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French, king of Italy, &c.---Considering In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. that the Council of Castile has shewn, in Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.the exercise of all its functions, equal false- Considering that the religious of the difhood and feebleness :- That after having ferent monastic orders in Spain are too published throughout the kingdom the re- multiplied :--That if a certain number be nunciation of king Charles the 4th, and of useful to assist the ministers of the altar in the princes Don Fernando, Don Carlos, | the administration of the sacraments, the Don Francisco, and Don Antonio, of the existence of too considerable a number is crown of Spain, and after having recognis- injurious to the prosperity of the state.ed and proclaimed our legitimate rights We decree as follows :- Art. 1. The nuinto the throne they had the meanness to ber of convents at present existing in declare, in the eyes of Europe, and pos- Spain, shall be reduced to a third. - This terity, that they only subscribed these dif- reduction shall be produced by uniting ferent acts, with interior and perfidious re- the religious of several convents in one strictions :-We have decreed and decree single house.—2. Dating from the publias follows :-Art. 1. The members of the cation of the present decree, no admission Council of Castile are removed as cowards, to the noviciate, no religious profession and unworthy of being the magistrates of shall be permitted until the number of the a brave and generous nation.-2. The religious of each sex shall have been represidents and procurators of the King duced to the third of the number of the shall be arrested as hostages. The other said religious now existing:-In consemembers of the Council shall be required quence, and in the space of a fortnight, all to remain at Madrid in their houses, under the novices shall quit the convents into pain of being prosecuted and punished as which they have been admitted.—3. All traitors; are nevertheless excepted from the regular ecclesiastics who wish to rethe present disposition, all the members of nounce their usual living, and to live as the said Council who shall not have sign- secular ecclesiastics, shall be free to quit ed the declaration of the 11th August their houses.—4. The religious who shall 1808, as dishonourable to the dignity of so renounce, conformably to the preceding the magistrate as to the character of the article, shall be admitied to the enjoyman.—Signed) Napoleon.-H. B. Ma- ment of a pension whose amount shall be
regulated by their age, but which shall not In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4, be less than 3000 reals, nor exceed the - Napoleon emperor of the French, &c. maximum of 4000.-5. Upon the amount -We have decreed and do decree as fol of the property of the convents which lows :-Art. 1. The Court of Cessation, shall be suppressed in execution of the erected by the second title, Art. 101 of the first article of the present decree, shall be constitution of the kingdom of Spain, shall raised the sum necessary to increase the be immediately organized.—(Signed) NA- portion of the cures, so that the minimum of
the salary of the curates shall be raised to In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. 2400 reals.-6. The property of the supNapoleon, emperor of the French, &c.-pressed convents which shall be disposable We have decreed, and do decree as fol- after the raising of the sum ordered by lows:-Art. 1. The tribunal of the Inqui- the foregoing article, shall be united to sition is abolished, as contrary to the civil the domain of Spain, and to be employed sovereignty and authority.—2. The pro as follows:- 1. The half of the said property belonging to the Inquisition shall be perty to guarantee the Vales and other put under sequestration, and be united to parts of the public debt.—2. The other the domain of Spain, to serve as a guaran- | half to reimburse the provinces and cities tee for the Vales, and for all other parts of the expences occasioned by the supplying the public debt.-(Signed) NAPOLEON. the French armies and the insurrectional
In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. armies, and to indemnify the cities and Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.- country for the damages, losses of houses, We have decreed, and do decree as fol- and other losses occasioned by the war. lows :-Art. 1. The same individual can- | (Signed) Napoleon. not possess more than one commandery.--| In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. 2. From the 1st of January next, every Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.individual possessing several commande. We have decreed, and decree as follows: ries, shall designate the one he prefers --Art. 1. Dating from the publication of preserving--the others shall revert to the the present decree, the feudal rights are disposal of the king-(Signed) Napoleon. I abolished in Spain. -2. All personal dues,
all exclusive rights of fishery, or other | Capitulation of the Town of Rosas.-Rosas, rights of the same nature, on the coasts,
Dec. 5, 1808. rivers, and banks of rivers, all bannalities CAPITULATION of the town of Rosas and of mills are suppressed.--Each shall be of the castle of the Trinity, entered into permitted by conforming to the laws, and between messrs. the adjutant in chief Domgive a free impulse to her industry.- | browski, chief of the staff of the Italian (Signed)-NAPOLEON.
