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would make appear that Austria wishes to scize Bavaria, and to disarm in a disgrace- Letter from the Emperor Francis to Marshal ful manner the brave soldiers of that coun
Colloredo. try, had required these troops to make a Dear Field-MARSHAL; Owing to the
fruitless defence. Here French artifice rapid movements of the army, and ac· succeeded in making foreign blood flow cumulated business, no Official Report has
for their advantage, and in turning the arms appeared for several days, I transmit you of our German brethren against their de a concise extract of the Reports sent me, liverers. The first bridge was scarce form in order that you may publish them. ed by a few posts, when the advanced guard Scharding, April 22, 1809. FRANCIS. of the fifth corps hastened across the Iser
Seventh Oficial Report. and pursued the enemy until night. The troops are animated with an excellent After passing the Iser, his imperial spirit, and sing war songs under the thun: highness the Generalissimo, with the 3d, der of the cannon. The advanced guard 4th, and 5th corps of the army, and the of field marshal Jellachich entered Mu 1st corps of the reserve, broke up against nich at eleven yesterday forenoon. The the Danube, in the direction to Kehlheim king and queen have fled under French and Ratisbon. The enemy were drawn up protection to Augsburgh. The fourth
near Ratisbon. Agreeable to the declaraarmy-corps passed the Iser without opposi- tion of prisoners of war, the emperor Nas tion at Dinga tingen. The first and second poleon reached the army on the 19th incorps have, after some successful fighting, stant. The Generalissimo has made a advanced to Amberg, Schavandorf, and forced march from the Iser to beyond the Krn near Ratisbon. General Bellegarde Labar, and advanced on the 19th through cannot sufficiently praise the gallant spirit Echmuhl, Rotenburgh, Cloisterrock. The and undaunted resolution of his troops. enemy encountered him, and a very brisk
action took place. The Generalissimo Sixth Bulletin, duted Sacile, April 17. praises the bravery of the troops. Our
loss is considerable: several regiments On the 10th and 11th his imperial highness have lost all their staff, officers; field-mapthe archduke John, with the army under shal lieutenant Lusignan the princes bis command, entered the territory of Louis and Maurice, of Lichtenstein, are Frioule, by Pouteba, Cividale and Gortz, wounded. The Generalissimo kept the and after some opposition, advanced on army in order of battle the next day to the 13th to the Tagliamento, The enemy follow the movements of the enemy. retired across the river, in order to join We have no further details about this with the troops in the rear. This junction, affair. The loss in killed, wounded, and which probably took place at Sacile, made prisoners, is not yet knowo, as the multithe hostile army five divisions strong.–In plicity of business. prevented his imperial the night of the 14th his imperial high- highness for making circumstancial reports ness proceeded with the advanced guard on the field of battle (off Hansen) to his: towards Pordenone; the remainder of the majesty. On the 26th Ratisbon capitaarmy followed at day-break, The ene lated.-On the same day the 5th corps 'my's advanced guard was at Pordenone, of the army was also smartly attacked, and his army was posted between that near Seigenburgh, upon Abins. The archplace and Sacile, near Fontana. In this duke Lewis, retreated, in common with situation an action commenced, which, field-marshal lieutenant Holler, against after, a sanguinary contest of two days, the Iser, to cover Landshut :: both corps terminated entirely to our advantage: are united. On the 21st marsbal Davoust The-vice king of Italy commanded the attacked the. 41h corps of the army, near French arıny. The result was so decisive, Eckmuhlí a very severe action took place that the enemy could not maintain them. which lasted for 12 hours. On the 22d selves behind the Livenza, but were obliged the second corps of the army retreated by to retreat rapidly to the Piave. The pri- Ratisbon, and combined with the mai soners amount already to 0,000, among army. The head-quarters of Generaliswhom are generals Paza and Bressen. stmo the archduke Charles were on the More are constantly brought in. The 2 ist near Eglofsheim. Loss in killed and wounded greatly exceeds this number, and we have taken 16
Eigluh Official Report. can you and three eagles,
Tranquillizing news has been received
from the 5th and 6th corps of the army 24th of April, that he had caused the eneas well as the 2d. All the three corps my's advanced guard to be attacked on stand united near Old Oeling. The defile the 23d by major generals Mesko and near Landshut, where several waggons ob- Nordman, with the Kiermayer and Lichstructed the road while the advancing tenstein hussars, and the frontier corps. enemy was bravely opposed, has rendered on the 24th the lieutenant field marshal the loss of some artillery and several wag- advanced with three columns, and the enegons unavoidable. By official reports, the my waited the attack before Steten, where Joes of men is not considerable ; only one a very obstinate action, with fortunate division of the regiment of Benjaysk's consequences, took place.
