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fection or kindness is lessened or diminished it be not yet improved to the proportion yon towards me. I know very well, that the peo- have designed, I cannot doubt but you will ple did never in any age use that vigilance and proceed in it with your old alacrity. I am circumspection in the election of persons of very well contented that you proceed in your known and try'd affections to the crown, of inspection; I know it will be to my advantage, your good principles and unquestionable incli- , and that you will neither find iny receipts so nations to the peace of the Church and the great, nor my expenct's so exorbitant, as you State, for their representatives in parliament imagine ; and for an evidence of the last, I as they did when they chose you. You are the will give you an Account of the Issues of the very same men, who at your first coming to twelve hundred thousand pounds you so libegether, gave such signal testimonies of your rally gave me: one penny whereot' was not affection and friendship to my person, of disposed but upon full deliberation with myyour zeal for the honour and dignity of the sell, and by my own order, and I think you crown, and liberal support of tlic government, will all say for the public service. But, genand of your horror and detestation of those tlemen, this inquisition cannot be finished in men, whose principles you discerned keep the short time we can now conveniently stay them awake to take all occasions to disturb together: and yet, if you do not provide before the peace of the kingdom, and to embroil us we part, for the better paying and collecting in a new civil war; which is as much their en- what you have already given me, you can deavour now as ever, and it may be not hardly presume what it will amount to : and enough abhorred by others, whose principles , if you do not support what you have already and ends are very different from them. You given me bs some addition, you will quickly sce are the same men, who, at your first meet- lawful ways found to lessen the Revenue more ing, by a wonderful and cheariol harmony and than you imagine: and therefore I cannot concurrence in whatsoever I could wish, gave but expect your wisdoms will seasonably and me reputation abroad and security at home, speedily provide a remedy for that growing made our neighbours solicitous for our friend- mischief. ' Believe ine, gentlemen, the inost ship, and set a just value upon it. And, trust disaffected subjects in England are not more ine, such a reputation is of such a vast im- unwilling to pay any tax or imposition you lay portance, as made my evil subjects even des upon them, than I am to receive it; God pair of bringing their wicked purposes to pass, knows, I do not long more for any blessing in And is it possible that the same persons can this world, than that I may live to call a parcontinue the saine together, without the same liament, and not ask or receive any money affection for me? I am sure it is impossible.- from them; I will do all I can to see that And yet, I must tell you, the reputation I had happy day. I know the vast burdens the kingfrom your concurrence and tenderness towards dom bath borne these last 20 years and more; me, is not at all improved since the beginning that it is exceedingly impoverished : but, alas! of this session ; indeed it is much lessened. what will that which is lett do them good, if And I am sure I never stood in more need of the government cannot be supporiad ; if I am that reputation than at present, to carry me not able to defray the Charge that is necesthrough the many difficulties, in which the sary for their peace avd security? I must deal public is at least concerned, as much as iny- plainly with you, (and I do but discharge my self. Let me and you think never so well of conscience in that plainness) if you do not, ourselves, if all the world knows or believes | besides the improving my Revenue in the that we are poor, that we are in extremity of manner I have recommended to you, give me want, if our friends think we can do them no some present Supply of Money to enable me good, or our enemies believe we can do them to struggle with those difficulties I am pressed no harm, our condition is far from being pros- with, I shall lave a very melancholic summer, perous. You cannot take it amiss, (you shall and shall much apprehend the public quiet. use as much freedom with me) that I tell you You have heard, I presume, of the late design there hath not appeared that warmth in you in Ireland for the Surprize of the Castle of of late in the consideration of my Revenue, Dublin, which was spread all over that kingas I expected, as well from some of your Mes-dom, and many parliament-men were engaged sages, as my own confidence in your care and in it. There is an absolute necessity that I kindness. It hath been said to myself, that forthwith send over a sum of money thither, it is usual for the parliament to give the crown for the payment of the Army, and putting the extraordinary Supplies upon emergent occa- Garrisons there in good order. You will not sions, but not to improve the constant Reve- doubt but that those seditious persons there, nue of the crown, I wish, and so do you, had a correspondence with their friends bere : that nothing had lately been done in and by and I pray let us not