division, commanded by general Pino, and In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. chevalier Pio, colonel commandant of the 4,-Napoleon, emperor of the French, 2d French regiment of the line, appointed &c.—Considering that one of the esta- by general of division Reille, aid-de-camp blishments which are most injurious to the of his majesty the Emperor and King, on prosperity of Spain is that of the barriers the one part, and messrs. col. Don Pedro existing between the provinces; We have O'Daly, governor commandant of the fordecreed and decree as follows:- Art. I. tress of Rosas, and of the castle of the From the 1st of Jan. next, the barriers ex- | Trinity, and Don Manuel Lemaur, col. of isting from province to province shall be engineers, on the other part.-Art. 1.suppressed. The custom-houses shall be The town and the fort shall be delivered in removed, and estab ished on the frontiers. the course of the day, to the troops of his -(Signed)-NAPOLEON.
majesty the Emperor and King.–2. The
garrison shall lay down their arms upon Napoleon, emperor of the French, king the glacis of the place, shall be prisoners of Italy, protector of the Confederation of of war, and conducted into France. The the Rhine, &c. &c. Taking into our con officers shall keep all that belongs to them. sideration, that one of the greatest abuses —3. Immediately after the signature of which bare been introduced into the the present Capitulation, one gate of the finances of Spain, arises from the aliena town of Rosas, and one gate of the castle tion of the different branches of the im- of the Trinity, shall be given up to two posts, and that nevertheless imposts are companies of grenadiers.-(Signed) — from their nature inalienable, we have de Jean DOMBROWSKI, Adjutant-Commandant, Creed, and do decree as follows:- From Chief of the Etat-Major.—Pio, Colonelthe publication of the present Decree. Major.-Don Pedro O'Daly.-MANUEL every individual who shall be in posses- LEMAUR. The present Capitulation is apsion, either by grant from the King, or by proved of.—General of Division commandsale, or by any other means, of any por- ing the siege, Reille. tion whatever of the civil or ecclesiastical imposts, shall cease to receive them, and Letter of the Supreme Junta to the Marquis those from whom they may be leviable, de la Romuna.-Dated, Tudela, Dec. 4, shall be answerable for the payment of
1808. their respective imposts to the agents of Most Excellent Sir,--The king and lord, the king or of the treasury. The present Ferdinand VII. and in his royal name the Decree shall be published and registered Supreme Junta of government of the kingin all the councils, courts, and tribunals, dom, omitting no means which can any in order to its being carried into execu- ways promote the safety and prosperity of tion as a law of the State.-(Signed) NA- the nation, has thought proper to resolve, POLEON.-H. B. MARET.
that your excellency is not only to comErtract from the Minutes of the Office of mand the army, of which you are general
Secretary of State.— Imperial Camp at in chief, but also the armies of oid CasMadrid, Dec. 12, 1908.