All reports infantry, which was obliged to pass the concur in stating, that the divisions of bridge of the Iser, already in flames, suf- Moliter and Boudet, were both in this tered severely. These three united corps battle, and that the Bavarian and Hessian will follow the movements of the main troops amounted together to 18,000 men. army, under the command of the Gene- Up to the 25th, no trace of an enemy had ralissimo. By the most recent accounts been observed on the Austrian frontiers. the Generalissimo's head-quarters still con
Eleventh Bulletin. tinued at Eglofsham, on the 22d, and the enemy in their position. The second The information respecting the battle of corps had effected a junction on the Ra. the 22d, which has been received by his tisbon road with the 3d and 4th corps of majesty, has laid the foundation for the reserve, and a general attack on the ene- best hopes. The result of that sanguinary my was resolved on the 23d. On the 22d, contest was unexpected. In the evening, at noon, the cannon were roaring violento as the couriers left the field, a great supely in that part, and probably the murderous riority of cavalry decided the action unfight continues. The combat is conducted favourably for our arms. The left wing with uncommon animosity. Every man was compelled to give way. According feels the sublime cause for which he fights. to a report from his imperial highness the We have not yet any definitive accounts. Generalissimo, dated on the 23d, from the The Emperor's court is at Schaerding. heights of Ratisbon, the grand army has While the main army kept advancing crossed the Danube, and taken the road to along the Danube, and the corps near Waldmunchen. Thus terminated a most Old Deling, stands ready either for offen- obstinate battle, which had continued for sive operations, or to defend the river five days without interruption-Fortune lon, his majesty considering the pro-often fluctuated. The loss on both sides is bability of a corps of the enemy threaten- immense. This shews that the contest was ing the frontiers of the hereditary domi- carried on both with courage and aninosinions, thought it proper to order out the ty.--Every one must do justice to the beMilitia of Lower Austria, Saltzburgh, and haviour of our troops. The Generalissimo that of Inner Austria. The Militia of bestows uncommon praises on the conduct Upper Austria bas been under arms since of the army, which has been quite ex. the armies advanced, partly on the Inn, hausted by continued fatigue. Lieuteand partiy to invest the fortress of Obų. nant field-marshal baron Hiller is between hans.
the Iser and the Inn. We have for the N. B.-The Ninth Report is the same ' present changed our operations from the as has already been published from the offensive to the defensive. Supplement Extraordiuary to the Official Twelfth Bulletin, dated Warsaw, April 21. Gazette of Prague.
His royal highness the archduke FerdiTenth Bulletin.
nand, with the army under his command, Lieutenant field-marshal Hiller has no-'crossed the Petica at Nove Miasto on the tified from St. Vert, under date of the 15th, and entered the duchy of Warsaw.
DIRECTIONS TO THE BOOK-BINDER. It is to be observed, that this sheet, which is the last of Volume XV., should not be cut open by the Reader, but should be left to the Book-binder, who will perceive that the first quarter, viz. p. 1025 to 1032, of which this page makes a part, comes at the end, and that the rest of the sbeet, containing the Title Page and Table of Contents, is to be cut off, and placed at the beginning of the Volume.
SUPPLEMENT to No. 26. Vol. XV.--Price Is.
On the 17th, our troops first met the ene entrance into the Danube: at the same my at Dietrikozoy and Konie, and immediatime a detachment of the division of le ately attacked them. On the 19th the Grand appeared before Scharding, where enemy took a very advantageous position the bridge had been removed, planted arat Raszyn, and was reinforced with all the tillery, set fire to some houses in the town, troops which were in Warsaw. But in and did not ask the replacing of the bridge spite of all the difficulties of the ground, before they had threatened to reduce the the Austrians commenced the attack. The whole town to ashes. By the infantry enemy made an obstinate resistance, and stationed at Scharding, the restoration of by the approach of night, retreated to his the bridge was prevented till night by disentrenchments in the front of Warsaw. charges of artillery and musquetry; but Our loss is about 71 killed, and 255 field marshal lieut. Dedovich, who led wounded, and 72 missing. Among the only a weak detachment of troops who dead we have to regret three brave osti - had before that blockaded the foriress of cers; there are seven among the wound-Obuhaus, and three battalions of militia ed. The imperial troops closely pursued with him, having received advice of the the enemy, who 'entered Warsaw on the enemy's advancing from Passau on the 20th. In order to spare the town the right bank of the Inu, he was obliged to Archduke consented to enter into a nego- leave Scharding and went towards Taufciation with the general commanding the kirchen.-- On the 27th the enemy's patroles enemy's troops, and a treaty was conclud- appeared near Scharding. The enemy ed by which the latter has bound himself Jeft the town occupied, but we have no adto evacuate Warsaw on the 23d, at 5 vice of their being in great numbers on o'clock in the afternoon.