be too careless of them. parliaments but what is usual: but if ill par- I assure you, I have so great occasion for Mosiaments contrive the ruin and disinherison of ney here, which my Revenue cannot supply the crown, God forbid but good parliaments me with, that I every day omit the doing should repair it, how unusual soever it is. If somewhat that is very necessary for the public you yourselves had not in an extraordinary benefit. These sure are just motives to permanner improved my Revenue, the govern- suade you to give me a Supply, as ever moved ment could not have been supported; and if a house of commons. And therefore I con. jure you to go chearfully about it, and let me sir Richard did desire him so to do: and that not be disappointed in my confidence of your Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Garraway do attend the affections: and I pray remember the season learl with this Message. of the year, and how necessary it is that we June 27. Mr. Vaughan reported, " That make a recess at or about inidsummer. I have he and Mr. Garraway had attended the earl enlarged much more to you upon this occasion of Bristol; and had acquainted him with the than I have used to do; and you may per order of this house; and with the transcript of ceive it bath not been very easy to me: but I so much of his majesty's Niessage, as did relate was willing that you should understand from to the Message which he did receive from sir myself what I desire and expect from you: Rii. Temple: and that his lordsbip did render and the rather, because I hear some men his most humble and hearty thanks to this have confidently undertaken to know my house, That, in such an important matter, and mind, who have had no authority from me, so much concerning his honour, they did sigand to drive on designs very contrary to my nify their desires to him iu so obliging a mandesires. I do pray heartily that the effect of ner: but, in regard the thing was of so great this day's conversation may be the renewing consequence, partly relating to his majesty, and of our confidence in each other, and raising also concerning bis own honour, and the reour joint reputation, which will be our putation of a member of this house, he could strongest security, with God's blessing, the not intrust any other person to deliver his Ankingdom can bave for its peace, plenty, and swer, for fear of mistakes which might therefull prosperity: and upon my word, you shall by happen; and because he might probably if have great comfort in what you shall du for me, present clear any matter which might further upon this very earnest and hearty recommen- accruc: and, therefore, that he might give full dation."

satisfaction to so illustrious a representative of Four Subsidies voted.] This Speech did not his country, he desired a day might be prefail of its desired effect, for, shortly after, the fixed, wben he might be admitted to give an bouse voted his majesty four Subsidies.

account to the house, in person, concerning Sir Rd. Temple accused of sending a Message this matter : and that he would make his adto the King by the Earl of Bristol, undertaking dress to the lords, that he might be permitted for the Compliance of the House, in cuse a Sup- so to do." Upon this, it was resolved, That ply should be demanded.] June 13. Upon in- Wednesday next be appointed for the earl of formation given to the commons, by Mr. Co- Bristol personally to give in bis Answer to the ventry, That his maj. had commanded him to house, impart to the house that a Message was deliver- The Earl of Bristol's Speech, before the Comed to his maj, hy a person of quality, from sir mons, thereon.] July 1. The house having Rd. Temple, to the effect following ; viz. "That received information, that the earl of Bristol * sir Richard was sorry his majesty was offended was at the door, and did pray admittance into with him that he could not go along with the house, to give an account, in person, of the them that had undertaken his business in the matter concerning sir Rd. Temple, bis lordhouse of commons : but, if his majesty would ship was, by direction of the house, placed in take his advice, and intrust him and his a chair, set for him on purpose, on the left side friends, he would undertake his business of the house, within the bar : and Mr. Speaker should be effected, and Revenue settled, better did open unto him his majesty's Message, and than he could desire ; if the courtiers did not the votes and proceedings of the house therehinder it :' It was ordered, That a committee upon, concerning sir Richard Temple. This be appointed to examine the said matter, and being done, report it to the house.

The Earl of Bristol rose and addressed the Jade 20. It was resolved, That the king house as follows:" Mr. Speaker; Were I to be humbly desired, that he would be graciously be wrought upon by the arts and menaces of pleased to name the person that did deliver my enemies, or by the alarms of my friends in the Message to bis majesty from sir Rd. Tem- | my behalf, contrary to the firmness and asple: and that his majesty's two principal secre- surance which a clean heart and a good contaries of state, Mr. Treasurer, and sir William science does always uphold in a man of hoCompton, do attend his majesty, and acquaint nour, I should have appeared in this place with him with the desires of this house.

