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of Peace, the States General agreed on was ordered, and the News fent 1688. always to maintain in their Pay; to the Lord Mayor, with order, but to be at the King's Command that Bonfires and publick Rejoywhen he should have occasion. Ac- cings be made, which was done accordingly when Monmouth was here, cordingly. they, upon the King's Order, were The King, as you have heard, sent over to England, and upon the repeated his Declaration of Liberty suppressing that Disorder, returned of Conscience, and added to it a again to Holland. But the King Command of reading it in Churches. now requiring them without any And the Bishops were ordered to Reason given, the States refused to distribute it to all Parishes in their let them go. Upon which, the Mar- respective Dioceses. Upon which, quifs Abbeville gave in a Memorial the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, to let them know, That the King together with the Bishops of St. Afaph, was much surprized at their Reso- Ely, Chichefter, Bath and Wells, Pés lution of detaining his Subjects, and terborough, and Brifiol, drew up a did hereby require that they let Petition in the following Words:
After some Dispute, the States did at last agree to per
To the King's most excellent mic those that were willing to re
Majesty. turn, which prov'd to be but very few, the rest entring themselves a. The humble Petition of William new in the States Service.
Archbishop of Canterbury, and of On the 27th of April, the King divers of the Suffragan Bishops of renewed his Declaration for Liber that Province (now present with ty of Conscience with some Addi him ) in behalf of Themselves tions, and a Promise to get it efta and others of their absent Bre. blithed by Act of Parliament. And thren, and of the Clergy of their on the 4th of May, it was order'd respective Dioceses, in Council, that this Declaration be publickly read in all the Churches Humbly Sheweth, and Chapels throughout the Kingdom. This was a Thing that gave
HAT the great Aversness thes great Offence both to Clergy and find in themselves to the Dif Lairy of the Church of England, it tributing and Publishing, in all their seeming very hard that the Ministers Cburches, your Majesty's late Declahould be obliged to publish to their ration for Liberty of Conscience, Congregations, That they need not proceeded neither from any want of any longer come to Church ; to say Duty and Obedience to your Majenothing of the Illegality of it. Ay; our Holy Mother the Church of
On the oth of June, being Sun. England, being both in her Princiday, between Nine and Ten a Clock ples and in her constant Practice, unin the Forenoon, the Queen was questionably Loyal, and having, to her faid to be brought to Bed of a Son great Honour, been more than once at St. James's, to the great Satis- publickly acknowledg’d to be so by your fa&tion of the King, who now e- gracious Majesty : Nor yet for any fteemed himself perfectly happy. Want of due Tenderness to Diflenters, About Noon the Council was ar. in relation to whom they are willing sembled, when a Day of publick to come to such a Temper, as mail Thanksgiving throughout the Nati- be thought fit, when that Matter
1688. phall be confider'd and festled in Par. their Petition to his Majesty; to
liament and Convocation. But among which he returned a cold Answer; many other Confiderations, from this That he had heard of their Dehigas, especially, because that Declaration is but did not believe it, nor expect fub founded upon such a dispensing Power Usage from the Church of England, as hath been often declared illegal in epecially from Jome of them : HouParliament: and particularly in the ever, if be changed his Mind, the Years 1662, and 1672, and in the pould hear further from bim; if not, beginning of your Majesty's Reign ; be expected his Commands should be and it is a matter of so great Mo- obey'd ; with which they were dis. ment and Consequence to the whole missed. And now one would think Nation, both in Church and State, that it impossible, that this modeft fubyour
Petitioners cannot in Prudence, mislive Manner of delivering an Honour, or Confience, so far make humble Petition to the King, by themselves Parties to it, as the Diftri. Persons of such Character and Dig. bution of it all over the Nation, and nicy, should be deem'd a tumultuathe solemn Publication of it once and ry Publication of a feditious Libel: again, even in God's House, and in Yet so it was, and as such all theie the Time of his divine Service, muft Reverend Prelates were fummored amount to, in common and reasonable to answer for it at the Council Construction.
Board; where they appeared and
having acknowledged the Petition Your Petitioners therefore most bum to be theirs, the Council were pleat
bly and earnestly befeech your ed to order them to put in Bail, cu Majelly, that you would be gra- answer the King's Suit the first Day ciously pleased not to infilt upon of the next Term ; which they retheir Diftributing and Reading fused to do, and pleaded, that beyour Majesty's fais Declaration, ing Peers, they were not obliged, And your Petitioners (as in but ought to be served with the uluDuty bound) shall ever al Process of Subpære only, and not
imprisoned: Which Plea was cver
ruld, and they were by Warrant of Which they all signd; and the Council, all leven committed to the Bishops of St. Afaph and Chichester Tower, an Information of High Miwent with it to ihe Lord Sunder. demeanour being ordered to be land, whom they inform’d, that brought against them next Term. they came in che Name of the Arch On the 15th of June, the Archbishop and four of their Brethren, bishop and the other Six above hnmbiy to present a Petition to the mentioned Bishops, appeared at the King; and desired to know of him King's Bench Bar, where after fome which would be the molt proper Way Debate concerning the Irregularity to do it. He told them, he would of the Commitment, in which they know his Pleasure: And going to were over-suld by the Court, the the King, returned with an An- Information againit them was read, swer, that they might come when ferring forth, That the Archbishop they plcased. Upon which they sent of Canterbury, the Bishops of St. for their other four Brethren (the Alaph, Ely, Chichejler, Bath and Archbishop being contin'd at home Wells, Peterborough, and Bridel, da by Inditp lition) and they were all unlawfully. maliciously, feditiouf rogether introduced, and delivered ly, and scandaloudy, compcie smed
fito write a certain false, pernicious and side all the Day. In fine, the 1688.
