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a spirit of inconsistency worthy this weak met the Austrian rear-guard before Eberscabinet, it destroyed a fortress situated on i berg. The iniri pil battalions of the tiraila frontier where it might be of great utility, leurs of the Po, and the Corsican tirailleurs, in order to build one at Comorn, in the pursued the enemy, who was passing the midst of Hungary. Posterity will with bridge, drove into the river the camon, disticulty credit this excess of inconsistency waggons, and from eight to nine hundred and folly.- The Emperor arrived at Ried ment, and took in the town froin three to on the 20 of May, ai one of the morning, tour thousand men, whom the enemy had and at Laibach, at one of the afternoon | left there for its defence. Gen. Claparede, of the same day.–At Ried were found an es- whose advanced guiarsi was these battalions, tablishment of eight sets of military orens, pursued them. Tle halted at Ebersberg, and magazines containing 20,000 quintais and found 30,000 Austrians occupying a of flour.—The bridge of Lambach, on the superb position. The duke of Istria passed Traun, had been cut by the enemy; it the bridge with his cavalry, in order to was re-established during the day. - On support the division, and the duke of Rithe same day the duke of Istria com nand- voli ordered his advanced guard to be ing the cavalry, and the duke of Monte- strengthened by the main body of the bello, with the corps of Oudinot, entered army. The remains of the corps of prince Wels. In this town were found a bakery, Lewis and gen. ililler were lost without 12 or 15,000 quintals of flour, and maya. resource. In this extreme danger the zincs of wine and brandy.-The duke of enemy set fire to the town, which was Dantzic, who arrived the 30th April at built of wood. The fire spread in an inSaltzburg, instantly caused one brigade to stant in every direction. The bridge was march towards Kurstein and another to soon enveloped, and the flames seized the wards Rastadt, in the direction of the joists, which it was necessary to cut. - NeiItalian roads. His advanced guard, pur- ther cavalry nor infantry was able to act; suing gen. Jellachich, forced him from the and the division of Claparede alone, with strong post at Colliny.-On the 1st of only four pieces of cannon, fought during May, the head-quarters of the duke of Ri- three hours against 30,000 men. This voli were at Scharding. Adj. gen. Trin- battle of Ebersberg is one of the finest miqualye, commanding the advanced guard litary occurrences, the memory of which of the division of St. Cyr, met at Riedau, can be preserved by history. The enemy on the road to Neumarck, with the advan seeing the division of Claparede cut off ced guard of the enemy. The Wurtem- without any communication, advanced burg light horse, the Baden dragoons, and three times against it, and was always rethree companies of voltigeurs of the 4th ceived and stopped by the bayonet. At regiment of the French line, as soon as length after a labour of three hours, the they perceived the enemy, attacked, and flames were turned aside, and a passage pursued him to Neumarck. They killed opened. The gen. of division, Le50 men, and took 500 prisoners.---The grand, with the 20th light infantry and Baden dragoons valiantly charged an balf- the 15th of the line, marched towards the battalion of the regiment of Jordis, and castle, which the enemy had occupied compelled them to lay down their arms. with soo men.

The sappers broke in the Lieut. col. D'Emmerade, who commanded doors, and the flames having reached the them, had his horse pierced with stals castle, all who were within perished there. hom the bayonet, major Sainte Croix took Gen. Legrand afterwards marched to the with his own hand a flag from the enemy. assistance of Claparede's division. Gen. Our loss consists of three men kiilul, and Durosnel, who advanced to the right shore, 50 wounded. The duke of Rivoli continued with 1,000 horse, joined hiinself to him, his march on the 2d, and arrived at Lintz and the enemy was obliged to retreat with on the 3d. The archduke Lewis and gen. great haste. On the first report of these Hiller, with the remains of their corps, events, the Emperor had himself marched reinforced by a reserve of grenadiers, and up the right shore, with the divisions of by all that the country could afford them; Nansoutz and Moliter.--The enemy, who were before the Traun with 35,000 men; retreated with the greatest rapidity, arrived but menaced with being turned by the at night at Enns, burnt the bridge, and duke of Montebello, they proceeded to continued his flight on the road to Vienna. Ebersberg, in order to pass the river:-On His loss consists of 12,000 men, of which the 3d, the duke of Istria and gen. Oudinot | 7,500 are prisoners.