such fear and trembling, as could not chuse June 26, Mr. Secretary Morrice acquainted but disorder any man's reason and elocution: the house, That he had received command the niceness of the subject upon which I am from his majesty to declare to the house, That brought hither, were enough to discompose the earl of Bristol was the person that did de- one; but over and above that, I am not ig. liver the Message from sir Rd. Temple to his norant what personal prejudices I am under, majesty. Upon which it was resolved, That and how industriously they have been improved a copy of the first Message sent by his ma- among you. But when I look round this iljesty, against sir Rd. Temple, be sent to the lustrious assembly, and see three parts of it earl of Bristol: and he be made acquainted, composed of men who wear, as I do, a sword That the king bath sent word to this house, by their sides, and who bave drawn it so often That he brought the Message to him, from sir for the king's service, gentlemen of birth, inRichard; and his Answer desired, Whether tegrity, fortune, all apprehensions vanish from

a man, who hath served and suffered for the submission avow whatever his inajesty is pleased king as I have done. Mr. Speaker, I know to affirm of me; but, having discharged that the time of this house, upon whose prudent de-duty towards my sovereign, I hope I may be liberations the happiness of the king and king- / allowed to lay the fault home upon myself, doin depends, is too precious to have any part and to tell you, that my tongue, 'I know not of it spent in vindication of me: but, since not by what distemper, delivered that which, I only the reputation and innocence of one of protest to God, was never in my thoughts; I your members depends upon wliat I shall say, was so far from thinking to deliver such a but even his majesty's honour may in some / Message from sir Rd. Temple, that I did not sort be concerned in the right apprehension of think myself charged with any thing by way it, I hope it will be thought no presumption in Message. It is true, Mir. Speaker, that, being rue to beg of you, as I do, in all humility, one full of indignation at ill oliices done him, I quarter of an hour's patience and attention.- made a warm address to his majesty in sir Rd. Mr. Speaker, I am here exposed as the Bearer Temple's behalf, wherein I expressed his grief, of a Messagc to his majesty from sir Richard that his majesty should be ofteuded with biin, Temple, which he hath thought worthy to be and having joined thereunto some reasonings complained of to this house, and wlich sir Rd. of his to justify his conduct, in relation to his Temple athrms he never sent. Lay your hands majesty's service, very agreeable to my own upon your hearts, gentlemen, and say truly, sentiments, I pursued bis expressions with such does not your inpate candour pity my condi- of my own, as (all circumstances considered) tion, brought into a streight, in all appearance the most unattentive person, and the most so inextricable? For, on the one side, if I avow biassed with passion against sir Richard Temto have carried from sir Rd. Temple the Mes ple, might have easily understood it to be no sage, which his maj. has been pleased to make undertaking of bis, but only a warm discourse, so high and so unusual an expression of bis and confident undertaking of my own.-Sir being offended at, and which sir Rd. Temple Rd. Temple being thus cleared, without the denies to have sent, how can men of honour | least contradiction to his majesty, if to underforgive me so ungentlemanly a proceeding to take for you, gentlemen, be a guilt, it is only I wards a person who hath trusted me, as a that stand guilty before you. But you are too friend, to do him (as he thought) a good office noble, I am sure, and too just, to condemn mo with his majesty ? On the other side, Mr. ) in your judgments, before you have heard tho Speaker, should I disavow the having delivered nature and circumstances of my undertaking : the Message from sir Rd. Temple, which his which, with your leare, I shall declare to the majesty hath thought fit to affirm, that he re- full, taking the matter (as I must needs, to ceived from him and by me, what subject can be rightly understood) from an higher oribe strong enough not to sink for ever under ginal. Mr. Speaker, having had the honour the weight of such a contradiction to his