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could be ready to move; these under The same Day Colonel Ozlethorp, 1685. the Command of the Lord Churchill with a Pariy of 100 Horse, fell ub. being arrived at Chard, a Party of on a Party of Monmouth's at Cani. 20 Horse, under the Command of mam-Bridge, between Bristol and Lieutenant Monoux, on the 19th, Bath, and cut off two Troops of fell in with a Party of Monmouth's 'their Horse. The next Day, being of the fame Number, killed twelve the 26th of June, all the King's of them, and wounded many of the Forces joined near Bath, upon which reft, but were forced to retire upon the Duke of Monmouth, with his another Party of Monmouth's coming Forces that lay then near that Place,

drew off, and marched towards In the mean Time, Monmouth Philips-Norton ; and were followed marched to Taunton, and from thence the next Day by the Duke of to Glaftenbury, Wells, and to- Grafton, with a Detachment of wards Bristol, gathering still as he 500 Foot, Horse, Dragoons, and went, notwithitanding the Dukes Grenadiers, who hearing some of Albemarle, Somerset and Beau- Mooting in a Lane that led to fort, had pofted themselves near the Town, the Duke entered it Taunton, at Barb, and at Bristol, with a detached Party, but quickly to obtruct the Country's coming found it to be lined on both sides in to him. But notwithstanding his with Musqueteers, who fo galled Numbers, he was able to effect no. his Men, that several were killed, thing ; for the Militia and the besides 30 wounded. He passed King's Forces so ftraitned him that however through the Lane, but in he was forced to march back again his Return was stopt by the Enemies the same way, not being able to Horse, through which he was fain advance forward into Wilinire, the to fight his Way to get to the main Militia of which County, under the Body of his Men. From hence they Command of the Earl of Pembroke, marched off with the rest of the Lord-Lieutenant, behaved them- King's Forces under the Earl of selves very bravely. His Lordship Feverjam, who was Lieutenantbeing informed that the Rabble, General, and drew up on a little headed by the Constable at Frome, Hill hard by, where the Cannon had set up the Duke of Monmouth's played on both sides, but without Declaration in the Market-place, any very considerable Damage, Nodrew out 160 Horse, and mounted thing of Moment happened after, some Musqueteers behind them, till the great Action that put an end wich which he marched thither; to all. where the Rabble hearing of his The Duke of Monmouth marched coming, were increased to two or and countermarched from Place to three Thousand; notwithstanding Place, till July the 2d he came to which, his Lordship marched into Bridgwater ; the King's Forces the Town ; the Rabble at first July the 4th, marched from Somerseemed very resolute, and some fi ton to Weston, within three Miles sed, but the main Body of them of Bridgewater. The Horse and quickly threw down their Arms, and Dragoons were quartered at Wefton, Hed; upon which the Declaration and the Foot encamped in an adwas pulled down, and the Confta- vantageous Post near it, fronting ble committed to Prison, the Lord towards the Moor ( being a fine Pembroke having firit made him large Plain) with a Ditch before write an Abhorrence of the fame. them. 'Twas in this Place that


1685. the Duke of Monmouth resolved Perrot, his Major, the Constable of

to attack them in the dead of the Crookhorn, and the Duke's Servant,
Night, Accordingly late in the with_200 Guineas of his Master's.
Evening he drew his Men out of The Duke's Coat he usually wore was

and ordered his found in the field, which gave Occa.
March with that Care and Silence, fion to a Report of his being killed in
that he passed without Oppoficion, the Fight. Of the King's Forces a.
into the Moor, and formed his bout 300 were killed, and a great ma.
Foot into Battalia, being in Num- ny wounded.
ber between 5 and 6,000 Men; the The Duke of Monmouth, and the
Duke himself at the Head of chem. Lord Grey made toward the Sea -fide,
With these in the Morning before and coming to Gillingham, were
Day-break, he advanced very near conducted by a Guide to Hengood,
to the King's Camp, before they but Parties being sent out in Pur-
were discovered. But when Notice fuit of them, on the 7th of July
was given of their Approach, the the Lord Grey was taken in a Wood
Earl of Feversham immediately near Hoit-Lodge, with his Guide ;
sanged the King's forces, being and the next Day the Duke of
2,000 Foot and 700 Horse, in or Monmouth, with a German Colonel,
der to receive them. The Luke of was alío taken in an Inclosure ad-
Monmouth's Party began with a joining to the Wood, by fome of
great Volley of Shot and Shou:s, the Lord Lumley's Regiment of
which was returned by the King's

