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1042.

gilt Bargenets, and on their Bodies tide, fignifying a Time of Scorn and
å triple gilt Habergeon ; Swords Contempt, which fell upon the Danes
with gilt Hilts girded to their by his Death. He was buried at
Waltes, a Battle-Ax (after the man- Winchester, A. D. 1042.
ner of the Danes) on their left Shoul About four Years before the Danes
der, a Target with gilt Bosses born first coming into England (which
in their left Hand, a Dart in the was near the Year of our Lord 789)
right Hand, and their Arms bound Showers of Blood fell from Heaven,
about with two Bracelets of Gold of and bloody Crosses were therewith
fix Ounces Weight. But as Hardi- marked upon Mens Garments, 'Tis
canute was revelling and carousing faid also, that after the Danes had
at Lambeth, in a solemn Assembly seated themselves in England, whilst
and Banquet, he suddenly fell down the English were drinking, they
dead. The Day of whose Death, in- would stab them, or cut their
ftead of Laments, was annually ce- Throats ; to prevent which, when
lebrated amongst the common Peo- the Englishman drank, he requested
ple, with open Pastimes in the the next Sitter-by to be his Surety
Streets. Whích time (being the 8th or Pledge : Hence our Custom of
of June) is called Hostide, or Hux- pledging anc another, 'tis faid.

SA XONS. 4.1.E

Dward the Confessor, the thumbrians, he selected the best, 1042.

Queen Emma, was born and written in Latin. His Reign

at ilip, and after his Fa was more spent in Peace, and Edline, ther's Death, was for his Works of Piety, than in Wars and A. B. of Safety sent unto the Duke Blood : Only some flight Troubles Cant. of Normandy, his Mo- happened from the Danes, Irish, and

ther's Brother; but upon Welch, and also from Earl Goodwin the Death of Hardicanate, the Eng- and his Sons, who being very powlib Nobility, disdaining all Danish erful and proud, caused some MoleSubjection, invited Edward to re- ftations in the State. But the Sins turn into England, and to execute of the People, which were then the kingly Office. He was crown- great, procured other Judgments ined at Winchester by Edfine, Archbi- stead of War: For in the Month of shop of Canterbury, A.D. 1042. January, there fell a great Snow,

He remitted that heavy Tribute which covered the Ground to the of Forty thousand Pounds yearly, Midst of March, whereby Cattle gathered by the Name of Dane-gilt, and Fowls in abundance perished. which had been paid for Forty And in the next Year following, Years Continuance out of the Lands a strange and terrible Earthquake of all, the Clergy excepted; be happened, and withal such Lightcause ( say our ancient Laws) the nings, as burnt up the Corn growKing reposed more Confidence in ing in the Fields, whereby an exthe Prayers of the Holy Church, cellive Dearth ensued. than in the Power of Armies. Then The King, by the Instigation of from the divers Laws of the Mer- the Archbishop of Can:erbury, and cians, Wef-Saxons, Danes, and Nor. Goodwin, Earl of Kent, dealt rigo

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1066. rousy with his own Mother, de he was well, adding, that if Huge

priving her of all her Jewels, and line should come and take him there, Robert, other Subftance, and committing he should not only lose all he had A. B. of her to safe Custody in the Abby of gotten, but also stretch an Halter, Cant. Worwell

