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1685. Henry Cornish, Esq; sometime Meetings, came to speak with the

Sheriff of London, was now accused Duke of Monmouth, that he carried of having been concern'd in the but half an Hour, and that no PaConspiracy in the late King's Reign, per was read while he was there. for which he was committed to Pri- Upon the Whole he was by the Jury fon, and on the 19th of Otober found guilty. And on the 23d of brought to a Trial at the Sellions Oktober, was executed in Cheapfide

, House in the Old Baily. The Evi. over-against King-Areet. A Severiy dence against him was Colonel Rum- that justly gave occasion to mech Jey, who deposed, That he being at Indignation. Shepherd's House at a Meeting of On the 19th of OEtober, Willies the Duke of Monmouth, the Lord King, John Fernly, and Eliz. Gaan, Grey, &c. a Paper was read, being were also tried and condemned 2: . a Declaration designed to be disper- the Old Baily, for High-Treason, in sed at the intended Insurrection : having concealed and fuccoured That Mr. Cornish coming in, it was three Persons concerned in the la:e again read to him, who being asked Rebellion. his Opinion of it, said he liked it On the 27th of Opober, Richard very well, and that what poor Inte: Nelthorp and John Agloff

, were relt he had, he would join in it; and brought from Newgate to the King's that it was out of Compassion to Bench Bar; where being asked why Mr. Cornish, being his old Acquain- Sentence should not pass upon them, tance, that he had not accused him being out-lawed for High-Treason, before. Next Goodenough, who had in conspiring the Death of hisz been lately pardon'd, swore, That Charles; and having nothing to say he being at Mr. Cornish's House, and they were both by Rule of Cours, discourfing him alone, said the Law executed the 30th, the firit before will not defend us, some other Way Grey's- Inn, and the other before must be thought upon; to which Cor. the Temple Gates. nish reply'd, He wonder'd the City The King had, during the 12:e was so unready: Goodenough answer'd, Rebellion, made great Levies o Something was to be done here, but Men to increase his Army for inp. first the Tower must be frized : Mr. presling it; and although that u Cornish pauled a little, and then said, lo easily accomplished, yet the F.: I will do what I can. Afterwards ces were continued and increase meeting Mr. Cornish, he asked him and not only fo, but Roman C: how Things went? To this Evi- licks were made Oficers, dence the Prisoner answer'd, with taking the Oaths and Teit, as ciu Protestation of his Innocence, and manded by A& of Parliamer. that Rumsey had formerly sworn,. This was much relented by That he had nothing else to swear Proteftant Nobility and Gentry, againit any Man. That he had al- especially those of the Church ways an ill Opinion of Goodenough, England, who had faithfully :". and was againit his being Under ellectually served the King's le: Sherif, which he brought several reit, againit all his Enemies, F Witnefies to prove. Also he brought ticula ly againft Monmouth. Bu several Witnesses to give Account King, it seems, was resolved of his Life and Conversation. And gratisy thoie, however ungrass laftly, Mr. Shepherd, who declared, it seemed to these, as appeared that Mr. Cornill, at one of those his Specch to the Parliament; mia

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according to the Adjournment, met between them, he hoped the 1685. on the oth of November, to whom • would continue steady and loyal the King spoke to this Effect : to him, who would give them

• That he was much satisfied, af- all Returns of Kindness and Pro* ter she Storm that threatend, to

• tedion. ' meet them in Peace and Tranquil This Speech occafioned pretty

lity : That the strange Progress warm Debates in the House of • so small a Beginning had made, Commons, many of the Members * would convince them, he hoped, exprefling their Resentment of this

that the Militia was not sufficient Breach of the Laws, in employing ' for such Occasions; and that no- Popish Officers: But however they

thing but a good Force of well agreed to grant the King a Supply disciplin'd Troops in constant for his Army, though not so much Pay, could defend us from such as as he demanded ; for he ask'd 12, either at Home or Abroad were but they voted him only 700,000 l. disposed to disturb us : That this which they computed would mainmade him to think it necessary to tain the Army two Years ; and at the increase his Forces to what he had same time voted also an Address to done, which he owed to the Ho- his Majesty, wherein, after thanknour as well as Safety of the Na. ing him for his Care in fupprefling tion, whose Reputation was much the Rebellion, they humbly repre* exposed by the having lain open sented, That the Officers not qualifi

to the late Atrempt.' He therefore ed according to the late Test-Act, asked their Aflistance for the Sup-being incapable of their Employply of this Charge. And then said, ments, and subject to great Penalties, * Let no Man iake Exception, that which were no ways to be taken off, " there are some Oficers in the Army but by A&t of Parliament, they were rol qualified according to the late therefore preparing a Bill to indemTefis, for their employments : The nify them for what was past. But ' Gentlemen I must tell you, are most because the Continuance of them in * of them well known to me ; and those Employments was dispensing 'baving formerly served with me on with Laws, the Consequence of

feveral Occasions, and always ap- which is of the greateft Concera proved the Loyalty of their Principles to his Subjects, they humbly be* by their Practice, I think them fit sought his Majesty to give such Di

nous to be employed under me : and rections therein, as that no Apprewill deal plainly with you, That af- hensions of Jealousy. may remain in * ter baving had the Benefit of their the Hearts of his good and faithful Services in Time of such Need and Subje&ts. Darger, I will neither expose them This Address was presented on to Disgrace, nor myself 10 the Want the 17th of November ; to which of them, if there should be another the King was pleased to answer in 'Rebellion, to make them necessary these Words :