We also possess marched towards Ebersberg, and effected four pieces of cannon and two standards. a junction with the duke ot Rivoli. They The division of Claparede, which consti

tutes a part of the grenadiers of Oudinot, (militia.) On the oth the head-quarters covered itself with glory. It has lost 300 of the prince of Ponte Corro were at Retz, men killed aud 600 wounded. The im- between Bohemia and Ratisbon. – One petuosity of the tirailleurs of the Po, and Schill, a sort of robber, who was covered the Corsican tirailleurs, attracted the at- with crimes during the last campaign of tention of our army. The bridge, the town, Prussia, and who had obtained the rank of and the position at Ebersberg, will be colonel, has deserted from Berlin with his lasting monuments of their courage. The whole regiment, and repaired to Wittemtraveller will stop and say, “It is here, berg, on the Saxon frontier. He has enfrom these superb positions, from this long vironed that town. General Lestocg has bridge, and this castle so strong from its issued a Proclamation against him as a situation, that an army of 35,000 Austrians deserter. This ridiculous movement was was driven into flight by 7,000 French-concerted with the party which wished to men.”--Cohorn, general of brigide, an send fire and blood through Germany. officer of singular intrepidity, had his horse His Majesty has ordered the forination of killed under bim. Colonels Cardenan and a corps of observation of the Elbe, which Lendy were killed.-A company of the will be commanded by the duke of Walay, Corsican battalion pursuing the enemy and composed of 00,000 men. The ad. into the woods, made alone 700 prisoners. vanced guard is ordered to proceed to

During the affair of Ebersberg, the duke Hanau.—The duke of Montebello crossed of Montebello arrived at Steyer, where he the Enns at Steyer on the 9-1h, and arrired rebuilt the bridge which the enemy had on the 5th at Amstetten, where he metile cut.-- The Emperor sleeps to-day at Enns, enemy's advanced guard. Colbert, gen. in the castle of Prince Auersperg : to- of brigade, caused the 2014 regiment of morrow will be spent in rebuilding the horse chasseurs to charge a regiment of bridge. The Deputies of the States of Ulans, of whom 500 were taken. The Upper Austria were presented to his Ma- young Lanriston, 18 years of age, and jesty at his bivouac at Ebersberg: The who but six months ago was a page, after citizens of all classes, and from all the pro a singular combat, vanquished the comvinces, allow that the emperor Francis II. mander of the Ulans, and took him priis the aggressor: they expect great soner. His Majesty has granted him the changes, and admit that the House of decoration of the Legion of Honour.-On Austria has merited all its misfortunes. the 6th, the duke of Montebello arrived at They accuse, even openly, the feeble, Molck, the duke of Rivoli at Ainstetten, obstinate, and perfidious character of their and the duke of Auerstadt at Lintz.-The sovereign, as the author of their aplictions: remains of the corps of the archduke they manifest the deepest gratitude for the Lewis and general. Hiller quitted Saint generosity which the emperor Napoleon Polten on the 7th. Two-thirds passed the shewed towards the capital and countries Danube at Crems; they were pursued to he had conquered. In common with all Mautern, where the bridge was found Europe, they are indignant at the resent- broken: the other third took the direction ment and hatred which the emperor of Vienna.–On the Sth, the head-quarters Francis has not ceased to nourish against of the Emperor were at St. Polten. The a nation which had been so noble and head-quarters of the duke of Montebello magnanimous towards him. Thus, in the are to-day at Sigartskirchen. The duke of opinion even of the subjects of our enemy, Dantzic is marching from Saitsburgh to victory is on the side of the good cause. Inspruck, in order to attack in the rear the Sirth Bulletin, dated Saint Polton, May 9.

