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1683. but narrow, having on one side the field, to fly to London ; where at
Moat of this House, and on the o- the same Time was to be made a
The Manner of doing this villa- defeat all their pernicious Countes, nous Action, was to have been thus : by suffering an auspicious and mot
When the King returned from providential Fire to break out a New-market, some were to go out New.market, the Flames of which into the Road, to give an Account having driven his Majefly out of his what Company attended him, which Palace, he removed to another Purt were commonly but very few at of the Town, remote from the Fire, that Place, for it being near Hod. and the Annoyance of the Smoke, desdon, where the King took freth where he intended to Ray till the Day Guards, those of the former Stage he had at first intended to return; were usually tired before that Time, but no fooner was he fettled there, and lagged behind, so that not above but the Wind chang'd, and blew the five or fix came into Hoddesdon, Smoke and Cynders upon his Lodge Notice being given of the King's ing, so that he was forced imme Approach, the Asafins were to ately to return to London, which he issue from the House and Yard ; ing some Days sooner than he insome were to overthrow a Cart in tended, the Assassins were not prethe narrowest Place to stop the Way, pard at the Rye, and by char Meri others were to fight the Guards, on his Majesty most happily escapens thers were to shoot the Coachman, and came fafe to London on the 20 Poftillion, and Horfes, whilft Rum of March : But notwithstanding th: bald and his Gang were to fire into Disappointment, they perfitted, and his Majetty's Coach. This they resolved to take the firit Opportesuppos’d feasible without much Op- nity that offered. [ Thus far cu polition
Author.] The execrable Deed being dore, The first that was brought to Tithey were, by back Ways over the al for this Conspiracy, was Lievre
nant Colonel Tho. Walcot, who on he was present at a Confult at Mr. the 12th of Ju'r was arraigned at Shepherd's in Otober or November, the Selfions-house in the Old Bailey, 1682, where there was a Discourse where Rumsey witnessed against about a Rifing and Seizing the him, that he was one of the Asfal- Guards ; and that the Lord Rufel fins that were to have killed the did speak about the Rising. ShepKing at Rye; particularly, that he herd swore, That the said Consult had undertaken to head the Party was held at his House, and that my that was to fight the Guards. That Lord was there. That their Difhe allisted in contriving the Insur- course was how to surprize the section also, and that he was at the Guards ; that the Duke of MonConsult for buying Arms. Keiling mouth, the Lord Gray, and Sir Thoswore that he was present at a trai mas Armstrong, went one Night to terous Affembly at the Salutation the Meuse to view them ; that ArmTavern. Zach. Bcurn, a Brewer, strong said the Guards were very reone of the Conspirators, at whose miss, and the Thing feasible ; that House Ferguson lodged, deposed, they had two Meetings at his House; That Walcot was one that met at that in one of them something was the Dragon on Snow.hill, and other read by Ferguson, in the Nature of a Places, in order to raise Men, and Declaration, in order to a Rising ; divide the City into twenty Parts, that he could not say the Lord Ruffor an Insurrection to seize the King sel was there when that was read, and the Duke. Weft deposed the but that he was there when they fame Rumsey had done ; and that talk'd of seizing the Guards. The he had been present at several trea. Lord Howard of Ejcrick deposed, sonable Consults. Besides which, That after the Earl of Shafisbury's a Letter was produced that he sent Flight, the chief Persons concern'd, to the Secretary, wherein he ac- agreed they had gone so far, that knowledged himself guilty, and of they could not with Safety go back; fered to discover, if he might have and that for the carrying it on, it Pardon. So he was found guilty, was necessary to have some General and executed on the zoth of the same Council. Which they therefore condionth,
stituted of six Persons, who were The next that was tried, was the Duke of Monmouth, the Earl of William Hone, a Joyner. Against Elex, the Lord Ruffel, Colonel Alhim Koeling and W'ejt deposed, that gernoon Sidney, Mr. Hampden, and he was present at the Cousult for himself : That these Consults were buying Arms, and had agreed to be frequently held ; and the Things one of the Assassins at the Rye- debated in them were concerning houle, which himself also had con an intended Insurrection, whether fested to Sir Nicholas Butler and Cap. it should begin first in London, or in tain Richardson; also the Jury found the Country ; what Counties and him guilty without going from the Towns were fittest ; what Arms Bar; and at his Execution he again were to be provided, and how to be confeffed it.
disposed ; and concerning raising a The next that was arraigned for common Bank of 25 or 30,000 l. but this Conspiracy, was William Lord that the greatest Point was to draw Rafl, who was brought to Trial in Scotland into a Consent with at the Old Bailey, July 13 ; where them ; to which Purpose a MessenRumsey deposed againit him, Thar ger was sent to the Earl of Argy!!
