Elementary Chemistry

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CUP Archive, Jun 2, 2015 - Science - 342 pages
Excerpt from Elementary Chemistry

This book is little more than a reproduction of the course in elementary chemistry as now given at Exeter Academy. The course itself has been developed, little by little, during several years of observation and experiment on the part of the writer, to meet the needs of all classes of students, - those who are preparing for a further course of study at college, those who expect to enter a scientific school, and those who go from the academy directly to their life-work. The majority of all these students take chemistry merely as a part of a liberal education, some intend to follow the paths of science; a few will become chemists.

In planning this work for beginners the writer has tried to prepare a course that will meet the needs of one class as well as those of another. But in this respect his task has been easy, for the more he has considered the needs of the various classes, the more he has come to believe that the elementary training of all should be alike. The student who is to be a lawyer, a doctor, or a man of business, needs that same careful attention to details, that same power of accurate observation which is expected of the coming chemist; and he who is to be the chemist needs the same high development of his reasoning powers as he who takes chemistry only for the intellectual training it can give.

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Contents

CHAPTER PAGE I Chemical Change
1
Elements and NotElements
16
Mixtures and Compounds
25
Conservation of Matter
37
Laws of Chemical Combination
40
VI Symbols and Formulae
56
Chemical Study of Water and Air
70
Chemical Study of Hydrogen and Oxygen
91
Conditions which modify Chemical Change
166
Chemical Affinity
175
Chemical Changes and Changes of Energy
184
The Molecular and Atomic Theory
194
Applications of the Molecular and Atomic Theory
218
Isomerism and Structural Formulae
236
The Periodic Law
265
The Elements of Group II
279

Acids and Salts
102
Chemical Nomenclature
108
Chemical Classification
114
CHAPTER PAGE
290
tion of the Periodic Law
347
Recapitulation and Conclusion
358

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