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cially if we believe him to have made terpart to the sinking and raising of the false promises, that those promises accord numbers of the French in Portugal
. And with the well-known wishes of the people, yet these same editors have the assurance or, at least, of that part of the people, to prefer the charge of falshood against which it is of the greatest importance for Napoleon's bulletins; and, what is worse, him to have on his side. There is no de gravely to sermonize upon the immoralita: nying this. The more we are convinced of such falshoods !. -About two weeks of his faithlessness; the more we are con ago, we were in high glee, that Sir John vinced of the truth of the assertion, that Moore, joined by Romana, was about to he will stick at nothing to secure success, envelope and capture, or cut to pieces, the the more complete our conviction must be, corps of Soult, which was said to be unthat the prevailing wish of the people was, supported; but, now, we can most manand is, that that should be done, which he fully revile Napoleon, because he has, has now promised to do. Our news-pa in such a cowardly manner,'
:," drawn pers accuse him of baseness, in making together his whole force to march against promises, which he does not mean to fulfil; “our little army.”—Not a word do any but the question is, can they accuse him of our intelligencers give us about the Duc of making promises, which he does not d'Abrantes, who is, however, in Spain, with think likely to insure his success in con the eight or ten, and not the twenty-seven, quering Spain? They must do this, and thousand men, who ought to have been then no soul would be fool enough to be with him in England. Not a word about lieve a word they say ; or, they must ad- him. That is a sore point. But, in spite mit that what he has promised, is consonant of all this disguise, his corps makes part of to the wishes of the people ; and, if they that army, before whom Sir John Moore is make this admission, they will have to an-retreating to the coast; to that very coast, swer the question: why did not we and the whence we carried the Duc d'Abrantes to Junta make similar promises ? -A po- land him in France. -Seeing that we pulation of eleren millions, in a country have Sir John Moore's dispatches in so mulike Spain, is not to be subdued by arms, tilated a state, it is hardly fair to judge of if they have arms to defend themselves them ; but, it does really surprise one to with, and hearts to use them; but, a po- hear him talk, as if what he had done ought pulation of ten times as many millions, if | to enable the Spaniards in the South to do indiferent to their fate, is, what Mr. something. Poor fellows! they saw him Windham described it, an “ unresisting approach near to a corps of the French medium.” If, therefore, we found, that army, and the moment the main army of promises, such as those now explicitly the French began to move, they saw him made by Napoleon, were necessary to retreat, pushing away as fast as possible rouze the people to arms, we should towards the coast. What “profit” were as the condition of our aid, have insisted they to derive from this? It is a sad mockupon the making of those promises; ery ; but we have not the whole of the disor, we should never have attempted to patch. The public should be upon their send an army to Spain.--It appears guard against the accounts of the “ bril to me, that the very best that can be said | liant affairs” of this or that detachment. I for our not having insisted upon this, is, have no doubt that our soldiers are better that we were not rightly informed upon than the French soldiers. They are cooler the subject; that we were not duly ap- and stronger, and I verily believe more prised of the people's wishes. This is, brave. But the words o fine fellow” and at all times, a poor defence for men in- “ gallant fellow," bestowed upon two or trusted with the affairs of a nation, and par- three men of interest, in letters from the ticularly for men, who, it is notorious, had army, like those that gave us an account all the means of correct information com- of Sir Arthur Wellesley's Protest, will be pletely in their hands.A fraud ! a no consolation to me, and, I think, will be fraud! I see a now fraud approaching, and no consolation to any rational man, for the I beseech the reader's attention to it with waste of so much of our national means, out delay. While our troops were said to and for the disgrace of being driven out he advancing, they were, by all the news of Spain, with an army of 45,000 Englishpapers, said to amount to 15,000 men, and men, without one single engagement with those of Romana to 20,000; but, now, the the enemy. retre'nt being sounded, ours are brought LIBEL Law. -When I was in London, down to 35,000 men, and Romana's army a few days ago, a Number of the “ Satyrist” is sunk out of siglit. This is a nice coun was put into my hands. This work was
