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nem suffragiorum flagitasti, prorogationem legis Maniliae, aequationem gratiae, dignitatis, suffragiorum. graviter homines honesti atque in suis vicinitatibus et municipiis gratiosi tulerunt, a tali viro esse pugnatum, ut omnes et dignitatis et gratiae gradus tollerentur. idem editicios iudices esse voluisti, ut odia occulta civium, quae tacitis nunc discordiis continentur, in fortunas optimi cuiusque erumperent. haec omnia tibi accusandi viam muniebant, adipiscendi obsaepiebant.

atque ex omnibus illa plaga est iniecta petitioni tuae, non tacente me, maxima, de qua ab homine ingeniosissimo et copiosissimo, Q. Hortensio, multa gravissime dicta sunt. quo etiam mihi durior locus est dicendi datus, ut, cum ante me et

48

plan by which votes were to have equal weight. Mass-voting' as opposed to the nice gradations of the comitia centuriata, but whether on the plan of the comitia tributa, as Z. conjectures, is not so clear. H. well says, 'as the proposal of Sulpicius came out in the course of a debate on a new lex de ambitu, there is great probability in the conjecture that it was not meant to refer to elections generally, but only to fresh elections held when a magistrate elect had been convicted of ambitus.' Z. comments on the extreme difficulty of ensuring a formal meeting of the centuries within a given time, which strengthens this view.

prorogationem] the extension of the period of its application. cf. ad Att. XIII. 43, prorogatio diei, in a slightly different sense. Here it is like prorogare imperium, Phil. II. § 24, etc.

The conjecture perrogationem seems more strange than clear.

Maniliae] All we know is that G. Manilius the tribune carried in 67 B. C. a law concerning the libertini, which was at once annulled. But I doubt whether this is meant in any way here.

vicinitatibus] This correction seems necessary. It is in 2 MSS. and H. adopts it. cf. pro Cluent. $ 11, pro kosc. Am. § 15, auct. petit. cons.

§ 24. Vulg. civitatibus, which Z. refers to the coloniae Romanae.

editicios iudices) named by the accuser,

with power to the accused of rejecting by challenge a certain number: the most probable expla. nation of this difficult passage is that proposed by Z. on comparison of pro Planc. $ 41; there were to be 125 jurors, equites and tribuni aerarii, nominated by the accuser from the register (album iudicum), of these the reus might reject 75, leaving 50, also 25 Senators were to be appointed, but by some other means, and none of these could be rejected, there would thus be a jury of 75 in all left for the trial, [these are distinct from the editi iudices, of whom any number might be rejected, according to Wunder on pro Planc. proleg. III. iii. 3, (though he is not free from error in that article); and there is no connexion with the editiciï iudices from particular tribes who were by the lex Licinia of B.C. 55 appointed to try cases of sodalicia.]

odia] as the accuser would take care to name men who had a grudge against the accused. adipiscendi] absolutely, as in $ 43.

48. illa plaga] the blow' is explained below, cum pop. Rom. in eum metum adduxisti.

ut] 'namely, the task of'...

ille dixisset et vir summa dignitate et diligentia et facultate dicendi, M. Crassus, ego in extremo non partem aliquam agerem causae, sed de tota re dicerem, quod mihi videretur. itaque in isdem rebus fere versor, et, quoad possum, iudices, occurro vestrae sapientiae. XXIV. sed tamen, Servi, quam te securim putas iniecisse petitioni tuae, cum populum Romanum in eum metum adduxisti, ut pertimesceret ne consul Catilina fieret dum tu accusationem comparares deposita atque abiecta petitione ? etenim te inquirere videbant, tristem ipsum, 49 maestos amicos; observationes, testificationes, seductiones testium, secessiones subscriptorum animadvertebant, quibus rebus certe spes candidatorum obscuriores videri solent. Catilinam interea alacrem atque laetum, stipatum choro iuventutis, vallatum indicibus atque sicariis, inflatum cum spe militum, tum collegae mei, quemadmodum dicebat ipse, promissis, circumfluente colonorum Arretinorum et Faesulanorum exercitu,

diligentia) the great merit of Cras- to talk over something, cf. Ov. sus, cf. Brutus § 233.

Met. II. 465, deque suo iussit secedere occurro] in a friendly sense, 'I coetu. am trying to help you to a wise subscriptorum] those whom the verdict,' meeting your wisdom half- principal counsel has with him in way,' cf. pro Cluent. 8 63, pro Deiot. the case,’ ‘juniors.' cf. div. in Caecil. $ 40, misericordia occurrere solet ipsa $ 51, non esse hos tales viros commis, supplicibus et calamitosis.

suros, ut ad causam tantam, a me xxiv. sed tamen] resumes from susceptam, mihi creditam, quisquam illa plaga etc. above, after the re- subscriptor me invito aspirare possit. marks de qua......sapientiae put in obscuriores] H. in ed. 1872 gives parenthetically.

the above reading of this corrupt adduxisti] 'in having

passage, and it seems the best. But brought'...cf. Madv. $ 358 obs. 2. for this use of obscuriores I can find 49. inquirere] cf. § 45.