so- heretofore of discharging, with approbation, vereign? I ask you again, gentlemen, does not a place of so high trust, as that of Secrethe condition you see me brought into, by the tary of State to his majesty's father of blessed arts of my enemies, move you at the saine time memory, and to himself: and since my quitto pity and indignation Mr. Speaker, when ting that place, being admitted so frequently David was put to his choice of one of the three to the happiness of his princely conversation, calamities, he made election of the plague. you cannot imagine, but that sometimes he And why? that he might fall into the hands of vouchsafed to speak to me of business, espeGod, and not of men. In like manner, Mr. cially of parliaments, where I have the honour Speaker, if one of the two extremes, with at present to be a peer, and have heretofore which I am threatened, be, as it appears, un-been as much versed, as some of my contemavoidable, let me fall into the hands of God's poraries, in the proceedings of the benourable vice-gcrent the king: the world will never house of commons. I confess, that, before this pardon me an unworthy action; his goodness, last assembling, he did it more than once, and I am sure, would in time pardon a generous the opinion I most constantly delivered confault. But when you have heard me out, geo-cerning this house was, that never kiog was so tlemen, I am confident you will find, that I happy in a house of commons, as he was in shall need neither the world's pardon nor the you ; a house composed of so many gentlemen king's, but only yours. In the first place, of birth and fortune, eminent in their faithMr. Speaker, I am bound to clear sir Richard fulness to bim, and such as could never be susTemple, which I here do upon my honour, pected of any sinister designs, or of any otber that he never sent by me a Message to the dependance, but upon the crown, and upon the king, that had in it the least tincture of an care of those that chose them, and such as in undertaking of his; which I conceive could be the last sessions had manifested their affections the only part that could give offence to his to him by such large Aids and Supplies ; majesty, or be a ground for the Complaint adding, that nothing could be more important made against him.--In the next place, if the to his service, than to make and preserve you king, who, the law says, can do no wrong, still popular with those that sent you. To hath thought fit to affirm, that I brought him which end I took the liberty to tell him, that if that undertaking Message from sir Rd. Tem the necessity of his affairs, (of which I, having ple, it must needs be true, and I do with all no part in bis council, was no good judge) could

admit of it, he onght not in prudence to let , what passed from me to his majesty, I must you give him any Money this sitting, but rather not oinit to give him the honour due to him to oblige you wholly to apply yourselves to the for the kingly Reply he made to ine upon this making of such laus as might endear both him occasion, which was, " That he had a true and you to the people ; liv which means, at i sense of the merit of the bouse of commons another meeting, he would be master of the towards him, cren far beyond what I had hearts and purses of his subjects. But in case. l'expressed, and this was the reason why, his nec sities should urge him to press you, relving so entirely as he did, upon the affec- before the rising, fui a vew Supply, that he'tions of that whole body, he was, and ever ought, by all means, tú let it lie al comparied, should be olended at any proposition to if nut preceded, by some eminent Acts for the carry on his business there by otiscious underReformation of former Abuses, and for the takings and calals, either of his courtiers or securing his subjects from the like for the others,' An expression lit to be written with future.