mentioned, and a description of its authors prisonment of the person attacked. I i was giren, in pages 397 and 398 of the have now had a pretty long intercourse
last volume of the Political Register. I with the press ; but, except in America, then noticed their unjustifiable, their in- I certainly never did meet with any thing decent and vile attack upon the wife and so wicked and base as this. These verfamily of sir Richard Phillips, and said, min have, I find, long been attacking me, that I had been told, that they were a nest and I was shown, in London, several of of turned-off, half-starved authors. I now their placards, against the walls, with my fod, that I was very correctly informed ; name in it. As the means of exciting but, in the Number, which I have last curiosity, and of getting a few shillings, seen, there is something so very infamous, this might be well enough; nor am I, as that I cannot forbear pointing it out for the far as relates to myself, at all disposed to reprobation of the public.-The editors blame them; leaving them to answer for inform their readers, that Mr. FINNERTY is their wilful falshoods, I grudge them nounder prosecution for a libel by the Attorney thing that they can get by me, to whom General for having edited the pamphlet of | they cannot possibly do any barm. But, Major Hogan. Then they proceed to Mr. Finnerty is less known; with him the state certain things against him, all cal case is different; and, therefore, for his culated to render him an object of public sake, and for the sake of others, whom hatred and scorn, and, of course, violently they may calumniate, I will just state to to prejudice against him those persons who may the reader, that they have, in the most happen to be the jury upon the trial, than unequivocal terms, and in the boldest which, surely, nothing can well be more manner, asserted, that I DESERTED from wicked. Not content with this, however, the army. Let the reader now peruse the they assert, that he has fled from the coun- following authentic documents, which try, thereby giving a hint to the Attorney were long ago published ; and then I am General, if he were so disposed, to cause sure he will want nothing more to satisfy the gentleman accused to be arrested, and him, as to the degree of credit which is to imprisoned until the trial. The bold and be given to any thing which they assert. unqualified manner, in
hich this asser
"By the right hon. major lord Edward tion was made, led me to fear that it was Fitzgerald, commanding his Majesty's true; but, upon inquiry, I found it to be 54th Regiment of Foot, whereof lieut. false, and, since that inquiry was made, I gen. Frederick is colonel..
These are kave seen Mr. Finnerty, who was in town, to certify, that the bearer hereof, William I understand, all the while, and who was, CobbETT, Serjeant Major in the aforesaid 3 usual, engaged in his business, which is regiment, has served honestly and faithof a nature not to admit of his remaining fully for the space of eight years, nearly sewithin doors for any length of time. So ven of which he has been a non-commisthat it is almost impossible, that the false- sioned officer, and of that time he has been bond should not have been wilful, and five years Serjeant Major to the regiment; pttered with the malignant viev above but having very carnestly applied for his
discharge, he, in consideration of his gooil " Hear'n bas no curse like love to hatred turn'd,
behaviour, and the services he has render"Nor Hell a fury like a woman scorn'd.”
ed the regiment, is hereby discharged.
Given under my hand and the seal of the And, I hear, that there are some authoresses regiment, at Porismonth, this 191h day of engaged in this work, who though pever December, 1791. Edward FITZGERALD. scorned, by men, perhaps, have been scorn “ Portsmouth, 1911 Dec.1791.-Serjeant ed by the press, a lover whose rejection they Major Cobbett having most pressingly apdo not less sensibly feel. At any rate, plied for bis discharge, at major lord Edw. whether proceeding from the pen of a Fitzgerald's request, general Frederick has scorned authoress, or from that of a scorned granted it. General Frederick has orderauthor, I think, it will be admitted, that no ed major lord Edw. Fitzgerald to return to ng ever was more diabolical. So base an the Serjeant Major thanks for his behavio act
, to endeavour to excite, by known our and con luct during the time of his be. falsboods; deliberately to sit down, and, ing in the regiment, and major lord Elby such means, excite a deep prejudice in ward adds his most hearty thanks to those the minds of those, on whose good or bad of the General." opinion, might depend the liberty or im Botley, 12th January, 1809.