tile, Leon, Asturias and Galicia, superinWe Napoleon, emperor of the French, tending, with regard to all the said armies, king of Italy, and protector of the confe- the troops of the mass, and putting in rederation of the Rhine, have decreed, and quisition the horses, mules, and other meado decree as follows,–Art. 1. All seignio- sures, which are required to augment our tal Courts of Justice are abolished in army, and put it on that respectable foot8p:in.—2. There shall exist no other ju ing which the present extraordinary cirrisiliction than the royal Courts of Justice. cumstances require. His Majesty has been -3. The present Décrée shall be pub- informed, and sees with the deepest conlished and registered in all the councils, cern, that to the want of subordination, crurts, and tribunals, in order that it may cowardice is added by many, whence be execated as the Law of the State. arises that scandalous desertion which ex(Signed) NAPOLEON.-II. B. MARET. cites astonishment in our allies and damps
their general ardour. This conduct, so
contrary to the sentiments of true, Spa- 1 preference to any other business, to devote niards, and which cannot be counteracted their exertions to the fabrication of arms by mild measures, demands that your ex and pikes ; the latter being destined for cellency should check it with all the ri- those inhabitants who cannot be supplied gour of military law, extending the pun- with any sort of arms.--All persons reishment to all those who assist or protect fusing to enlist or deliver up horses, mules, deserters. For this purpose his Majesty and other necessaries, shall be committed invests your excellency with the most as traitors to their country, and be punishample power which may be required, to ed in an exemplary manner. All vile de cause yourself to be promptly and im- serters shall be shot as soon as apprehendplicitly obeyed, and cause the enthusiasm ed, without any exception or mercy. Cowwhich begins to slacken in the Provinces, ards who in an engagement with the enemy and especially in Old Castile, to be revi are the first to run away and cause disved. To atiain that end, extraordinary | order and confusion, may be killed on the and vigorous measures are required, cal- spot for their own punisbment, and as an culated to secure the safety of the nation, example to others.-All those gallant de. which cannot be done without the prompt fenders of their country, worthy of the heand exemplary punishment of the vile and roic Spanish names, who distinguish themdegenerate wretches who deceive their selves by deeds of superior valour, shall be country and their King, by usurping the rewarded in such a manner that their title of their defenders, while they are names shall be handed down to posterity selling them to the enemy. From that with those marks of public approbation severe punishment, such justices and which shall be best calculated to immorplaces are not to be exempted as shew talize their glory:-MARQUIS DE La Roany slowness in checking disorder and confusion, or do not execute your excellency's orders with the necessary punctu- Proclamation of Sir David Baird, dated Asality and zeal. His Majesty invests you
torya, 1st Dec. 1808. with such great authority, in order that The events that have occurred in Biscay, you may be convinced of ihe implicit con and in the neighbourhood of the Ebro, fidence which he places in your energy have made it indispensibly necessary tbat and zeal. The necessary orders have been the British troops should be concentrated, dispatched for that purpose to the respective in order more effectually to assist and supjuntas of government, that they may pos- port the Spanish nation in the heroic exer. sess full knowledge thereof, and obey your tions she is applying for the de.ence of excellency, to whom I communicate the her independance. Under these e reuniabove royal order for your information, stances, lieut.-general sir D. Baird, come and compliance with the same. God pre- mander of the British division in Castile serve your excellency many years.--MAR- and Leon, informs the royal subjet is of TIN DE Garay,
these kinydoins, that he has just received Ordinance of the Marquis in consequence of orders from his excelleney sir J. Moore,
the above letter.--Dated, Leon, Dec. 1808. commander in chief of bis Britannic ma
In pursuance thereof, I ordain that all jesty's army in Spain, to unite his forces the inhabitants of the kingdom of Castile, with those of the said general, without loss Leon, and Asturias and Galicia, of from 16 of time, by the road of Portugal ---The to 45 years of age, are immediately to arm object of this movement is in n re peci 10 themselves with such musquets,carbines,pis- evacuate Spain, or to abau lon a case tols, sabres, and every other description of dear to Great Britain. The only design is arms as they have in their possession. That to combine the whole of the Bijush jurces, all young men unmarried without children, in order to enable them to act in a situaare to repair, without the least delay, to tion where they can render their services the places which shall be pointed out by more beneficial. --Gallicia, strong by nathe juntas of government in the respective ture, does not require for its protection a provinces and districts, to be immediately more numerous army, nor can it
possess incorporated with the armies. All other more gallant one than the army of the persons shall also arm to defend their re- left ; composed principaily of the couraspective provinces; all horses and mules geous youth of the kingdom (province), belonging to any persons whomsoever, are which is now united in Leon under the or'put in a state of requisition; and immedi- ders of the bighly distinguished ately to be delivered up for the use of the der his excellency the marquis de la Roarmies.-All armourers and smiths are, in I mana. The resort of more troops, in the