detachment which the enemy has still in

the Tyrol, and which troubled the fronThe prince of Ponte Corvo, who com tiers of Bavaria.-In the cellars of the mands the 9th corps, composed in a great abbey of Molck, were found several thoumeasure of the Saxon army, and which sand bottles of wine, which are very usehas marched near the Bohemian frontier, ful for the army. It is not till beyond spreading disquietude every where, has Molck that the wine country begins. It caused the Saxon general Gutschmitt to follows from the accounts delivered in, march to Egra. This general has been that the army has found, since the passage well received by the inhabitants, whom of the Inn, in the different magazines ir he has ordered to dismiss the landwher

(To be continued.)

LONDON :---Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough - Court, Fleet - Street; Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden :--Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall.

Vol. XV. No. 24.)


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Let high Birth triumph. What can be more great ?
“ Nothing
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jury, or at all tend to save his neck? Of INDEPENDENT PEOPLE OF Hampshire.

this, one would think, the public robbers

must be aware; but, they are so stung ; The Court-Martial.

they smart so severely; they are so full

of resentment, against all who are not GENTLEMEN,

public robbers, that they cannot subdue In a former Letter, I spoke to you upon their passions to the command of reason. the subject of the personal attacks, which Against me, in particular, they entertain the associates in corruption were making such mortal antipathy, that I am sure there upon me; of which attacks I shall now is nothing but their cowardice, that withspeak to you more fully; because, an ex- holds them from attempting assassination. position of the falshood and malice of our In this county especially they are despeenemies will strongly tend to shew, not rate. They have (to whichever set, or only that their cause is bad, but that they gang, they belong) here seen all the reknow it to be bad, and that they have spectable part of the people turn their neither fact nor argument to advance in backs upon them with disdain, after have its defence. The truth is this: they see ing, for so many years, been the dupes of plainly, that, unless they can, by some one gang or the other; and this (to them) means or other, destroy the effect of my alarming change they ascribe principally poblications, those publications will, in to me. No wonder, therefore, that they time, destroy corruption and public-rob- are not very nice in their attempts to obbery ; that is to say, destroy the meat tain vengeance. which they feed upon; and, therefore, it Some of these attempts I noticed in a is no wonder, that they are making such former : Letter, where I spoke of some of efforts to destroy the eifect of those pub- the falshoods and misrepresentations they lications; and, yet, being quite destitute had made use of. I have now to speak of of the means of meeting me in the field of their last attempt; and, having so done; discussion ; being quite unable to make having once more shown the falshood, the head, lo stand one moment, against me malice, the incomparable baseness of the there, they have recourse to personal at- | Associates in Corruption, I will never again tack, just as if any thing that I did twenty take up any part of my paper, or the time years ago could have any connection with of my Readers, with answering any thing what I am now writing upon the subject that shall be published against' me perof Parliamentary Reform; just as if my sonally. The vile wretches have now pubharing acted thus or thus, while I was in lished, at an enormous expence; an exthe army, could have any connection with pence of not less, perhaps, than ten thousand what I have now said about the Vote of pounds, a thing which they pretend is a the 310 upon Mr. Madocks's motion, or true account of a COURT-MARTIAL, in about the decision with respect to Castle, which I was concerned, at the time of my reagh, Wellesley, and Perceval, compared leaving the army, in 1792. Why, Genwith the prosecution and sentence of Philip tlemen, they might, when they were at it, Hamlin. I am accusing the associates in as well have gone the full length of the corruption of various crimes against the enemies of England in America, and pubpeople; I am exposing their robberies to lished an account of my being tried for my the people ; and I am proposing the means life and left for execution. They might as of preventing such robberies in future. well have accused me of high-way robWhy do not the corrupt defend themselves, bery, house-breaking, or any other ofif they can? Is it common for the thief fence. There would have been full as to attack the lawyer who is pleading much truth in such a charge, as in what against him? And, if he were to do it, they have now published, which is a fals. would that gain him any credit with the hood, from one end to the other, as to what

