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quae sit multis profutura. quid Murena interea? fortissimo et 20 sapientissimo viro, summo imperatori, legatus L. Lucullo fuit : qua in legatione duxit exercitum, signa contulit, manum conseruit, magnas copias hostium fudit, urbes partim vi, partim obsidione cepit, Asiam istam refertam et eandem delicatam sic obiit, ut in ea neque avaritiae neque luxuriae vestigium reliquerit; maximo in bello sic est versatus, ut hic multas res et magnas sine imperatore gesserit, nullam sine hoc imperator. atque haec quamquam praesente L. Lucullo loquar, tamen, ne ab ipso propter periculum nostrum concessam videamur habere licentiam fingendi, publicis litteris testata sunt omnia, quibus L. Lucullus tantum laudis impertit, quantum neque ambitiosus imperator neque invidus tribuere alteri in communicanda gloria debuit. summa in utroque est honestas, summa dignitas, 21 quam ego, si mihi per Servium liceat, pari atque in eadem laude ponam. sed non licet : agitat rem militarem, insectatur totam hanc legationem, assiduitatis et operarum harum cotidianarum putat esse consulatum. apud exercitum mihi fueris,

20. sapientissimo] so in de imp: nostrum) he puts himself in his Gn. Pomp. § 26. M.

client's place. cf. nobis $ 72. refertam] absolutely as in de Orat. publicis litteris] • official de 1. § 161, de Republ. 11. § 44. H. spatches.' This marks Murena's want of greed, ambitiosus...etc.] more praise as delicatam does that of luxurious- than need have been bestowed on ness. Z.

a subordinate by any commander quamquam...loquar) though there that either courted glory himself or is no doubt that the usage of Cicero grudged it to others. forbids this construction, I hold that 21. pari] so MSS. the prepos. Z. is right in bowing to overwhelm- in is rather out of place. H. acing MSS. authority and refusing to cepts Bake's conjecture paren. read loquor. [See Madv. de Fin. agitat] makes it his quarry, cf. de III. $ 70, note,] he explains it by a Leg. I. $ 40, ut eos agitent insectensupposed change of constr., viz., turque furiae. that Cicero meant to go on with operurum] “jobs,' perhaps with a tamen literas Luculli publicas adfe- touch of the sense day-labourers,' rendas esse putavi, which T. well as 2. thinks. The plural is certainly characterizes as an arbitrary pro- contemptuous; in § 36 the singular ceeding. It seems to me that either is used. the MSS. are wrong, or that we harum]=forensium. must admit the Ciceronian use of apud...contendas ?] loosely quoted the subj. with quamquam in the by Quintil. v. xiii. 27. Here I have protasis of oratio recta.

taken the MS. reading, but the tamen ...testata sunt] see on § 15. punctuation is my own. cf. Mady. praesente] he lent his support to § 438, and for fueris subj. $ 353, the defendant by appearing in court pro Sulla $ 44. as a backer (advocatus), cf. on $ 9. mihi] dat. ethicus, cf. § 13.

22.

inquit, tot annos, forum non attigeris ? afueris tam diu, ut cum longo intervallo veneris, cum his, .qui in foro habitarint, de dignitate contendas ? primum ista nostra assiduitas, Servi, nescis quantum interdum adferat hominibus fastidii, quantum satietatis. mihi quidem vehementer expedit positam in oculis esse gratiam, sed tamen ego mei satietatem magno meo labore

superavi, et tu idem fortasse ; verum tamen utrique nostrum 22 desiderium nihil obfuisset. sed ut hoc omisso ad studiorum

atque artium contentionem revertamur, qui potes dubitare quin ad consulatum adipiscendum multo plus adferat dignitatis rei militaris [quam juris civilis) gloria? vigilas tu de nocte, ut tuis consultoribus respondeas, ille, ut eo, quo intendit, mature cum exercitu peryeniat: te gallorum, illum bucinarum cantus exsuscitat: tu actionem instituis, ille aciem instruit : tu caves ne tui consultores, ille ne urbes aut castra capiantur : tot annos] goes with fueris etc.,

quam iuris civilis] If these preceding, but has its effect also on words are genuine, gloria is ironithe following coordinate interroga- cally referred to them. But MS. tion. “Am I,' says he, “to have Lag. 9 omits them, and so Z. you spending all those years in the plausibly field, while you neglect the forum? vigilas &c.] quoted by Quint. IX. being all that time out of Rome, ii. 100, iii. 32, with slight variajust to return ever so long after and tions. put your claims in competition with de nocte] 'before break of day,' those of men who have made the

cf. § 69. forum their house and home?'

consultoribus] For the pressure of ut) as though Murena had stayed these on a iuris consultus, cf. de away on purpose, and put forward Orat. I. SS 199, 200, Phil. VIII. his absence as a claim to office.

habitarint] H. cf. Brutus $ 305, gallorum] M. well compares Hor. et hi quidem habitabant in Rostris. Sat. I. I, 9, agricolam laudat iuris de Orat. I. § 264, is qui habitaret in legumque peritus, sub galli cantum subselliis.

