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slavery, hath been wrought out aod brought to foil your majesty can use, to set out the true pass, by a miraculous way of Divine Provi- lustre of all your other most eminent and dence, beyond and above the reach and com- lovely graces.--Most Royal Sovereign, I have prehension of our understandings, and there yet a few words more, and to doubt your pati. fore to be admired ; impossible to be expressed.ence, who is the mirror of patience, were to
God hath been pleased to train your ma commit a crime unpardonable and fit to be exa jesty up in the school of affliction, where you cepted out of that Act of Oblivion, which your
have learned that excellent lesson of patience majesty bath so graciously tendered unto your so well, and improved it so much for the good people; therefore, with an humble confidence, of your people, that we have all just cause for I shall presume to acquaint your majesty, that ever to bless God for it, and we doubt pot but I bave it further in command to present you, your name is registered in the records of Hea- at this time, with a Petition of Right, and humven, to have a place in the highest form amongst bly, upon my bended knees, to beg your royal those glorious inartyrs of whom it is reported, assent thereunto. Sir, it hatb already passed that, through faith in Christ and patience in two great houses, Heaven and Earth, and I their sofferings, they converted their very tor have Vox Populi, and Vox Dei, to warrant this menters, and conquered those barbarous bloody bold demand. It is, That your majesty would tyrants, under whom they thien suffered, inso be pleased to remove your tbrone of state, and much as they themselves were many times in- | to set it up in the hearts of your people; and forced to confess and cry out, Sat est vicisti as you are deservedly the king of hearts, there Gallilæus,' they had their vicisti,' and that de- to receive from your people a crown of hearts. servedly; but your majesty must have a treble Sir, this crown hath three excellent and rare vicisti, for with the same weapons, faith and properties, it is a sweet crown, it is a fast patience, you have overcome and conquered crown, and it is a lasting crown ; it is a sweet the hearts and affections of all your people in crown, for it is perfumed with nothing but the three great nations, the hearts and affections incense of prayers and praises ; it is a 'fast of all that are worthy the name of good Chris-crown, for it is set upon your royal head, by tians, or reasonable inen---It is God, and God him who only bath the power of hearts, the alone, to whom be the glory, that hath made King of Kings ; and it is a lasting crown, your your majesty so great a conqueror; indeed majesty can never wear it out, for the longer your conquest is incomparable, no story can you wear this crown, it will be the better for the instance the like, or furnish us with an example wearing; and it is the bearty desires and most to parallel it withal. It was a use and custom earnest prayers of all your loyal, loving, and amongst the Romans, when any of their com- faithful subjects, that you may never change manders bad done eminent services abroad, at that crown till you change it for a beiter, a their returns, to honour them with triumphs, crown of eternal glory in the highest beavens ; and riding through their streets; there they re- and the Lord say Amen." ceived the praises and applauses of the people, | The King's Answer.) To this harangue the with this inscription upon their laurel crowns. King returned the following Answer:
Vincenti dabitur.' But your majesty's victory “ I shall not trouble you with many words, for is of another nature ; and as it differs much really I am so weary that I am scarce able to from theirs in the quality of it, so your triumpb speak: But I desire you may know thus much, must differ as much from theirs in the manner That whatsoever may concern the good of this of it. They conquered bodies, but your ma-people, the defence and confirmation of your jesty hath conquered souls ; they conquered Laws, and the establishment of your Religion, for the honour and good of themselves, but I shall be as ready to grant as you shall be to your majesty bath conquered for the honour | ask : And I shall study nothing inore than to and good of your people; they conquered with make them as happy as myself." force, but your majesty bath conquered with Account of the King's Entry into London.] faith; they conquered with power, but your Before we go on with the Proceedings of both majesty hath conquered with patience; and Houses of Parliavient, we shall revert a little, therefore God himself hath written your Motto, to give some Account of the King's Landing at and inscribed it upon your royal crown, Pati- Dover, and the public Entry he afterwards eati dabitur.' Their triumphs were in narrow made into his City of London, and to that pa. streets, but your majesty's triumph must be in lace to which he was then so great a stranger. The large hearts; their triumphs lasted but for a Author we shall quote from is Dr. Gumble, day, but your majesty's triumph must last for who wrote the Life of General Monk, and all your days, and after that to triumph in who accompanied his master down to Dorer, to Heaven to all eternity.