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This Queen of Isands was at Wales; and Maxima Cæfarienfis, first called Albion, either from Albion containing the Northern Parts be. Mareoticus, who seated himself here. yond Trent. The first of these, in in, or ab albis rupibus, from the the Britons Time, belonged to the white Rocks, appearing towards the Archbishoprick of London, the fe
Coast of France; or from Olbion sig; cond to the Archbishoprick of * Glamor- nifying rich or happy, in Regard * Caerleon, and the third to the gan. of its Fertility, Temperature, and Archbishoprick of York.
Riches. Next it was called Bri The Britains, or first Inhabitants tain, either from the two British of this Isand, were derived from Words Pryd and Cain, which fig- the Gauls, as both their Speech, nify Beauty and White; or from · Laws, Cuftoms, and Buildings mathe Greek Word IIpul avea signify- nifeft
. The Story of Brute, with ing Níetal, with which it aboundeth; his Trojans, conquering this Island or from the British Word Bryth, in A M. 2887, or whenever else, that is, painted, stained, coloured seems to be only a Fable of Geofrey (the Inhabitants of Old using to dye of Monmouth's framing. Amongst their Bodies with Woad) to which the ancient Britains; none, save the the Greeks added Tania (that is, a better and more civil Sort, did wear Region) thence called Britons Land any Cloathing. They painted their or Britainy. At last, the Southern bare Bodies with sundry Pictures, and best part of it (from the Anglo representing all manner of living Saxons then inhabiting it) was cal- Creatures, Flowers, and the healed Angle-Land, now England, which venly Bodies, conceiting that this faid Part of Britain is bounded on made them appear the more terrible the East with the German, on the to theirEnemies. About their Waifts Weit with the Irish Sea, on the and Necks they wore Chains of South with the British Ocean, on Iron,, supposing them to be a goodthe North with the River Tweed, ly Ornament. The Hair of their and a Line drawn from it to the Heads they wore long, which was Solway Wellward. The longest Day naturally curl'd; all other Parts they in the Northern Part of England is shaved, save the Upper Lip. Of all seventeen Hours, and near thirty the Province, the Kentish were the Minutes ; and the shortest Day, in most civilized Persons, by reason the most Southern Part thereof, al- of their Converse with other Na. most eight Hours long. England's tions in trafficking and merchanDimentions in Length, from Ber- dizing. Their Buildings were mawick to the Lands-End, is 386 Miles; ny, and like to those of the Old in Bread:h, from Sandwich to the Gauls (French) poor rude Cottages, Lands-End, 279; in Compass (by yet did they give the Name of Reason of many Bays and Promon- Towns certain cumbersome tories about 1300 Miles.
Woods, which they fortified with England, in the Romans Time, Rampiers and Ditches, whither they was divided into Britannia prima, made their Retreat and Relort, to containing the Sou h Part of Eng. eschew the Invasions of their Eneland; Britannia fecunda, contain- mies. The Romans first taught them ing the Western Part, now called to build their Houses of Stone.
Their Wives were many, Ten or gious Matters; they decided also as Twelve a-piece, which they held temporal Judges almost all Con.common among Parents and Pre- troverfies in the Civil State, and thren; yet was the Issue reputed his such as refused to stand to their only who first married the Mother Judgment, they put under their Inwhen she was a Maid. The Chil-. terdiciion, which was accounted the dren they brought up in common a molt grievons Punishment. These mongst them. Their Diet was spare Druides were priviledged from the and mean, being Barks and Roots of Wars, and all other Burthens, Taxes, Trees, and Miik; also a Kind of and Payments. Over all the rest of Food they had no bigger than a them, there was one Primare. The Bean, after the eating of which, for main Thing they laboure to pera considerable Time, they did nei. suade Men, was, that the Soul is ther hunger nor thirst. They eat immortal. Tiey taught only by likewise venison and Fruits. I'heir Word of Mouth. afcal Drink was made of Barley. The Merchardizing of the anci
Their Religion was Pagani Su ent Britains confilted chiefly in /voperftition. They had many Idol ry Boxes, Sheers, Onches, Bits, and Gods, and used Man's Flesh in their Bridles, Wreaths and Chains, with Sacrifices. They had Priets and other Corceits made of Glais and Instructors, the Chief of which were Amber. And as their Merchandize Druides, who riate the Sacrificers, was mean, fo was their Shipping Dicuffers, and Interp:eters of reli- alio; the Keels and Ribs whereof
were of light Wood covered over 8. Catieuchlani, Warwick, Bucks with Leather.