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it means to cause to be believed respecting, Major of the regiment, asked for my disme. It contains, like most other delibe charge, which, alter many efforts, on the Fale falshoods, something which is true in part of the commanding officer, Major words; but, then, the meaning is totally Lord Edward Fitzgerald, and of General perverted by the suppression of all the Frederick, the Colonel of the regiment, material parts of the transaction. Suppose to prevail on me to remain (upon a proyou were to say, “ If selling seats in par- mise of being specially recommended « liament be not punished, it is a shame to the king, as worthy of being imme" to hang a poor fellow for house-break- diately promoted to the rank of Ensign) “ing.” Suppose you were to say this; I obtained in the following words: and I, pretending to give an account of By the right hon. major lord Edward what you had said, were to drop the “ Fitzgerald, commanding his Majesty's former part of the sentence, and accuse “ 54th Regiment of Foot, whereof heut. you of saying, “ It is a shame to hang a gen. Frederick is colonel.—These are « poor fellow for house-breaking." This, " to certify, that the bearer hereof, Wilthough true in words, would be shamc “ LIAN COBBETT, Serjeant Major in the fully false in meaning; and yet, even this “ aforesaid regiment, has served honestly would not be more base and detestable, than" and faithfully for the space of eight years, the publication, of which I have spoken nearly seven of which he has been a above, and which the public robbers are non-commissioned officer, and of that circulating, at such an immense expence,

“ time he has been five years Serjeant all over the kingdom, and particularly in “Major to the regiment; but having this county. They have 'sent hundreds“ very earnestly applied for his discharge, and thousands of copies into Hampshire. “ he, in consideration of his good beAll the gentlemen, wlio signed the last Re “ baviour, and the services he has renderquisition, have received them for nothing. “ed the regiment, is hereby discharged. The post-office at Winchester has charged " --Given under my hand and the seal of only a penny for their transmission to “ the regiment, at Portsmouth, this 1911 'Twyforụ, for instance. The robbers, as day of December, 1791. they have came down from London in their

Edward FITZGERALD." carriages, have brought with them whole « Portsmouth, 19th Dec, 1791.-Serbales, which they have tossed out to all jeant Major Cobbett having most presse whom they met or overtook upon the ingly applied for his discharge, at maroad. A few days ago, a landau full of he jor lord Edw. Fitzgerald's request, ge, and she peculators passed through Alton, " neral Frederick has granted it. General tossing out these pamphlets as they went. “ Frederick has ordered major lord Edw. The thing has been put into all the inns, and Fitzgerald to retun the Serjeant Alajor other public places, particularly in Win- thanks for his behaviour and conduct chester, where it would certainly be put during the time of his being in the regiinto the churches, if they were places of “ ment, and major lord Edward adds much resort; for, the Winchester Clergy “ his most hearty thanks to those of the appear to be perfectly convinced, that “ General.” the way to prove that their brother, Dr. The object of my thus quitting the O'Meara, did nothing that was wrong, army, to which I was, perhaps, more atis to abuse me; that the way to white- tached than any man that ever lived in the wash the church, is to cover me over with world; was, to bring certain officers to dirt.

justice for having, in various ways, wronged Now, then, what is this publication, upon both the public and the soldier. With this which the fool-knaves rely for the demo-object in view, I went strait to London, lition of my character? It consists of cer the moment I had obtained my liberty tain documents, relating to the afore- and secured my personal safety, which, as mentioned Court-Martial, and, as I shall you will readily conceive, would not bave show you by-and-by, these documents, as been the case if I had not first got my disthey stand in this publication, present to charge. I must here go back a little, the Reader a tissue of the vilest falshoods. and give an account of the measures, But, first I must give something of a his- which, while in the regiment, I had taken, tory of the Court-Martial itself.Late preparatory to this prosecution ; and, in in the year 1791, I returned to England order to give the reader a full view of with my regiment, which landed at Ports- all the circumstances; in'order that he mouth in the month of November. Very may be able to form a just opinion of soon after that, I, being then the Serjeant , what I was in the army, I will give

