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Killing. Major Bonnet gave orders for it to King. He came down out of the country. he dune.
Judge Trott. If this be all the evidence you Judge Trott. What need bad you of so have, I do not see this will be of much use to much molasses ?
you; but if you have any thing further to say, Bonnet. I did not carry it away, and it was I shall be ready to hear you. contrary to my inclination.
Bonnet. I should be glad to go through Judge Trolt. You gave orders for it to be both indictinents at once. done, and yet it was contrary to your inclina- Judge Trott. We shall go through but tions.
one indictment pow; therefore you must preClerk. Will you ask the king's evidence any pare to speak to that singly. questions? - Bonnet. No, Sir.
Bonnet. May it please your honours, and Mr. Hepworth. We will call another evi the rest of the gentlemen, though I must condence.
fess myself a sinner, and the greatest of sin- Captain Thomas Read sworn.
ners, yet I am not guilty of what I am charged
with. As for what the boatswain says, relating Mr. Hepworth. Please to give the Court an to several vessels, I am altogether free; for i account of captain Manwareing's being taken. vever gave my-consent to any such actions: for
Read. After we came to Cape James, we | I often told them, if they did not leave off onmsaw a sloop come to an anchor, and major mitting such robberies, I would leave the sloop; Bonnet ordered the dory, with five bands to go and desired them to put me on shore. And as off; and in about half an hour they came on for taking captain Manwareing, I assure your board with captain Manwareing.
bonours it was contrary to my inclioation. And . Att. Gen. Was you on board the Revenge when I cleared my vessel at North Carolina, it when the dory was sent off?
was for St. Thomas's; and I had no other end Read. Yes, Sir.
or design in view but to go there for a com. Alt. Gen. And major Bonnet gave orders mission. But when we came to sea, and saw to take out those goods ?-Reud. Yes, Sir. a vessel, the quarter-master, and some of the
Judge Trott. Was be on board himself? rest, held a consultation to take it : but I op
Read. Yes; and ordered the several goods posed it, and told them again I would leave the to be taken out.
sloop, and let thein go where they pleased. Att. Gen. Do you know if the major re- For, as the young man said, calonel Brice's ceived his share ?
son cau testify that I bad clearance for St. Read. The captain was in the round-house Thomas's. when they shared, and they brought in several Judge Trott. Was colonel Brice's son there pieces of cloth, and a bag of money.
wben you cleared for St. Thomas's? Mr. Hepworth. Who brought that to him? Bonnet. Yes; and col. Brice's son koet Read. I do not know wbich of the men. I was designed for St. Thomas's.
Att. Gen. And did the captain receive his Judge Trott. But, pray, what business had share ?
you at St. Thomas's ? Surely after you bad Read. He ordered it to be put in the chest contracted so much guilt upon your conscience hy the boy.
by your former piracies and robberies, you Clerk. Will you ask any questions ? might have been contented to bare lived a reBonnet. No, Sir.
tired life in North Carolina, reflected on your Judge Trott. You now stand on your de former wicked course of living, and repented fence : what have you to say, I shall be ready of the same, and not engaged in new actions. to hear.
Bonnet. I never took a vessel but with cap. Bonnet. May it please your honours, there tain Thatch. is a young man come from North Carolina, Judge Trott. Did you not take capt. Manthat will say something in my defence.
wareing's sloop ?
Bonnet. It was contrary to my inclinations; James King sworn.
and I told them several times if they would not Judge Trott. What do you know of the leave off that course of life, I would leave the prisoner at the bar ?
sloop: and when capt. Manwareing was taken, King. When major Bonnet took out his I was asleep. clearance at North Carolina, the sloop was Judge Trott. How came you to order the cleared for St. Thomas's, for a commission to dory to be sent off with five hands to take go against the Spaniards a privateering. bim ? And capt. Read swears it was by your
Mr. Deun. Do you certainly know it was so ? | order.
King. It was reported to be so by the go. vernor.
Att. Gen. May it please your honours, and Att. Gen. Did you hear the governor de the gentlemen of the jury, the prisoner at the clare this?
bar hath pleaded Not Guilty to the indictment; King. No; but colonel Brice's son told but the boatswain, though he seems to bear a me so.
very great affection to bim, yet tells you that Judge Trott. Colonel Brice lives 6fty miles he was commander ip chief among them at the in the country, how did be come to inform you time when captain Manwareing was taken. of this?