Then told them, He fear*ed some wicked Men hoped, that Did not expe&t such an Address * a Difference might happen be

tween him and them upon this having so lately recommended to your Occasion ; but if they considered Consideration the great Advantage a the Advantage had already ac- good Understanding beerween us had procrued by a good understanding duced in a very short time, and given


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1685. you warning of Fears and Jealoufies his Lordship being at that time Lord

among yourselves. I had reason to Privy-Seal, the Lord Trevor, Col.
hope the Reputation God has blessed me Philips, and Mr. Evelyn, were ap-
with in the World, would have created pointed to execute chat Office in
and confirmed a greater Confidence in his Absence.
you of me, and of all I say to you. On the 15th of December, the
But however you proceed on your Part; Ambaffadors extraordinary, which
I will be steady in all the Promises I the Republick of Venice sent to con-
bave made you, and be very JUST to gratulate the King, and to desire
my WORD in every one of my Speeches. Permission to make Levies in England

for the Service of the State, againk After which they face but three the Turks; made their publick EnDays, which time was employed in try through the City from the Tuzo preparing a Bill for the Supply, and er to their House in St. James's in confidering upon a Bill for ma. Square; and three Days after were king the Militia more serviceable; admitted to publick Audience, being but had not time to perfect either; conducted by the Earl of Derty

, For,

and Sir Charles Cotterel, with the On the 20th of November, the Honours usually given to the AmKing prorogued the Parliament co bassadors of Crown'd Heads. But the Toth of February next : But they they effected not their Design; for fare no more; for after several Pro- it was not esteemed adviseable by sogations, they were finally diffol- any Means to give Jealousy to the ved on the 2d of July 1687. Grand Seignior, by reason of the

great and profitable Trade our la The next considerable Matter that tion yearly made to Turkey. So tha: occurr’d, was the Trial of the Lord after' fome Months carrying bere, Brandon-Gerrard, Son to the Earl of and having been honourably enierMacclesfield, who on the 28th of No- tained, they departed home. vember, was brought to the King's On the 30th of December, Jebe Bench Bar, and arraigned for High- Hambden, Eig; wasindicted for HigTreason, in endeavouring to raise Treason, to which he pleaded ga:!Rebellion, and depose the late King ty, caiting himself upon the King's Charles ; of which he was found Mercy, and obtained his Pardon Guilty, but shortly after obtained On the 14th of January, Hrey a Pardon And,

Baron Delamere, was brought On the oth of December, Charles Trial in Westminster Hill, beft Bateman (a Surgeon) was likewise the Lord Jeffery's, constituted Lot! tried for High-'I reason, in conspi- High Steward pro bac Vitt, 24 ring the Death of the late King, and such Peers of the Realm as the 1.7 found Guilty, for which he was ex had appointed ; and was arraigre ecuted the 18th of the same Month. for High Treason. The Indictme:*

On the 4th of December the Earl being read, &c. the Lord Hatari of Sunderland was made President was first sworn, who gave an .16 of the Privy Council.

count of the Lord Shaftstury's His Majesty was pleased to con- fign'd Insurrection. Next, the Lord fticute the Earl of Clarendon Lord Grey of Wark deposed, That Cir Lieutenant of Ireland; who, on the shire was one of the Places pitci'e 16th of December, set out from Lon- upon for the Rifing; for which ers. don on his journey thither. And the Duke of Monmouth west his


Progress in those Parts; and, That and that thereupon the Prisoner gave 1685. the Prisoner was one he was direct him eleven Guineas and five Pounds ed to advise with. Then gave an

in Silver, and hired him a Horse account of the Duke of Monmouth's for his Journey; and that he did preparing in Holland for the Rebel deliver the Message accordingly. lion; and that the Duke at first in And here ended the King's Evitended to land in Cheshire, he very

dence. much relying upon that County, To which the Lord Delamere be. Next Naib. Wade was sworn, and gan his Defence, with Proteitatian gave an account of the Manner of of his Innocence; and urged his carrying on the Delign of the late Father's and his own Loyalty. And

Invasion; and, That the Duke of as to the Evidence, he observed it Mormouth sending over one to ac was all circumftantial, and by quaint his Friends, he heard the Hearsay only, except Saxton's; and Lord Delamere named for one. therefore applied himself particularAnd, That when the Duke was ly against that. And several Witlanded, he ordered his March so, nesses were produced, who testified that he might meet his Cheshire Saxton to be an ill Man, and guilty Friends

