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also several Diversions, as Bull-bait- not hear any Body speak. Besides 1683. ing, Fox-hunting, Ninepin-playing, which, he produced several Coun &c. and even an Ox was realt- try People to witness, that they ed whole upon the Ice, over against heard the Report of the Earl of ES Whitehall.

sex's Death 50, 60, and 100 Miles The Death of the Earl of Effex off, the very fame Day that it hapbefore-mentioned had been malici. pened. Then on the other side, all oully misrepresented, and a scurri- the Persons were sworn that atlous Libel was publihed, wherein tended about his Lordfhip, to give it was insinuated, that the Earl was a particular Account of what they murdered by some Persons about knew concerning his Death: And him ; and one Laurence Braddon, first, my Lord's Servant declared, and Hugh Speke had been buly in That his Lord did often ask for a pretending to detect the same; for Penknife, which he said was to pair which an Information of High Mif- his Nails; the Footman had several demeanour was exhibited against times Order, when he went Home, them, and on Fib, 7, 1683-4, try- to bring one, but neglected; so ed at the King's Bench Bar, where that at last his Lord bid him give a little Boy was produced, who him one of his Rasors, which he had reported that he saw a bloody did, and then went away and left Hand throw a Rafor out of the him ; that a little while after, the Window, where the Earl of Elex Footman came and brought some lodged in the Tower, that Morn- Things from Home, and a Note ing that the said Lord was killed ;' for his Lord; which he coming up which Report Braddon had taken to deliver, found no' body in the from the Boy's own Mouth, and Chamber ; but thinking he might written down, and made him sign be retired into the Closet, and busy. it; which however he now in he came down again, and stayed Court declared to be false. And some time, and then went up again. further, another Boy who was with And not yet seeing any body in the him at Play in the Tower, at the Chamber, and the Closet Door ftill first Rumour of the Earl of Eljex's fhut, he knock'd at the Door, and Death, and stood before the house call'd, but no body answering, he where my Lord was, for an Hour peep'd through a Chink, and saw together,' did swear he was fure Blood and Part of the Rafor, upon there was no such thing as a Ra- which he callid to the Warder and for thrown out of the Window. the People of the House, who forMr. Braddon, in his Defence, pro- cing open the Door found his Lord duced a little Girl, who swore the killd, and the Rasor lying by his allo saw a Rafor thrown out, but Side. Next the Warder deposed, contradicted the Boy in one Parti. That he heard my Lord ask for the cular ; for, whereas he said the Rafor, and that none came into the Rafor fell without the Pales, the Chamber till the Warder return'd. faid it fell within them; and also That upon his calling out, he came contradicted herself in another ; in and open'd the Door, and found for at one Time the said a Soldier my Lord lying in his Blood, and tood there, and call’d to have the the Rasor by him. And further, Rasor taken up, and now in Court That the Window open'd to a back the faid, she did not know any Sol Yard, and that there was no Windier was there, and that the did dow to she Street at all. Then the


3683. Soldier that food Centinel at the out against almost all the Corpora

Door, swore, That he saw no Ra- tions in the Kingdom (the several
sor, nor did call out to any Body, Companies of London not excepted)
nor no Maid in a white Hood came some of which voluntarily surren.
out ; and that there was no Centi- dred, others stood Trial, but were
nel there but himself. Capt. Haw- all cast ; and new Charters granted
ley, at whose House my Lord lodged, them, with such Restrictions as the
deposed, that the Casement would King thought fit.
not open far, and is so low, and Several Persons were this Sum-
the Pales nine or ten Feet high, mer punished for seditious Speeches
that it is impossible for any thing and Libels. And John Duiton Celt,
to be seen that is thrown out at the Esq; and Dr. Titus Oates, being
Window, and that it was the most sued in Actions of Scandalum Mag-
unlikely thing that could be heard. natum, by the Duke of York, had
So that upon the whole, the Report 100,000 l. Damages awarded a-
was adjudged false and malicious ; gainst each of them, for which they
and Mr. Braddon fined 2000 l. and were committed to the King's Bench
Mr. Speke 1000 l. for being the Prison.
Spreaders of it. But because Brad In Michaelmas Term following,
don pretended he had Injustice done the said Dr. Oates was indiited for
him, the Matter has been brought Perjury, in the King's-Bench Cours,
upon the Carpet, at a Time when and afterwards in December, le-
he had full Liberty of bringing all cond Time at the Sessions house in
the Witnesses he was able, before the Old Baily, upon Account of the
an Honourable Assembly, viz. A Evidence he gave in the Popib Plet.
Committee of the House of Lords, Both which Indi&tments were to have
who in the Year 1689, fat several been tried the next Term, but the
Days, and examin'd all the Circum- Death of the King intervening, re-
Itance; but did not find Mr. Braddon spited him till the next Reign.
had Reason to make this Bustle ; for And now I must mention some
when they had heard all that could Promotions in Church and Stare
be said, they let the Matter drop. made this Year. On the 14th o!