--I have read of a duke meet and receive the King on his Landing. of Burgundy, who was called Carolus Audax, “ On Saturday, May 26, his majesty landed at the Historian tells us that his father was called the beach on Dover Pier, with the dukes of Carolus Bonus : an Observator hath this Note York and Gloucester, and many other nobleupon it, That goodness doth ever produce men and gentlemen : The General received boldness.' Sir, you are the true son of such a him with an affection so absolutely entire and good father; and so long as you serve our vehement, as higher could not be expressed good God, he, who is goodness itself, will give from a prince to his subject; he embraced and you boldness, a princely virtue, and the best kissed him. Our Author says, he had the honour to be at the General's back when this on which day, being got as near Blackheath, happened, and was the third person that kissed he found the Army drawn up, and there ex. the hem of his majesty's garments after he set pressed their dutiful allegiance in an humble foot in England: That he set himself to observe Address, offering to sacrifice their lives, or his majesty's countenance on his first Landing, whatsoever could be more dear to them, for where he did see a mixture of other passions his service, against whatsoever opposers; and besides joy in his face. Certainly, adds this would shew their obedience better in their acAuthor, he had the remembrance of the cruel tions than in words. This sight did please his persecutions of both his father and himself, be majesty very much, and he took a full view of sides the numbers of people shouting, the great them. They were as brave Troops as the guns from the ships in the road, and from the world could shew, appearing to be soldiers well Castle, thundering with all the expressions of disciplined, and seemed to be men of one age glory that were possible: these, with a reflection and one mind. His majesty did like rather to of things past not many years before inight as have them loyal subjects, as they now protested, well amaze as rejoice his royal heart."-We shall than (what some of them had been formerly) not trace this Author any further in the King's violent eneinies. These inen had bought wit Journey from Dover* to London, where he says, at the hazard of their souls, as well as by the “ his majesty pressed to be, that he might enter loss of some blood, and now resolved loyalty his capital on May 29, the day of his birth; into their nature and principles, and, I hope,
* “ The first mortification the king met with the next Suoday was past, he came to the was as soon as he arrived at Canterbury, which king in his chainber, and in a short secret auwas within three hours after he had landed at dience, and without any preainble or apology, Dover; and where he found many of those as he was not a man of a graceful elocution, be who were justly looked upon, from their own told him “ that he could not do him beiter sufferings or those of their fathers, and their service, than by recommending to him such constant adhering to the same principles, as of persons, who were most grateful to the people, the king's party, who with joy waited to kiss and in respect of their parts and interests were his hand, and were received by him with those best able to serve him :" and thereupon gave open arms and flowing expressions of grace, him a large paper full of names, which the calling all those by their namnes who were king in disorder enough received, and without known to bim, that they easily assured them- reading put it into his pocket that he might not selves of the accomplishment of all their de- enter into any particular debate upon the sires from such a generous prince. And some persons, and told him “ that he would be alof them, that they might not lose the first op | ways ready to receive bis advice, and willing portunity, forced him to give their present au- to gratify him in any thing he should desire, dience, in which they reckoned up the insup- and which would not be prejudicial to his portable losses undergone by themselves or their service.” The king, as soon as he could, took fathers, and some services of their own ; and an opportunity when there remained no more thereupon demanded the present grant or in his chamber, to inform the chancellor of promise of such or such an