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A.D. 1347

duxerunt. Cantabrigiae gymnasium the place where the College of 901. preceffil Oxonio annis 265, nam Sige, God's House stood, 1505. bert A. D. 630. Cantabrigiam erex St. John's College, was erected Plamunit, & Alued Oxonian, A. D. 895. upon the Ruins of an ancient Hof. dus, A. B.

But as some contend, Cambridge be- pital of Regular Canons, by the of Cant. : gan not to be an University, till said Margaret, Countess of Derby, : luch Time that Hugh Balsham, Bi- 1508. Thop of Ely, founded the

Magdalene College, first an Hall, College of Peter-Houfe, in A. D. wherein Monks of divers Monaste1256.

ries studied ; but in the Year 1542, Clare- Hall, founded by Elizabeth Thomas Audley, Lord Chancellor of de Burgo Countess of Clare, Widow England, founded there a new Colof Jebx de Burgo, Earl of Ulfer, in lege in Honour of St. Mary Mag

Pembroke-Hall, founded by Mary Trinity College, founded by King
de St. Paul, Widow of Adomarius de Henry the VIIIth, in A. D. 1546,
Valentia, Earl of Pembroke, 1347. Emmanuel College, founded by Sir
First named Aula de Valence Maria. Walter Mildmay, 1584.

Corpus Cbrifli, commonly called Sidney-Suflex College was found-
Beezei-College, was founded by the ed by Frances Countess of Sulex,
Aldermen and Brethren of Corpus the Daughter of Sir William Sidney,
Cbrifti Guild, and the Brethren of 1. D. 1596.
our Lady Guild in Cambridge, 1351.

Trinity Hall was of old Time an A. D. Dward, surnamed the El- Atholme, Hostel, or House of Study, where 901. in Students lived at their own fred, was crowned at Kingston upon Cant, Charge ; but Dr. William Bateman Thames. At Wodneffield, near Wolfounded it a College, 1353. frune- Hampton, he obtained a great

Gorvil and Caius Coll. first found. Victory over the Danes ; for two of ed by Edmond de Gonvil, Rector of their Kings were slain, many of their Terrington and Bufoworth in Norfolk, Nobles, and an innumerable Com1353, and was repaired by John pany of their Commons, which cauCaius, Doctor of Physick, 1557. sed him both to be feared and love

King's Coll. by King Henry the ed. His Sister Elfeda had very VIch, 1341.

hard Travail of her first Child, Queen's Coll. by Margaret Ande- therefore ever after she forbore the gavenfis, Wife to King Henry the Nuptial Embraces, alledging it to Vich, 1441, but finished by Eliza. be an over-foolish Pleature which betb, wife to King Edward the brought with it so great Pains. And IVch, 1465

listing herself under Mars, The, in Karbarine-Hall, founded by Ra- Person, aflisted her Brother against bert Woodlark, Provost of King's the Danes, performing many manly College, 1475;

Feats. King Edward died at Far. Jefus College, from a desolate ringdon, and was buried in the new Nunnery, was converted into a Col- Monastery of Winchester, in A. D. lege by John Alcock, Bishop of Ely, 924. His Iffue were Atbelsian, El197:

fred, Elsward, Edrwin, Edmund, ElCbriff's College, founded by Mar- red, and nine Daughters. He built geret Countess of Derby (the Mo- a Castle at Stafford, A. D. ther of King Henry the VIIth,) in likewise built a Castle at Hunting



914. He


924. don, A. D. 917, which Henry the his Pleasure ; which done, he preVII. afterward demolished, as some sently restored them to their former

say. He also built Hereford out of Estates, saying, Tiat it was
the Ruins of old Aviconium ; Man. Honour to make a King than to be
chejter in Lancashire, anciently Man a King. He enlarged his Domini.
cunium, having been destroyed in ons beyond any of his Predeceffors,
the British Wars, this King caused and was in the greatest Reputation
to be built again, because the In- with all foreign Princes, who fought
habitants had behaved themselves his Friendship both by Alliance and
manfully against the Danes. rare Presents. Hugh King of France

King Edward the Elder built a (besides fome inestimable Jewels ) new Town over-against Notting- sent him the Sword of Conftantine ham, and made a Bridge over the the Great ; in the Hilt whereof, all River betwixt the two Towns. covered with Gold, was one of the

Nails, as 'twas sait, which faftened A. D.


