Soil Pollution: Origin, Monitoring and Remediation

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, 2004 - Science - 252 pages
Soil - its nature and origin; the origin of soil: physical or mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, weathering by bibological agents, factors controlling soil formation, morphology of soil; soil constituents: the mineral solid phase, the orthosilicates, chain silicates or inosilicates, sheet silicates or phyllosilicates, framework silicates or tectosilicates; organic matter and soil organisms: the liquid phase - soil water composition of soil waters, the gaseous phase - soil air, origin, composition and properties; soil properties: physical properties, chemical properties; soil classification and soil types: soil classification, description of the soil orders of soil Taxonomy; soil degradation: physical degradation: erosion, compaction, soil crusting, chemical degradation, acidification, salinisation and sodification; soil pollution - na overview: macropollutants, micropollutants; major types of soil pollutants: heavy metals and their salts, other inorganic pollutants, radionuclides, weapon tests and belligerent activities, major nuclear accidents; sources of soil pollution: pollutants of agrochemical sources: inseticides, herbicides, fungicides, fuel spills in farms; soil pollutants of urban sources: power generation emissions, soil pollution through transport activities, soil pollution through chemical warfare; pollution mechanisms and soil - pollutants interaction:: physical processes and mechanisms of pollution, adsorptive retention, nonadsorptive redention, contaminants transport: microscopic dispersion: molecular diffusion, macroscopic dispersion, behaviour of Nom-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL's) in soils; pollutants' alternation, transformation, and initiation of chemical changes within the soil: processes related to chemical mobility, chemical transformation processes, biodegradation and biologically supported transformations, enzymatic transformations - a primer on enzymes, their types and mode of action: the hydrolases, the transferases, the oxidoreductases, the lyases, the ligases the isomerases, transformations assisted by bacterial action; monitoring of soil pollution; monitoring and monitoring plans: site characterisation, data acquisition, sampling - planning and realisation: sampling procedures: sampling solid soil matter, smpling soil solution, sampling soil air, field and laboratory investigations, monitoring of grou water flows; biological monitoring: planning and implementation of biological monitoring, foliage sampling and investigation of foliage; modelling of soil pollution; models and their construction: types of models; soil remediation; planning and realization of soil remediation, chemical and physical remedial techniques, biological treatment (Bioremediation), solidification/ stabilisation methods, thermal treatment.

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Contents

Part I
1
Chapter 1
2
12 Chemical weathering
3
13 Weathering by biological agents
5
15 Morphology of soil
6
Chapter 2
10
211 The orthosilicates
11
23 The liquid phase soil water
31
81 2 Nonadsorptive retention
129
82 Contaminants transport
132
Molecular Diffusion
133
822 Macroscopic Dispersion
135
Chapter 9
140
92 Chemical transformation processes
144
93 Biodegradation and biologically supported transformations
150
94 Enzymatic transformations A primer on enzymes their types and mode of action
152

Chapter 3
36
Chapter 4
45
42 Description of the soil orders of soil Taxonomy
49
Chapter 5
52
512 Compaction
55
513 Soil crusting
56
522 Salinisation and sodification
57
Part 2
58
1 Macropollutants
59
2 Micropollutants
60
Chapter 6
61
62 Other inorganic pollutants
63
64 Weapon tests and belligerent activities
67
65 Major nuclear accidents
69
Chapter 7
72
711 Insecticides
74
712 Herbicides
80
713 Fungicides
84
73 Soil pollution through chemical warfare
93
Chapter 8
111
81 Physical processes and mechanisms of pollution
113
811 Adsorptive retention
114
I The Hydrolases
154
III The Oxidoreductases
162
V The Ligases
167
Part 3
172
Chapter 10
173
102 Data acquisition
176
1022 Sampling procedures
179
b Sampling soil solution
180
c Sampling soil air
181
103 Field and laboratory investigations
182
104 Monitoring of ground water flows
186
Chapter 11
192
112 Foliage sampling and investigation
195
Part 4
197
Chapter 12
198
121 Types of models
199
Part 5
219
Chapter 13
220
2 Biological treatment Bioremediation
232
3 Solidification stabilisation methods
237
4 Thermal treatment
238
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Page 243 - Variation of Cation Exchange Capacity and Rate With Particle Size in Stream Sediments," Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, Vol.
Page 243 - Fluhler, H., 1992. Transport of chemicals through soil: Mechanisms, models, and field applications. Adv. Agron., 47: 141-201.

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