this side of the Inn. The enemy's ad. Thirteenth Official Report, from the Imperial is not apprehended, as the corps under field
vancing further on the road 10 Effenberg Royal Army.
marsbal lieut. Hiller, is advancing duwn They write from the Court of his Ma- the Inn. On the 27th, the advanced guard jesty the Emperor, at Strengberg, under under major general count Reduky was in date of the 29th of April, as follows: Obernberg, and went down farther towards The engagement which field marshal Hil- Scharding. The second corps of reserve ler gave on the 24th ult. over Neumark, was near Altheim, and the rest of the army took place against the French marshal Bes near Wing, all advancing in such a mansieres, with three French and one Bara ner that a battle was expected.- From the rian division, and was very obstinate and grand army intelligence has been received bloody. General Hiller cannot sufficiently of the 26th April. On the 24th the army praise the courage and resolution of the marched through Bruck and Cham, withtroops. The two regiments of infantry, out being molested by the enemy. His Klebeck and Dueck, have particularly imperial highness the archduke Generalisproved what resolute foot soldiers are able simo took an advantageous position behind to do even against cavalry. His majesty the river Regen. Here the 1st and 2d after the action presented field marshal corps of the army, who had not at all sufHiller with the cross of commander of the fered, joined the rest. In this position bis order of Maria Theresa. The two corps imperial highness intends to let the troops united under the command of the said field rest for some days, being tired by such marshal, retreated towards the Inn on the long conflicts, then to counteract the 25th April, with the second corps of reserve. enemy's movements in all directions, and In consequence of the advice, that the avail himself of such opportunities as may grand army near Ratisbon had gone on the offer for farther enterprize. When the releft bank of the Danube, they drew up near ports came away, the army had been two Old Oetling. On the 25th these corps days in the camp of Cham without any marched by Buckhausen and Brannau to enemy's appearing. Money and ammuniAltheim, to be ready for the defence of the tion has been sent to Tyrol. Field-marshal Upper and Lower Inn. Field marshal lieut. Chasteller has advanced from Inspruck to Jellachich is stationed near Rosenheim Trent, where, by certain advices, a small and Wasserberg, and keeps up the com- corps of Frenchmen and Bavarians is hem. munication with the Tyrol, as well as, by med in. The army in Italy has crossed intermediate posts, that with the corps of the Piava ; and field-marshal Chasteller field marsbal: lieyt, Hiller.-On the 26th was making movements from Trent against in the after som he enery from Passau Italy. repuka aki posis the Inn at its
of patriotism, heroism, and contempt of Fourteenth Bulletin.
danger which posterity will admire, and The fourteenth official Report of the im- our descendants hold up as specimens of perial royal army, contains advices re rare and great actions. It furnished the specting the earlier operation of the war enemy, who had lately boasted of its an. from the 19th to the 25th of April, from nihilation, with bloody proofs of its existthe head-quarters of the archduke Charles ence. It has surpassed my great expectaat Katzenberg, near Cham, of the 25th tions, and I feel proud to be its leader. April. "This Report amongst other things, You are in the field of battle the first soldiers says—“ On the 20th the archduke Charles of the world; be so also in the spirit of digadvanced to the convent of Kohro, to pre- cipline, in the love of order, and in respect vent the junction of the marshal Davoust to the property of the citizen; then would with the three Bavarian divisions. An you be not only the first, but the only army, engagement took place. Both parties and your grateful country will bless your fought with indescribable obstinacy till deeds. Our beloved monarch has confinight, and the loss was great on both dence in you, and thanks you with paternal sides. Both officers and men behaved emotions for the security of his throne, like heroes. The generals were always and the welfare of your families. I exat the head of their troops.----Field mar- pect immediately from the commanders of shallieutenant prince of Hohenzollern and ihe different corps the most. circumstantial general prince Louis of Lichtenstein in relation of what took place with their resperson seized the colours and rushed amidst pective divisions. The country and the a murderous fire into the wood. Night sovereign wish to be acquainted with the set in, and the fourth corps maintained the supporters of their independence, glory, field of battle, without being able to gain and greatness; their names shall shine in the heights of Abach. The enemy pro- the annals of Austria; till then I can only fited by this advantage, and effected their name and reward those whose distinguished junction along the Danube with the Bava- merit is either recognized by the whole rian army.-In the battle on the 23d the army, or whom accident brought nearer enemy broke up with sixteen regiments to my personal observation.-Prince John of cavalry it once through Scherling into of Lichtenstein, general of cavalry, has the plain of Eckmuhl. It was not till five immortalized his name. This feeling, and o'clock in the afternoon the enemy's horse my ardent attachment to his person, are succeeded in breaking through and routing pledges of the gratitude of our monarch. by their superiority of number, three of our I can reward him only by the public exregiments of light horse who had held out pression of my esteem. In the name of bravely. His imperial highness immedi- his majesty, I nominate as commanders of ately ordered four regiments of cuirassiers the order of Theresa, baron Wimpfen, col. to hasten to reinforce them.: but the ene- Smolla, &c. — The Archduke "CHARLES, my followed up their advantages so sud
Generalissimo. denly and in such superior numbers, that Letter from his Majesty the Emperor and King, these too were obliged to give way, and
to the Archduke Churles, Generalissimo. were pursued as far as Traublerg, against Ratisbon. The infantry of the 3il corps " Dear brother Charles; I did, it is true, were now forced to quit their position, as yesterday express to you in person, my the enemy had already outwinged them. warmest thanks for the glorious victory The passage of the Danube, near Ratisbon, you have gained; but this is not sufficient happened at broad day on the 24th, in the for my heart. I say it now, and I shall face of the enemy, under the protection repeat it on every occasion, because I,
our artillery and cavalry, that kept off whom divine providence made the sovereign the enemy's attacks for four hours.-On of a great monarchy, am utterly unable to our part generals prince Rohan and Schil-, reward you, my dear brother, your comler are wounded. We have lost some bat- panions in arms, and my brave army, acteries, their train and horses baving been cording to your deserts. It was reserved shot."