office. Some, the first assaults he had encountered as soon for the real small value of one though of the as he alighted out of his coach, and afterwards first classis, pressed for two or three with such of what the general lad said to him; and contidence and importunity, and with such te- thereupon took the paper out of his pocket dious discourses, that the king was extremely and read it. It contained the names of at nauseated with their suits, though his inodesty least threescore and ten persons, who were knew not how to break from them ; that he no thought fittest to be made privy counsellors ; sooner got into his chamber, which for some in the whole number whereof, there were only hours he was not able to do, than be lamented two, who had ever served the king or been the condition to which he found he must be looked upon as zealously affected to his sersubject, and did in truth from that minute con- vice, the marquis of Hertford, and the earl of tract such a prejudice against the persons of Southampton, who were both of so universal some of those, though of the greatest quality, reputation and interest, and so well known to for the indecency and incongruty of their bave the very particular esteem of the king, pretences, that he never afterwards received that they needed po much recommendation. their addresses with bis usual grace or pati- | All the rest were either those counsellors who ence, and rarely granted any thing they de- had serred the king, and deserted bin by ad. sired, though the matter was more reasonable, hering to the parliament; or of those who had and the manner of asking much more modest, most cminently disserved him in the beginning But there was another mortification which of the rebellion, and in the carrying it on immediately succeeded this, that gave him with all fierceness and animosity until the much more trouble, and in which he knew new model, and disinissing the earl of Essex : not how to comport himself. The general, then indeed Cromwell had grown terrible to after he had given all necessary orders to his them and disposed them to wish the kivg were troops, and sent a short dispatch to the par- / again possessed of his regal power, and which liament of the king's being come to Canterbury, they did but wish. There were then the and of his purpose to stay there two days till names of the principal persons of the Presby
keep this resolution to this day. At St. the several companies in their liveries on the George's Fields the lord mayor and alderen other. From Temple-Bar to Whitehall the had pitched a glorious tent, and provided a Trained Bands of Westminster and the parts sumptuous collation, and there, upon their adjacent on one side, and some companies of knees, did their duties; and the Jord mayor the Army on the other, to whom was joined a delivered his sword, and received it again. company of the late king's officers, commanded After a short stay his majesty hastened to see by sir John Stowel. This was one of the pleaWaitehall, being glutted with the ceremonies santest sights that ever England bebeld, to see of the day. Princes need their solitudes and a good prince and an obedient people striving retircments, and certainly he must be wise to who should exceed in love and affection, May a miracle, that is never alone and always him- there never be other coutention between them. self.-All the streets were richly adorned with The procession was led by major-general tapestry, the conduits flowing with the ricbest Brown, who had a troop of 300, all in cloth of wines, every window filled with numbers of silver-doublets; then followed 1200 in velvet spectators, and upon scaffolds built for that coats, with footmen in purple liveries attendpurpose, and all other places of conveniency. ing them; then another troop, in buff coats, There were ranked, in good order, the Trained led by sir John Robinson, with sleeves of cloth Band forces on the one side of the streets, and of silver, and very rich green scarfs : After
terian party, to which the general was thought and said, “ the paper was of his handwriting, to be most inclined, at least to satisfy the by the general's order, who he was assured foolish and unruly inclinations of his wife. had no such intention, but that he would preThere were likewise the names of some who sently speak with him and return," which he were most notorious in all the other factions ; did within less than an hour, and expressed and of some who in respect of their mean qua | “ the trouble the general was in upon the lities and meaner qualitications, no body could king's very just exception; and that the truth imagine how they could come to be named, was, he had been obliged to have much comexcept that, by the very odd mixture, any so-munication with men of all humours and incliber and wise resolutions and concurrence nations, and so had promised to do them good might be prevented.