consultor ubi ostia pulsat. primum] “to begin with.'

instituis...instruit]Notice the play expedit] so MSS., and it is far on the words: 'while you are setbetter than Lambinus' expediit. ting on foot a pleading, he is setting

idem] so MSS., sc. fecisti, as often. in array an army.' cf. Phil. ix. § II

verum tamen) catches up sed ta- (also of Sulpicius), neque instituere men sup.,

and gives the same idea a litium actiones malebat different turn, but as I say,'... cf. versias tollere. For the technical ad Attic. I. 10, § 1, II in Verr. III. actiones (verbal processes) cf. on

desiderium] H. cf. ad Attic. II. 5, capiantur] 'be taken unawares,' § 1. • It would not have been such a neutral word, applying to the a bad thing for either of us, had court and the field alike. cf. Acad. we been missed awhile from our Pr. II. $ 66, cavere ne capiatur, and haunts,

note on cavendi, sup. § 19.

$ 31.

quam contro

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§ 29.

X.

ille tenet et scit, ut hostium copiae, tu, ut aquae pluviae arceantur: ille exercitatus est in propagandis finibus, tu in regendis. ac nimirum-dicendum est enim quod sentio-rei militaris virtus praestat ceteris omnibus. haec nomen populo Romano, haec huic urbi aeternam gloriam peperit, haec orbem terrarum parere huic imperio coegit: omnes urbanae res, omnia haec nostra praeclara studia et haec forensis laus et industria latent in tutela ac praesidio bellicae virtutis. simul atque increpuit suspicio tumultus, artes ilico nostrae conticescunt.

et quoniam mihi videris istam scientiam iuris tamquam 23 filiolam osculari tuam, non patiar te diutius in tanto errore versari, ut istud nescio quid, quod tanto opere didicisti, praeclarum aliquid esse arbitrere. aliis ego te virtutibus, continentiae, gravitatis, iustitiae, fidei, ceteris omnibus, consulatu et omni honore semper dignissimum iudicavi : quod quidem ius civile didicisti, non dicam, operam perdidisti, sed illud dicam, nullam esse in ista disciplina munitam ad consulatum viam,

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tenet] sc. mente, cf. § 26 tenebant, war, cf. in Catil. 1. § 18, in Pis. and de Fin. III. § 44, quod idem Peripatetici non tenent.

tumultus] 'a war in Italy,' as aquae pluvịae] i.e. you know how usually. H. well refers to Phil. v. to set on foot in right form an actio § 31, tumultum decerni, iustitium aquae pluviae arcendae. No pro- edici, saga sumį dico oportere. The prietor had a right to build a house word is fully discussed in Phil. VIII. so that the rain-water from the roof SS 2--4. fell on another man's ground, unļess 23. osculari] 'to hug,' fondle.' he had the benefit of a servitude, Z. cf. ad Fam. I. 9, § 10. called stillicidii servitus, or ius stilli- didicisti] so MSS. 'that you have cidii, cf. Top. $ 43, de Orat. 1. $ 173, at your fingers' ends by this time,' Lord Mackenzie, Roman Law, pt. better than the conjecture dilexisti. II. C. 5 From a quotation in the virtutibus] abl. of cause, cf. de Digest, it has been inferred that Orat. III. $ 199, quadam mediocritate Sulpicius had written some treatise laudatur, it is here strangely used on this point of law.

close to the abl. consulatu &c., depropagandis finibus] sc. of the pending on dignissimum. empire, frontiers.'

continentiae, gravitatis, &c.] Geniregendis) of estates, “in settling tives of more specific definition, cf. questions of boundary-lines.'

Madv. § 286 obs. 2: they are used x. latent] cf. Liv. XXXIV. 9, sub instead of an apposition, and should umbra Romanae amicitiae latebant. be so rendered in English ; so with lie safe and sound.'

nomen SS 13, 67. in tutela] like wards (pupilli) in quidem] introduces the opposition, charge of a guardian (tutor). as in § 12, maledicto quidem, &c.

increpuit) at the faintest'alarm of

omnes enim artes; quae nobis populi Romani studia concilient,

et admirabilem dignitatem et pergratam utilitatem debent ha24 bere. XI. summa dignitas est in his, qui militari laude ante.

cellunt: omnia enim, quae sunt in imperio et in statu civitatis, ab his defendi et firmari putantur; summa etiam utilitas, si quidem eorum consilio et periculo cum re publica; tum etiam nostris rebus perfrui possumus. gravis etiam illa est et plena dignitatis dicendi facultas, quae saepe valuit in consule deligendo; posse consilio atque oratione et senatus et populi et eorum, qui res iudicant, mentes permovere. quaeritur consul, qui dicendo nonnumquam comprimat tribunicios furores, qui concitatum populum flectat, qui largitioni resistat. non mirum, si ob hanc facultatem homines saepe etiam non nobiles consulatum consecuti sunt, praesertim cum haec eadem res plurimas gratias, firmissimas amicitias, maxima studia pariat: quorum in isto vestro artificio, Sulpici, nihil est. primum

in § 22.