. Horse, and was immediately brought In the mean time, the former in. to London, and committed close Prix tending to bring up their Horse, soner in the Tower. And on the which were commanded by the Lord 15th of the same Month has beGrey, to second their Foot, were headed on Tower. Hill, by Virtue of hindered by a Party of the King's an Attainder in Parliament, Horse, commanded by Colonel Thus ended the Life of this Duke, Oglethorp, who engaged them till who made himself unhappy by his the Earl of Oxford's Regiment and imprudent Ambition. He was the a Detachment of the Guards came eldest of King Charles's Natural up to form the Line; and so the Sons, and dearly beloved of his FaDuke's Horse performed nothing, ther, who had heaped upon him but quitted the field in a liste Honours and profitable Employ. Time, and were never drawn up ments, and married him to the into a Body, notwithstanding they Heiress of one of the Richest and were between 1000 and 1200 Mien. Noblest Families in Scotland, with But the foot on both sides itood whom he lived in great Splendar firm, exchanging several Volleys of and Reputation till he lost his FaShoi, before they were able to close, ther's Favour, as before rela ed. becaule of the Ditch we have men. He left lwo young Sons, who were tioned. But the King's Cannon com

for some time confined, but wha ing up, and his Horse breaking honourable Attendance. in upon the Enemy, they were at And now the publick Peace being last entirely roated, their Cannon restored, the King, by Proclams taken, and near 2,000 of their Men on, appointed a publick and Solena killed, besides a great Number ta- Thanksgiving to Almighty God, to ken Prisoners. Or the latter, the most be made on the 26th Day of July, to considerable were Colonel Holms, the happy End of this Disturbase.


Soon after the Lord Chief Justice sed into Laws : Among which was 1685. Jefferies was sent down into the one to encourage the Building of West with a Commission of Over Ships. And the King then intimaand Terminer, to try and judge ted to the Parliament, That he did those that had been concern'd in not intend they should then fit, but the Rebellion ; great Numbers of be continued by Adjournments till whom, being found guilty, were at the Winter. several Times and Places executed ; On the 19th of this Month a Probesides which, about 700 had their clamation was issued to summon Lives given them; but were tranf- the Lord Delamere to appear within ported into the Plantations in Ame- ten Days at the Council Board. And rica. And many others made a on the 26th another Proclamation Thift to obtain their Pardons. The to fummons George Speak, Esq; and Condemnations and Executions in others there named, to appear withthis truly call’d Bloody-Asiize, were in twenty Days. so numerous, that Jefferies bragg'd On the 23d the Duke of Norfolk, He bad kang'd more Men than all the Lord Peterborough, and Lord RoJudges of England, fince William chefter, and on the 3 ift the Earl of the Conqueror. And this too after Feversham were installed Knights of Kirk (a Man famous for his Cruel- the Garter ; and the next Day the ty) had already by Martial Law Lord Mulgrave was sworn of the hang'd up great' Numbers.

Privy Council. The Parliament in the mean time,

On the 26th the Lords Stamford, had demonstrated their hearty Loy. Brandon - Gerrard, and Delamere, alty to the King, by passing an Ad, were committed Prisoners to the to grant an Aid to his Majesty for Tower. supprelfing the Rebellion, by Im On the 28th the Earl of Arlingpofitions on French Linnens, East ton, Lord Chamberlain of the King's India Goods, &c. which together Houthold, departed this Life in the with an AA for consolidating the 67th Year of his Age, and the Earl Estates Tail and Reversion in Fee, of Ailsbury succeeded him in that which the King has in the Port-Of- Place. fice; and an Act to enable his Ma. On the 4th of August the Parliajelly to make Leases, &c. received ment met, and were again adjourn'd the Royal Assent on the 27th of to the gth of November. Jane; and, at the same Time, an On the 5th of September, Francis Act to revive former Acts to encou- Lord Guilford, Lord Keeper of the Tage Coining. An Act against the Great Seal, departed this Life, and Importation of Gunpowder, Arms, on the 28th of the same Month &c. An A&t for continuing former George Lord Jefferies, Baron of Aas, for preventing Thefts on the Wem, and Lord Chief Justice, was Northern Borders of England. Two made Lord Chancellor of England. Acts concerning providing Carri- And on the 21st of Oktober, Sir Edages for the King's Progress, &c. ward Herbert Chief Justice of ChefAn Act for the Improvement of Til ter, was made Lord Chief Justice of lage. And an A&

for finishing the the King's Bench ; and Sir Robert Building of St. Paul's Cathedral Wright, one of the Barons of the Church.

Exchequer, was removed to the On the 2d of July the Parliament King's Bench, in Place of Sir Thowas adjourned to the 4th of Auguft; mas Walcot, who had his Quietus. and Five more Bills were then pas




1685. Henry Cornish, Esq; fometime Meetings, came to speak with the

Sheriff of London, was now accused Duke of Monmouth, that he carried of having been concern'd in the but half an Hour, and that no PaConspiracy in the late King's Reign, per was read while he was there. for which he was committed to Pri- Upon the Whole he was by the Jury son, and on the 19th of Oktober found guilty. And on the 23d of brought to a Trial at the Seslions O&tober, was executed in Cheap fide, . Houle in the Old Baily. The Evi. over-against King-ftreet. A Severing

dence against him was Colonel Rum- that justly gave occasion
Jey, who deposed, That he being at Indignation.
Shepherd's House at a Meeting of On the 19th of Otober, Wils