1683. in Holland, and another to Sir John at most amount only to Alisprifion
Cockrain, &c. to Scotland. That the of Treaton. And finally, he denied
That the Meetings The Earl of Esex having been
thore Scotchmen were in London a- they look'd upon it as a Licence to 1683. bout that Time. Concerning the p oceed. And now not only the. Libel, it was proved that it was whole Rigor of the Laws, both Ecfound in Colonel Sidney's Closet, and clefiaftical and Civil, was let loose as far as such a Matter will bear, upon the Dissenters, of whom many to be of his own Hand writing Thousands were prosecuted to ExThe Libel was of very treafonous communication ; and many HunImport, as it was then called. But dreds thrown into Goal for Nonthe Book having been since printed, Corf rinity only ; I say, not only the World is a Judge of it 10 were the Diljenters profecuted with which he answer'd, That the Pa- the utmos Severity, but also many pers, if they were his. mighi be true Conformists and loyal Subjects written long since in Answer to Fil (but denominated Whigs) were vex’d mer's Book, and for his own Diver- with litigious Prosecutions upon the fion, not for Publicati n. Denied fightest Pretences, and often fined he tent the Messenger, &c. but be in very great Sums. By these Pracwas found Guilty, and on the 7th tices, the U'higgish Party were so inof December was beheaded on Tower tirely subdued, that during the rest Hill.
of this Reign, there was as much The rest that fuffered for this Quietness in England upon Politicks, Conspiracy, were James Hilloze ay as there is upon Religion in those and Sir Thomas Armstrong, who be- Countries where the Inquisition ing Out-law'd, were both taken reigns. Abroad, one in Mevis in America, But to proceed : On the 19th of and the other at Leiden in Holland, July, this Year, 1683, Prince George, brought over to England in the fol- Brother to the King of Denmark, lowing Year, and both executed ; arrived at Whitehall, and on the Holloway confesling all ; but Arm- 28th of the same Month was marriPorong died seviling Authority for ed to the Lady Anne, second Daughnot granting him a Trial, notwith- ter to the Duke of York. itanding the Out lawry.
Sep. 29, Sir George Jefferies was And thus you have the Sum of sworn Lord Chief Justice of the what this ho rid Plot produced in King's Bench, in the Room of Sir this King's Reign; who, for his Edmund Saunders, deceased; Sir and his Kingdom's happy Delive. Thomas Fones made Chief Justice of rance from it, appointed a Day of the Common Pleas; and Sir Richard folemn Thanksgiving to be kept, Holloway one of the Justices of the both through England and Scotland, King's Bench. on the gth of September ; at which The Parliament having neglected Time his Majesty's Declaration to to provide for Tangier in Africa, his Subjects, giving an Account of and it having cost the King'a vait he horrid Conspiracy, was publick- Treasure, in building Fortifications, ş read in all Churches.
and a noble Mole in the Sea for The Discovery of this Conspira- securing the Haven, and in maincy, with the Indignation and even taining a Garrison continually in it ; Horror that it created in the Minds besides the great Expence in deof the People, sufficiently strength- fending it when it was ftraitly be:nd the Hands of the Ministry ; fieged the lat Year by the Moors ; ind, as they call'd it, a Warrantry and continuing fill to be a greater or what they had been doing, lo Charge than the Crown was willing
1683. to bear, it was this Year Nighted ; his Dependents began to brag, That
the Lord Dartmouth being sent thi- he had made no Confession, but alther by his Majesty, with a Fleet ferred the Innocence of some that of Ships, to bring away all the In- suffered ; this alarm'd the King, ard habitants and their Effe&ts, demolish made him put the Duke in mind the Town, blow up the Mole, and of his late Promises, and bid hin spoil the Harbour, that it might beware of Relapsing ; and further, not be useful to any other Nation ; demanded of him to give some fuch which was accordingly done in No Satisfaction to the Nation in pubvember and December.
lick, as he had already given to his The Duke of Monmouth having Majesty in private ; which he feenbeen accused of being concern'd in ed ready to comply with, and acthe late: Conspiracy (at the first cordingly did actually subscribe a Discovery of it) withdrew and ab- Letter of the fame Import with the sconded; upon which he, among Confeffion he had made to the King; others, was put into a Proclama. but it seems the Solicitations of his tion, and an Out-lawry sued cut old Adherents was of more Force against him, which being almost with him, than the Confideratica drawn to an Iflue, the said Duke, of his Duty and future Happiness ; about the Middle of November, for at their Inftigation, he came to sent a Letter to his liajetiy, ca- the King, and earnestly entreated ving his Pardon for what was past, the Letter might be' relt red him, with Promise of exact Obedience left (as he pretended) fome Omer for the future, and to reveal many tunity mighi be taken from it big Things yet unknown. Which the bis Enemies, to blaft bis Reputatica, King granted, and he accordingly and perhaps to bring him in to gier surrendered himself to Secretary Evidence again Orhers ; which
, Jenkins on the 24th of November, tho' his Majesty often affured him, and was introduced to his Majetly, he need not fear, yet he perlile!! where, with Signs of mcft humble in his Request, That the paper mais Contrition and sincere Sorrow for be resored, which at lait the King his paft Miscarriages, he did fully told him, he would not keep aand freely acknowledge his having gainst his Will, and delivered it to been conscious of the Conspiracy, him again ; but withal, from that but without any the least Design Moment banit'd him his Presence upon his Majesty's Life, which he and Court, where he never afu firmly denied to have ever thought appear'd. of; and gave his Majesty much This Year was fhut in with fech greater Light into many particu. an extraordinary Froft, as Hitory lars of it, than he could possibly can hardly parallel in this King else have obtain'd ; but prayed that dom ; it lasted from the Middle o! he might not be obliged to be a December to the fifth of Februars, Witness. Upon this the King gran:- during moft Part of which the ed him a Pardon, and received himn Thames was frozen over so hard, into his Favour, and withal pro- and the Ice was so strong and in mised him he should be excused from lid, that Hundreds of Shops and Evidencing. But no sooner was, Booths were set up upon the River, the Pardon passed, when he again and Coaches plied as confdently associated with Persons that his from the Temple.fairs to Write Majelly had Reafva to cilike; and fter, as if it had been by Lori