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1643.

II. That he would leave Delin. X. As the 18th Proposition of the quents to a legal Tryal, and Judg. 19 Propositions. ment of Parliament.

XI. That the Royal Assent be III. That the Papifts may not given unto such Ads as shall be only be disbanded, but disarmed ac. advised by Parliament, for satisfying cording to Law.

the Debts wherein the Parliament IV. That his Majesty would be had engaged the Publick Faith of pleased to give his Royal Affent the Kingdom. unto the Bill for taking away su XII. The same with the 17th of perllitious Innovations, to the Bill the 19 Propositions. for the utter abolishing and taking XIII. As the 14th Proposition of away of all Archbishops, Bishops, the 19 Propofitions. their Chancellors and Commissa XIV. The same with the oth ries, &c. to the Bill against scan- Proposition of the 19 Propofitidalous Ministers, to the Bill against ons sent to the King, June 21, Pluralities, &C.

1641. But this Treaty became V, That his Majesty would be fruitless. pleased, for the better Discovery and A. D. 1643, in the Beginning speedier Conviction of Recusants, of the Spring the Queen returned that an Oath might be established by into England, bringing with her Act of Parliament, to be administred considerable Supplies of Men, in such Manner as by both Houses Money and Ammunition out of should be agreed on, wherein they France ; and that Year his Majesty Thall abjure and renounce, the Pope's became Master of the North and Supremacy, Doctrine of Tranfub- West, some few Garrisons exceptItantiation, Purgatory, &c.

ed. July 5, Sir Ralpb Het VI. That the Earl of Bristol be with his Cavaliers routed Sir Hz. removed from his Majesty's Coun- liam Waller at Lansdown cils, and that both he and the Lord Bath; and July 15, he again deHerbert, eldest Son to the Earl of feated him at Roundway-bill by the Worcester, may likewise be reftrain- Devizes, killing many Hundreds ed from coming within the Verge on the Place, and taking many of the Court, &c.

more Prisoners. Bristol and Exeter VII. That the Militia both by were yielded to those two marial Sea and Lard, and the Forts and Princes Rupert and Maurice, Sors Ports of the Kingdom, be settled in of Frederick Prince Palacine of the such a Manner as should be agreed Rhine and Elizabeth his Wife, Sil. on by both Houses, Esc.

ter to King Charles I.

Glow in vill. That his Majefly would the King besieged with a brave be pleased by his Letters to make Army; and the Besieged, under their Sir John Bramion Chief Justice of Colonel Edward Masley, defended the King's. Berck, and Mr. Serjeant themselves with great Bravery, ull Rells, and Mr. Serjeant Atkins, Ju- the Earl of Esex came with an ftices of the King's-Bench, &c. Army, and railed the Siege. From

IX. That all such Persons as this Siege the two Armies marched have been put out of the Commission within few Miles of each the oof Peace, &c. fince the first Day of ther without any Engagement (lave April (other than such as were put a little Skirmish by Alborne Chace) out by the Desire of the Parliament) till they came to Newbury, where may again be put into chose Com- a sore Battle was fought. On the miflions, s.

near

King

King's Part were slain the Earls of make Discovery of all Incendiaries, 1644. Carnarven and Sunderland, and the malignant or evil Instruments, di un

learned Lord Faulkland ; Efex loft viding the King from his people, ! many of his Officers.

to maintain a firm Peace betwixt January 22, Those loyal Mem. the Confederate Nations of England bers of Parliament who dissented and Scotland, to assist and defend all · from them at Westminster, met at those that enter into this Solemn Oxford by the King's Summons; League and Covenant, in the mainof these, besides the Prince and taining and pursuing thereof, to enDuke of York, the Lord-Keeper deavour the amending of their Lives, Listleton, Treasurer Cotrington, Duke and each one to go before another of Ricbmond, and Marquis of Hert- in the Example of real Reformation, ford, there were nineteen Earls and that the Lord might turn away his as many Lords, and One hundred Wrath and heavy Indignation, and and seventeen Knights and Gentle- establish these Churches and King. men. Other loyal Lords, Knights, doms in Truth and Peace. All the and Gentlemen, Members of Par. Parliament's Pretence in raising liament, were at this Time employ- Arms was Reformation, for the Deed in the King's Service in divers fence of the King's Person, to rescue Places of the Nation.