and Bedford. Their Coin was either of Brass, 9. Trinobantes, Hertford, Esex, or else of Iron Rings fixed at a cer- and Middlesex. tain Weight, which they used for 10. Iceni, Suffolk, Norfolk, and their Money ; but as Times grew Cambridge. more civil, and Traffick more fre 11. Coritani, Northampton, Linquent, they stamped both Gold and coln, Leicester, Rutland, Derby, Silver,
and Nottingham Their Armour were Shields and 12. Carnavii, Stafford, WorcesMort Spears, in the lower End of ter, Cheshire, and Shropshire. which Spears was fastened a round 13. Brigantes, Parifii, LancaBell of Brass, which at the Begin- faire, York, Richmond, Durham, ning of a Fight they shook with a Westmoreland, and Cumberland. great Courage, conceiting that such 14. Ordovices, Flint, Denbigh, a ratiling Noise did dismay the E- Merioneth, Carnarvon, and Montnemy. In the Beginning of a Bat- gomery. tle they fought in Chariots, but when 15. Silures, Hereford, Radnor, they had wound themselves in a- Brečknock, Monmouth, and Glamormongst their Enemies, they fought gan. on Foot, upon Occasion retiring to 16. Pembroke, Cardigan, and their Chariots, which in the mean Caermarthen, called Dimete. Space that they fought on Foot, 17. Ottadini, Northumberland, were drawn all together. They Tiviordale, Twedale, Merch, and were so exsert in managing their Lothian. Chariot Horses, that running them 18. Selgovii, Liddesdale, Euf forcibly down a steep Hill, they dale, Eskdale, Annardale, and Nidcould Itop and turn them in the disdale. Mid-way.
19. Novantes, Kile, Carick, Julius Cxe sar found the Inand of Galloway, and Cunningham. Britain, not in a monarchical Estate 20. Fife, Renfrew, Cluidsdale
, under one King, but divided into Lennox, Striveling, Menteib, calfeveral Provinces or petty King- led Damnii. doms. The Names of which Pro 21. Caledonii, Gadini, Perib, vinces were,
Strathern, Albany, Argyle, and Lorn.
22. Expedii, Cantire. 1. Canii, the Inhabitants of 23. Vicemagi, Murray. Kent.
24. Venricones, Merina, Angus, 2. Regni, Suljex and Surry. Mar. 3. Durotriges, Dorfetfire. 25. Tazali, Buqubane.
4. Danmonii, Devon and Corn 26. Cateæ, Creones, Cerontes, swall.
Role, Sutherland. 5. Belgr, Samerset, H'ilishire and 27. Carnonacz, Carini, CornaHámhive.
bii, Strathnaver. 6. Attrebatii, Berkshire.
23. Simerte, Logi, Caithness. 7. Dobuni, Oxford and Gloucea Beifbire.
*5 The most memorable Kings of the BRITAINS, in the Times of the Romans, un
Omius, King of the Attrebatii. Voadicea, or Boadicea, Queen to
Calibelan, King of the Tri. Prasutagus, after her Husband's zobantes, who as the most worthy of Death receiving Incivilities from British Kings, was chosen by gene- the Romans, oppos'd herself against ral Consent to withitand the Roman them, and in one Battle flew eighty Invasion ; which he did with very thousand of them. Those two strong great Prowess, twice repulsing their Cities, Verolamium, and CamaloduLegions from the British Shore. His num, she took and facked. Petilchief City was Verulam, near where lius, Lieutenant of the ninth Legion, St. Albans now ftandeth.
fhe discomfited : Catus, the ProcuCingetorix, Caruil, Taximagul, rator, fhe forced to fly beyond the and Segonax, Kings reigning toge- Seas. All feared the heroic Prowther in Kent.
ess of this Princess ; but at length Mandubrace, a Prince of the Trino- she was vanquished in Battle, when, bantes, who after that he was beaten rather than live subject to her Foes, out of his Country by Caffibelan, fled the poisened herself. unto Cesar into Gallia, and was a Arviragus stoutly withstood Claugreat Incendiary against his native dius. Land, persuading Cæfar to make a Gulgacus, a rightly valiant Prince Second Expedition into Britain. of the Caledonians in the Time of
Cunobeline, Grandson of King Domitian. Lad, the chief City for whose Reli These were the Oppugners of dence was Camalodunum, now cal. Roman Power for above an hundred led Malden in Essex, which was the Years; nor were the Britains then principal Seat of the Kingdom. subdued without themselves; for
Adminius, Catracratus, and Togo their own Divisions made Way for dumus, Sons of Cunobeline, the last the Romans to become their Masters, whereof made gallant Resistance and to possess their Country. against the Romans.