artes] ‘pursuits,' 'professions,' as

quae concilient] 'such as to win the support of'...the MSS. have the indicative, 'which generally win'... and I cannot see why this should not stand.

xi. 24. his] has better MSS. authority than lis; 'out friends who'... speaking to Sulpicius and indicating Murena. cf. on $ 3.

statu civitatis] =quae ad salutem civitatis pertinent, M. ‘All that concerns the assured perntanence of the State,' H., who cf. pro Sestio § 1. * The position of our State in the world,' in relation to others; Z. and T., who cf. de Rep. II. § 2, praestare nostrae civitatis statum ceteris civitatibus, pro Flacco $ 3, totum statum civitatis. But in de Rep. II. § 2 it clearly='our constitution,' and I believe the same to be the meaning in pro Sestio 1 and pro Flacco $ 3. Is it not also here? One consul was at this very time away, putting down the Catili. narian insurrection. For all things within the sphere of our rule abroad or our constitution at home are felt

to get their protection and maintenance from these.'

consilio] so § 33. 'vis consili expers' comes to a bad end, Hor. Carm. III. 4. 65; ' tact.'

posse] the subject of valuit, in apposition to facultas. Z. For the sentiment H. cf. de Orat. I. § 30. valuit, “has turned the day.'

consilio, &c.] 'by tact and power of speaking.

furores...largitioni] able to put down hot-headed tribunes, to..., to stand out against a proposed bounty.' largitio, here the distribution of lands or corn to the people by a lex agraria or frumentaria. He is thinking of his own speeches de lege agrarió contra Rullum, delivered early in this very year. cf.

non nobilesj such as Cicero himself.

gratias] 'obligations,'under which the eloquent counsel lays many clients and their friends. For plural

artificio] "technical dexterity,' 'knack.' Depreciatory, cf. on § 29.

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cf. $ 42.

dignitas in tam tenui scientia non potest esse: res enim sunt 25 parvae, prope in singulis litteris atque interpunctionibus verborum occupatae. deinde, etiamsi quid apud maiores nostros fuit in isto studio admirationis, id enuntiatis vestris mysteriis totum est contemptum et abiectum. posset agi lege necne, pauci quondam sciebant; fastos enim vulgo non habebant : erant in magna potentia qui consulebantur, a quibus etiam dies tamquam a Chaldaeis petebatur. inventus est scriba quidam Cn. Flavius, qui cornicum oculos confixerit et singulis diebus ediscendis fastos populo proposuerit et ab ipsis causis iure consultorum sapientiam compilarit. Itaque irati illi, quod sunt veriți, ne dierum ratione pervulgata et cognita sine suz opera lege agi posset, verba quaedam composuerunt, ut omnibus in rebus ipsi interessent.

25. dignitas, etc.] Cicero speaks the sole jurisconsults until 304 B.C. more highly of jurisprudence in de a Chaldaeis) as an astrologer is Orat. I. SS 234—236, more highly entreated to point out a 'fucky' still in the speechpro Caecina. day.

tenui] paltry,' perhaps with a Cn. Flavius] cf. de Orat. I. § 186, notion of hair-splitting.' Hor. ad Att. VI. 1, § 8, Plin. H. N. A. P. 46.

XXXIII. 17. res) the matter,' occupatae in, cornicum oculos] i. e. took in taken up with.'

knowing men ; a proverb, cf. pro litterisj șc. questions of spelling, Flacco $ 46, and Propert. V.' 5. cf. anceps syllabarum, de Orat. I. 16, where it refers to a charm for § 236.

blinding even the watchful.

The interpunctionibus verborum] such crow was thought to be especially as the questions whether a man was fond of pecking out the eyes of to be buried in culto loco or inculto other animals. loco, and whether a man had left ediscendis) by learning the days his whole property to Aéw or his one by one, i.e. whether they were property to Iavtaléwv (návra Above fasti or nefasti. So Pliny, Appi τι or Πανταλέοντι), given by Quint. Caeci hortatu exceperat eos dies conVII. ix. 5, 6; many such ambị. sultando adsique sagaci ingenio, H. guities, observes Z., are found in has discendis, dative, .for learning.' laws.

ab ipsis causis] sc. consuļtando adagi lege] 'whether actions at law sidue, as Pliny says ; ‘from the indicould be brought or no,' cf. Div. in vidual cases in court.' He seems Caecil. § 19, i.e. whether a certain to have noted not merely the day day belonged to the dies fasti or on which the case was tried, but nefasti, cf. Ovid, Fasti, 1. 45 foll. also the form of pleading [actiones,

fastos) 'calendar,' with the days Cic. II. cc. sup.). marked F. or N.

compilarit) pilfered,' got together qui consulebantur] sc. the ponti- by hook or by crook.' fices, in whose hands the regulation verba] sc. they made the forms of of the calendar lay, and who were pleading more and more intricate.

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