no parallel. § 16 seems nearest. observationes] sc. of your rivals, indicibus] cf. pro Sest. $ 95. by agents for your own, to see that militum] hopes of the turbulent nothing is done in violation of the

soldiery (?), cf. Sallust Catil. 16, law, cf. pro Rosc. Am. § 22, auct. Cic. in Catil. II. SS 5, 21. petit. cons. $ 55, fac se ut abs te cus- circumfluente] This reading, from todiri atque observari sciant. Z. MS. Lag. 9 and two others, is, I

testificationes] the getting together believe rightly, followed by Z. Sorof of depositions in proof of illegal prefers exercitum to ablative. If the practices, cf. II in Verr. V. SS 101 vulgate circumfluentem exercitu be -103

kept, cf. Lael. $ 52. seductiones] sc. taking them aside colonorum] Sulla's veterans, setand talking anxiously to them, tled by him at Arretium and Fae“whisperings to witnesses,' cf. Per- sulae; their extravagance had resius, II. 4, V. 143, VI. 42, paullum a duced them to poverty and debt. turba seductior audi.

cf. in Catil. II. § 20, Sallust Catil. secessiones] going aside together 28.

cum

quam turbam dissimillimo ex genere distinguebant homines perculsi Sullani temporis calamitate. vultus ipsius erat plenus furoris, oculi sceleris, sermo adrogantiae, sic ut ei iam expla ratus et domi conditus consulatus videretur. Murenam con

temnebat, Sulpicium accusatorem suum numerabat, non com50 petitorem; ei vim denuntiabat, rei publicae minabatur. XXV.

quibus rebus qui timor bonis omnibus iniectus sit quantaque desperatio rei publicae, si ille factus esset, nolite a me commoneri velle : vosmet ipsi vobiscum recordamini. meministis enim, cum illius nefarii gladiatoris voces percrebruissent, quas habuisse in contione domestica dicebatur, cum miserorum fidelem defensorem negasset inveniri posse, nisi eum qui ipse miser esset; integrorum et fortunatorum promissis saucios et miseros credere non oportere: quare qui consumpta replere, erepta recuperare vellent, spectarent, quid ipse deberet, quid possideret, quid auderet : minime timidum et valde calamito

sum esse oportere eum, qui esset futurus dux et signifer calami51 tosorum :-tum igitur, his rebus auditis, meministis fieri senatus

consultum referente me, ne postero die comitia haberentur, ut

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dissimillimo ex genere] epithet of quam turbam. 'A most motley crowd.' turbam refers to all his previously mentioned comrades.

distinguebant] gave a further variety to. As we say 'picked out with white' of a carriage, etc. so distinguere orationem, de Orat. II. § 36. retia maculis distincta, 'where the empty mesh sets off the rope, Ov. Her. V. 19. “Thrown into relief as a whole by the presence of men stricken with the general ruin of Sulla’s Reign of Terror.'

homines] relics of the Marian party, having nothing in common with the rest of Catiline's supporters save impoverishment and readiness for violence.

calamitate] cf. pro Caec. $ 95, ut nihil de illo tempore, nihil de calamitate reipublicae querar.

exploratus] 'assured,' as usual in Cicero.

domi conditus] A strong figure. In safe keeping at his house, under

lock and key.' Z. cf. II in Verr. II. $ 5.

numerabat) so ad Att. VII. 1 $ 3, me uterque numerat suum.

ei] sc. Sulpicio.

xxv. 50. factus] so factus and fiant, $ 18.

nolite velle] not rare, but remark. able, cf. pro Caelio $ 79, pro Balbo $ 64, Phil. vii. $ 25. H. well points out that ne volueritis seems to be avoided. vosmet ipsi etc. cf. Phil. II. § 1.

meministis] It is caught up and the object expressed (fieri s. c.) in the next section.

contione] in 63 B.C. That given by Sall. Cat. 20 was in 64. Z.

integrorum] opposed to saucios.

replere] sc. Sulla’s veterans. cuperare, the Marian party. H.

quid ipse deberet] 'the debts af himself, their ringleader.'

51. senatus consultum] on a. d. XII. Kal. Nov. (Oct. 20), in Catil. 1. $ 7.

re

de his rebus in senatu agere possemus. itaque postridie frequenti senatu Catilinam excitavi atque eum de his rebus iussi, si quid vellet, quae ad me adlatae essent, dicere. atque ille, at semper fuit apertissimus, non se purgavit, sed indicavit atque induit.

tum enim dixit duo corpora esse rei publicae, unum debile, infirmo capite, alterum firmum, sine capite : huic, si ita de se meritum esset, caput se vivo non defuturum. congemuit senatus frequens neque tamen satis severe pro rei indignitate decrevit; nam partim ideo fortes in decernendo non erant, quia nihil timebant, partim, quia timebant. tum erupit e senatu triumphans gaudio, quem omnino vivum illinc exire non oportuerat, praesertim cum idem ille in eodem ordine paucis diebus ante Catoni, fortissimo viro, iudicium minitanti ac denuntianti respondisset, si quod esset in suas fortunas incendium excitatum, id se non aqua, sed ruina restincturum. XXVI. his tum rebus commotus, et quod cum 52 gladiis in campum deduci Catilinam sciebam, descendi cum firmissimo praesidio fortissimorum virorum et cum illa lata insignique lorica, non quae me tegeret-etenim sciebam Catilinam non latus aut ventrem, sed caput et collum solere peterem, verum ut omnes boni animadverterent, et, cum in

xxvi. 52.