the Duke of Monmouth, the Lord King, John Fernly, and Elz. Gas',
: Grey, &c. a Paper was read, being were also tried and condemned 2:
a Declaration designed to be disper the Old Baily, for High-Treason, is
sed at the intended Insurrection : having concealed and foccoured
That Mr. Cornish coming in, it was three Persons concerned in the laze
again read to him, who being asked Rebellion.
his Opinion of it, said he liked it On the 27th of Owoher, Richard
very well, and that what poor Inte: Neltkorp and John Azlof, were
rell he had, he would join in it; and brought from Newgate to the King's
that it was out of Compattion to Bench Bar; where being asked wiy
Mr. Cornish, being his old Acquain- Sentence should not pass upon them,
tance, that he had not accused him being out-lawed for High-Treasca,
before. Next Goodenough, who had in conspiring the Death of Liz
been lately pardon'd, swore, That Charles ; and having nothing to faj,

he being at Mr. Corniji's House, and they were both by Rule of Cour, .. discoursing him alone, said The Law executed the 30th, the first before

will not defend us, some other Way Grey's- Inn, and the other before
must be thought upon; to which Cor. the Temple Gates.
nish reply'd, He wonder'd the City The King had, during the laze
was founready: Goodenough answer'd, Rebellion, made great Levies d
Something was to be done here, but Men to increase his Army for luf
firft the Tower must be fiized : Mr. presling it ; and although that we
Cornifi pauled a little, and then said, lo easily accomplished, yet the?
I will do what I can. Afterwards ces were continued and
meeting Mr. Cornish, he asked him and not only so, but Remar Cuin
how Things went ? To this Evi- licks were made Oficers, wiss.
dence the Prisoner answer’d, with taking the Oaths and Teit, as it
Protestation of his Innocence, and manded by Ad of Parliame".
that Rumjey had formerly sworn,. This was much resented by
That he had nothing else to swear Protestant Nobility and Gers
againīt any Man. That he had al- especially those of the Church o
ways an ill Opinion of Goodenough, England, who had faithfully
and was against his being Under- effcctually served the King's los
Sheriit, which he brought several reft, againit all his Enemies

, jo
Witnesies to prove. Also he brought ticularly againft Monmouth. B.:
several Witnesses to give Account King, it teems, was resolved
of his Life and Conversation. And gratisy choíe, however ung?...
lastly, Mr. Shepherd, who declared, ii leemed to these, as appeare!
that Mr. Carnils, at one of those his Speech to the Parliament; una

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according to the Adjournment, met between them, he hoped they 1685. on the oth of November, to whom 'would continue steady and loyal the King spoke to this Effect : ' to him, who would give them

· That he was much satisfied, af. all Returns of Kindness and Proter she Storm that threaten'd, to

• tection, meet them in Peace and Tranquil This Speech occafioned pretty lity : That the strange Progress warm Debates in the House of so small a Beginning had made, Commons, many of the Members would convince chem, he hoped, expressing their Resentment of this

that the Militia was not sufficient Breach of the Laws, in employing ' for such Occasions ; and that no- Popish Officers : But however they

thing but a good Force of well agreed to grant the King a Supply disciplind Troops in constant for his Army, though not so much Pay, could defend us from such as as he demanded ; for he ask'd 12, either at Home or Abroad were but they voted him only 700,000 l. disposed to disturb us : That this which they computed would main

made him to think it necessary to tain the Army two Years ; and at the * increase his Forces to what he had same time voted also an Address to * done, which he owed to the Ho- his Majesty, wherein, after thank

pour as well as Safety of the Na. ing him for his Care in fuppreffing *tion, whose Reputation was much the Rebellion, they humbly repre

exposed by the having lain open sented, That the Officers not qualifi

to the late Attempt.' He therefore ed according to the late Test-Act, asked their Assistance for the Sup- being incapable of their Employply of this Charge. And then said, ments, and subject to great Penalties, * Let 50 Man take Exception, that which were no ways to be taken off,

there are fome Officers in the Army but by A&t of Parliament, they were * not qualified according to the late therefore preparing a Bill to indem· Tefis, for their Employments: The nify them for what was past. But * Gentlemen I must tell you, are most because the Continuance of them in

of them well known to me ; and those Employments was dispensing baving formerly served with me on with Laws, the Consequence of several Occafons, and always ap- which is of the greatest Concern

proved the Loyalty of their Principles to his Subjects, they humbly beby their Practice, I think them fit fought his Majesty to give such Di

now to be employed under me : and rections therein, as that no Apprewill deal plainly with you, That af- hensions of Jealousy. may remain in

ter having had the Benefit of their the Hearts of his good and faithful
Services in Time of such Need and Subjects.
Danger, I will neither expose them This Address was presented on
to Disgrace, nor myself to the Want the 17th of November ; to which
of them, if there should be another the King was pleased to answer in
Rebellion, to make ibem necessary these Words :

Then told them, He fear-
ed some wicked Men hoped, that Did not expeet such an Address
' a Difference might happen be-
*tween him and them upon this having so lately recommended to your

Occasion ; but if they considered Confideration the great Advantage a the Advantage had already ac- good Underflanding betrween us had procrued by a good underftanding duced in a very short time, and given


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