About the Year of the World's Cogidunus, who received in pure Creation 3913, and before the Birth Gift, at the Hands of the Romans, of Christ Fifty four Years, the forcertain Cities, over which he peace- tunate Romans, under the Conduct ably reigned King.
of Julius Caefar, firit took Footing Caractacus, a moft renowned in Britain about Deal; and so welPrince of the Silures, who in nine come was the News of Cæsar's LanYears Rejstance waded thro' many ding in Britain to the Roman Senate, Adventures against the Romans, but that they decreed unto his Honour at lait was betray'd and carried to a general Thanksgiving for twenty Rome, where being led in Triumph, Days, which was the first so grcáč he was for the Braveness of his Spi- Honour ever granted; the former rit released of his Bonds, and accept- greatelt Victories having had buc ed into Claudius Cæfur's Favour. Five, or at most but Ten Days af
Penutius, a famous King of the signed them. Brigantes.
Emperors of Rome commanding in BRITAIN, A. M. Aixs Julius Cesar was forces in Gettia, when he invaded 3925 General of the Roman this island of Britain; in short time
A D. after which, he affum'd the Title small Profit with great Danger, is 17-39. and Authority of Perpetual Diéta- like thoje that fishing with a Golden
He was very successful in Hook, hazard more than the Fish is War, and of a moft undaunted Spi- worth. He died in the Embraces rit upon all Occasions. In Fifty le- of his Wife Livia, of whom he took verai Battle by him fought, he al. this Farewell; Livia, noflra conjuways prevailed, one only excepted. gii memor vive, & vale. Four times he was created Consul, and Five Tines entred Rome in A. D. Laudius Tiberius Nero 'Triumph Once entring into a
was ordained by Augus. Boat in tempestuous Weather, and tus for his Succeffor. Such an imputhe Waterman afraid to put forth dent Letcher he was, that he caused from Shore, he thus animated him, naked Women and Maidens to bring Proxeed couragiously againA the Storms, in, and attend him at Supper. Such for thou carriifi Cæfar, und Cæsai's a notorious Drunkard, that he cauFortunes. A d when he was fore- sed the People, instead of Claudius warnd of the Conspiracy made a. Tiberius Nero, to call him Caldus Bigainst him in the Senate, House, berius Mero, a Wine-bibber. In and disfuaued from going thither at his Time the World's Saviour was that Time, he answered, That he had crucified, about Five Years after rather die than admit Fear into his which Time the Gospel was planted Breaft. So resolutely going to the in Britain, as faith old Gildas. This Place, he was by Brutus, Casias, and Emperor, as is conjectured, was other Conspirators, murder'd in the smothered to Death by Caligula. Senate-House, receiving in his Budy Twenty three Wounds. He was A. D. Aius Caligula, Nephew bald-headed, therefore to cover it, 39.
to Tiberius, was at some he always wore the Triumphant Times exceeding prodigal, at other Laurel Garland. Some report, that Times fordidly covetous, always the Baths by the City of Bath were cruel, proud, and libidinous: He first found out by him; others say, would force rich Men to make their by an ancient British King called Wills, and therein to declare him Bladus. For twenty Years after their Heir; which when they had Cæsar's coming into Britain, the done, he would presently cause them Britains retaind their own Kings to be poisoned, scoffing at them, and and Laws, having no Roman Pre- saying, That when Men had once fects over them.
made their Wills, it was at they
Jould die. His own Mother he de. A.M.
Clavian Auguftus Cæfar famed to be incestuously begot.; tis 3980. was Julius Cajar's Si- Grandmother he poisoned, his Bro. fter's Son, and his adopied and de. ther Tiberius he murdered ; his clared Heir. In the Foity second Three natural Sillers incestuoully Year of his Reign, the Prince of polluted. He made himself a God, Peace Yelus Chrijl was born, when commanding that Men thould worwas universal Peace: This wise Em- ship him as luch, and ordained his peror's Miotto was, Feftina lente, great Horse for his Priest ; but as And he used to say, That is speedily, Decius faith, Truls, a fit Priest for por loon enough done, ibat is well e. fuch a God, and a fir God for juch a pouzlo done ; and that to get some Priet. Howbeit
, tho' he would be