. And moreover, put her And when Hugoline came, and milto undergo that over-hard Law, Or- fing the Money, was greatly troudalium, which was to pass over bled, the King wished him not to nine Plowshare Irons, red glowing be grieved; For (faith he) the Man hot, barefoot and blindfold. By that hath it hath more Need of it thati which Trial she is said to have ac we have. When this devout King, quitted herself; insomuch that she lying on his Death-Bed, perceived having passed them over before she those about him to weep and la. knew it, cried, and faid, O good ment, he said unto them, If ye loved Lord, when hall I come to the Place me, ye would not weep, but rejoyce, of my Purgation? The King, her because I go to my Father, with whom Šon, hereupon received her into Fa-, I shall receive the Joy's promised to vour again; and the, in Memory of the Faithful, not through my Merits, her Deliverance from this fiery Tri- but by the free Mercy of my Savial, gave nine Manors (according to our, who sheweth Mercy on whom the Number of Plowshares) to the be pleaseth. He died A. D. 1066, Minster of Winchester (wherein the and with great Laments was buhad that Trial) and adorned the ried at Wejiminfter. He is said to fame with many rick Ornaments. be the first King that cured that DifAnd the King repenting of the Wrong ease, commonly called the King's he had done her, bestowed on the Evil. This King, of a little Mofame Place the Isle of Portland. The naftery dedicated to St. Peter at Causes objected against Queen Em. Westminster, made a most beautiful ma, and for which she suffered the and large Church, and founded St. Loss of her Goods, were her Mar- Margaret's Church standing by ; riage with Canute, the capital Ene- and this he did for the Discharge of my of England, and her neglecting his vowed Pilgrimage to Jeruja. to succour Edward and his Brother lem. He founded also the College in their Exile. The Matter object- of St. Mary Otery in Devon, and reed against her, for which she un- moved the Bishop's See from Cri. derwent the Ordalium, was Incon- dington to Exeter. tinency of Body with Alwin, Bi. He married Edith, the Daughter Thop of Winchepler.

of Earl Goodwin ; which Earl took Of this King it is storied, that as Bread and eat it, in Witness that he lay in his Bed, in an Afcernoon, he was not guilty of the Death of with the Curtains drawn about him, Prince Alfred; but as soon as he a certain pilfering Courtier came had received the Bread, he was into his Chamber, where finding choaked at the Table before the the King's Casket open (which Hu. King at Windsor. goline, his Chamberlain, had forgot to shut) he took out as much Coin A. D.

Goodwin, notwithstandwent away; he did the like a second ing that Edgar Etheling, the Grand. Time; came again the third Time; son of Ironside, was the next rightwhen the King spake to him, and ful Heir, yet gained the Engliste bad him speedily be packing whilft Crown to himlelf ; which he fet

upon

1066.

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upon his own Head, without all other Persons of Note, and gained
Ceremony and solemn Celebration, an exceeding rich Booty, both of
none either greatly approving or Gold and Silver ; then seized on
diíapproving his Presumption, save their great Navy:
only for the Omiffion of the And now William the Norman,
Nanner and Form of Coronation. being well furnished with a vait
But now Harold, to gain and re. Fleet of Ships well mann'd, Store
tain the Love of all, lightened the of Money drawn from his People,
Barthens of Custom and Tribute the Pope's Benediction, who had
that his Predecessors had laid upon sent him a consecrated Banner, an
the People ; was liberal to the Agnus Dei, and one of the Hairs of
Churchmen, repaired their Mona- St. Peter, with a Curse to all thac
feries, new built that at Walsham hould oppose him : Thus prepa-
in Elex: He created young Edgar red, the Duke arrived at Pevenley
Earl of Oxford, and held him in in Sussex, Sept. 28, where when he
special Favour. And to all Men came to Land, his Foot chanced to
fras affable and kind, whence he flip, and he fell into the Mud, and
much fastened the Hearts of his all mired his Hands ; which Acci-
Sabjects unto himself. But this dent was presently construed for a
tranquil Eftate was quickly difturb. lucky Prelage : For noru, (faid a
ed by the Norman Duke, who first Captain ) O Duke, thou has taken
sent his Embassage, claiming Right Podelion and holdest of that Land in
to the Kingdom of England by the thine Hand, whereof shortèy thou falo
Promise of King Edward, and his become King. But the Duke chus
ratifying the same with the Con- landed, he set Fire on his Fleet,
seat of the State, and by Harold's thereby to cut off all Occasion or
own Oath given to the Duke, Hope from his Men of returning.
for keeping the Kingdom on his And from Pevensey he marched to
Behalf; and then (upon Harold's Haflings, divulging, as he went,
fighting the Embassy ) he made the Cause of his coming, which