A.D. 1684, The Earl of Danby, April, Sir Lyonel Jenkins religa'd h: and the Lords accused of the Popish Place of Secretary of State, which Plot, who for six Years time had the King gave to Sidney Gadsiphir, been detained Prisoners in the Tow- Esq; August the 25th, the Earla er; and the Earl of Tyrone, who Rochester was made Lord Prehdeat had lain very near as long in the of the Council, in the Place of etee Gatehouse, and often, but in vain, Earl of Radnor ; and at the same moved that they might be bailed Time Mr. Secretary Gedalpbia was out, were now, in Hilary Term, made First Commisioner of the Traa1683-4, upon bringing their Habeas fury, and the Earl of Middletsx so Corpus, admitted to Bail by the cretary of State. And on the 6 Lord Chief Justice efferies: The of September, Sidney Godolphin, E. Names of the Lords were, the Earl First Commiflioner of the Treafary, of Danby, the Earl of Pozvis, the was created Baron Godolpbin of RLord Arundel of Warder, the Lord alton in Cornwall. November the zi. Bellasis, and the Earl of Tyrone, the Dr. Sprat, Dean of 11etminfer, was Lord Peters being dead in the Touer. made Bishop of Rochester, Dr. Tor

Q10 Warranto's were now font ner made Pishop of Els, wbich

was vacant by the Death of Dr. his Senses, and continued so, but 1684. Gunning, and November the 24th, in a weak and languishing CondiDr. Mew, Bishop of Bath and Wells, tion, till Friday the 6th of the same was translated to the Bishoprick of Monih, when about Noon he died, Winchester, on the Death of Dr. being exceedingly bewailed by his Morley; and Dr. Kenn succeeded in Subjects. He was buried privately the See of Barb and Wells.

in King Henry's Chapel in WejiminAnd now we are come to the fer, where he had an Effigies in Period of the King's Reign, for on Wax placed. Monday Morning, February the 2d, He left no lawful Issue by his 1684-5, the king was suddenly ta- Queen Catharine of Portugal; but ken with a Fit of an Apoplexy, but many natural Children of both Sexupon Blood·lecting, and the Use of es, by several Women ; of all whom other proper Remedies, he came to he was extreamly fond.


AMES Duke of York, second derness and Clemency to his people.

Son of King Charles the First, That he affected not Arbitrary Power

was born on the 14th of O&to as was laid to his Charge: That he ber 1638, and succeeded his Bro- would preserve the Government, both ther King Charles the Second on in Church and State, according to the Friday the 6th of February, 1684-5, Ejiablished Laws: That he was faon which Day he was with great tisfied and secure in the Loyalty and Solemnity proclaimed in the usual unshaken Fidelity of the Church of Places of the City of London, and England, and would therefore alafterwards through all England and ways support it: That be aimed to all the English Dominions.

be no greater than the Laws would All Offices and Places, both Mic make him, and therefore as he would litary and Civil, in England and not part with bis own just Rights Ireland being void by the Death of and Prerogatives, so would be neithe late King; a Proclamation was ther invade any Man's Property: Thai issued to confirm the present Por as he had often ventured his Life in seffors in them till the King's far- Defence of the Nation, he would go ther Order. And the Orders and as far as any Man in preserving it in Directions of the Privy Council of all its just Rights and Liberties. the late King were commanded to And, at the Request of the Lords be of the same Validity as in his of the Council, this Speech was Life. Which Order was also sent printed. to all the Foreign Plantations be The Act of Parliament that imlonging to the English Crown. posed the Duties of Tonnage and

The first Time the King, sat in Poundage, or Customs upon Merthe Privy Council, he made a chandize, given to the la:e King, Speech to them to this Effect : being expired by his Death, the

That since it had pleased God to Merchants scrupled now place him in that Station, he thuught them. The King therefore publishfit to declare, That he could follow ed a Proclamation, commanding she Example of bis Brother, in Ten- the Payment of the said Duties, as



to pay

1684. in the Life of the late King, to Lord Treasurer, who being assem

maintain the Fleet for the Defence of bled, and all sworn a-new, gave the Nation and Security of Trade, Orders for the proclaiming king till the Parliament that was soon to James ; which was accordingly meet should take Care of a suffici- done on the roth of February with ent Settlement on the Crown for the all usual Ceremonies, their LordSupport of the Government. Which ships aflifting at it. After which, although a manifest Violation of the by his Majesty's Command, a ProPeople's Rights, and an Affumption clamation was published to contiof arbitrary Power, was at this time nue all Officers, Judges, and Alagitaken little Notice of.

strates, in their respective Places, On the 14th of February, in the till further Order. This being done, Evening, the Corpse of his late Ma- the Lords of the Council sent a Lei. jesty King Charles the Second was ter to the King, containing an Ac privately interred in the Chapel of count of their Proceedings, with King Henry the Seventh in Wejimin- Aflurances of hazarding their Lives fter Abbey, in a Vaule under the and Fortunes in Defence of his PerEast-End of the South Ille. The son and Dignity. And at the same Prince of Denmark being the chief time, the Archbishops and Bishops Mourner, attended by many Lords that Kingdom fent a Letter to and Gentlemen of both the late the King, expressing both their Sorand present King's Servants. row for the Death of his late Nla.