for you, the brother of my heart, the prime General Orders, of the 24th of May.
support of my throne, to interrupt, for the
first time these fifteen years, the good forThe days of the 21st and 22d of May tune of the adversary. You are the saviour will be eternally memorable in the history of the country, which, as well as the moof the world. The army has given proofs narch, will eterually thank and bless you.
“With deep sensibility I yesterday ob-, likely to occasion so many disputes, irreşerved the elevated courage and enthusiasm gularities, and doubts, and which may be of the troops, and their manly resolution to avoided completely by personal conference. assure by victory the independence of the On this ground I hope, from your honour monarchy. It was the sweetest moment and patriotism, and from that of the Junta, of my life: a rare and heart-enlivening that you will name such person or persons spectacle, and one which can never be to enter on the conference with me, with eradicated from my mind. I beg you, whom I will agree as to the place of interdear brother, to declare this to my brave view.God, preserve you, &c. JOAQUIM army, and to do every thing to preserve Maria Sotelo. this rare spirit among them.
Answer, addressed to General Cuesta. Spanish Revolution.--Letter to the Vice Excellent SIGNOR.-On the receipt of
President of the Supreme Central Jumta, the letter written by Don Joaquim Maria dated Merida, 12th April 1809. Sotelo to the Vice-President, and the insiEXCELLENT SIGNOR.—The greater num- divus proposition on the part of the French ber of the provinces of Spain have suchci- government therein contained, the Suently suffered from the horrible effects of preme Central Junta has not forgotten the war and conquest, and the rest are threat- sacred character with which it is invested, ened with the same calamities. The me and the solemn oaths it has taken in conlancholy events of the 27th and 28th of currence with the wishes of the whole March, affecting the armies of generals Spanish nation. If Sotelo be the bearer Urbina and Cuesta, have filled with con- of powers sufficiently extensive to treat sternation and alarm those honourable for the restitution of our beloved King, and Spaniards who cannot contemplate without for the evacuation of our territory by the the most poignant grief the utter desolation French troops instantly, let him publish of our beloved country. These persons them in the usual form adopted by states, have implored the King to alleviate the and they will be announced to our allies. distresses of such of the provinces as are The Junta cannot neglect the employment occupied by French troops, and to avoid of the powers conceded to it by the public them in those which are not yet in their will, but they have no authority to listen possession.—His majesty has attended to to any treaty, or terminate any transactheir prayers, and in consequence has tion, which is not founded on the basis of ordered me to repair to this city, to an eternal justice. Any other principle of nounce his compliance to your excelleney, negotiation, without benefiting the emauthorising me at the same time to consult pire, would only tend to degrade the the best means of fulfilling his wishes with Junta, which has entered into the most such Deputy or Deputies as the Supreme awful engagement to bury itself beneath Central Junta shall think fit to appoint.--the ruins of the monarchy, rather than I cannot suppose that either your excel- lend itself to any proposition which shall lency or the Central Junta will refuse to diminish the honour and independence of take this step, on which the salvation of the Spanish people. His majesty desires Andalusia and the happiness of the whole that your excellency would state these kingdom depends. The business is most sentiments to Sotelo, and by the royal important in its character, and most ur- order I communicate them to your escelgent in the present circumstances, and on lency for your instruction and compliance. that account it would be improper that it God preserve you.—(Signed) should be conducted in writing, which is
MARTIN DE GARAY.
END OF VOL. XY.
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