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1648. licensed to fit, proceeded to confti. Fairfax's Lady, from a Scaffold ad
tute a Court for the Tryal of the joining, cried with a loud Voice,
to the next Day.
in Wefminster. Hall, where judges, when he was again prefst be boldly and chearfully took the to give in his Reasons why he could Scat prepared for him; and the not own their Authority. "To which Charge was read against him with he answered, That to all those reproachfal Terms of Ty new Court was against the Privileger şant, Traitor, and Murtherer, and of the People, and the Fundamenimpleaded in the Name of all the tal Laws of the Kingdom. Where People of England. But General upon the Prefident commanded the
Clerk to record the Default, and stice, Execution, Execution, this 1648. che Guard to take back the Priso- pious King pitied their Blindness, ner, which was accordingly done. saying, Poor Souls, for a piece of Mo
January 27th, his Majesty was néy they would do as much for their again brought to the Bar, where Commanders. Such as pulled off he ftill refused to own their illegal their Hats, or bowed to him, as he Court, but faid he had some Mat was carrying back to his Imprisonters conducing to the Good of the ment, the Soldiers beat with their People, which he defired to have the Fifts and Weapons, and knocked Liberty to speak tefore the Mem- one down dead, but for saying, bers of both Houses ; which the God be merciful unto him. Court would by no Means yield un January 28, the right Christian to, but commanded the Clerk to King was guarded from Whitehall read the Sentence againft him, which to St. James's, where Dr. Juxon was, That wbereas the Commons of Bishop of London, preached before England, in Parliament affembled, him on these Words, In the Day bave appointed them a High Court when God foall judge the Secrets of of Justice for the trying of Charles all Men by Jesus Chrift, according to Stuart King of England, before my Gospel, Rom. ii. 16. sobem be bad been three times come January 29, the Lady Elizaberb vened, and at the firft time a Charge and Duke of Gloucefter being adof High-Freafor, and other Crimes and mitted to take the last Farewell of Misdemeanor's was read in Bebalf of their condemned Father, his MaEngland, &c. To which Charge the jesty, after he had given his Blessing said Charles Stuart refused several to the Princess Elizabeth, bad her times to ankuer, &c. for all which tell her Brother James, whenever Treasons and Crimes mentioned in the she should see him, that 'twas his Charge, this Court doth adjudge the Father's last Desire, That be foould said Charles Stuart as a Tyrant,
Trai no more look upon Charles as his eldest tor, Murtherer, and publick Enemy, Brother only, but be obedient to him as 19 be put to Death by fevering his bis Sovereign, and that they should Head from his Body. This Sentence love one the other, and forgive their being read, the Members of the Father's Enemies. He also bad her to Court approved it by holding up read Bishop Andrew's Sermons, Hootheir Hands. His Majesty offered ker's Ecclefaftical Policy, and Bisbop to speak after the Sentence, which Laud against Fisher, which would Bradshaw would not suffer him to ground ber againft Popery ; wished her do, but commanded him to be taken not to grieve for him, for he foould die away; when in his paffing along, a glorious Death, it being for the the Soldiers reviled him with many Laws and Liberties of the Land, and irreverent Taunts, blew their stink for maintaining the Protestant Reliing Tobacco into his Face, which gion: Bad her tell her Mother, that they knew to be very diftasteful to his Thoughts bad never ftrayed from him, and one or two, more barba- ber, and that his Love should be the Tous than the rest, fpic in his Face, Same unto the last. Then gave ber bis the good King wiping it off again, "Bleffing, bidding her to send his Blefand saying, My Saviour suffered far fing to the reft of her Brothers and pore tban this for me. And when Sisters, and Commendations to all his the rade Soldiers, instructed by their friends. To the Duke of Gloucester Commanders, cried out, Juftice, Ju- he said, He beard the Army intended
1648. to make him King, but that he told Shall be very little heard of any
bim he must not accept, so long as his Body here, I shall therefore speak
well, if I did not think that holding
that 1 fuffer'd to take effea is punifod Now by an unjuft Sentence wpex
Ibat is So far I have said, to way, believe it, you will never do 1648. foew you that I am an Innocent Man. right, nor will God ever prosper you Now for to few you that I am a until you give God his Due,