Captain Manwareing tells you, when he was
brought on board the Revenge, he was brought piratically taking the sloop Fortune, with her before bim, and no other, and that he delivered goods, captain Thomas Read commander. his papers to him; and he saw his sbare To which indictment upon his arraignment brought to him in the round-house, and put he pleaded Not Guilty ; but now desired leave into the chest.
to withdraw bis Plea, and pleaded Guilty. Then captain Manwareing's mate says, ma- |
Then the Court adjourned till Wednesday jor Bonnet was on board the sloop, and ordered morning. him to shew which was the molasses, and which was the rum. And then captain Read says, major Bonnet was commander in chief,
Wednesday, Nov. 12, 1718. and that he ordered the Dory to be sent off with
The Court met according to adjournment. five bands to take captain Manwareing. Indeed the prisoner pleads he was under con Then Stede Bonnet alias Edwards alias straint from his men, and that it was contrary | Thomas, who stood convicted of piracies, as to his inclinations, but I think it not common appears by the above Record, being brought to for one that is forced to have such command. the bar; and being asked what he had to say And as for wbat James King says in behalf of wby judgment of death should not pass upon the prisoner, that he had his clearance for St. him: Thomas's, in what he was accused of before, And he baving nothing to allege in arrest that he deceived bis men with a notiou of bis of judgment; going there for a commission.
Then proclamation for silence was made,
while the Judge of the Court of Vice-Admiralty Judge Trott. Gentlemen of the jury, the pronounced sentence of death upon the priprisoner at the bar stands indícted for felony and piracy, committed on a sloop belonging to Judge Trott. Major Stede Bonnet, you captain Peter Manwareing, for breaking and stand here convicted upon two indictments of boarding the said sloop. The first evidence, piracy: one by the verdict of the jury, and the Ignatius Pell, through the great affection he | other by your own confession. seemed to have for bim, was unwilling to speak Although you were indicted but for two the truth : yet he cannot deny but he was at facts, yet you know that at your trial it was the taking of thirteen vessels, and particularly fully proved, even by an unwilling witness, that captain Manwareing's, and that he had his you piratically took and rifled no less than share. Then comes captain Manwareing, and thirteen vessels, since you sailed from North he says major Bonnet was commander in chief; Carolina. and that he was brought before him, and be so that you might have been indicted and gave his papers to him, and by his order it was convicted of eleven more acts of piracy, since that the goods were taken out. And ihen Kille you took the benefit of the king's Act of Grace, ing, the mate, he says Bonnet was on board and pretended to leave off that wicked course when the goods were taken out. Then comes of life. captain Read, and he says the dory was sent Not to mention the many acts of piracy you of by major Bonnet's order; and that his share committed before ; for which, if your pardon was brought into the round-house to bim. As from man was never so authentic, yet you for bis pretence, that his men forced bim must expect to answer for them before God. against bis will, it appears by the evidence he You know that the crimes you have comdid not act like a person under constraint. Andmitted are evil in themselves, and contrary to in the former trials, several of you remember, the light and law of nature, as well as the law that his men generally said, that he deceived of God, by wbicb you are commanded that them under pretence of bis going to St. Tho: “ you should not steal,” Exod. xx. 15. And . mas's; and that he forced them. So that I the apostle St. Paul expressly affirms, that think the evidence bave proved the fact upon thieves shall not inherit the kingdom of God," him: but I sball leave this to your considera- | 1 Cor. vi. 10. tion.
But to theft you have added a greater sin,
which is murder. How many you have killed Then an Officer was sworn to keep the Jury.
of those that resisted you in the committing Who after they had considered of their ver your former piracies, I know not : but tbis we dict, returned, and found the abovesaid Stede all know, that besides the wounded, you killed Bonnet alias Edwards alias Thomas, Guilty. no less than eighteen persons out of thuse that
Then the Court adjourned till Tuesday were sent by lawful authority to suppress you, morning.
and to put a stop to those rapines that you daily acted.
