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Ibat is So far I have said, to way, believe it, you will never do 1648. Jhew you that I am an Innocent Man. right, nor will God ever prosper you

Now for to fhew you that I am a until you give God his Due, the King good Cbriftian, I hope there is a good bis Due that is my Succeffors) and Man (pointing to the Bishop) that the People their Due ; I am as much will bear me witness that I have for- for them as any of you. given all the World, and even those in You must give God his Due, by reparticular that bave been the chief gulating rightly his Church (accordCauses of my Death ; who they are ing to his Scripture) which is now God knows, "I do not desire to know, I ove of Order. For to set you in a pray Ged forgive them. But this is Way particularly, now I cannot, but not all, my Charity must go further, only this, a National Synod, freely I wish that they may repent, for they called, freely debating among them-, bave indeed committed a great Sin in felves, mult settle this, when that tbat Particular : I pray God, with every Opinion is freely and clearly St. Stephen, that this be not laid to heard. their Charge. Nay, not only so, but For the King indeed I will not, that they may take the right Way 10 ( then turning to a Gentleman the peace of the Kingdom ; for my that touched the Axe, he said, Hurt Charity commands me not only to for not the Axe that may hurt me) for give particular Men, but my Charity the King, the Laws of the Land will commands me to endeavour, to the last clearly inftruet you for that, therefore Gafp, the Peace of the Kingdom. So, because it concerns my own ParticuSirs, I do wish with all my Soul, and lar, I only give you a Touch of it. I do hope here is some here will carry For the People. And truly I desire it further (turning to fome Gentle, their Liberty and freedom as much as men that wrote) that they may en- any Body whomsoever; but I must sell deavour the Peace of the Kingdom. you, that their Liberty and Freedom

Now Sirs, 1 must few you both confifts in having of Government, those bow you are out of the way and will Laws by which ibeir Life and their way.


may be most their own. It is First, You are out of the way. For not for baving Share in Government, certainly all the way you bave ever Sirs, that is nothing pertaining to had set, as I could find by any thing, them; a Subject and a Sovereign are is in the way of Conqueft. Certainly clear different Things. And therefore this is an ill Way: For Conqueji

, until they do that, I mean that you do Sirs, in my opinion, is never just, put the People in that Liberty as I say, except there be a good juft Cause, ei- certainly they will never enjoy themther for Matter of Wrong, or just felves. Sirs, It was for this that Title; and then if you go beyond it, now I am come here. If I would the firft Quarrel you have to it, that have given way to an arbitrary Way, makes it unjust at the End, that was for to have all Lacus changed accordjut at first. But if it be only matter 'ing to the Power of the Sword, of Conquest, then it is a great Rob- needed not to have come here ; and bery

, as á Pirate said to Alexander, therefore I tell you (and I pray God it bat he was the great Robber, he was may not be laid to your Charge ) shar but a petty Robber. And so, Sirs, ļ I am the Martyr of the People. do tbink ibe Way that you are in is In troth, Sirs, I hall not hold you auch out of the way.

much longer, for I will only say this Norw, Sirs, for to put you in the to you, Ibar in Truth I could have


Put you in the


1648. desired some little time longer, because Who desired him to put it all

that I would bave put this that I under his Cap; which as he was

have said in a little more Order, and doing by the Help of the Bishop
a little better digested than I have and Executioner, he turned to the
done, and therefore I hope you will Bifhop, and said,
excuse me.

I have a good Cause, and a gra-
I have delivered my Conscience. I cious God on my Side.
pray God that you take those Courses The Bishop faid,
that are best for the Good of the King-

There is but one Stage more, dom and your own Salvation. (alluding to the Pofts and Stages in Then the Bishop faid,

a Race) which though turbulent Though it be very well known' and troublesome, yet is a very thort what your Majesty's Affections are You may consider it will to the Protestant Religion, yet it foon carry you a very great way; may be expected that you should say it will carry you from Earth to somewhat for the World's Satisfac Heaven, and there you shall find, tion in that particular.

to your great Joy, the Prize you Whereupon the King replied, haften to, a Crown of Glory.

I thank you very heartily, my Lord, The King adjoyns, for that I had almost forgotten it. I go from a corruptible to an incor.

In troth, Sirs, my Conscience in Re- ruprible Crown, where no Difur. ligian, I think, is very well known to bance can be, no Disturbance in tbe all the World, and iherefore I declare World, before you all, That I die a Chriftian, Bifhop. You are exchanged from according to the Profession of the a temporal to an eternal Crown. Church of England, as I found it A good Exchange! left by my Falber; and this honeft Then the King asked the ExecuMan (pointing to the Bishop) I think tioner, will witness it.

