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1637. King James had made in that Na- duced to a precarious Use of the

tion, for, the better Regulation of English Seas.
that Church, both as to the Go A. D. 1637, Mr. Prya, Dr. Baft-
vernment and Worship of it. Which wick, and Mr. Burton, a Lawyer,
A&t coo many finister Persons op- Phisician, and Divine, for writing
posed, because it favoured of elta- against Episcopacy and Bishops,
blishing Episcopacy.

were sentenced to pay 5,000 l. to Oktober the 13th was James Duke the King, to lose their Éars in the of York born. The Book for tole- Pillory, which they did, and then rating Sports on the Lord's-Days, were sent into Banishment, or refirst published by King James, was mote Confinement. Dr. Williams now ratified, which greatly distalled Bishop of Lincoln was fined, and the Puritannical Party, and many suspended from his Ofices and Episcopalians also.

Benefits, and imprisoned, for onA. D. 1634, the English Coalls derhandly fomenting popular Dil

. being infefted with Pickeroons, affections, and venting some difTurks, and Dunkirk Pirates, and the honourable Speeches concerning the Fishing usurped by the Hollanders, King. on the King's Dominions, in the Now about these Times many of narrow Seas, and the Exchequer not those called Puritans, by reason of being able to furnish out a Fleet the severe Proceedings againit them, fufficient for the repreffing these passed over into New England, and Incroachers, his Majesty hereupon there seated themselves; others inconsults his Attorney-General Noy, to Holland. what might be done herein ; Noy July 13. While the Dean in his acquaints him with ancient Prece. Sacerdotal Habiliments was reading dents of raising a Tax upon the Na- a new composed Liturgy, in sc

. tion, for setting forth a Fleet in Giles's Church at Edinburgh, the case of Danger, and affures him of common People, both men and the Legality of the way in proceed- Women, flung Cudgels, Stones, ing by Wrics to that Effect; which Stools, or any Thing that came Counsel being embraced, there were next Hand, at him; and after that Writs directed to the several Coun- was done, reinforced their Afsaules ties, for such a Contribution, as upon the Bishop then present. Nor might in the whole build, furnish, was it the Rabble only, that were and maintain 47 Ships for the Safety disaffected to the Church Liturgy of the Kingdom ; but this Tax was and Discipline, but Persons of all by many difrelished, and censured Degrees and Orders, who mutually as a Breach of the Civil Liberties, obliged themselves, and the Sesttiji and to be against Law, because not Nation, in a Hellith Covenant, to laid by Parliament ; and Mr. John extirpate Episcopacy, and to defend Hampden and others refused to each other againit all Persons. To pay this Ship-Money, standing it to reduce this people to a more peacea Tryal of Law; against whom fe- ful Practice, the King sent Marquis ver::) of the Judges, to whom the Hamilton as his Commissioner ; but King had referred the Cause, gave he secretly encouraged the Cove Judgment, Hutton and Crook ex

nanters, directing by his Counsels cepted.

the firít Motions of those his De The Pirates were curbed by the pendants, the Lords Traquaire and King's Fleet, and the Hollanders re: Roxborough. All his Allies were of

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the Covenanting Party. 'Tis also calls a Parliament in England to 1639. faid, that his Mother rid armed fit April the 13th, 1640, and anowith Pistols at her Saddle-bow for ther in Ireland. The Irish Parlia-William the Defence of the Covenant; and ment granted Money to raise and Laud, his Actings such, that new Seeds pay, 8,000 Men in Arms, and to A. B. of of Discontents and War furnish them with Ammunition ; Cant, daily fown ; so that to pacify the but the Engliße Parliament were Discontents of the Scots, his Maje. not so free in granting Supplies fty at length gave Order for revo- against the Scots, although the King king the Li’urgy, the High Com. promised them for ever to quit his milion, the Book of Canons, and Claim of Ship-Money, and give Sathe Five Articles of Perth made by tisfaction to their jult Demands, if King James ; also granted, ihat a now they would supply him. Geesal Assembly of the Kirk should When his Majesty sent old Sir be holden at Glascow, Nov. 21, Henry Vane unto them to demand 1638, and a Parliament at Edin. fix Subsidies, he either purposely barsh the 15th of May, 1639. or accidentally (the first is rather

When the Assembly were met, thought ) nained Twelve, which they fell to declare against Biiheps, put the Commons into such a to excommunicate them and their Heat, that they were about to reAdherents, and to abolish Episco- monstrate against the War with pacy; and the Covenanters were Scotland. Whereupon the King allo so daring, that they seized up was forced to dissolve the Parliaon the King's Revenue, surprized ment May the 5th, 1640. Howbeit his Forts and Castles, and at lait he continued the Convocation of put themselves in Arms ; Cardinal the Clergy which granted him Richelieu of France heighining hem, Four Shillings in the Pound for 'cis faid, in their factious Procced- all their Ecclefiaftical Promotions. ings, by promising them Aliitance Soon after this, a Tum :lt was stirr'd from the French King.