present circumstances, in the defiles of the ordinary ones that have hitherto been the mountains, would be prejudicial, since paid.-Ans. Granted, till the realm shall they would consume the provisions and definitively be organized.-VI. Our laws, other resources of the country, without in- customs, and courts of justice shall be precreasing its security -To the worthy served in their present constitution.-Ans. inbabi ants of these kingdoms the most Granted, until the kingdom undergoes its grateful acknowled, menis are due from definitive organization.-VII. The French the British forces, for the hospitality and troops and their officers shall not be quarfriendship with which they have been tered in private houses, but in military treated in every situation : and the lieut. lodging houses and tents, and by no means gen hopes that the feelings of reciprocal in convents or monasteries; the privileges aitachment and respect will prevail, not allowed to the respective classes by the laws on y now, but that they will continue to being preserved.-Ans. Granted; it being animaie both nations to the latest posterity. well understood that both the officers and In taking leave of the subjects of this privates must have quarters and tents that part of the Peninsula, the lieut.- gen. feels are furnished conformably to the military it to be his duty to exhort them, by the loy, regulations, unless the said buildings be inalty they owe io their sovereign, by the af-sufficient.–VIII. The troops shali march fection they bear to their families, and by out of the town with the honours of war, all that is sacred in religion, to unite for the and be at liberty to retire whithersoever protection of their country.- -Unless the they chuse.—Ans. The troops shall march government and the people combine their out with the honours of war; they shall utmost efforts in this just and honourable march off by files to-day at four o'clock cause, Spain will be exposed to the most se in the afternoon, and leave their arms and rious danger ; but if these endeavours be cannon; the armed peasants shall also not wanting, under the direction of Divine leave their arms and artillery; after which Providence, all will terminate in victory | the inhabitants shall retire to their houses, and happiness.
and those from without the town to their
villages. All the jodividuals that have enj. Capitulation of Madrid. - From the Ma- listed among the troops of the line four
drid Gacelte, Dec. 7, 1808.—Capitulation | months ago, shall be free from their enproposed by the Military and Civil Junta gagements, and retire to their villages. All @ Madrid, to his Imperial and Royal Ma- the rest shall continue prisoners of war till jesty the Emperor of the French.
an exchange take place, which will comArticle I. The preservation of the Catho mence immediately between equal numlie, Apostolic, and Roman Religion, with bers, and rank for rank.--IX. The public out any other being legally tolerated.- debts and engagements of the state shall Answer. Granted.-II. The liberty and be faithfully and constantly discharged.-Security of the lives and properties of the Ans. This being a political object, belongs citizens and other persons residing in Ma- to the cognizance of the Assembly of the drid, as well as of those in public employ- Realm, and depends on the general admiments : the preservation of their situations, nistration.—X. Those generals who wish or the option of their retiring from this to continue in the capital, shall preserve court
, if they should prefer it. Likewise their rank; and such as are desirous of the lives, privileges, and properties of the quitting it, shall be at liberty secular and regular ecclesiastics of both Ans. Granted: they shall remain in their sexes, together with the respect due to the station, although their pay can only conchurches, all in conformity to our laws and tinue till the kingdom receives its ultimate
:-Ans. Granted.—III. The lives organization.--Additional Art. XI.-A deand properties of all military officers, of tachment of guards shall this day, at four rank, are likewise to be safe.--Ans. Grant-1 o'clock, take possession of the palace gates. ed.-IV. No person shall be liable to per- The different gates of the city shall about secution, on account of their political opi- the same time, be delivered up to the French nions or writings, any more than those em army. The guard-house of the body ployed in a public capacity, for what they guards, and the general hospital, shall be may have done hitherto in the exercise of surrendered to the French army at the same their employments, or in obedience to the time.-At the same hour the park of artil
government; "nor shall the people lery, and the arsenals, together with the futter for the efforts which they have made engineers, shall be surrendered to the for their defence.-Ans. Granted.-V. No French artillery and engineers. The works other contributions shall be exacted bevond 1 and entrenchments shall be levelled, and
the streets repaired.— The French officer tyrant, with the design of misleading you’ about to take the command of Madrid, and bringing the supreme governing Jun. shall about mid-day repair, under a milita of the kingdom into disrepute, spread tary guard, to the house of the principal reports that the latter have approved the (governor), in order to concert with go-capitulation of Madrid. This sovereign vernment, regulations of police, and mea- body feel it to be their duty to contradict sures for the re-establishment of good order rumours, the object and tendency of which and public security in all parts of the town. is to sow distrust between the government -We, the undersigned Commissioners, au and the people, to produce general discouthorised by full powers for settling and ragement and anarchy, and to expose to signing the present Capitulation, have a contempt the sacred oath of your represengreed upon the faithful and entire execu- tatives.-—Spaniards, the Supreme Junta, tion of the above measure.–Fernando de whose motto is, · Death or liberty,' are far la Vera y Pantoga Thomas de Morla.— from approving of the capitulation of any Alesandro.--Imperial Camp at Madrid, town. That which recognizes the usurper, the 4th of December, 1808.