. Richard Goodenough depo- of Cheating and Forgery. Next led, That being beyond Sea with he called several to prove, That neihe Duke of Monmouth, a Messenger ther he, nor Sir Robert Cotton, nor was sent from thence to the Lord Mr. Ofiey Crew, were in Chifhire Delamere among others) to give at the Time that Saxton swore he otice to him to be ready. Fones was with them there: Which being wore, That the Duke of Monmouth declared, he proceeded to give an ent a Message from Holland by Account of the Reason of his going iim to Captain Matthews, or Ma- down, which was to see a fick Child,

r Windsam, to desire them to ac That he went under a feigned Name, uaint the Earl of Macclesfield, because he heard there was a Warord Brandon, and Lord Delamere' rant against him: That he came to with his Design. Several other his House on the 21ft of May, and Vitnesses were also produced, to returned again to London on the 3d ipfe the Prisoner acquainted with of June, his Son in London being lenmouth's Design ; and that he also fallen fick ; which he also provent down into the Country about ed by several Witnesses. After le end of May privately, under a which the Peers retired for half an igned Name. And lafly, Thomas Hour; and being returned, declared axton was Sworn, who deposed; him Not Guilty. 'hat he was sent for to my Lord

And it having manifeftly appear. elamere's House, on the 3d or 4th ed that Saxion was perjured, the June; where being come, he King ordered an Indictment to be and Sir Robert Cotion, and Mr. preferred against him ; and accordPiley Crew, with my Lord : That ingly on the 10th of February, he ley told him, my Lord came down was tried and found Guilty of the 30 the Country to have rais'd 1000 same. den for the Duke of Monmouth in The Earl of Stamford, who was hebire, but could not get them committed, as you heard, in July sady time enough; and therefore last, no Prosecution heing made aiked him it he would undertake to gainst him, petitioned to be admitltry a Message to the Duke of Mon- ted to Bail, which was this Hilary outh, which he said he would; Term granted; and he was bound

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11686. to appear at the Bar of the House High Commissioner) made a Speech

of Lords, or at the Council-Board, to this Effeet;
when he should be required : But • He told them how sensible the
his Lordship in a little time after ob-King was of their Zeal and Los
tained a Pardon.

'alty to him. That they should all Philip Vernatti, who had long • share in the Protection and Care since been out-lawed for the Mur- bis Majesty would have crer ther of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, ap- 'them. To demolirate which, peared now at the King's-Bench Bar, the King was opening a free inand was allowed to reverse the Out tercourse of Trade between Eag. lawry, and take his Trial on the land and Scotland. That he had 10th of February. Upon which no “full Instructions to consent to any Evidence appearing against him (for Proposal for freeing them from the Prance had retracted, and Bedloe • Inconvenience of importing Iri; was dead) he was acquitted. · Cattle, and to the settling an open

And now these Trials being over, · Mint for the Benefit of Traje. the King was pleased, on the 18th • That the King desired no furth: of March to publish a P.cclamation Supply, being extreamly fatished of General Pardon, with the usual in what they had already giren. Exceptions of Murther, Felony, &c. • That he was impowered to CCCand of very many Persons by Name. sent to whatsoever Laws ibey

• fhould contrive for the Regulation Great Alterations were now made ' and Pay of the Soldiers. Ande among the Judges. February 13. ' consent to an Act of Oblivion, Sir Thomas Jennor was made one ! with some necessary Exceptions. of the Barons of the Exchequer, in The oth of May the Parliamer: the room of Sir William Gregory; met at Westminster, but were again and Sir Henry Bedding field was made prorogued co the 22d of Nur one of the Justices of the Common ber. Pleas, in Place of Sir Crefwel Levinz, On the 14th of May the King ac!

On the 21st of April, Sir Thomas the whole Court removed to Wisa Jones, Lord Chief Justice of the for, where the Princess of Dersi Common-Pleas, the Lord Chief Ba- was brought to bed of a Daugie. ron Montague, Sir Job Charlton of who was christened Anna Sopi 6, the Common-Pleas, and Sir Edward by the Bishop of Durham. Nevill of the Exchequer, all receive Miles Prance, one of the ? ed their Quietus's: And Sir Henry nesses of the Popijh Plat, find Bedding fi:la succeeded Sir Tomas Things run high, and himself in.c. Jones; Sir Edward Atkins was made ger of either itarving abroad (ELord Chief Baron, Sir Edward Lut- ther he had Aed) or of some feve wich was advanced to be a Justice of Punishment, if he came home, Common-Pleas, and Richard Heath, seems thought it his belt way to com Elg; to be a Baron of the Exchequer; pound the Matter, acknowledge bir. and on the 26th of April Sir Christo. self a Villain, and retract all he b:: pher Milton was made Baron of the sworn concerning the Death of Exchequer, and Sir John Powel Ju- Edmundbury Godfrey, and the F. ftice of the Common-Pleas.

But the doing this in private W. The Parliament of Scotland met not sufficient, it must be publi2.e": about the latter end of April, to all the World: To which puni whom th.. Carl of Murray ( being he was on the 14th of Mar, 2 t

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