Thelftan was crowned at Christ to the Cross. He sent like924: Kingston, by Athelme, wise a Part of the Cross, whereon he Archbishop of Canterbury. This suffered, and a piece of the Crown Prince, by the evil Suggettions of his of Thorns, and also the Banner of Cup-bearer, became lupicious of St. Maurice. And from Olhe the fome Treason to be wrought against Emperor, who had married his Sihim by his Brother Edwin, therefore fter, was sent a Vesel of precious caused him to be put in a small Stones, artificially made, wherein Vessel without Tackle and Oars, and were Landskips with Vines, Corn, so to be exposed to the Mercy of and Men, all seeming so naturally to the Waters; whence, the young move, as if they had been really the Prince, overcame with Grief, cait Things themselves. And the King himself headlong into the Sea ; of Norway sent him a famous and whose Ghost the King sought to pa- rich Ship. Some of these Relicks he cify by a seven Years voluntary Pe- give unco Swithin's Abby in Wix. nance, and building the two Mona- chester, and the rest to the Monastesteries of Middleton and Michelness. ry in Malmsbury. He beautified the He also took Revenge on his Cup- City of Exeter, founded St. Germans bearer by this Occasion : On a Felli. in Cornwall, St. Petrocus at Bodmin, val- Day, as his Cup bearer was the Priory of Pilton, and enriched serving, one of his Feet happened every famous Abby in the Land, eito flip; but he recovered himself ther with new Buildings, Jewels, with the other, and thereupon plea- Books, or Revenues, as also he did fantly faid, You see how one Brother certain Cities with the Mintage of helpetis another. Then the King, his Morey. Whereof in London with Grief, callid to mind the Death were eight Houses, at Winchester Six, of his innocent Brother, and forth. Lewis two, Hastings two, Hampwith commanded Execution to be ton (wo, Warbam two, Chicbefter done upon his Cup-bearer, the Pro- one, Rochester three, wo for the curer thereof. King. Ethelftan, or King, and one for the Bishop; Can

Adelftane, overcame in Fight God terbury seven, four for the King, Ulfelinus, frey the Danijh King of Northum- two for the Archbihop, and one or Wol- berland, Conftantine King of Scots, for the Abbot. He caused the HoItane, A. and Howel, or Ludwal King of Wales, ly Bible to be translated into the B.of Çant. constraining them to submit unto Saxon Tongue. He died at Gloso



cefter, called by the Britains Caer. And the Stone was not bodily Gisse, i. e. Fair City, in A. D. 940, Chrift, though he fo said. It was and was buried at Malmsbury in the same Mystery in the old Law, Wilts, first built by Malmutius, a ' and they did ghostly signify that King of the Britains. About this ghostly Housel of our Saviour's King Abelftan's Time (if ever) Liv. Rody, which we consecrate now.' ed the famous Guy Earl of Warwick. And in other Epistles of the said ElNow flourished that learned Abbot frick, we read it thus enjoined to named Elfrick, who in an Epistle to Priests : “ The Priests shall say unWelftane, then Archbishop of Can • to the People on Sundays and Hoterbury, thus writeth, ' -- The 'lidays the Sense of the Gospel in • Lord which hallowed Houfel (the English, and so also touching the * Sacramental Bread and Wine) be- • Lord's Prayer and the Creed, so 'fore his Suffering, and faith, that • oft as he may to Mens Contrition, • the Bread was bis own Body, and " that they may know their Belief, • the Wine was truly his Blood, he and keep sure their Christianity.”

halloweth daily by the Hands of

the Priets, Bread to his Body, and 4.0. E mund; the fifth Son of • to his in


, was ftery, as we read in Books ; and ed at Kingston. He obtained many yet that lively Bread is not bo- signal Victories over the Danes in

dily so notwithstanding, nor the divers Parts of the Land, recovering * self same Body that Chrift fuffer- out of their Hands several Coun.

Nor that Holy Wine is ties and Cities; but at his Manor the Saviour's Blood, which was of Pucklekerks, in the Coun:y of

fhed for us in bodily Thing, but Gloucester, whilft he was interpo' in ghostly Understanding Both sing himself between his Sewer and • be truly that Bread his Body, and another to part a Fray, he was,

that Wine also his Blood, as was with a Thrust through the Budy, 'the Heavenly Bread which we wounded to Death, in A. D. 946,

call Manna, that fed foriy Years and was buried at Glastenbury. His
God's People. And the clear Wa- Issue was Edry and Edgar.
ter, which did then run from the
Stone in the Wilderness, was tru-

Dred was the sixth Son

6 ed in.

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one of his Epistles. All our Fa. fucceeded his Brothers in the Non'thers eat in the Wilderness the age of his Sons. Wolfiane, Aichbi' fame ghoftly Meat, and drank the shop of Canterbury, for fome Mil'fame ghoilly Drink. They drank demeanors, he committed to Cu

of that ghoitly Stone, and that stody ; but afterwards, in Reve* Stone was Chrift. The Apostle rence to his Office, discharged him. • hath said, as you have now heard, So devout be was in the Religion

That they did all eat the same of those Times, that he suffered his ghostly Meat, and they all did Royal Body to be chattised at the

drink the same ghostly Drink. Will and Direction of Dunian, Abbot ' And he saith, not bodily, but of Glaftentury, unto whose keeping Otho, ghoftiy. And Christ was not yet he allo committed the greatelt Part A. B. o born, nor his Blood thed, when of his Treasures and richeil Jewels.

