Page images


the Prefident and Fellows of Magda- cil authorized and requir'd the Lords lene College in Oxford. .

Lieutenants of the several Counties 4. To put down the Jesuits Schools to examine into the Abuses and lt in London, and that none such be regularities committed in the Regupermitted for the future.

lations of Corporations, and to give 5. Thai bis Majesty would act no their Advice what they thought cormore by a dispensing Power, but per- venient to be done in that Case. mit that point to be argued and de On the with a Form of Prayer, ridid in Parliament.

drawn up by the Bithops, at the 6. To inhibit the four Roman Ca- King's Command, was published and tholick Bishops from exercising Ec. order'd to be used in all Churches ; cleßaftical Jurisdiction in England, in which were three Prayers, one for which by the Law of the Land was Repentance, another for the King, invifted in the Bishops of the Church and the third for Peace and Unity of England only.

On the sath of the fame Month, 7. 2o fill up the Ecclefiaftical Va. the King order'd the Bishop of Witcancies in England, particularly the chefier, as Vificor of Magdalene ColArchbishoprick of York, with Perfons lege, to settle that Society according of Learning and Piety, and such as to the Statutes; which was accord . are qualified by Law.

ingly done, and Dr. Hough, and the 8. To super fede all farther Profe- former Fellows recallid and reftor'd. cutions of Quo Warranto's against On the 17th a Proclamation was Corporations, and 10 restore the old publish'd for restoring Corporations Charters to them all, as he had done to their ancient Charters, Rights, to London.

Liberties, and Franchises, as fully 9. To isue out Writs for a Eree and and amply as they had held them Regular Parliament, in which the before the Quo Warranto's and Sere Church of England may be secured, renders. On the same Day the Earl according to the Aas of Uniformity, of Derby was declared Lord LieuProvision made for a due Liberty tenant of Cheshire and Dertifbire. of Conscience, the Liberties and Pró On the 20th a Proclamation ame perties of the Subject secured, and out to command all Lieutenants, a good Undersi anding obtained be- Deputy Lieutenants, Justices of the oween His Majesty and his people. Peace, &c. to cause the Coasts ta

10. And lastly, To permit the be carefully watched, and all CarBishops to offer Arguments to Histle, Horses, &c. to be removed Maje/ly, 10 prevail wish him to re- twenty Miles from the Place where to the Church,

Which was

the Enemy shall attempt to land, Subscribed by the Bishops. to secure them from falling into

their Hands. The same Day the On the 5th of Otober, the King Earl of Oxford was restored to the declared in Council, That he had Lieutenancy of Edex. Several diffolved the Ecclesiastical Commis- thers of the Nobility and Gentry sion, to take away all Fears and that had been displaced, were now Jealousies of his Care and Protection restored. of the Church of England.

Ever since the Discourse of the The fame Day the Duke of New Queen's Conception, there cafile was made Lord Lieutenant of violent Presumptions that it was : she Three Ridings of 1'orkshire. false Report, which was iocresied On the roch, the King in Coun- by the Confidence wherewith the

Papifts affured themselves that she But were hindred from proceeding 1688. would have a Son. The Princess in their Voyage by bad Weather, of Denmark was at the Bath at the which drove them back again, and Time of the Birth, which with o- cait away two or three of their ther Circumstances, caused a very ships. But they quickly got themcommon Discourse and Belief, thai selves in order again, and on the the Prince of Wales was not the firft of November let Sail a second true Son of the King and Queen. Time. The King had hitherto taken no The King had been careful in manner of Notice of it, but now he fitting out a Fleet to intercept them, saw Things brought to that pass, which was commanded by the Lord that he must do something to satis- Dartmouth, as Admiral ; but the fy the World. Wherefore on the Wind happened so contrary, that 22d of O&ober, an extraordinary he could not get out of the Channel Council was called at Whiteball, Time enough. being, besides the Privy-Council, In the mean Time the Prince of all the Peers that were in and about Orange's Declaration had arrived at London, as well Spiritual as Tem. Court, and because it contained, poral

, and the Lord Mayor and that he was invited over by several Aldermen of London. Where the of the Nobility, as well Spiritual Queen Dowager; and all the La- as Temporal, the King fent for the dies and others that were present at Bishops, and required a Paper under the Birth of the Prince of Wales ap- their Hands in Abhorrence of the peared, and gavé, upon Oath, an Prince of Orange's intended Invafie Account of what they knew con. on, which he commanded them to cerning the said Birth ; which De- bring Rim by such a Day. But the pofitions were afterwards printed Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bi. and published.

