queen Elizabeth's time, oblong small 8vo. English MS. in a hand-
some Italic hand, with 70 coloured careful designs of the various Engines
and Implements (including some PRINTING-PRESSES), followed by 23
diagrams of Fortifications; in the original binding of light brown calf
covered with gold tooling in the Lyonnese style, the chief ornamentation
being a semis of eaglets

About 1580-90
From allusions which occur in the text, the designer and writer of this book
appears to have been an English military adventurer who had passed most of his life
abroad in the Netherlands, Germany, and Italy, probably in the Spanish or Imperial
service. He mentions twice or thrice his conversations with Hans Gering, an officer of
the Duke of Parma, on the subject of military engines. In reference to his design of
an engine for sea-fighting, he says that " The like is described iu the Military-moderne,
which is translated into English by Luker, in his Appendix, but for certain defects
I founde in the same, I have altered it." With regard to an instrument for mounting
or dismounting ordnance, he says that he saw it " by chance in the possession of one
William Fletcher, as then Gonners mate of the Green Dragon, but, as he con fessed, he
never knew th'use nor the autor . . . I made it generall by adding the two sights and
making the base moueable."—On the leaf numbered 69 there is a Printing-press which
the author says he designed, primarily in consequence of the extortionate charges of
the professional typographers. No. 70 is another printing-press of greater size and
power. No. 71 is a press for the printing of engraved plates.

The text is addressed to “Your Honour frequently, but the first leaf, which

probably contained a dedication with the names, is lost.
17 ELY MONASTERY. Ten leaves from a Psalterium et Preces, 8vo. MS. ON

Vellum, in a fine bold Gothic hand ; bound within the inlaid covers of an
early stamped binding

Ely, about 1370
This may be an only surviving fragment, or it may possibly be portion of some
treasured M$. at Ely or Cambridge.—The first five leaves contain an interesting
calendar (January-October) written in red, blue, and black, which includes among its
entries the following names : Jan. 9 Adrian, Feb. 1 Hermenilda, Feb. 23 Milburga,
April 11 Guthlac, April 29 Translation of Ermenilda, June 8 Archbishop William,
June 15 Edburga, July 6 Sexburga, July 7 Hedda, July 13th Mildreth, July 20th
Wulmar and Hugh, Aug. 2 Ethelwold, Aug. 20 Philibert, Aug. 31 Aidan, Sept. 10
Transl. of Ethelwold, Oct. 11 Ethelburga, 12 Wilfrid, 17 Etheldreda, Oct. 19
Frideswida, 24 Feast of Relics. Additional entries made in the fourteenth and fifteenth
century are obits of Thomas of Ocham, Sabina of Welle, Walter the Prior, Martin the
Abbot, Richard of Enetone, Adam Abbat, Richard of Reynes, Alan Abbat, Barthol.
Abbat, Peter of Winton, Bartram Abbat, John Abbat, Philip Godchep, Walter of
Chabh; and Sibilla his wife.—The five leaves of text (which are in double columns,
36 lines to the column) include the Symbolum, the Litany, the Office of St. Ermenilda,

6 16 6

8 8 0

8.

£

d. etc. Among the names of Virgins in the Litany, the first four after the old names (ending with Juliana) are Etheldritha, Ethelburga, Edburga, and Sexburga. Among the confessors are some unfamiliar names, such as Beccan, Edor, Judocus, Aichadrus, besides Athelwold, Aidan, Adrian, and several better-known English saints.

The stamped designs on the binding are highly artistic. The main figures represent on one side Venns and Cupid, on the other Christ's descent into Hell ; above them are

masks of Fools' heads and in the border a number of smaller figures.
18 ENGLISH POETRY of devout and philosophical character (like

Crashaw's), small 4to. AUTOGRAPH MS. 325 pp., in old calf, from Sir
Thomas Phillipps' collection

1643-52 3 10 0
This is the work of a man who was no poetaster. From internal evidence, he was
born in 1615, placed in a University in 1630, married to a lady named Eliza 1649 or
1650, had a daughter Eliza who died in 1651. His religion smacks of Catholicity, but
he was a Church of England man, and ordained in 1647. He visited his parents on
17 May 1652, but his poetry comes to a sudden end in June 1652. Much of it was
written for music, and some pieces were set for voices and violin and published in his

own time, by R. C., T. T., and R. M., but the greater part is unpublished.
19 THE FRENCH IN SCOTLAND. CHARLES IX's TREASURY-ACCOUNT of

the sums to be expended for the despatch of his agent to Scotland,
with his SIGNED ORDER for the supply of the funds, 2 folio leaves ;, and
the Agent's SIGNED statement of the outlay, on 4 folio leaves ;—2 parts
bound together, folio, hf. morocco

1570 14 0 0
Page 1 : Estat de la Despence que le Roy reult et entend estre faite. Par Me.
Adrian Petremol son conseiller et Tresorier de 1 exre. de ses guerres Pour le Voiage
que sa Maiesté a commandé fere au Sieur de Berac son vallet de chambre ordinaire
allant resider son agent au Royaume dEscosse, Tant en lachapt d'un navire nommé
Le Levrier, munitions de guerre que sadicte Maiesté veult estre envoiez audict royaume.
Que pour lequippaige dun autre navire nomme Lirondelle. The details follow and the
sum is made up on page 4 as 10,000 livres ; beneath which is an order on the Treasurer,
signed by the King “ Charles " and countersigped by a minister. This is dated
June 30, 1570.- The second account begins on page 5 with the heading : Estat de la
Despense faicte par Me. Adrian Petremol . . . en vertu des ordonnances de Jehan
Nemond Sieur de Berac . . The detail follows and the summing up at 10,000 livres is
found on page 10. Beneath it, and on page 11, there are two statements signed by
Nesmond; in the second of which he certifies that the last item of expenditure was
sum of 1965 livres paid for the reparation of Dumbarton Castle to the Sieur de Flamin
commanding there in the service of the Queen of Scotland.-On the reverse of the
eighth leaf the document is endorsed with its description and the date 25 July 1570.

A curious and interesting piece which must have been pillaged from the archives

at the time of the French Revolution.
20 GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH. Page 1 : Hic incipit prolo-

gus Galfridi Arturi Monemutensis de gestis regum Brit-
annie insule. Cum mecum multa et de multis sepius
animo reuoluens in historiam regum Britannie . . Line 29 :
Britannia insularum optima in occidentali oceano
Pa. 180: . Explicit liber de historiis regum Brit-
tannie insule. | Hic incipiunt vaticinia Merlini Gall .. En
lestorie de bretaigne maior Dunt li | breton primes furent
seignor Trouū escrit | quil la perdirent E par famine si la
guerpi | rent. Reis kadwaladres et tot li meillor Alerent
| en bretaigne menor. Pa. 197:. . Deu mette | Helys
a bone fin Ki en romanz translata le Merlin | Explicit liber
de vaticiniis merlini. Pp. 198, 199 contain a page in Latin
beginning : Non me permittas Domine famulum tuum a te
se | parari. Pa. 200 contains 33 lines of the prose romance
of Tristan in French: Quant tristran vint dewaunt li rei

kar ma ditis hou ē Branken .. de le ber ke ele duna
a tristran dunt prins fusret si grand adham..

Small 4to. MS. ON VELLUM, written in a beautiful

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