Preparation for gaining of England was, for the obtaining of his Kirg.
F by Force. But e'er Duke William dom ; it being, as he said, his by

with his Normans arrived on the Donation from Edward; giving English Shore, Harfager, King of withal a severe Charge to his SolDenmark, invaded the Land (with diers not to wrong any of their Perwhom Tofto, the cruel Earl of Nor- sons, who in a short Time after thumberland, Harold's Brother, join. were to become his Subjects. To ed) against whom Harold marched, Harold he sent his Messenger, deand at a Bridge called Stamford, manding the Kingdom, and Harold's ( where he was to pass over ) one Subjection. But Harold returned Dane made good, for a Time, the him this Answer by the same Mes. Bridge againit his whole Holt, and senger, That unless he forthrith dewith his Ax slew forty of his Men, parted the Land, he would make him hinself at last being sain with a sensible of the Strokes of his jus Dif Dart.

When the English had gain- pleasure. And with a brave and ed the Bridge, and were reduced undaunted Mind, che valiant Hainto their Ranks, Haroldt moft rold advanced his Forces into Suljex, boldly set upon the Dares in their pitching his Camp within Sevea Camp, vanguished them, and ficw Miles of his Eneiny. When the Harfuger and Tojia, wih many Armies were come near together,

and

1066. and ready to engage, the Norman through the Left Eye, fell down

Duke to save the Effusion of Chri- Dead. With Harold died his Breftian Blood, as he said, fent a Monk thren Gyrth and Leofwine, with most as a Mediator for Peace, with Of. of the English Nobility. And of fers to Harold of these Conditions ; the Soldiers were slain Sixty Seven either wholly to resign the King. Thousand, Nine Hundred Seventy dom to him, or in Sight of the and Four ; some say an Hundred Armies to try the Quarrel with Thousand. The Conqueror had

him in single Combat, or to stand Three Horses sain under him, yet Stigand,

to the Arbitrament of the Pope. To loft not a Drop of Blood by the A. B. of whom Harold answered, That it Enemy. He won his Battle with Cant.

hould the next Day be tried with the Loss only of 6013 Men. It was
more Swords than one. The next fought in Sussex, Seven Miles from
Day was the Fourteenth of October, Hastings, upon Saturday the 14th
which Harold ever accounted For- of Oxtober, A. D. 1066. The Eng.
tunate, because his Birth-Day, and lish, after this Loss, had designed
with Hopeful Afsurance, desired to have made Edgar Albeling King,
greatly the Approach of the fame. and to have took the Field again a.
His Soldiers likewise, too confident gainst the Conqueror; but the Earls
of Victory, spent the Night in Re- of Yorkshire and Cheshire, Edwin and
vellings. The Morning being come, Morcar the Queen's Brothers, plot-
they both marshalled their Battles. ting secretly to get the Crown to
The Kentish Men Harold placed themselves, hindered the Design.
with their heavy Axes, or Halberts, The Body of King Harold, dis-
in the Van (for by ancient Cuftom poiled of his Ornaments, and by a
they had the Front belonging to base Soldier mangled and hacked in
them. Then the Battles joined, the Leg (for which the Conqueror
both Parts bravely fighting; but the cashiered him for ever) after much
Norman perceiving, that by true Va- Search, was found among the dead
lour he could not vanquish the Eng- Bodies, and by the English Nobles
lifb, betook himself to a Stratagem, conveyed to Waltham in Elsex,
commanding his Men to retreat ; where it was solemnly and royally
yet withal to keep in good Order ; interred.
which the English seeing, supposed A little before the Fight, a dread-
that they had fed, and thereupon ful Comet appeared.
pursued their Enemy so rafhly, that Tofto, Earl of Northumberland, in
they put themselves into Disorder. Spight to his Brother Harold, few
Which Opportunity William took all Harold's Servants; and cutting
hold of, so that facing about, and them Piece-meal, falted some of
charging them fiercely, when dif- their Limbs, and cast the rest into
ranked, he made a great Slaughter Vessels of Meat and Wine, send.
of the English. Yet would not any ing his Brother Word, that he had
of the remaining English fly the furnished him with powdered Meat
Field, but manfully fought it out, against his Return.
till such time that Harold, wounded This he did at Harold's House
into the Brains with an Arrow, when he was absent.

NOR

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