she King geed Christian, I hope there is a good bis Due (that is my Successors) and Mar (pointing to the Bishop) that the People their Due ; I am as much will bear me witness that I bave for- for them as any of you. giver all the World, and even those in You must give God his Due, by reparticular that have been the chief gulating rightly bis Churcb (accordCauses of my Death; who they are ing 10 bis Scripture) which is now God knows, I do not desire to know, I out of Order. For to set you in a pray God forgive them. But this is Way particularly, now I cannot, but not all
, my Charity must go further, only this, a National Synod, freely I wish that they may repent, for they called, freely debating amongst thembave indeed committed a great Șin in felves, mult settle this, when that tbat Particular : ! pray God, with every Opinion is freely and clearly St. Stephen, that this be not laid to heard. their Charge. Nay, not only so, but For the King indeed I will not, that they may take the right Way 10 ( then turning to a Gentleman the Peace of the Kingdom ; for my that touched the Axe, he said, Hurt Clarity commands me not only to fore not the Axe that may hurt me) for give particular Men, but my Charity the King, the Laws of the Land will commands me to endeavour, to the last clearly inftruet you for that, therefore Gasp, the Peace of the Kingdom. So, because it concerns my own ParticySirs, I do wish with ali my Soul, and lar, I only give you a Touch of it. I do bepe bere is some here will carry For the People. And truly I desire it further (turning to some Gentle their Liberty and freedom as much as men that wrote)
that they may en any Body whomfoever; but I mult sell deavour the Peace of the Kingdom. you, that their Liberty and Freedom
Now Sirs, I must few you both confifts in having of Government, those byw you are out of the way and will Laws by which their Life and their put you in the way.
Goods may be most their own. It is First, You are out of the way. For not for baving Share in Government, certainly all the way you bave ever Sirs, that is nothing pertaining to bad set, as I could find by any thing, them; a Subje&t and a Sovereign arę is in the way of Conqueft. Certainly clear different Things. And therefore ibis is an ili Way: For Conquest, until they do that, I mean that you do Sits, in my opinion, is never just, put the People in that Liberty as I say, except there be a good juft Cause, ei- certainly they will never enjoy themther for Matter of Wrong, or just felves. Sirs, It was for this that Title; and then if you go beyond is, now I am come bere. If I would the forft Quarrel jou
have to it, that have given way to an arbitrary Way, makes it unjust at the End, that was for to have all Lacus changed accordjuft at first. But if it be only matter ing to the Porver of the Sword, s of Conquest, then it is a great Rob- needed not to have come here ; and bers, as a Pirate said to Alexander, therefore I tell you (and I pray God it ibar be was the great Robber, he was may not be laid to your Charge ) obat
a petty Robber. And so, Sirs, | I am the Martyr of the People. do rbink ihe Way that you are in is In troth, Sirs, I shall not hold you much out of the way.
much longer, for I will only say this Now, Sirs, for to put you in the to you, Thai in Truth I could have
1648. defired some little time longer, because Who desired him to put it all ñ that I would bave put this that I under his Cap; which as he was
have said in a little more Order, and doing by the Help of the Bishop
I have a good Cause, and a gra-
a Race) whick though turbulent Though it be very well known and troublesome, yet is a very short what your Majesty's Affections are You may consider it will to the Protestant Religion, yet it foon carry you a very great way; may be expected that
you should say it will carry you from Earth to somewhat for the World's Satisfac- Heaven, and there you shall find, tion in that particular.
to your great Joy, the Prize you Whereupon the King replied, haften to, a Crown of Glory.
I thank you very heartily, my Lord, The King adjoyns, for that I had almost forgotten it. I go from a corruptible to an incor
In troth, Sirs, my Conscience in Re- ruprible Crown, where no Difuta
Hair well ?
George, he delivered his George to
Then putting off his Doublet,
Execut. It is faft, Sir,
higher. And to the Executioner he said, Execut. It can be no higher, Sir.
Iball say but very poort Prayers, King. When I put out my Hards and when I thruff out my
Hands this Way, then Then he called to the Bishop for Then having faid a few Words his Cap, which as he was doing, to himself, as he food, with Hands and having put it on, he asked the and Eyes lift up, immediately Executioner,
stooping down, he laid his Neck Does my Hair trouble you? upon the Block, and she Executi