And however you may fancy that that was Tuesduy, Nov. 11, 1718.
killing men fairly in open fight, yet this know,
that the power of the sword not being comThe Court met according to adjournment,
mitted into your hands by any lawful authority, Then the Court proceeded on the Trial of you were not empowered to use any force, or Stede Bonnet alias Edwards alias Thomas, to fight any one; and therefore those persons upoo the second Iodictment for feloniously and that fell in that action, in doing their duty to
their king and country, were murdered, and man's “ redemption, which the angels desire their blood now cries out for vengeance and to look into," 1 Pet. i. 12. justice against you: for it is the voice of na And they would have taught you that sin is ture, contirmed by the law of God, that "who- the debasing of human nature, as being a deso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall bis blood viation from that purity, rectitude, and holi. be shed.” Gen, ix. 6.
ness, in which God created us; and that virtue And consider that death is not the only pu- and religion, and walking by the laws of God, nishment due to murderers; for they are were altogether preferable to the ways of sin threatened to have their part in the lake which and Satan; for that the “ ways of sirta are burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are second death," Rev. xxi. 8. See chap. xxii. peace,” Prov. ii. 17. 15. Words which carry that terror with them, But what you could not learn from God's that considering your circumstances and your word, by reason of your carelessly, or but super. guilt, surely the sound of them must make | ficially considering the same, I hope the course you tremble; “ for wbo can dwell with ever- of bis providence, and the present afflictions lasting burnings ?” chap. xxxiii. 14.
that he hath laid upon you, hath now convinced As the testimony of your conscience must you of the same : For however in your seenconvince you of the great and many evils you ing prosperity you might make a mock at hare committed, by which you have bigbly your sins, Prov. iii. 17. yet now that you see offended God, and provoked most justly his God's hand hath reached you, and brougbt you wrath and indignation against you, so I sup- to public justice, I hope your present unhappy pose I need not tell you, that the only way of circumstances hath made you seriously reflect obtaining pardon and remission of your sins upon your past actions and course of life; and from God, is by a true and unfeigned re- that you are now sensible of the greatness of pentance and faith in Christ, bý whose merito. your sips, and that you find the burden of then rious death and passion, you can only hope for is intolerable. salvation.
And that therefore being thus, « labouring, You being a gentleman that bave had the and heavy laden with sin," Mat. xi. 28, you advantage of a liberal education, and being ge- will esteer that as the most valuable knownerally esteemed a man of letters, I believe it ledge, which can sbew you how you can be will be needless for me to explain to you the reconciled to that supreme God whom you have nature of repentance and faith in Christ, they so highly offended; and whicla can reveal to being so fully and so often mentioned in the you him who is not only the powerful “adScriptures, that you cannot but know then. vocate with the Father for you,", 1 John ü. 1, And therefore, perhaps, for that reason it might but also who hath paid that debt that is dge for be thought by some improper for me to have your sins by his own death upon the cross for said so much to you, as I have already upon you, apd thereby made full satisfaction to the this occasion; neither sbould I have done it, justice of God. And this is to be found no but that considering the course of your life where but in God's word, which discovers to and actions, I have just reason to fear, that the us that" Lamb of God, wbich takflb away the principles of religion that had been instilled into sins of the world,” John i. 29, which is Cbrist you by your education, bave been at least cor the Son of God. For this know, and be as. rupted, if not entirely defaced, by the scepticism sured, that “ there is none other name under and infidelity of this wicked age, and that wbat heaven given ainong men, whereby we must time you allowed for study, was rather applied be saved,” Acts iv. 12, but only by the name to the polite literature, and the vain philosopby of the Lord Jesus. of the times, than a serious search after the law But then consider how he invites all sidders and will of God, as revealed to us in the Holy to come unto him, and that be will give them Scriptures: for “ had your delight been in the rest,”Matt. xi. 28, for be assures us, “ that he law of the Lord, and you had meditated therein | came to seek and to save that which was lost;" day and night," Psal. i. 2, you would then Luke xix. 19, Matt. xviii. 11, and hath promised have found that God's “ word was a lamp unto that “ he that cometh unto him, he will in op your feet, and a light to your path," Psal. cxix. wise cast out," John vi. 37. 105, and that you will account all other know So that if now you will sincerely turn to him, ledge but loss, in comparison of the excellency though late, even at the “ eleventh hour," of the knowledge of Christ Jesus,” Phil. iii. 8, Matt. xx. 6, 9, he will receive you. “ who to them that are called is the power of But surely I need not tell you, that the terms God, and the wisdom of God," 1 Cor. i. 24, of his mercy is faith and repentance. " even the hidden wisdom which God ordained And do vot mistake the nature of repentance before the world," chap. ii. 7.
to be only a bare sorrow for your sins, arising You would then have esteemed the Scriptures from the consideration of the evil and punish as the great charter of heaven, and wbich de ment they have now brought upon you; bot livered to us not only the most perfect laws and your sorrow must arise from the consideration rules of life, but also discovered to us those of your baviog offended a gracious and merci. acts of pardon from God, wherein we have ful God. offended those righteous laws: for in them But I shall not pretend to give you any par only is to be found the great mystery of fallen ticular directions as to the pature of repentance: I consider that I speak to a person whose of. | duty to you as a Christian, by giving you the fences have proceeded not so much from his best counsel I can with respect to the salvation not knowing, as his slighting and neglecting bis of your soul, I must now do my office as a duty: Neither is it proper for me to give advice | judge. out of the way of my own profession.