feditious Libel ; and being so com Judges summed up the Evidences, posed and written, by Force and wherein the Lord Chief Jultice Arms did publish the same in the Wright gave his Opinion, That it Presence of the King ; which sedi- was a Libe!, as did Mr. Juftice Altious Libel was the above mentioned libone, but Mr. Justice Pozved the Petition.
contrary. And it being by this time The Information being read, the Night, the Jury were ordered to be Bishops Council moved to have a lock'd up, after some Repast allow'd Copy of it, and that they might be them, till the next Morning ; at allowed Time to plead to it. Which which time they gave in their Verwas opposed, and they obliged im diêt Not Guilty ; which caused very mediately to plead, which they fe- great Acclamations in the Hall, and verally did, "Not Guilty. After even in the very Court itself, to the which, the Day for a Trial at the great Regret of the Prosecutors. Bar was appointed to be on the 29th, A Week after this Trial, the and their Lordships entred into Re- King removed Sir Richard Holloway cognizance to appear on that Day. and Sir James Powel, from their Accordingly,
Places of Justices of the King'sOn the 29th of June, the Bishops Bench. made their Appearance at the King's On the 21st of July, his Grace Bench Bar, where were present a the Duke of Ormond departed this great Number of the Nobility as Life, in the Seventy Ninth Year of Spectators. And the Jury being his Age; a Person of great Honour fworn, the Information was again and Merit, who had faithfully servread, and the King's Declaration ed three Kings in the highest Posts was produced and sworn to. After of Honour and Trust, having been which the Bishops Petition was pro- several Times Lord Lieutenant of duc'd, and divers Witnesses brought Ireland, and was now, and had been to prove their Hands, as having for several Years Lord High Stewfigned it, &c. And laftly, the ard of his Majesty's Houshold, one King's Council endeavour'd to make of the most Honourable Privy Counit a Libel, in which they were op cil, and Knight of the most Noble posed by the Bishops Council, who Order of the Garter. To him sucvery learnedly and ingeniously de- ceeded in his Honour and Estate, fended their Clients. The Brevity his Grandson the Earl of Ofory, a of this Abridgement will not admit worthy Son of that eminent Examus to set down their Arguments, ple of true Honour and Nobility, the Reader is referred for them to the late Earl of Ofory. the Trial itself, which was after Though the Seven Bishops had wards printed ; we have only room escaped, the Clergy were to say, 'That the Dispensing Power come off fo ; the Lords Commiflion. was the Subject of most Part of ers for Ecclesiastical Affairs were them, in which the Bishops Coun- ftill right (except the Bishop of cildid fufficiently baffle the King's ; Rochester, who now quitted it ) and which Difpute when the Chief Juitice went on as the King pleased to Wright, and Judge Allibone, who command. The Order for reading was a Papilt, endeavoured to sup- the Declaration in Churches had press, they were opposed by Judge niet with but cold Entertainment aHolloway, and Judge Powel, who did mong the Clergy, few having paid boch appear tắuch on the Bishops Obedience to it." The Comınillion
1688. ers thererefore, in order to the se- cularly, all the old Aldermen, ex
vere punishing those that had neg. cept two or three, were removed, lected it, sent forth their Mandate to and'others put in their Rooms. Althe Chancellors, Archdeacons, &c. so the Companies of Londen were of every Diocese in England, to reformed, in order to the obtain. make Enquiry, and send them an ing a Majority in the Livery. And Account where, and by whom the not only in Corporations, but in all King's Order had been obeyed, and Offices throughout the Kingdom, where not.