tive to the British arms was of the highest COMPLETE COLLECTION OF importance, as it might influence the con
fidence of the Spaniards, or invite the na. State Trials:
tions groaning under the yoke of France, To be completed in Thirty-Six Monthly to appeal to this country, and co-operate
Parts, forming Twelve large Volumes in with it for their deliverance. The advanRoyal Octavo),
tages ought, therefore, to have been more The Second Part of the above Work than usually great, wbich should be deemed will be published on the 1st of February. suflicient to balance the objection of By some very respectable communications granting to a very inferior army, hopeless which have been made to me from gen
in circumstances, and broken in spirit, tlemen of the profession of the law, it ap- such terms as might argue, that notwithpears that the intention which I originally standing its disparity in numbers, it was entertained with respect to the Pleudings, still formidable to its victors. No advanwas much misunderstood. Upon that sub- tages seem to have been gained that would ject, however, I trust all misunderstanding not have equally followed from forcing has been completely removed by the as the enemy to a more marked submission. surance given in the Register of the 31st The gain of time as to sending succours of Dec. that the whole of those Pleadings into Spain cannot be admitted as a plea; will be scrupulously retained : And in because it appears that no arrangements order to remove all professional doubts, as for the reception of our troops in Spain to how far this new and enlarged Edition had been undertaken previous to the Conof the State Trials may, with safety, be vention; and this is without reasoning on cited as authority in the Courts, and re- subsequent facts.— The Convention in lied on as of equal authenticity with the Egypt, which has been advanced as a foriner, I think it right to state, that it is parallel case, appears to me inapplicable. intended to be a literal transcript of the No object beyond the dislodgment of the last edition, as far as that edition extends; French from Egypt was there in question. that where I have inserted fuller and In the present instance, the operation of better reports of any Cases, or of any
the Convention upon the affairs of Spain parts of Cases, the text of the old Edition was a consideration of primary interest ; will nevertheless be retained; and that the and in that view, the inevitable effect of new matter will be distinguished in a
some of the articles offers itself to my manner not to be mistaken, and be distinct. mind as liable to material objection-1 ly pointed out in the Table of Contents trust that these reasons will vindicate me to each Volume. To such Gentlemen from the charge of presumption, in mainas may bappen to be in possession of curi- taining an opinion contradiciory to that ous Trials, or of documents relating to professed by so many most respectable Trials of the description of those to be officers: for even if the reasons be essencontained in this work, I shall be much tially erroneous, if they are conclusive to obliged for a communication of them. If my mind (as I must conscientiously affirm the document, or paper, whether in print them to be), it is a necessary consequence or manuscript, be requested to be preserv.
that I must disapprove the Convention.ed, great care shall be taken of it.
Moira, General.--Dec. 27, 1808.
SPANISH REVOLUTION.- Fourteenth Bulletin Lord Moira's Reasons for disapproving the of the French Army of Spain, dated Na
Armistice and Convention of Cintrue. (Con drid, Dec. 5, 1808.-[The following are cluded from p. 32.)