him from his evil Council, and to In this Month and Year the make him a glorious King ; which Scotch Army, under the Conduct of at length they did when they deprithe Earl of Leven, entred England ved him of his natural Life. for the Parliament, being about A. D. 1644, Sir William Waller 18,000 Foot, and 2000 Horse. defeated Sir Ralph Hopten about

About this time was loyal New. Brandon-Heath. "The Lord Fairfax ark besieged by Sir John Meldrum: and his Son Sir Thomas took divers bur by Prince Rupert's coming it of the King's Garrisons in the North. was relieved, and the Parliamenta- Prince Rupert raised the Siege of rians forced to march away after Latham House, which Garrison had great Loffes, on such Conditions as been defended the Space of about the Prince would grant them. eighteen Weeks, by that loyal and

This Year, upon a Cessation of magnanimous Lady the Countess of Arms in Ireland, some Forces came Derby. June 29, the King's Forces over to the King's Alistance. gave a great Defeat to Waller's Army

This Year also that Rebellious at Cropely. Bridge. And presently Thing called a Parliament, met at after this the King drove the Earl Wetminster, and their Adherents, and of Esex up into Cornwall; but the fome, to save themselves from Pu- Earl deserted his Army, passing by nishment, took the Scottish Solemn Water to Plymouth; and his Horse League and Covenant, with Hands taking the Advantage of a dark lifted up to the most high God, Night, escaped, leaving the Foot swearing to endeavour the Preser- to thift how they could, who capi. vation of the Reformed Religion, tulated for their Lives, leaving their the Extirpation of Popery and Pre. Arms, Cannon, Ammunition, and lacy, to preserve the Rights and Baggage to the King's Disposal. Privileges of Parliament, and Li- Then Ilferdcome, Barnstaple, and berties of the Kingdom, and to de- Saltas yielded to the King, whe fend and preserve the King's Ma- now victoriously marched towards jefty's Person and Au:hority, to London.

July

1644. Fuly the 3d, was a great Fight Oxford, with some Additional; as, mat Marfion-moore, where the Parlia- That his Majesty, according to the

ment Army obtained a very con- laudable Example of his Royal fiderable Victory. And October the Father, of happy Memory, would 27th, Efix, Waller, and the Earl be pleased to twear and sign the of Manchefiér, met the King as he late Solemn League and Covenant, came out of the West at Newbury, and that an Ad of Parliament be where a sharp Battle was fougbt, passed in both Kingdoms respec. and the King's Party forced out of tively, for enjoyning the taking of the Field.

the fame, by all the Subjects of the In November, Mack Mahon, an I- three Kingdoms ; That the Persons rish Rebel, was hang'd aud quarter- who shall expect no Pardon, be on ed at Tyburn. And December 23, ly these following, Rupert and Sir Alexander Carew was beheaded Maurice, Sons of the Count Palatine on Tower. Hill, for attempting to of the Rhine, James Earl of Derbs, give up the Island of Plymouth to John Earl of Bristol, William Earl the King's Forces.

of Newcastle, Francis Lord CotJanuary the ist, Hotham the Son, tington, John Lord Pawlet, Geerse and January the ad, Hotham the Lord Digby, Edward Lord Lille Father, were beheaded on Tower. ton, Matthew Wren Bifhop of Ely, Hill, for designing to betray Hull Sir Robert Heath, Dr. Bramell to the Royalills, and for other Trea- Bishop of Derry, Sir John Biron, cheries.