The next Day, the Duke of Or- jesty, and their Dury and Affection
mond, the Earl of Arlington, the to himself.
Lord Viscount Newport, the Lord On the uth of the fame Month,
Maynard, and Henry Savil, Esq: the King was proclaimed in Ireland
were confirmed in their Places of also, with no less Solemnity and
Lord Steward, Lord Chamberlain, Expressions of Joy, by his Grace
Treasurer, Comptroller, and Vice- the Duke of Ormond, asisted by the
Chamberlain, which they enjoyed Lords Spiritual and Temporal

, the in the late King's Time.

Lord-Mayor and Aldermen of Dab.
On the 16th, Laurence, Earl of lin, &c.
Rochester, Lord President of the In the mean Time Addreffes dai.
Council, was made Lord High ly arrived from all Parts of te
Treasurer of England; on the 18th Kingdom, congratulating his Ma
the Lord Marguifs of Hallifax was jesty's Accession to the Throne, and
declared Lord President of the to thank him for his Promise ct
Council ; the Lord Clarendon Lord maintaining their Religion and
Privy Seal ; the Duke of Beaufort Laws: Which were all kindly re-
President of Wales, and the Lord ceived by the King; and the Ass
Godolphin Lord Chamberlain to the rances repeated.
Queen. Several other Persons were Nor were foreign States wanting
at the same time confirmed in the in their Respect, each fending their
Places they enjoyed in the late Ambassadours to congratulate
King's Reign.

Majesty's Accession to the Thron'. The News of the King's Death The first of which, that arrive, being arrived at Edinburgh, the was the Count Serelais de Lords of the Privy-Council were who was sent from the Marquis immediately called together by the Grana, Governor of the Spa Earl of Perth, Lord High Chancel- Netherlands, with Compliments lor, and the Duke of Queensbury, Condoleance and Congratulcor,

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and was followed by the rest of the fties were crowned with the usual 1685. Princes of Europe.

Ceremonies and then returned with In Scotland, on the 20th of Fe- the whole Assembly in the fame Orbruary, a Proclamation was publish- der into Westminsier. Hall to Dinner; ed to summon a Parliament to meet at which Time Sir Charles Dymock, at Edinburgh, on the oth of April the King's Champion, in compleat following. And an Address of Con- Armour, accompanied by the Lord gratulation was sent to the King High Steward and the Earl-Marfrom the Magistrates and Council thal, rode into the Hall, and perof that City, as were likewise others formed the usual Ceremony of the from several Corporations in that Challenge Kingdom.

On the fame Day that the King The King's Coronation being was crowned at Westminster, the now under Confideration, in order Parliament met in Scotland: At the to it, a Proclamation was published opening of which, a Letter was on the 6th of March, commanding read, which the King had sent to all those who by Tenure of Lands, them ; wherein he was pleased to &c. are obliged to claim or alilt intimate, thereat, to put in their Claims be That their Zeal and Loyalty, which fore the Lords thereby authorized he had experienced in his Brother's to receive them.

Reign, engaged him to summon them But before we speak of that So- at the Beginning of his, to give them lemnity, the Order of Time re an opportunity of demonstrating their quires us to look over into Ireland, own Duty, and to be exemplary to where on the 21st of March, the others in their Affections to his PerDuke of Ormond, Lord-Lieutenant, son and Service. delivered up the Sword of State to That what he had now to propose, the Lord Archbishop of Armagh, was for the Security of their LiberChancellor of Ireland, and the Lord ties and Properties, more than the AgGranard, whom the King consti- grandizing of his power; though tuted Lords Justices for the Go- the Preservation of that would the vernment of that Kingdom. And bettet enable him to preserve them in the next Morning the Council be- the quiet Pobelion of their rights ing called together, were diffolved, and Religion, against the Endeavours and a new, one appointed ; the of the Fanaticks, the restless Ewemies Members of which, that were in or of both. near the City of Dublin, were im. That the Importance of the Matmediately sworn.

lers now to be proposed, would have A.D. 1685. On the 23d of April obliged him to bave come himlelf to was solemnized the Coronation of them had it been possible at this the King and Queen. Their Ma. Functure of Time ; he had therea jellies proceeding from Westminster. fore instructed the Duke of QueensHall to the Abby Church, attended bury in all Things relating to his by the great Oficers of State, No. Service and their Happiness; 1.01 bility, Archbishops, Bishops, Judges, doubting of their Compliance and 4 Masters in Chancery, Lord-Mayor fiftanie. and Aldermen of London, Choir of After the reading of the Letter, Westminster, &c. in their respective the Lord Chancellor made Robes, where the Sermon being o- Speech; wherein, after an Eulgium ver, which was preached by Dr. upon the King, and assuring them Turner, Bishop of Ely, their Maje. of his Majetty's Protection of the



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