But the approaching the like Alterations were made ; all Revolution put a Stop to this. Lieutenants, Deputy-Lieutenants of
On the 24th of Augus, the King the Militia, and Justices of the declared in Council, That in pursus Peace, all Officers in the Cultoms, ance to his late Declaration, he was Excise, Hearth-Money, Treasury, resolved to call a Parliament, to &c. were all closetted and interromeet on the 27th of November next, gated upon this point ; and upon and the Chancellor was directed to Refusal, removed. This made a iffue out Writs accordingly.
strange Alteration in the Kingdom, On the 21st of September, came which was so far from pleasing, that out a Declaration to remove Preju. even the Disenters, for whole Sake dices and Mistakes, in the Choice of all this was laid to be done, did not Members to serve in the ensuing take it very cordially, many retuParliament ; assuring the People of fed to be concerned in it, or to take his Majesty's Intentions to establish Offices offered to them. by Law the universal Liberty of This Matter had been the BufsConscience; and for the Security of ness of all this Year, and was borthe Establish'd Church, he was wil- ly prosecuted, but now abated. For ling that the Romanists still remain a Rumour began to spread, That incapable of being chosen Members great Preparations of War wero of the House of Commons. making in Holland, which was
The King was most zealoufly in- feared were designed againt Em tent upon his Resolution of elta. land. This diverted the King's blishing Toleration of Religioni by Mind, and in a little Time ke A&t of Parliament; and that he thought it more advisable to remight be sure to effect it, he caused store every body to their former a Regulation to be made in all the Posts, than to displace more. ACCorporations in the Kingdom ; to cordingly, which Purpose, certain Persons, of About the latter End of Septea. mean Character enogh, were sent ber, the Lords Lieutenants were up and down to examine Mens O. impowered to grant Deputations to pinions ; and on thole that would such Gentlemen
as had been removpromise to affist in taking off the ed, from being Deputy-Lieutenants ; Penal Laws and Tetts, the Honours and Directions were given to the of Mayors, Aldermen, &c. were Chancellor, to put into Commifica conferred, which generally happen'd of the Peace such Gentlemen as had very prepofterous ; for the wiser been laid afide, and should DOY and better Sort of Men refusing it, be recommended by the Lords the meanest and most ignorant Mem- Lieutenants. bers were commonly advanced to September the 28th, the Bishops the highett Dignities in Corporati- of Winchester, Ely, Chicbifter, and ons, and the molt confiderable ones Rochester, and the Archbishop quite turned out. In London parti. Canterbury, the Day following, of
on the Kinz's defiring their Advice, ranto. And the Chancellor and waited upon his Majeity, when Attorney-General were ordered to there paffed nothing but general prepare the Instrument of RefloraExpression of Favour on one side, tion and Confirmation; which was and Duty on the other ; wherefore done accordingly, and on the 6th they desired a second Admiffion, was brought into the Ciry by the which was granted, and appointed Lord Chancellor, and deliver'd in to be the 3d of October,
the Guildhall. • The next Day a Declaration was At the same Time a General Para published by the King, to inform don was publis’d, with Exception the Nation, "That he had received of Treason committed beyond the ' certain Advice, that the Prepara- Seas, and of Eighteen Perlons by * tions in Holland were designed a. Name.
gaint England, the Greatness of On the 3d of Oktober, the Archwhich intimated the Design of a bishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of
Conqueft: And, that though his London, Winchester, St. Afaph,' Ely, Majesty had Notice of this in- Chichester, Rochester, Bath and Wells, tended Invasion of Strangers, he and Peterborough, waited on the had yet refused to make Use of King; to whom the Archbishop
Foreign Affistance that had been spoke to this Purpose : offered him, depending wholly • That he gather'd from the Ac
upon the Loyalty of his own Sab. count his Majesty and his Brea jects, &c. That his Majesty did • thren the orher Bishops had given ' intend to have met a Parliament • him of their Conference with his
in November, Writs having alrea- Majesty, That only general Ex• dy been issued to that Purpose ; ' pressions had palled betwixt chem :
but this Attempt of his Enemies • That the Bishops were grieved to had obliged him to recall them, • have come so far, and done so lito ' which by these Presents he did. • tle: His Grace had then defir’d, And concluded with Commands to ' that they might wait upon his all his Subjects to oppose them, and * Majesty all together, as at this not to give them any Alfance, or • Time they did, where they humhold any Correspondence, upon pain 'bly begg's Permission to offer t..eir of High-Treason.
• Advice, and leave it to his PrinceUpon the zoth, the Duke of Newly Confideration. antle, the Earl of Derby, the Lord Which was drawn up in Writing, Jermyn, offer'd their Service, and and contained in Substance, had Commissions given them to raise 1. To put the Administration of ven for his Majelty's Service. Affairs through England into the
And now the Suspension of the Hands of fuch Persons as are qualified Bishop of London was taken off. according in Law.
On the 2d of OEtober, the King 2. To diffolve the Ecclefiaftical eclared in Council, That he would commillion, and to erect no such eilore the Charter of the City of Court for the future. London ; and the same Evening the 3. To put none into Offices not Lord Mayor and the Sheriffs waired qualified by Law, especially inta -pon his Majesty, who told them of Benefices that have the Cure of is Resolution, and that he would Souls, and to withdraw bis Difa Due them in the same State they pensations for not taking the Oaths; vere in before the Judgment was and to riflore the Master of Magiven againlt them on the Quo War- dalene College in Cambridge, and