Is my Hair well?
Then turning to the Officer, he And taking off his Cloak and

George, he delivered his George to
Sirs, Excuse this fame. I have the Bishop, saying, Remember, ('twas
a good Cause, and I have a gracious said) to find it the Prince.
God, I will say no more.

Then putting of his Doublet, Then to Colonel Hacker he said, and being in his Waltecoat, be pat Take care that they do not put me on his Cloak again, and looking to Pain. And, Sirs, this, and it upon the Block, faid to the Execuplease you

But a Gentleman coming near You muft set it fat.
the Axe, the King said,

Execui. It is fait, Sir,
Take heed of the Axe, pray take King. It might bave been a little
keed of the Axe.

higher. And to the Executioner he said, Execut. It can be no higher, Sir.

Ishall say but very fort Prayers, King. When I put out by Hard's and when I thrust out my Hands this way, then

Then he called to the Bishop for Then having said a few Words his Cap, which as he was doing, to himself, as ħe stood, with Hands and having put it on, he asked the and Eyes lift up, immediately Executioner,

ftooping down, he laid bis Neck Does My Hair trouble you ?? upon the Block, and the Executi


oder again putting his Hair under late Prince of Orange, who was 1648.
his Cap, his Majesty thinking he King of England in Right of his bar
had been going to strike, bad him Wife Mary, eldest Daughter of
fray for the Sign.

King James II. Elizabeth, born
Execut. Yes, I will, and it please January 28, 1635.. Anne, born

March 17, 1637, died before her After a very fhort Pause, his Ma- Father. Catharine, who died al. jelty ftretching forth his Hands, the most as soon as born. Henrietta, sizarded Executioner at one Blow born at Excester, June 16, 1644. severed his Royal Head from his married to the Duke of Anjou and Body. Whose Blond was taken Orleans, only Brother to Lewis XIV. up by several Persons for different King of France. In his Troubles Ends; by some as Trophies of their he composed an excellent Book, inVillany, by others as Relicts of a tituled Eixco Bagnext He had Martyr, His Corpse, embalmed and begun the repairing of St. Paul's at wrapped in Lead, was conveyed London ; he built that Ship called to Windfor by fome of his Servants. the Royal Sovereign, whose Barthen And Feb. 9, 1648, was there inter- was 1636 Tons, her Length 127 red in the Chapel Royal, by the Feet, her Breadth within the Planks Duke of Richmond, Marquiss of 46 Feet, her Depth from her Breadth Hartford, Earls of Southampton and i9 Feet, carrying 100 Pieces of OrdLindsey, and the Bishop of London. nance wanting 4; her Lanthorn fo

A Prince he was very temperate, larges that ten Men might stand in chaste, humble, affectionate to his it, her Building cost 80,000 Pounds. People, eloquent, notwithstanding In the laft Year of King James Some small Hesitation in his Utre- the First, and first of King Charles rance ; exceeding in Fortitude and the First, (viz. 1625.) the Plague Patience ; most devout in, and con- began in White-Chapel in London, ftant to his Religion. His Wife in the same House, on the same was Henrietta Maria, the Daugh- Day of the Month, with the same jer of Henry the Fourth King of Number that died 22 Years before, France, by whom he had issue when Queen Elizabeth departed this Charles James, born at Greenwich, Life. Of this Plague there died in May 13, 1628, but died near as all within the Bills of Mortality, foon as born. Charles, afterwards 41,313, besides of other Diseases King of England, born at Saint 8,848. James's, May 29, 1630. James, A. D. 1632, and February the Duke of York, and afterwards King, lith, happened a great Fire on born also at St. James's, O Etober 14, London-Bridge. 1633: Henry, Duke of Gloucefter, 4. D. 1635, Thomas Parre died, born in the same place, July 8, 1639. being aged 152 Years, and was buMary, born Nov. 4, 1631, married ried in the Abby-Church in Weftto William, Count of Nassau, Prince minfter. of Orange, by whom he had the




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Anuary the 30th, Charles. Il. fong restored, 1648. And afterward was chen in Holland when his they appointed, that all Monies to