--I persisted, Mr. Speaker, in pressing, the rays of the sun, that all the worli ay opon all occasions, tbis advice to his inajesiy, read it; an expression which cannot chese but till witbin some few weeks after their meeting; inslame the affections of all this noble assembly when finding Diyself (I know not by what miss that hear me, and carry you to make good fortune) tallen under some prejudice, I thought these bappy impressions of you, which are so that a total turbearance from speaking to hun deeply stampt in his royal breast : such as I of anv business, would be the best way ofiny should think it a crime to doub!, but that all serving him. And I protest unto you, gentle- suspicions being now vanished ot bis majesty's nien, with all sincerity, that from that time, owning the Supply desired, to any acts or conuntil that of his majesty's expressing to me trivances of others, your own zeal for, is sersome displeasure against sir Rd. Temple, Ivice will, even in the proportion and timeliness never once opened my lips to him of any public of that, exceed the vain proposals of all pickatrair whatsoever: it is true, Mr. Speaker, thank undertakers.-- VIr. Speaker, I should that a ground being given me to enter again bare bere put a period to your trouble of with bis majesty, upon a subject wich my hearing me, did I not think I miglit incur the heart was still full of, I laid hold on the occa- i imputation of much weakness and siipineness sion, and in pursuance of what I had said in in my own highest concernments, il, valung, behalf of sir Rd, Temple, told his majesty, pero as I do, above all earthly concernments, the Laps with more freedom and fervour than did favour and the esteein of my country, of which Lecome me, that I found his courtiers gave you are the illustrious representatives ; and him wrong measures, both of the temper of knowing what industry bas been used to blast the house of comingas, and of the means to me with you, I should not lay bold on this just attain from then any new Supplies, wliether I occasion to remove from me soine unjust preby way of present, gitt, or of such establish-judices under which I bare laboured. And ments in huis revenues, as might indeed put this Mr. Speaker, I humbly be leave to lim out of necessity; since there could be no do in very few words. , I appeai, gentlereasonable hopes of obtaining from thein any men, to numbers of you, that hear me, whesuch assistance, but by a committance, if not a ther I have not been represented unto you precedence of such Acts, as might be grateful for the giver of advice of a far different tenor and beneficial to his subjects, and secure them, trom what you have heard upon this occasion; that what shall be given hereafter should be whether I have not been painted out onto you better managed for his majesty's service, than for an inflamer of his majesty against his parthose rast sums that had been formerly liament'; for an enemy of the Church of Eng. granted : that if his majesty, in his prmcely laned, and for a dangerous driver on of the wisdom, should think fit to drive on his busia | Papistical interest. It is true, Mr. Speaker, I ness upon solid grounds, and not upon the false am a Catholic of the Church of Rome, but not and self-interested measures of some courtiers, of the Court of Rome; 10 Negotiator there of a he had a bouse of commons composed of meine Cardinal's Caps for his majesty's subjects and bers so full of affection to his person, and zeal domestics, a true Roman Catholic as to the for his prosperity and glory, that not ouly sir other world, but a true Englishman as to this: Rd. Temple, but the most uuprejudiced and such a one, as bad we a king inclined to that wisest men of the kingdom, as well as myselt, profession (as on the contrary, we have one. durst undertake for them. See here, gentleinen, the most firm and constant to the Protestant the bold undertakiny that such a house of Religion, that ever sat upon tlie throne) I commons would never let him want such pre- | would tell bioi as freely as the Duke of Sully, sent Supplies, as the true necessity of his being a Protestant, told his yrauitatber, Henry affairs should require, nor such an establisheni | IV. That if le meant to be a king he must be Revenue, as is fit to support the greatness and a constant professor and maintainer of the honour of his crown. If this was a criminal | Keligion established in bis dominions. Believe undertaking, you have, before you, gentlenien, me, gentlemen, Roman Catholic as I am, confitentem reum ; but whilst I am endea there is no man amongst you all, more Fouring to clear sir kd. Temple, and to vin-throughly persuaded than I am, that the true dicate or arraign myself, according as you shall | pillars, that can uphold this inonarchy, must be pleased to understand it, by telling vou ever be the maintenance of the subjects just

VOL. IV.