passages of the 14th Bulletin which were HAD it been impracticable to reduce abridged in vol. xiv. p. 1019.] the French army to lay down its arms un A Butcher's boy from Estramadura, conditionally, still an obligation not to who commanded one of the gates, had the serve for a specified time might have been audacity to require the duke of Istria insisted upon, or Belleisle might have should go himself into the town with his been prescribed as the place at which eyes blindfolded. Gen. Monibrun rejected they should be landled, in order to pre- this presumptive demand with indignation. vent the possibility of their reinforcing (at | Ile was immediately surrounded, and efleast for a long time) the armies employ- tected his escape only by drawing his ed for the subjugation of Spain. Perhaps word. He narrowly escaped ta'ling, a a stronger consideration than the merit of victim to the imprudence with which he those terms presents itself. Opinion rela- I had forgot that he had not to make war with
civilized enemies.—To take Madrid hy opinion that the town was destitute of reassault might be a military operation of sources, and that the continuation of the little difficulty; but to engage that great defence would be the height of madness; city to surrender, by employing alter but that the lowest classes of the people, nately force and persuasion, and by res and the crowd of men strangers to Madrid, cuing the people of property, and real wished to defend themselves, and thought good men, from the oppression under they could do it with effect. They rewhich they groaned: this was what was quired the day of the 4th to make the peoreally difhcult
. All the exertions of the ple listen to reason.--During the night the emperor, during these two days, had no most mutinous withdrew themselves from other end. They have been crowned with the danger by flight, and a part of the the greatest success. It would have been troops was disbanded. At ten o'clock diricult to form a conception of the dis gen. Belliard took the command of Maorder that reigned in Madrid, if a great dud; all the posts were put into the bands number of prisoners, arriving in success of the French, and a general pardon was sion, had not given an account of the proclaimed.-- From this moment, men, frightful scenes of every description, of women, and children, spread themselves which that capital presented the spectacle. about the streets in perfect security. The They had intersected the streets, erected shops were open till eleven o'clock.--All parapets on the houses; barricades of the citizens set theinselves to destroy the balls of wool, and of cotton, had been barricades and repave the streets, the formed; the windows had been stopped monks returned into their convents, and with mattrasses. Those of the inhabitanis in a few hours Madrid presented ihe most who despaired of a successful resistance, extraordinary contrast, a contrast inexpli. were flying into the fields; others who cable to those unaccustomed to the man. had preserved some share of reason, and ners of great towns. So many men, who who preferred appearing in the midst of cannot conceal from themse ves what they their property before a generous enemy, would have done in similar circumstances, to abandoning it to the pillage of their express their astonishment at the genefellow-citizens, demanded i hat ihey should rosiiy of the French. Fifty thousand stand not expose themselves to an assault. Those of arms have been given up, and 100 who were strangers in the town, or who pieces of cannon are collected at the Rehad nothing to lose, were for a defence tiro. The anguish in which the inhabito the last extremity, accused the troops bitants of this wretched city have lived for of the line, of treason, and obliged them these four months cannot be described. to continue their fire — The enemy hau | The Junta was without influence; the more than 100 pieces of cannon mounted; most ignorant and the maddest of men a more considerable number of two had all the power in their hands, and the and three-pounders had been dug up, people at every instant massacred, or taken out of cellars, and tied upon carts, threatened with the gallows, their magisa grotesque train, and in itself sufficient trates and their generals.--The general to prove the madness of a people aban- of brigade, Maison, has been wounded. doned to itself.
But all means of defence Gen. Bruyere, who advanced imprudently were become useless. The possessors of the moment the firing ceased, has been Retiro are always masters of Madrid. killed. Twelve soldiers have been killed, The emperor took all possible care to pre- and fifty wounded. This loss, so trifling Fent the troops from going from house to for an event of so much importance, is
was ruined if many owing to the smallness of the number of troops had bein employed. Only some trops suffered to engage: it is owing becompanies ot tarp-shooters advanc •c, and sides, we must say, to the extreme cowe the