up against the Bishop of Canterbury, King Charles now well perceiv. infomuch that a great Number of ing that his Clemency to the Scots Apprentices and vulgar Persons afwas conver:ed to his own Prejudice, faulted his House at Lambeth, some raised a gallant Army, with which of whom being apprehended and he marched_to Berwick, within imprisoned, were by their CompaSight of the Rebel Scots ; but they nions rescued out of Prison ; for petitioning for a Pacification, the which one of the Ringleaders was King yielded thereunto.

hanged and quartered. 1. D. 1639, June 17, the The People were much King disbanded his Army, expect- dissatisfied, because some obsolete ing that the Scots would have done things were revived and severely inthe like, according to the Articl:s forced by some Ecclesiasticks (the agreed on ; but the Covenanters, Popularity call'd them Introductions initead of keeping these Articles, to Popery ) as the Railing in of the retained their" Officers in Pay, Communion-Table, and raising of changed the old Form of holding Steps to it, &c. It hath been the Parliaments, invaded the Preroga- Opinion of some, reputed of good tives of the Crown, and follicited Judgment, that if moderate Bishop ihe French King for an Aid of Alen juxon had been in these times Priand Money. His Majesty hereupon mie of all England, this Kingdom


A. D. had not been made fo unhappy by a himself wholly upon his English 1640. Civil War, as it was.

Subjects, that he would satisfy all Now whilft these things were their just Grievances ; then coma@ing at Home, the turbulent Scots mended to their Care, the chasing had entred England, and defeated out of the saucy Scots, making Proa Part of the King's Army before vision for his own Army, and relievthe whole could be imbodied, and ing the oppressed Northern Counhad gained Newcastle and Durham. ties. But the Parliament, instead of And no sooner was his Majelly complying with their Sovereign in come to his Army in the North, his just Propofals, first fet upon but there followed him from some purging their House of such whom English Lords, a Petition confor- they thought would not comply mable to the Scots Remonftrance, with their Designs ; finding Fault which they called the Intentions of either with their Ele&ions, or else the Army (viz. ) not to lay down making them Criminals in some Arms till the Reformed Religion publick Grievance ; then fettled (meaning Scotch Presbytery) was Committees for Grievances, and settled in both Nations; and the receiving Petitions, voted down MoCausers and Abettors of their pre- nopolies, impeached the Lord Wentsent Troubles were brought to worth Earl of Strafford of High publick Justice, and that in Parlia- Treason, and committed him to the ment. The King therefore fum- Black-Rod ; committed Archbishop mons the Lords to appear at York, Laud likewise to the Black. Rod, September the 24th," 1640, who and Ten Weeks after voted him accordingly met, where it was de- Guilty of High Treason, and sent termined that a Parliament should him to the Tower. In the mean be called to meet November the while Pryn, Burton, and Baftwirt 3d following ; then a Treaty was were freed from their Confinement, agreed upon betwixt the English and conducted into London in great and Scorch for the ceafing of all State and Triumph. Acts of Hoftility ; and one of the Sir Francis Windetank, Secretary Articles was, That the Contributi- of State, fearing to be called to an on of 850 l. per Diem, should be Account by the Parliament, for reraised out of the English Northern prieving Jésuits and Prielts, fled in Coun:ies, to maintain the Scotch to France. The Lord-Keeper Find Army during the Treaty, and till failed over into Holland. Peace was secured.

Alderman Penington, with some A. D. 1640, the fatal long Hundreds attending him, presented Parliament began November the 3d, to the Commons a Petition from the which Day, 'tis said, was looked Citizens of London againft the pre upon by the Archbishop of Canter. fent Church-Government. Divers bury as an unlucky Day for meet- Petitions from other Places came ing of Parliaments in Reference to before them of the like Nature. Church Affairs, having proved so And now the Parliament, well re in the Time of King Henry VIII. ceiving their own Strength ard Whereupon he advised the King to Intereit, drew up a BiH for Trien put off their fitting to another Day; nial Parliaments ; wherein the which his Majesty inclined not un- Power of calling that great Coun, to, but at their meeting acquainted cil of the Nation was, upon Retusa! them that he was relolved' to put of the King, and Neglect of others