apertissimus) in bad sense, 'unabashed as ever,' cf. Phil. 11. § 111, disertissimum cognovi avum tuum, at te etiam apertiorem in dicendo.

induit] sc. in laqueos. 2. cf. II in Verr. v. $ 73, at quemadmodum ipse se induit priore actione! § 166, sua confessione induatur ac iuguletur necesse est.

unum] the senatorial party. infirmo capite, sc. the consuls, and in particular Cicero. alterum, the 'people's party,' or 'opposition.'

decrevit] what, we know not. Cicero seems to have desired the early bestowal of the power of life and death by the decree videant consules etc., cf. on $ 6. This was not done until Manlius had raised the standard of revolt in Etruria. Sall. Cat. 29.

nihil timebant) i.e. they thought the danger exaggerated. timebant,

were nervous, and hence irresolute.

erupit] cf, in Catil. 11. § 1, abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit.

in eodem ordine] in the Senate.

restincturum] so Sall. Cat. 31 fin., incendium meum ruina restinguam.

cum gladiis] ‘sword in hand.' cf. Phil. 11. $ 112, cur homi. nes omnium gentium maxime bar. baros, Ityraeos, cum sagittis deducis in forum?

descendis for fact cf. in Catil. 1. $11. insigni] 'conspicuous.'

lorica] for Cicero's breastplate on this occasion cf. Plut. Cic. 14. Dion Cassius, XXXVII. 29.

caput et collum] He has already called him gladiator, $ 50.

animadverterent] Plutarch says that he shifted his tunic, so as to shew the breastplate, του δε θώρακος. επιτηδες υπέφαινε τι,

metu et periculo consulem viderent, id quod est factum, ad opem praesidiumque concurrerent. itaque cum te, Servi, remissiorem in petendo putarent, Catilinam et spe et cupiditate

inflammatum viderent, omnes, qui illam ab re publica pestem 53 depellere cupiebant, ad Murenam se statim contulerunt. magna

est autem comitiis consularibus repentina voluntatum inclinatio, praesertim cum incubuit ad virum bonum et multis aliis adiumentis petitionis ornatum. qui cum honestissimo patre atque maioribus, modestissima adulescentia, clarissima legatione, praetura probata in iure, grata in munere, ornata in provincia, petisset diligenter et ita petisset, ut neque minanti cederet neque cuiquam minaretur, huic mirandum est magno adiumento

Catilinae subitam spem consulatus adipiscendi fuisse ? 54 nunc mihi tertius ille locus est reliquus orationis, de ambi

tus criminibus, perpurgatus ab his, qui ante me dixerunt, a me, quoniam ita Murena voluit, retractandus: quo in loco C. Postumo, familiari meo, ornatissimo viro, de divisorum indiciis et de deprehensis pecuniis, adulescenti ingenioso et bono, Ser. Sulpicio, de equitum centuriis, M. Catoni, homini in omni virtute excellenti, de ipsius accusatione, de senatus

consulto, de re publica respondebo. 55 XXVII. sed pauca, quae meum animum repente moverunt, prius de L. Murenae fortuna conquerar.

cum saepe 53., magna est] has great weight $ 163, Scaevolae dicendi elegantia, etc. =multum valet.

54. locus] the third head. cf. praesertim cum] cf. on 44. $11.

incubuit ad] has lent its force to. perpurgatus] cleared up,' with cf. $ 59, incumbenti ad eius perniciem, a side allusion to exculpating Mu. ad Att. I. 19. 4, ad voluntatem per- rena. T. well cf. de Div. II. § 2, ferendae legis incubuerat.

per purgatus est is locus a nobis quinaliis] besides his being good.

a me, not mihi, for uniThe adiumenta are set forth shortly formity, as in pro Planc. $ 8. in the next sentence.

de equitum centuriis] cf. on $ 73. in iure] $ 41. in munere, SS 37, de senatus consulto] $ 67. 38. in provincia, $ 42.

de re publica) concerning our coun. et ita petisset] cf. de imp. Gn. try's interests, in $$ 74 foll. or with Pomp. $ 10, dicam alio loco et ita H. 'the political situation.' dicam.

xxvii. 55. cum iudicarem,...tum minanti] a hit at Sulpicius' threats sum adfectus] the former verb in the of prosecuting him.

subj. to express a comparison be. minaretur) as Sulpicius did, and tween the general and particular lost himself many votes. H.

Madv. § 358 obs. 3. cf. de Catilinaeconsulatus] so Brutus Nat. D. 1. § 1.

nam

que libris.

case.

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