Cant. * that the People of Israel eat that The ftately Abby of Mich at AbingMeat, and drank of that Store. don, built by King Inas, but destroy



D 4



A. D. HK. Edmund, was crown

ed by the Danes, he repaired, and great Enemy he was to the Monks most richly endowed it, confirming Order, expelling them from fome the Charters with Seals of Gold. of their Monasteries, and placing St. Germans he ordained a Bishop's married Priests in cheir Vacancies. See, which there continued, till by Dunfan the Saint he expelled the Canurus it was annexed to the Bi. Realm, either for his bold Represhoprick of Kyrton in Devon, both hensions of him, or for detaining which Sees were by Edward the the Treasure his Uncle had commitCon effor translated to Exeter. He ted to his Keeping, or both ; but died in the Year of Grace 955, and the People having the Monks finwas interred in the old Minster or gle Life in high Veneration, and Monastery of Winchefer. His Issue conceiting Dunfian to be a very howere Alfrid and Berifrid.

ly Man, they turned their Affe&ti

ens from him, and sware their Dwy, the eldert Son of Fealty to Edgar; for very, Grief 955:

whercof he pinet away and died, ed at Kingston, and on the Day of A. D. 959, and was buried in the his Coronation, as some Monks fay, Church of the new Abby at Withe, in Sight of his Nobles as they chefir. fat in Council, abused the Body of a great Lady his near Kinfwoman 4D EDgar,


959. Peaceable, was crownband, that he might the more free- ed at Kingfion by Odha, Archbishop ly enjoy his incestuous Pleasure. A of Canterbury. "To rid the Land of


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Wolves, which then were very his Ear, he employed Earl Eshel 963. plenty, inftead of the Tribute im- wold, his favourite, to go to visit posed on the Prince of Wales by her, and if he found her Beauty suitKing Athelftan, he appointed Ludu- ing, then to court and secure her all Prince of Wales, to pay yearly 300 for the King. But Ethelsvold liked Wolves. His Navy Royal, confiit. her so well, when he saw her, that ing of 3,600 Ships, he employ'd in he courted her for himself, and at fecuring the Coasts from Pirates and his Return to Court, pretended to foreign Enemies, wherein himself the King that her Beauty was far would fail every Summer. And in short of what it was famed to be; the Winter he would circuit the therefore befought the King, in reCountry, taking an Account of the spect she was a great Heiress, thac Administration of his Laws, and the he would sollicit her Father to beDemeanour of his great Men, espe. Atow her upon him to Wife ; which cially his Judges, whom he would the credulous King did : But the punish feverely, if he found them Duke had not been long married to have been guilty of Bribery or with fair Elfreda, e'er a fresh ComPartiality, infomuch that there was mendation of her Beauty founded in never less Robbery, Deceit, or Op- the King's Ears: Whereupon he repression, than in the Reign of this solved to make his own Eyes the King. His State was fo flourishing Witnesses; which accordingly he in Peace and Prosperity, that it did ; and upon Sight of her Beaucaused divers Kings to bind cheme ty became so enamour'd of her, selves in League with him. Wars that taking Ethelwold at the Advanhe had none in all his Reign, save a tage, as they were Hunting togelittle towards the latter End there. ther, he ran him through with his of by the Well, whom he quickly Javelin, then took Elfreda to be his curbed; but that which darkned his Wife, who was very willing to emGlory, was his Lasciviousness. For brace the Honour. he defloured a certain Nun called Edgar, at the Instigation of Elfius and Wolfchild, on whom he begat St. Dunjtan, now Archbishop of Can. Dunftan, Edych; after her another named E- terbury, displaced. the tbelkede, on whom he begat bis Son Priests, and possessed their Va- Cant. Edward. And after this, happening cancies with Monks of fingle to hear a Western Duke's Daugh- Life. To repress Drunkennels, ter extolled for her Beauty, he came which the Danes had brought in, to her Father's House, commanding he ordained a Size, by certain Pins her to his Bed. But her Mother, in the Pot, with a Penalty to any tender of her Honour, instead of her chat presumed to drink deeper than Virgin Daughter, brought her Ser- the Mark. He died A. 'D. 975, vant Maid in the Dark to the King; and was buried in the Abby of who well enough pleased him that Glastentury. Night; tho' in the Morning, when His Issue were Edward, Edmund, he understood the Deceit, he check- and Ethelred. ed the Lady, yet entertained this Ordolph, the Son of Ordgare Earl Servant for bis Concubine, keeping of Devonshire, in A. D. 961, buite to her Bed alone, till he married a famous Abby at "Tavisioke in Dehis lawful Wife Elfreda, Earl Ord- vin. Ethelwald, Bishop of Winchegarus's Daughter : The Fame of fler, about A. D. 963, and in the whuse excelling Beauty coniing to Reign of King Edgar, in a great


married A. B. of

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