The sentence that the law bath appointed to You may have that better delivered to you pass upon you for your offences, and which this by those who have made divinity their parti- Court doth therefore award, is, cular study; and who by their knowledge, as "That you the said Stede Bonnet shall go well as their office, as being the ambassadors from hence to the place from whence you of Christ, 2 Cor. v. 20, are best qualified to came, and from thence to the place of exegive you instructions therein.
·cution, where you shall be hanged by the I only heartily wish that what, in compassion deck till you are dead. And the God of into your soul, I have now said to you upon this finite mercy be mercifulto your soul!' sad and solemn occasion, by exhorting you in general to faith and repentance, may have that! On Wednesday, December the 10th, 1718, due effect upon you, that thereby you may be the said major Stede Bonpet was executed at come a true penitent.
the White-Point near Charles-Town, according And therefore having now discharged my to the above sentence.
458. Proceedings of the House of Lords in Ireland against JEFFERY
GILBERT,* esq. Lord Chief Baron, John PoCKLINGTON, Esq. and Sir John St. LEGER, knt. Barons of the Exchequer there, for issuing Process in the Cause of Annesley and Sherlock, in opposition to an Order of that House: 5 GEORGE I. A. D. 1719.
sheriff of the said county of Kildare for the July 28, 1719.
year, ending at Micbaelmas, 1718. ALEXANDER BURROWES, bigh sheriff
That on the 15th day of March, 1717, an of the county of Kildare, having been several
injunction issued out of the Court of Exehetimes fined by the Court of Exchequer, for not
quer, signed by the right bonourable Jeffery obeying an Order of that Court, which he ap
Gilbert, esq. ford chief baron of the said Court; prehended to be a breach of a former Order of
and under the seal thereof, directed to your ihe House of Lords, presented the following
| petitioner, being then sheriff of the said county ; Petition :
wbereby your petitioner was required imme
diately after receipt thereof, pursuant to an To the Right Hon. the Lords Spiritual and
order of the said Court of Exchequer, bearing Temporal in Parliament assembled, the
date the 19th day of February preceding, (alhumble PETITION of Alexander Burrowes,
| though the barons of the said Court had due
notice of your lordships' said Order of the 3d of esq. late Sheriff of the county of Kildare.
October aforesaid) to restore Maurice Annesley, Most humbly sheweth ; That on the 3d day esq. to the possession of those lands, whereof of October, 1717, your lordships were pleased the said Hester Sherlock was then actually to order, that the high-sheriff of the county of possessed by virtue of, and under your lordKildare should forthwith put Hester Sherlock ships' said Order. And your petitioner was also into the possession of the lands of Liule Rath, required by the said injunction to support and and other lands in the said Order mentioned, keep the said Maurice Annesley in such posseswhich were to be held by her till she should re- sion of the premises till the further order of the ceive thereout the sum of 1,5071. 14s. 8 d., said Court, or till the said Maurice Annesley chargeable upon the said lands.
| should be thereout evicted by due course of That Charles Nutial, esq. then high-sheriff law; which injunction was delivered to your of the county of Kildare, in obedience to, and petitioner by John Apnesley (the said Maurice's by virtue of your lordships' said Order, on the brother) who required your petitioner to give 6th day of October aforesaid, put the said Hes- | him the possession of the said lands, having a ter Sherlock into the possession of the premises; Letter of Attorney from his said brother for and she was in the actual possession thereof, tbat purpose (as he informed your petitioner ;) when your petitioner was appointed and sworn but your petitioner refused to execute the said
injunction, conceiving it to be a breach of your * In 1722, he was appointed a baron of the lordships' said Order of the 3d of October, 1717, Excbequer in Epglapd, and in 1725 chief baron and of the rights and privileges of this honourof that Coart.