and submits to the law of the tyrant, is not
Spanish-it is an enemy. These are the Twentieth Bulletin of the French army, dated sentiments of the Supreme Junta-senti
Madrid, 19th Dec. 1809. ments which they will never belie, in His Majesty this day reviewed the army
word or deed ; and whatever you may be which is at Madrid, with its equipments : told by the partizans of despotism, those and civil officers, 60,000 men, 150 pieces
vile wretches who sacrifice to a miserable of cannon, and more than 1500 waggons self-interest the sacred rights of their counloaded with biscuit and brandy, formed an
try, be assured that their reports are caimposing appearance, The right wing of lumnies--snares laid for you by the tyrant, the army was supported at Chamartin, and to entangle you in the mazes of his inferthe left stretched beyond Madrid. The nal policy. The country you have sworn duke of Bellune is at Toledo, with his corps
to defend, the religion wherein you have of the army.--The duke of Dantzic, with
sworn to die, the spouses and offspring you his corps, is at Talavera de la Reyna. - The have sworn to protect, a captive king whom eighth corps has reached Burgos.--Gene. you have sworn to rescue—all demand the ral St. Cyr has made a junction, at Barce- tulfilment of your promise.--And ye, brave lona, with general Duhesme. -Our cavalinhabitants of Madrid, who refused your ry scours the country, to the confines of assent to a shameful capitulation, and rising Andalusia.— The Emperor has given the superior to others invested with command, army some days rest. —Excellent fortifi- and even to yourselves, preferred death to cations are completing on the heights of misery and slavery, persevere in your geMadrid ; six thousand men are employed
nerous resolution. The momentary occuupon the works. The small battering train, pation of the buildings of the city by the composed of 24 pounders and small mor- enemy is of no importance whilst they are tars, is arrived.—Some fifty men have not masters of your hearts. Continue to
fabeen found in the hospitals of Talavera resist them in the very bosoms of your de la Reyna ; two or three hundred sad-milies; place no contidence in their deceitdles, and some remains of the magazines ful professions ; reflect that to every peo: which belonged to the English troops.-ple they have promised happiness, and all Some detachments of their cavalry have ap- they have plunged into misery. The Junpeared on the side of Valladolid. This is ta, who watch over your destiny, will cause the first sign of their existence in this coun
numerous reinforcements to march to that try which the English have given. They unfortunate capital.- They have not forhave many sick, and deseriers. On the gotten you ; no! keep alive your hopes, 13th of this month, their army was still at
retain your bravery and firmness, and your Salamanca. So splendid an armament
deliverance will be the more glorious, as so strange an inactivity for the last six the danger you have encountered has been weeks appears most unaccountable.-His great. Majesty enjoys the best state of health.
PORTUGAL.—Proclamation of the government,
dated, 11 Dec. 1808. Proclamation of the Supreme Central Junta. The defence of the country being the
Published at St. Mary's und Cudiz, on the first duty which honour, reason, and even 230 December.
nature itself, imposes on all men, when a SPANIARDS, the hired emissaries of the barbarous nation, despising the most sacred