William Widdrington, Colonel George William Laud, Archbishop of Goring, Henry Germin, Elg: Sir Canterbury, having been voted guil. Ralph Hopron, Sir Francis Doddingty of High Treason by the House ton, Mr. Endymion Porter, Sir Geerge of Commons, and condemned by Ratcliffe, Sir Marmaduke Langdale

, the House of Peers to be drawn, Sir Henry Vaughan, Sir Francis Hirhanged, and quartered, (though debanke, Sir Ricbard Grecxvil, upon his Petition they changed Mr. Edward Hyde, Sir Jobr Mar the Manner of his Execution ) was ley, Sir Nicholas Cole, Sir Thomas brought to the Scaffold on Tower. Riddle, jun. Colonel Ware, Sir Hill, January 10, where he preach. John Strangeraies, Sir John Czife. ed his last Sermon, taking for his per, Sir Richard Floyd, Jabr Bos Text Hebr. xiii. 2. So yielding vile, Esq; Mr. David Jenkins, Su his Neck to the Stroke of the Ex- George Strode, Marquis of Huntley

, ecutioner. The Charge against him Earl of Montrose, Earl of Niddel was, endeavouring to subvert the dale, Earl of Traquair, Earl of CarrLaws, Religion, and Privileges of warb, with some other Scotcb Lords Parliament.

and Gentlemen (named). January 30. By his Majesty's 2. All Papifts and Popith RecuProcurement, Tieaty was held sants who have been, now are, er at Uxbridge, where the Parliament's shall be actually in Arms, or volun. Demands were, That Episcopacy tarily aslifting against the Parliament

, might be extirpated, that Presby- or Lltates of either Kingdom. tery might be eitablished, and that 3. All Persons who have had any the King Mould yield up the Mili- Hand in the Plotting, Defigoing, tia solely unto the Parliament's Dif or Aflifting the Rebcllion in lice posal, &c. as in the 19 Propofi- land. tions, and those in the Treaty at This Treaty also proved frui:lefs,

February

February 20, the Lord Mar Guyer, Battle, Cromwell the Right Wing, 1645. another of the Grand Irifto Rebels, and Ireton the Left. Prince Ru was executed at Tyburn.

pert charged that Wing comman. About this Time was the Parlia- ded by Ireton so home, that he difment's Army new modell’d. The ordered it, taking Ireton Prisoner ; Earl of Elex and the other Com- and for a while he followed the manders, who were Parliament Men Parliamentarians towards Naseby, but ( Oliver Cromwell was excepted ) in the Interim Cromwell worited were by the Self-denying Ordinance the King's Right Wing, and then (lately made) to attend in Parlia. came in to Fairfax's Asistance, meni, in whose Stead others and who together charged upon the more active Persons were appointed. King's main Body; and they, no Şir Tbomas Fairfax was constituted longer able to stand it out, retreated Captain General, Oliver Cromwell out of the Field leaving a com. (then the Sectaries Darling ) was pleat Victory to the disloyal Party, made Lieutenant General, Henry who pursued them within (wo Ireton Commissary General, &c. Miles of Leicester, killing in their After which Model the King's Af- Way, many Women that had folfairs of the Nation began fatally to lowed the Cavaliers Camp. On the decline.

Parliament's Side were wounded 4. D. 1645, his Majesty drew and flain above 1,000. On the his Army out of Oxford, in order King's Side were slain 20 Knights, to relieve his Northern Counties Colonels, and Officers of Note, and and Garrisons ; but after he had 600 private Soldiers ; and of Priflormed and taken Leicester, in his soners were taken 6 Colonels, 8 Way he was called back to secure Lieutenant-Colonels, 18 Majors, 70 Oxford, which the Parliament Ar- Captains, with many other Officers, my threatned with a Siege. This 4,500 common Soldiers, 13 of the · while Sir Thomas Fairfax had in- King's Houshold Servants, 12 Pieces tercepted a Letter of the Lord Go- of Ordnance, 8,000 Arms, 40 Barring's to the King, wherein that rels of Powder, 200 Carriages, loyal Subject had desired of his store of rich Pillage, 3,000 Horses, Majesty to forbear engaging with the King's Standard, one of his the Enemy, till he could be joyned Coaches, his Cabinet of Letters, with him. Hereupon Fairfax left which the Parliameat caused to be his Siege before Oxford, and made made publick. dire&tly towards the King with a April 16, Leicester was yielded Parpose to fight him before that up to Sir Thomas Fairfax, which Addition of Strength should come accomplished, he marched into the in. And at a Place near Naseby Weft to relieve Taunton, then be. in Northamptonshire, both Armies sieged by the Royal Party. AC met on Saturday, June 14, 1645. Langport' he discomfited the Lord His Majesty commanded the main Goring's Forces, taking 1,400 PriBody, Prince Rupert and Prince foners. Then Bridgewater and Maurice the Right Wing, Sir Mar- Batb yielded to him. Then he maduke Lang da!e the Left, the Lord besieged Sherbourn Castie, and sent Ably the Right Hand Reserve, and Cromwell to fuppress the Wilts and Sis George Lijle the Left. Of the Darfetfire Clubmen, affociated aParliament Army Fairfax and Skip bout Shaftsbury, which he did ; ter had the ordering of the main killing fome, taking others, and