T

rights and liberties, and the careful preser-, glory and happiness, both at home and abroad, vation of that State Ecclesiastical, wliereof his and finding tu wbat a sad condition things are majesty is the supreme governor ; and I do now reduced, (by what means it is more proper clearly profess, that should the Pope himself for you to enquire, and may Heaven bless invade that Ecclesiastical right of his, I should your inspection ;) wonder not, I say, gentleas readily draw my sword against hiin as men, that a mau so affected as I am, should, against the late usurper. Mr. Speaker, one by some erupsious of heart, let you see, that prejudice more I am inder, which ought 10 periculum patria ought to have a more powe have great weight indeed with this honourable erful effect upon a man of public soul, thau house, if there were a real ground for it; and periculum patris, and is capable, if I were a that is, that the earl of Bristol is one of those, mute, to make me become a counsellor. The who by the vast Grants that he hath got of the next is, Mr. Speaker, that if (as I said before, king, hath, in part, contributed to the groans ! I have been so happy in what I expressed, as of the people, to lied their king still in such to have raised in you some more favourable necessity, after such unexampled charges laid thoughts concerning me, you would vouclasafe upon the subjects for his Supplies. It is true, me some demonstration of it, whereby I may Dir. Speaker, that though I have neither offices no more be made, by my enemies, such a to keep, nor offices to sell, his majesty's gifts bugbear as I ain: as if a gracious look of his 'to me have been great, in proportion to my majesty upon me, were enough to ruin all his merit, which is none : for in serving and sui- atlairs with you. I shall then continue the fering for him with faithfulness, I did but my way I ain in with comfort; but if I be so unduty, which carries a reward witli itsell, fortunate, as that there still remains in this enough to raise a comfort to me, from the incomparable representative of my country, very ruin of my fortune. It is also true, I any umbrage of danger to it by my access to have had the sutisfaction from his majesty, bis majesty; as dear as the conversation of that he never refused me any thing I asked the amiablest prince that ever breathed is to him for myself. But I hope I shall make it me, I shall banish niyself for ever from his appear also, that I have not only been a very sight, into the obscurest part of his dominions, modest asker, but also a njost caretul one, to rather than continue upon me the jealousy of ask nothing considerable, but wbat carried those on whoin his prosperity depends; or if advantage with it, as well to his majesty's this be not enough, I shall once more try my interest as my own. I know well, Mr, Speaker, fortune abroad, where, I trust, this sword, this that, with so kind and so generous a nature as I head, and this heart shall inake me live as our king is, an ill proportion of bounty to heretofore, in spite of my enemies, with lustre merit, and cousequently the largeness and to myself and some honour to iny nation." kindness of his royal heart that way, may have After the earl had finished his speech he contributed much to the present streiglits he is withdrew; the house then proceeded in the in. Happy is the nation that bath nothing to debale of the matter and came to the followfear for the public, but from the virtues oiing Resolutions : " That this house is satistied,' their prince. It is your proper work, gençle- that sir R. Temple hath not broke any privimen, to reduce the effects of them to a right lege of this house, in the maiter in question temperament, by your prudent inspection ; concerning him. That this return be idade and may you begin it with alliny concernments, from the house, to the Answer of the earl of wbich I nost readily lay at your feet, bumbly Bristol: viz. That the earl of Bristol, in begging of you tu appoint a time, when I may the account which he bath given this house, display them all faithfully before you; in in the matter concerning sir R. Temple, bath hopes that no man, who bath been a partaker carried binself with all dutifulness towards his of his inajesty's bounty, will prove himself so majesty; hath cleared the member of this unworthy of it, as not to follow the example. house; and that the house is well satisfied with Mr. Speaker, If having thus poured out my soul his respect to thein."-Ilis loudship was again before you, I have been so happy as to have called in: and Mr. Speaker acquainted bim begot in this honourable house a right per- with the return of the house.-Ordered, suasion of the sincerity of my beart, I expect That such members of the bouse, as are of his and implore two gracious effects of it. The majesty's privy-council, do acquaint bris maj. first, that you will be pleased to grant me vour with the said Vote: That sir Rd. Temple have pardon, if the same zeal for his majesty's ser- the leave of this bouse, to petition his inavice, and the good of my country, which made jesty for his favour; and to give him satisfacme presume (being no counsellor) t:) press tion, as to the other informations mentioned in upon bis majesty iny opinion in matters of bis majesty's Message. sich importance, bas transported me also, at Articles of High Treason, exhibited by the ibis time, in some sort, so as to become your earl of Bristol against Lord Clarendon.] July adviser. You have heard, gentlemen, ot' the 10. This day the earl of Bristol exhibited into dumb man, whose tongue was set free by the the house of lords, the following imminent danger of his fatber's lie; wonder ARTICLES of Hiru TREASON, and other not then, gentleincu, that such a lover of his ] heinous Misdemeanors, against Edw. earl king and country as i am, liaving scen them, of Clarendon, lord Chancellor of Englaud. within these three years in a prospect of such “ That, being in place of biglicst trust and

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