Whereupon the said John Annesley in his against your petitioner; although the said reproper person, on the 13th day of May, 1718, turn was never complained of by the said Maumoved the said Court of Exchequer on his rice Annesley, or his counsel, nor bad your affidavit, setting forth, that your petitioner re- petitioner an opportunity or day given bim to fused to execute the said injunction, and prayed justify the legality of the said return, though that the said affidavit might be read, which was the same was prayed by the said Draycott in ordered; and accordingly read by John Beau- bebalf of your petitioner. man, gent. one of the attornies of the said That the said barons, without baving any reCourt, and the said lord chief baron, and the gard to the said return, on the 7th day of Nohonourable John Pocklington, esq. and sir Jobo vember last, upon said Beauman's motina, St. Leger, kt. two other of the barons of the ordered the said attachment to the pursuivant said Court, then sitting in the said Court of to be renewed against your petitioner; wbich Exchequer, ordered, that your petitioner should having issued, your petitioner was obliged to be fined 40s. if he did not return the said in- abscond, and keep as private as possible, sa junction in four days; and on several motions that he could not attend bis affairs, whereby afterwards made by the said John Beauman, your petitioner has suffered very much io bis the said barons imposed several lines on your fortune. petitioner, which amount 10 771. sterling, and! That by reason of the said attachment to the upon said Beauman's motion on the 30th pursuivant, so from time to time issued against day of June, 1718, ordered an attachment to your petitioner, he could not come upon his the pursuivant against your petitioner, for the accounts before the said barons in the said matters aforesaid, which accordingly issued. Court of Exchequer: your petitioner being
That on the 7th day of July, 1718, your advised and well assured, that if he should appetitioner returned the said Writ of Injunction, I pear in the said Court the said barons would and thereon returned in hæc verba, your lord-commit your petitioner into close custody, for sbips' said Order of the 3d day of October, 1717, not obeying tbeir said injunction. And the said and the resolutions of this honourable House, barons taking advantage of your petitioner's bearing date the 11th day of February, 1703, said circumstances, ordered your petitioner to on the Petition of Edward earl of Meath, and be fined 1,2001. and upwards, for not coming Cecilia countess of Meath his wife; of which upon his accounts ; tbough your petitioner althe said barons had likewise due notice. And ways, was, and still is ready, to give his mathat your petitioner, by reason of your lord - jesiy a just and true account of bis said office ships' said Order and Resolutions, and of the of sheriff-wick, while he was concerned there. rights and privileges of this bonourable House, in. durst not restore the said Maurice Annesley 10 May it therefore please your lordships to the possession of the premises, as by the said take the premises into consideration, and make Writ of Injunction was required.
such order therein for your petitioner's relief, That all the said fines being imposed on as to your lordships in your great wisdom shall your petitioner for not returning said writ, and seem meet. your petitioner having complied with the said And your petitioner will ever pray, orders by returning the same; the said barons
ALEX. BURROWES. Pocklington and St. Leger, on the 16th day of July, 1718, sitting publicly upon the reducing Upon reading this Petition, the House of of times in the Exchequer chamber, and having | Lords referred it to the Committee for courts of heard the said several fines imposed on your justice, who after an examination into the affair; petitioner read unto them by the proper officer, I made the following Report by the lord bishop of and being by him informed, that your petitioner Clogher, their chairman. had returned said injunction, were pleased to reduce, and accordingly took off the said
My Lords; The lords committees for courts fines, upon paying 6d, in the pound, (as by a
of justice, to whom the Petition of Alexander rule made by the barons had been practised in
Burrowes, esq. late sberiff of the county of such cases, though the same was never taken
Kildare, was referred, do find, before, as your petitioner is informed ;) but in That by the Order of this House of the 3rd the afternoon of the said day, John Dray cott, I of October, 1717, Hester Sherlock, widow, one of the attorneys of the said Court, (who was upon the 6th of the same month, put into paid the box for your petitioner on taking off the actual possession of the lands of Little Rall, the said fines) was sent for by the said Tord | Bodingstown, Darr and Mullevatooky ! the chief baron to his lordship's bouse, where the county of Kildare, by Edward Conyers, under said other two barons then were; and after the sheriff to Charles Nuttall, esq. then high she said barops had heard the said Writ of Injunc- riff of the said county ; to continue therein tion and return read, and what was offered in she should receive thereout the sum of 1,507 behalf of your petitioner in justification of the 14s. 81d. chargeable on the said lands; ay said return, the said barons were pleased, at the said Hester continued so possessed by Firtue his lordship's said house, to oblige the said of the said Order for near two years. Draycott to take back the money be so paid That by the minutes of the Chancery side for taking off said fines; and estreated the the Exchequer it appears, that the lord cu same, which bave since issued in process baron of the Exchequer, on the 19th February