-The king was in more offices to the king, and could not therefore than ordinary confusion with the reading this avoid inserting their names in that paper, paper, and knew not well what to think of the without any imaginations that the king would general, in whose absolute power le now was. accept them : that he had done his part, and However, be resolved in the entrance upon all that could be expected from him, and left his governinent not to consent to such impo- the king to do what he had thought best for sitions, which might prove perpetual fetiers his own service, wbich he would always desire and chains upon him ever after. He gave the bim to do, whatever proposition he should at paper therefore to the chancellor, and bade any time presume to make to his majesty, which bim“ take the first opportunity to discourse he would not promise should be always reathe matter with the general" (whom he had sonable. However, te did still heartily wish, Dot yet saluted) " or rather with Mr. Morrice that bis majesty would make use of some of his most intimate friend," whom he had newly those persons," whom he named, and said," he presented to the king, and “with both whoin knew most of them were not his friends, and he presumed he would shortly be acquainted,” that his service would be more advanced by though for the present both were equally un- admitting them, than by leaving them out." known to him. Shortly after, when mutual The king was abundantly pleased with this Fisits had passed between them, and such pro good temper of the general, and less disliked fessions as naturally are made between per- chose, who he discerned would be grateful to sons who were like to have much to do with him, than any of the rest : and so the next each other; and Mr. Morrice being in private day, he made the general knight of the Garwith him, the chancellor told him how much ter, and adınitted him of the council, and likethe king was surprised with the paper he had wise at the same time gave the signet to Mr. received from the general, which at least re Morrice, who was sworn of the council and commeoded (and which would have always secretary of state; and sir Anthony Ashley great authority with him) some such persons Cooper, who had been presented by the geneto bis trust, in whom he could not yet, till ral under a special recomiendation, was then they were better known to him, repose any too sworn of the council, and the rather beconfidence." And thereupon he read many cause having lately married the piece of the of their names, and said, " that if such men earl of Southampton (who was then likewise were made privy counsellors, it would either present and received the Garter to which be be imputed to the king's own election, which had been elected some years before) it was would cause a very ill measure to be taken of believed that his slippery humour would be his majesty's nature and judgment; or (which easily restrained and fixed by the uncle. All more probably would be the case) to the incli- this was transacted during his majesty's stay at datiou and power of the general, which would Canterbury." Lord Clarendon's Life, witten br attended with as ill effects," Mr. Morrice by himself, p. 5, seemed much troubled at the apprehension,
these a troop of 150, with blue tiveries, laced | That inatters of honour did belong to his mawith silver lace, with 6 trompeters and 7 foot- jesty, and this house did acquiesce in his pleamen in sea-green and silver. Then a troop of sure. And agreed, That the Order formerly 220, with 30 footmen in grey and silver live. passed, for excluding any lords made at Oxries, and 4 trumpeters richly cloatbed ; then an- ford from sitting in the house, should be canother troop of 105, with grey liveries, and 6 celled, pulled, and inade void, and that the trumpets; and another of 70, with 5 trumpets. I lords sub-committee for Privileges, &c. Then 3 troops more, two of 300, and one of should see this done and executed accordingly. 100, all richly habited and bravely mounted; Also, that the said lords should meet to conafter these came two trumpets with his majes- sider of placing the seats and forms of the ty's arms; the sheriffs men in red cloaks, rich- , house, for making more room for the peers. ly laced with silver lace, to the number of 80, The King comes to the House.) June 1. with pikes in their hands. Then followed 600 The King came to the house of lords for the of the several companies of London, on horse-brst time, and, sending for the commons, his back, in black velvet coats with gold chains, majesty made a short speech to both bouses, each company baving footmen in rich Liveries and then commanded the lord chancellor attending. ---After these came a kettle-drum, 5 | (Hyde) to deliver bis