Father King Charles I. was be coined, should be flamped with murthered; and that Tail of a Par- the Cross and Harp on one side, liament fitting at Weliminfier, were and the Cross on the other, with resolved, instead of admitting him this Motto, The Commonwealıb of the lawful Heir unto the Govern- England, God with us. And inment of England, to assume it to ltead of the Oaths of Supremacy themselves. To which End, they and Allegiance, they imposed an first set forth a Proclamation, That Engagement upon the People, To no Person whatsoever should pre- be true and faithful to the Com: fume to proclaim, or any Way to mon-wealth, as it was then eltapromote Charles Stuart, son of blished without King or House of Charles Stuart, late King of Eng- Lords. A Council of State they land, or any other person, to be constituted by the Name of the King or Chief Magistrate of these Keepers of the Liberties of Eng. Kingdoms; but he that thould at land, consisting of forty Persons, tempt any such thing, should be ad- who were to have the executive Part judged a Traytor. After this, they of the Government. Thus was voted the House of Lords to be use. England's ancient Government soon less and dangerous, and kingly changed by about fifty Persons, who Government to be unnecessary and Kyled themselves a Parliament, and burthensome, and therelore they a the Representative Body of Exg. bolished both. However, the Mar- land. The Maxim upon which they quifs of Ormand caused his Majesty grounded these their Alterations, and to be publickly proclaimed King of all other their illegal Proceedings, Ireland, and the Scorch Parliament was this, That all Power and AQdid the like in Scotland. But the thority is originally in the People ; Members of Weftminster having a and that they were the People's Revictorious Army on their Side, pro. presentative. When this f unto had ceeded to establish their Projects; made such a Model of Government, caused all publick Writings to be they erected another High Court of ilued out in the Name of the Keep. Injultice for the Trial of Duke Haers of the Liberties of England by-milion, as Earl of Cambridge, of Authority of Parliament ; ordering the Earls of Holland and Nartuick, a new Great Seal to be made, with the Lord Capel, and Sir John Owen, the Cross and Harp on one side, all which were condemned to die and this Inscription, The Great for engaging in their Sovereign's Seal of England; on the other Side, Cause ; but the Earl of Norwicó the picture of the House of Com and Sir John Owen were reprieved ; mons, with this Inscripcion, In the the other three were beheaded in fix o Freedom by God's Blof the Palace - Yard at Westminfier,


March the gth. The ever Loyal wild Humours, and yet all their 1649. Lord Capel, in his Speech on the Cry was for the Liberties of FreeScaffold,' declared, That he died born Englifomen.' against the Justice of the known About this Time Dr. Dorislaus, Laws of the Land, and for no 0- whom the disloyal Members had ther Cause than his affeting the sent over as their Agent into HolFifth Commandment; prayed hear- land, was llain there by. Colonel tily for the King, for his Restora. Whitford, 'a; and not tion, long Life and Prosperity; fhut- long after, one Alcham, another of ting op his Speech with a Profesli- ther Agents sent into Spain, was op of his chearfulness in forgiving there also flain by one Sparks. his Enemies. Other good Subjects May the 30th, in the City of they put to Death in other places of London, England was proclaimed a the Nation, as Lieutenant Colonel Free State. And June the 13th, Morris, Mr. Beaumont a Minister, the House ordered that no CereMajor Monday, and Cornet Black- mony should be used to the King's burn. And many were the Loyal Children, the Duke of. Gloucester, Persons that were now proscribed, and Lady Elizabeth, then: in the and had their Eftates confiscated, as junto's Custody. the Marquis of Newcastle, Earl In Ireland, the King's Lieuteof Bristol, the Lords Cottington, nant, the Marquis of Ormond, in Widdrington, Culpepper, Byron, Sir order to promote the King's Cause Edward Hide, Sir Phillo Musgrave, there, concluded a Peace with the Sir Marmaduke Langdale, Sir Ri- Irish, and June the 22d he befieebard Greenvill, and others. And ged the City of Dublin ; but August all that had been in actual Arms the 2d, Colonel Michael Jones, with for the King, or other Service, his whole Strength, being between were forced to compound for their '8 and 9,000, fallied out upon the Estates, if they had any, to the Besiegers, who were 19,000 Horse great impoverifhing of the Royal and Foot, and routed them totally, Party

flew of them about 3000, took PriA. D. 1649, April the 7th, the foners 2517, took all the Marquis's Members at Weftminster, for the Train of Artilery and Ammunitibetter Supply of their Army, and on, and a very rich Booty in the taking away Free-Quarter, passed Camp. August the 16th, Oliver an Ad for' levying of 90,000 h. Cromwell landed with his Forces at a Month upon England for Six. Dublin, and after a short Stay there, Months.' Then took into Conside- marched with great Expedition aration the Sale of Dean and Chap. gainit Tredagb, or Drogheda, where ters Lands.

Sir Arthur Afhion was Governor ; Mey the 15th, divers Troops the Defendants of the Town did of the Army for mutinying were bravely behave themselves, however furprized by Fairfax at Burford, Oliver gained it by Storm, giving where some few of the Ringleaders strict Orders to his Soldiers, that were lot to Death, and the rest they should afford Quarter neither disbanded. There were of chat Par. to Man, Woma:, nor Child, but ty a People called Levellers, who in should kill all. He vowed to one those Times of Dittraction would of his Commanders, That he would have all Things in the Common- facrifice their Bodies to the Souls wealth ordered according to their of the Englishmen they had for.


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