difperfing

1646. dispersing the rest. These Club- pair to the King, Queen, Prince,

men declared themselves Neutrals, or Malignant Lords and Commanpretending only to secure their own ders ; for Malignant was a Term Properties. August 15, Sherbourn applied by the Parliamentarians to Castle was surrendred upon Promise the King's loyal Subjects. And of Quarter

now his Majesty was reduced into At Rowton Heath, near Chester, a very low Condition. His Forces Colonel Pozns worfted his Majesty's beaten out of the field in all Places, Forces.

and his Garrisons surrendred und In Yorkshire Colonel Robert Lil. taken daily, as St. Michael's Mount, bourn routed the Royalists comman Ruther Castle, Woodfock, Excefter, ded, by the Lord Digby, and Sir and Barnstaple; and General Fairfax Marmaduke Langdale. Colonel approaching to besiege Oxford, the Birch and Colonel Morgan, by a King, upon Thoughts of providing Stratagem took Hereford for the for himself, went in Disguise to the Parliament. At Bovey-tracey, Oli- Scorch Camp that was then before ver Cromwell surprized the Lord Newark, May the 4th. The Scotch Wentworth, took three Regiments, Officers engaging to secure both dispersing two others. Fairfax took him and as many of his Party as Dartmouth, defeated the Lord Hop- should seek for Shelter with them, ton at Torrington, and immediately and to stand to him with their alter blocks him up at Truro, in- Lives and Fortunes. But upon his forcing him to disband his Army. Majesty's Departure from Oxford, March 21, Jacob Lord Ashly was divers of the Noblemen, as if they routed at Stow in the Wold, by Sir had been deserted by the King, yieldWilliam Brereton and Colonel Moro ed themselves to Fairfax. And gan. The loyal Lord himself was June 24, the most loyal University taken Prisoner, with 1500 others. and City of Oxford was surrendred Many of the King's Garrisons fell upon honourable Terms by Sir this Year into the Hands of the Par. Thomas Glenham. After which a liamentarians; as Bristol, the Devi- Number of the King's Garrisons zes, Winchester Caftle, Baling House, yielded to the Parliament, as Ben Laycock House, Berkly Castle, Cheap-bury, Ludlow, Borstal, Carnarver, flow, Winchester, Belvoir Cattle, Lichfield, Worcester, Wallingford, Latham House, Monmouth, and Wel. Gothridge, Ragland, Pendentis, and beck House, &c.

Newark by the King's Order was A. D. 1646, This Year the delivered up; and the Lord Moze Parliament began with disabling trojs in Scotland, and the Lord or all fuch of their Fellow-Members mond in Ireland, by the King's Comas were with the King, from ever mand, desifted their Hoftilicies. Affitting in the House again, impower. ter the Surrender of Newark, the ing the Speaker to give Warrants Scotch Army marched back cowards to the Clerk of the Crown for their own Country as far as New new Elections in their Places ; castle upon Tyne, where when they and also commanded all Cavaliers were come, they tendred their Có to depart the City of London, be- venant to the King, pretending twixt the Thirtieth of March and that unless he would take that, the Sixth of April. And in London they durit not bring him into Sosta Court-Marshal was erected, who land. This the King refused not,

if made it Death for any to re- they would still fatisfy the Screples

concerning

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