mind further to them, trumpets, 3 streamers, and many rich red live- which he accordingly did, say the Journals, in ries with silver lace : After these 12 ministers, a large one; but neither of them are entered and then another kettle-drum and 4 trumpets, in those authorities. Nor have we met with with his majesty's life-guard of horse, com- them, at length, elsewhere ; there is only a manded by the lord Gerrard. Then 3 trum- short abstract of the ehancellor's Speech prepets i rich coats and sattin doublets, and the served in bistory*, which he made after the city marshal with 8 footmen in French green, king had given his royal assent to these 3 Bills, trimmed with crimson and white, the city waits, viz. 1. “ An Act for preventing and removing and all the city officers in order; then the two all Questions and Disputes, concerning the Assheriffs, and all the aldermen in their scarlet | sembling and Sitting of this present Parliament. gowns and rich trappings, with footmen in li- 2. An Act for putting in Execution an Ordiveries, red coats laced with silver, and cloth nance mentioned in the said Act. 3. An Act of gold and silver, the heralds and maces in for Continuance of Process, and all judicial rich coats; then the lord mayor carrying the Proceedings. After which, sword bare, and next to him the duke of Buck- The Lord Chancellor told both houses,“ With ingham and the General, and then the king's how much readiness bis majesty had passed majesty betwixt the dukes of York and Glou- these important Acts, and how willing they cester, after which followed a great troop of should at all times hereafter find him, to pass his majesty's servants ; then followed a troop any other that might tend to the advantage of horse with white colours; then the Generals and benefit of the people; in a particular life-guard, commanded by sir Pbilip Howard ; manner desiring, in his majesty's behalf, That wherein, beside the established number, rode the Bill of Oblivion, in which they had made several noble persons; in the first rank were so good a progress, might be expedited : that such as bad 100,000l. per ann. of inheritance the people might see and know his majesamong them; after them 5 regiments of the ty's extraordinary gracious care to ease and Army Horse, led hy col. Knight; and then two free them from their doubts and fears; and troops of noblemen and gentlemen to close the that he had not forgotten his gracious Declaprocession."
ration made at Breda, but that he would in all May 31. The earl of Berkshire acquainted points make good the same." the lords, That he was commanded by his ma Thanks returned to the Committee sent to the jesty to signify his desire to this house, that King.] The Commons resolved, That the those who were created peers by patent, by gentlemen, the members of this house, who his late majesty at Oxford, should sit in the were sent to his majesty with a Letter from house. On which the lords ordered the same this house, have the thanks of this housc, lord to attend the king, and acquaint him, for their eminent service. Accordingly, the
Speaker said, “ Gentlemen, I shall not need # The concourse was so great, that the king to tell you what notice the house hath taken rode in a crowd from the Bridge to Whitehall; of the eminent service you have performed all the Companies of the City standing in order in your late employment to his majesty; on both sides, and giving loud thanks to God you' bave brought home the ark, the glory for his majesty's presence. He no sooner came of England, his majesty's person, in safety; to Whitehall but the two Houses of Parliarpent and truly, if ever a service deserved to be solemnly cast themselves at his feet, with all called a service of ever-blessed memory, this vows of affection to the world's end. In a is such a service : therefore the house bath word, the joy was so unexpressible and so uni- commanded this service to be singled out from versal, that his majesty said smiling to some all your former eminent and worthy services, about him, he doubted it bad been his own and to do it per excellentiam, as much exceed• fault he had been absent so long; for he saw | ing all that ever bath been done before for ' nobody that did not protest he had ever • wisbed his return." Clarendon, V, vi, p. 773. * See Echard's llistory of England, p. 778. this nation. And since the merit thereof is ' So help me God, and by the contents of this such, that no thanks can be proportionable book." thereunto, but the thanks of this house, I am! Form of the Oatlı of Allegiance. therefore commanded, in the naine of this “'TA. B. do truly and sincerely acknowhouse, and of all those they represent, the ledge, profess, testify, and declare, in my con commons of England, to return you their very / science, before God and the world, That our hearty Thanks."