devolved upon Constables. This vernment of the Realms, and for 1640. the King through their Importuni- exercising a tyrannous and exorbities granted unto them. February tant Power over the Liberties and the 16th the Parliament voted, That Estates of his Majesty's Subjects ; no Bishop should have any Vote in and for having by his own AuthoParliament, nor any Judicial Power rity commanded the laying and in the Star-chamber Court, nor have assessing of Soldiers upon his Maany Sway in temporal Affairs; and jesty's Subjects in Ireland. And that no Clergyman hould be in also for that, upon the DissolutiCommission of Peace. The Pope's on of the last Parliament, he did Nuncio Rosetti, who was here in lander the House of Commons to England to preserve Corresponden- bis Majesty, and did advise his cies between the Queen and the Majesty that he was loosed and abKey-keeper of Purgatory, was sent solved from Rules of Government, away to Rome. And after about and that he had an Army in Irefive Months from their Sitting, the land which he might employ to reEarl of Strafford, Lord Deputy of duce the Kingdom. And that the Ireland, was brought to his Tryal, said Earl had been an Incendiary in Weftminster-hall, before the Lords of the Wars betwixt England and as his Judges: The King, Queen, Scotland, &c. and Prince ficting behind a Curtain May 1, his Majesty called both in an adjoining Gallery, and round Houses together, and told them, about the Court stood the Com- that he had been present at the mons his Accusers, and the Wit- hearing of the great Cause, and nesses against him were English and that in his Conscience positively he Scotch Anti-Episcopalians, and Irish could not condemn the Earl of Papifls. His Charge consisted of 28 Treason, and yet could not clear Articles; to all which he answered him of Misdemeanours ; but hoped with such firm Reasons, that he a Way might be found out to satisfy could not be found guilty of Trea- Justice and their Fears, without opfon, either in Particulars, or in the pressing his Conscience. Whole. The Parliament therefore May 2, the Prince of Orange resolved (for right or wrong this was married to the Princess Mary at wise Man must fall) to proceed a- Whitehall. gaink him by Bill of Attainder, and May 3, there came a seditious upon April the 19th, by making a Rabble of about 5 or 6000 of Law after the Fact, vote him guilty the Dregs of the People, armed of High Treason ; yet withal add a with Staves, Cudgels, and other Caution for the Security of them.. Instruments of Outrage, to the felves, that it should not be drawn Parliament. Doors, clamouring 7uinto a Precedent. Which Vote of fice, Juftice; and potted upon theirs passed not without a long Gate of Wefminler a Catalogue of Debace and Contention, and 59 of the Names of those that would have the Members honestly diffented from acquitted the Earl, whom they ftythe Vote, whose Names were after. led Straffordians. Then at the Doors wards posted and marked for the of the House of Peers, they affrontFury of the Rabble. In the Billed some of the Lords, especially of Attainder, the Earl was charged the Bishops, at their passing in and for endeavouring to subvert the an out; after this they forced open the cient fundamental Laws and Go. Abby-Church, where they broke


O 3

1641. down the Organs, spoiled the Vest- nuation of the Parliament during

ments and Ornaments of Worship. the Pleasure of the two Houses.
From thence they hurried to the May 12, 1641, was the Eail of
Cout, and there moft impudently Stratford strongly guarded to Tower.
and traiterously cried out, That hill, and there, with Courage be-
they would have Strafford's Head, seeming a Chriftian, he fuffered the
or a better ; upbraiding the King fevering of his Head from his Body.
himself ( who persuaded them, as The Death of which great and able
they passed by, to a modest Care of Minister of State did so terrify the
their own private Affairs) with an o:her Ministers of State, that many
Unfitness to reign; and when fome of them made a voluntary Refigna.
Juftices of the Peace, according to tion of their Offices. At the Requeft
their Office, endeavoured to sup- of the House of Commons, the King
press those Tumults, by imprison- for Peace Sake, relinquished his
ing some of the Leaders of them, Claim of Tonnage and Poundage,
they themselves were imprisoned and yielded to sign the Bills for ta-
by the Command of the Commons, king away of the High Commission
upon Pretext of an Injury offered and Star-Chamber Courrs,
to the Liberties of the Subjects ; Ofcber 12, the Natives, or
one of which was ( as they then Wild Irish, began a molt bloody
dietated ) that every one might safe. Rebellion throughout the whole
ly petition the Parliament ; how. Kingdom of Ireland, on a sudden
beit afterwards they acted quite invading the unprovided English
contrary to such whose Petitions that were scattered amongst them,
were too honest to please them. despoiling them of their Goods, and
But notwithstanding these tumul- maifacring 200,000 of them, with
tuous Inforcements, his Majesty out any respect of Sex, Age, Kin-
would not fign the Bill of Attain- dred, or Friendfhip, making them
der, till he had consulted both with


Sacrifices to their bloody the Judges, as to Matter of Law, Saperstition, the Popish Religion. and the Bishops, as to Matter of The chief Heads of ihis Rebellion Conscience. When the Judges told and Massacre ( beside the Priets his Majesty, that in point of Law were Sir Phelin O-Neal, surtouch (according to the Oath made by 0- Neal his Brother, Rouy Mix:* Sir Henry Vane, of the Eari's Ad Guire, Pbilip O-Rely, Meelmurry Ovice to raise Horse to awe this Na- Rely, Sir Conna Mac-Gennis, Mattion) the Earl was Guilty of Trea- Brian, and Mac-Mahon. His Mason ; 'tis faid, an eminent Bishop jesty then in Scotlard, having Indid answer the King, that he had telligence of the dismal Fate of tte a Conscience as a private Man, ard English in Ireland, fent Post to the as a publick; and though by his Parliament of England to have them private Conscience he could not yield send Reliefs thither ; but Differences to the Eari's Death, yet by his pub- ftill heightning betwixt the King lick ( confidering the present State and his Parliament, Succours were of Things) he might.

not seasonably fent, by which the May 10, with much Reluctancy Rebels much itrengthned themselves

, the King signed a Commiflion to At the King's Return from Scotland, some Lords to pass the Bill of At the Parliament presented him with tainder, and another of ill Conse. a Petition for taking away the Vores quence also, which was for Conti. of Bishops in the House of Lords,

as so

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