him a short account of my progress, ments of mind, with much less of heart

- enlisted at Chatham in 1757; I burning than froin men, wbom one cannot joined the regiment, in Nova Scoiia, in help despising; and, if my officers had 1755; I was almost immediately made a bien men of manifest superiority of mind, Corporal; in a few months afterwariis II should, perhaps, not have so soon conwas made a Serjeant; and, at the end of ceived the project of bringing them, or about a year and a half, I was made the some of them, at least, to shame and puSerjeant Major.--While was a corpo- nishument for the divers flagrant breaches ral I was made clerk to the regiment. In of the law, committed by them, and for a very short time, the whole of the busi- then manifold, their endless, wrongsagainst ness, in that way, fell into my hands; and, the soldiers and against the public. -at the end of about a year, neicher adju- This project was conceived so early as the tani, pay-master, or quarter-ma-ier, could year 1787, when an affair happened, that møve an inch without my assistance. The first gave me a full insight into regimental military part of the regiment's ailairs feil justice It was shortly this: that the under my care in like manner. About Quarter Master, who had the issuing of the this time, the new discipline, as it was men's provisions to them, kept about a fourth called; that is to


the mode of handling part of it to himself. Thus, the old serthe musket, and of marching, &c. called jeants told me, had been the case for

Dundas's System,” was sent out to us, in many yeurs; and, they were quite astonishe little books, which were to be studied by ed and terr fied at the idea of my comthe oficers of cach regiment, and the rules plaining of it. This I did, however; but, of which were to be immediately con the reiepiion I met with convinced me, formed to. Though any old woman ihuit I must never make another complaint, might hare written such a book ; though 'till I got ale to England, and sure out of it s'as excessively foolish, from beginning the reach of that post curicus of courts, a to end ; still, it was to be complied with; Court Martial. ---From this time frward, it ordereil and commanded a total change, I began to collect materials for an expoand this change was to be completed be sure, upon my return to England. I had fore the next annual review took place. ample opporiunities for this, being the

- To niake this change was left to me, keeper of all the books, of every sort, in who was not then twenty years of age, the regiment, and knowing the whole of bile not a single officer in the regiment. its affairs better than any other man. But, paid the least attention to the matter; the winter previous to our return to Enga sn, that when the time came for the annual land, I thought it necessary to make review, I, then a corporal, had to give lec- extracts from books, lest the books tures of instruction to the officers them themselves should be destroyed. And, selves, the colonel not excepted ; and, here begins the history of the famous for several of them, if not for all of them, Court Martial. In order to be able to prove I had to make out, upon large cards, that these estracts were cor: ect, it was which they bought for the purpose, little necessary that I should have a witness as plans of the position of the regiment, to their being true copies

This was a very together with lists of the words' of com

ticklish point.

One foolish step here, mand, which they had to give in the field. would have sent me down to the ranks

-Is it any wonder, that we experience with a pair of bloody shoulders. Yet, it de feats. There was I, at the review, upon the was necessary to have the witness. I flank of the Grenadier Company, with hesitated many months. At one time, I my worsted shoulder-knot, and my great, had given the thing up.

I dreaint twenty high, coarse, hairy cap; confounded in the times, 1 dare say, of my papers being ranks amongst other men, while those who discovered, and of my being tried and were commanding me to move my hands flogged half to death. At last, however, or my feet, thus orthus, were, in fact, utter some fresh act of injustice towards uş made ing words, which I had taught them; and me set all danger at defiance. I opened were, in every thing excepting mere autho- my project to a corporal, whose name rity, my inferiors; and ought to have been was William Bistland, who wrote in the commanded by me.--It was impossible oflice under me, who was a very honest for reflections of this sort not to intrude fellow, who was very much bound to me, themselves; and, as I advanced in expe. tor my goudness to him, and who was, with rience, I felt less and less respect for those, the sole exception of myself, the only seber whom I was compelled to obey. One man in the whole regiment. To wirk we suffers injustice from men, of great endow- * went, and during a long winter, while the

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