ein eror constantly refused to send ardice of all those that had arms in their any to sustain them. At eleven o'clock hands against us — The artillery, accordthe prince of Neufchatel wrote the anner ing to its usual custom, has done great ed leiter, No. 3.-His majesiy at the same Services, Ten thousand fugitives, who time or tered i he fire to cease on all points. b d escaped from Burgos and Somosierra,' -At five o'clo, ki gen. Morla, one of the and the second division of the army of reMembers of the Military Junta, and Don serve, were on the 3rd within three leagues Bernardo Yriarte, sent from the town, re of Madud; but being charged by a picpaired to the tent of his serene highness quet of dragoons, they fled, abandoning the major general. They informed him forty pieces of cannon, and 60) caissons. that the most intelligent persons were of A meritorious trait cited. An old general
house The City
retired from the service, and aged eighty | our forces at Tudela, and at Espinosa, years, was in his house at Madrid, near the might have balanced the fortune of the street of Alcala—a French officer entered, war and saved Portugal. But at present, and took up his quarters there with his that our army of Blake on the left; that party. This respectable old man appeared of the centre, and that of Arragon on the before him, holding a young girl by right are destroyed; that Spain is almost the hand, and said, “ I am an old sol- entirely conquered, and that reason is. dier ; I know the rights and the licentious about to complete its submission, what is ness of war ; there is my daughter; I to become of Portugal ? It is not at Lisbon give her 900,000 livres for her portion ; that the English ought to defend themsave her honour, and be her husband." selves, they ought to have done so at EsThe
young oflicer took the old man, his pinosa, at Burgos, at Tudela, at Somosierfamily, and his house, under his protec- ra, and before Madrid.” tion. How culpable are they who expose Fifteenth Bulletin, dated Madrid, Dec. 7. so many peaceful citizens, so many un- His majesty has named the general of fortunate inhabitants of a great capital, to artillery, Senarmont, general of division. such misfortunes — The duke of Dantzic The major Legur has been named adjutant arrived at Segovia on the 3d. The duke commandant. The life of this officer had of Istria is gone in pursuit of the division been despaired of, but he is now out of of Pena, which having escaped from the danger. The count Khrazinski, colonel of battle of Tudela, took the route of Guada- the Polish light horse, though ill, has allaxara. Florida Blanca, and the Junta, ways wished to charge at the head of his had fled to Toledo. They did not think corps. The sieurs Babecki and Wolythemselves in safety in that town neither, gurski, quarter-masters, and Surzeyski, a and have gone to take refuge with the soldier of the Polish light horse, who have English. The conduct of the English is taken standards from the enemy, have been shameful. On the 20th Nov. they were named members of the legion of honour. at the Escurial to the number of 6000 | His majesty has moreover granted to the men. They passed some days there. They Polish light horse eight decorations for pretended they would do nothing less the officers, and so many for the soldiers. than pass the Pyrenees, and come to the The chief of squadron, Lubienski, reconGaronne. Their troops are very firie, and noitred, on the 2nd, the remains of the well disciplined. The confidence with army of Casianos, near Guadalaxara. They which they had inspired the Spaniards is were under the command of general Pena. inconceivable. Some hoped that this di- Castanos was said to have been deposed vision would go to Somosierra; others, by the General Junta. The duke of Inthat it would come to defend the capital | fantado has been one of the principal causes of so dear an ally. Scarcely were they of the misfortunes his country has suffered; informed that the emperor was at Somo he was the principal instrument in England, sierra, when the English troops beat a re in its lamentable progress against Spain; treat on the Escurial. From thence, com was he who was employed by that bining their march with the division which country to cause dissensions between the was at Salamanca, they have taken their father and the son; to overturn the throne course towards the sea. “ Arms, powder, of Charles, whose attachment to France and clothing, they have given to us,” was known; to excite outrages against said a Spaniard,
but their soldiers came the first minister of that sovereign ; to only to excite us, to lead us astray, and elevate to the supreme power that young to abandon us in the critical moment.” prince, who, by his marriage with a prin“ But are you ignorant,” answered the cess of the ancient house of Naples, had French ollicer, “ of the most recent facts drank in that hatred against the French, of our history. What have they done for from which that house liad never departed. the Stadtholder, for Sardinia, for Austria ? It was the duke of Infantado who played What have they done recently for Russia ? the principal part in the conspiracy of the What have they done still more recently Escurial, and it was to him that the power for Sweden? They every where foment of generalissimo of the armies of Spain war; they distribute arms like poison; was confided at that time. Ile was afterbut they shed their blood only for their wards scen taking the oath of allegiance direct and personal interests. Expect no at Bayonne between the hands of king thing else from their selfishness.” « Still,” Joseph, as colonel of the Spanish guards. replied the Spaniard,
" their cause was On his return to Madrid, we saw bim ours. Forty thousand English, added to throw off the masque, and shew himself