Rural Society in Southeast India
This book is a comparative study of caste and class in two small villages in the Thanjāvūr district of southeast India based on fieldwork done by the author in 1951-3. Differing from the usual village study, Gough's work traces the history of the villages over the past century and examines the impact of colonialism on the district since 1770. The volume's theoretical significance lies in its attempt to define more clearly the characteristics of rural class relations, particularly addressing the question whether Indian agrarian relations are still precapitalist. This study not only provides a vivid account of village life in southeast India in the 1950s (to be followed by a later study done in the 1970s), but also contributes to theory concerning modes of production, class structures in the Third World, and underdevelopment.
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Castes and Religious Groups
Variations in Ecology Demography and Social Structure
The Colonial Background and the Sources of Poverty
Village Politics Religion Caste and Class
Village Politics The Street Assembly
Class Struggle and Village Power Structure
Economy and Class Structure
Village Politics The Caste Hindūs
The Communist Movement
acreage acres Adi Dravidas Agambadiyar agrahdram agricultural laborers agricultural workforce Akkachavady Ariyur Barbers Brahmans British capitalist cash casual coolies cattle century Chola coconut Communist Congress Party coolies correlated crop district East Thanjavur estates export festivals Harijans harvest Hindu households inam India irrigation Iyer kalams Kirippur Konar Kumbakonam Kumbapettai kuruvai kuthakai landowners leased lineages lived lower castes Madras mainly Mannargudi marakkal marakkdl Maratha marriage Mayuram merchants middle peasants mirdsddrs Mudaliars Muslim Nadar Nagapattanam Naidus Nallur Nayakkar nineteenth Non-Brahman Non-Brahman castes noncultivating owner cultivators Padaiyacchis paid Pallar panchdyat pannaiydls Parayars Pattukkottai payments percent percentage petty bourgeoisie ploughing Pongal Poosari population priests production rank region rent revenue rice samba Scheduled Castes semiproletarians Shettiyur slaves Smartha subcaste Table taluks Tamij Tamil Nadu Telugu tenants and laborers Thanjavur district threshing Tiruchirappalli Tondaimandalam trade transplanting Vellalars Vettambadi village headman village servants village temple village's wages women workers