sovereign lord king Charles II, is lawful and At the same time, Mr. Hollis informed the rightful king of this realm, and of all other his house, That he having been sent, with the majesty's dominions and countries; and that other worthy members, to the king, some the Pope, neither of himself, nor by any auaspersions had been cast upon him, as if he thority of the Church or See of Rome, or by had, in his Speech to the king, (see p. 36) any other means, with any other, hath any transgressed the Instructions given him by the power or authority to depose the king, or to house : on which the house ordered, • That he dispose of any of his majesty's kingdoms or should have leave to print the Speech he made dominions, or to authorize any foreign prince to his majesty, as also the King's Auswer to it, to invade or annoy him, or his countries; or for which he had the king's leave, as well as to discharge any of his majesty's subjects of the Instructions of the bouse, for his own vin their allegiance and obedieuce to his majesty ; dication,
or to give licence or leave to any of them to June 4. The commons sent up Mr. Prynne, bear arms, raise tuinults, or to offer any vioand others, to the lords, to desire their con lence or hurt to his majesty's royal person, currence in sending to bis majesty, to desire state, or government, or to any of his majesty's him to issue out his Proclamation, against those subjects, within his majesty's dominions.-that had a hand in the horrid Murder of his Also, I do swear from my heart, That, notlate inajesty. The lords agreed to this, and withstanding any declaration, or sentence of the king consenting, a Proclamation was pub excommunication or deprivation, made or lished accordingly.
granted, or to be made or granted, by the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance to be Pope, or his successors, or by any authority taken by the Members, 8c.] The commons derived, or pretended to be derived, from him, were busy must of this day in taking the Oaths or his see, against the said king, his beirs or to the new government, or rather to the old successors, or any absolution of the said subone re-established. The right bon. James, jects froin their obedience, I will bear faith marquis and earl of Ormond, lord lieutenant and true allegiance to his majesty, bis heirs of Ireland, and lord steward of his majesty's and successors; and him and then will defend, bousehold, came into the lobby at the door of to the uttermost of my power, against all couthe house of commons, where a table being spiracies and attempts whatsoever, which shall set, and a chair prepared, being attended by be made against bis or their persons, their the clerk of the crown, and the clerk of the crown and dignity, by reason or colour of any commons house, with the Rolls of such mem such sentence or declaration, or otherwise ; bers as were returned to serve in this parlia- and will do my best endeavour to disclose and ment, his lordship gave the Oaths of Supre make kdown unto his majesty, his heirs and macy and Allegiance to several members, successors, all treasons, and traiterous conwhom he had, by his commission, deputed to spiracies, which I shall know, or hear of, to be administer the same to other members in his against him, or any of them.--And I do furabsence.
ther swear, That I do, from my heart, abhor, Form of the Oath of Supremacy. detest, and abjure, as impious and heretical, “ I, A. B. do utterly testify and declare in this damnable doctrine and position, That my conscience, That our sovereign lord king princes, which be excommunicated or deprived Charles II. is the only supreme governor of by the Pope, may be deposed or murdered by this realm, and of all other bis majesty's do their subjects, or any other whatsoever. And minions and countries, as well in all spiri- I do believe, and in conscience am resolved, tgal or ecclesiastical things, or causes, as tem- that neither the Pope, nor any person whatsoporal; and that no foreign prince, person, ever, bath power to absolve ine of this Oath, prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to or any part thereof; which I acknowledge, by have, any jurisdiction, power, superiority, pre | good and full authority, to be lawfully minisEminence, of authority, ecclesiastical or spi tered unto me; and do renounce all pardons ritual, within this realm: and therefore I do and dispensations to the contrary: and all utterly renounce and forsake all foreign juris- these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowdictions, powers, superiorities, and authorities; ledge and swear, according to these express and do promise, that from henceforth I shall words by me spoken, and according to the bear faith and true allegiance to the king's plain and common sense and understanding of majesty, his heirs and lawful, successors; and, the sadie words, without any equivocation, or to my power, shall assist and defend all juris- mental evasion, or secret reservation whatso. dictions, privileges, pre-eminences, and autho- ever: and I do make this recognition and acrities, granted or belonging to the king's ma knowledgment heartily, willingly, and truly, jesty, bis heirs and successors; or united or upon the true faith of a Christian. So help annexed to the imperial crown of this realm : | me God," Vol. IV,