Mops of London, Peterborough, and Three Days after this, a Pro- Rochefter, refused to do it, as conclamation was pablished against trary to the Privilege of Peerage, {preading false News ; for which and to their Profession as Divines, there was Cause enough, the great that being declaring War againit a Averfion the People had to the Sovereign Prince; and earneftly Court

, making them magnify the desired whis might be left to a Free Prince of Orange's Forces incredi. Parliament. This the King was bly.

much displeased at, and left them On the 18th the Earl of Sunder. in great Indignation. land was removed from his Office On the 2d of November was pubof Secretary of State, and the Lord lished a Proclamation for SuppresPrefton put in his place.

fing the Prince of Orange's DeclaOn the 2gth, News came, that ration. the Dutch Fleet, consisting of 52 On the 3d of November about Men of War, and a numerous Com. Five in the Morning, the Dutch pany of Transport Ships and Ten- Fleet was discovered half Scas over, ders

, set sail on the 19th from the between Dover and Calais, steering Flats near the Brill, his Highness Westward, the Wind at East Norththe Prince of Orange, with the Ma- East. And the same Day a Flyrefchal Schomberg, Count de Solmes, boat belonging to them, was taken Count Nufarw, the Heers Overkirk by one of the King's Ships, and and Bentink, and many other Per. brought into the Downs, having on fons of Quality being on Board. board four Captains of foot; this


Y 2

1688. Ship had by an Accident lost her was so far from being resisted, that

Rudder, and so could not continue they were received with Shouts,
her Course, but it was the only and Quarters willingly allowed to
one of all that numerous Fleet that his Soldiers.

The King had been all this while The Prince of Orange continuing busy in his Preparations for War, his Voyage Westward, on the 4th having, besides the Army already the Fleet was seen to pass by Dart. in England, fent for fix Regiments mouth, and it being a thick foggy of Horse and Foot out of Scotland, Morning, they_overshot Torbay, and three Regiments of the very which was the Port they designed; Flower of that Army out of Ireland

. but the Wind changing w. S. W. And also had newly here raised hve

they made it again, and the same Regiments of Horse, and eight Re· Day the whole Fleet, consisting of giments of Foot ; besides which,

between 6 and 700 Ships, entered there were seventeen Men added to the Bay, and anchored with great each Company of the old Forces. Safety. And his Highness himself By which Means the Army was exwent on Shoar that Evening ; and treamly larger than it was last Sumthe next Day began to land his mer, and did now confilt of 21 Men, which he did without any Regiments of Horse, reckoning the Interruption whatsoever.

four Troops of Guards, three ReOn the 6th of November the King giments of Dragoons, and 31 Republished a Declaration, setting giments of Foot, and could no: forth, That Whereas the Prince of contain less than 6,000 Horse and Orange's Declaration fignified, That Dragoons, and 15,000 Foot

. Be bis coming was for a Free Parlia fides Garrisons in all the usual ment, it was his Intentions, by re- Places, which took up 92 Compa: floring all the Charters to Corpora- ' nies more. tions, &c. to do the same, and On the other side, the Prince of would, as soon as the Nation was Orange's Army confifted of but 14 free from the Invasion ; it being Regiments of Horse and Dragocas, imposible that one can be freely cho containing 3,660 Men, and 15 Res Jen as long as there is an Army of giments of Foor, containing 10,693

Foreigners in the Heart of the King- Men, in all 14,352. His Fleet condom,

sisted of 57 Men of War, 500 Fy: On the same Day an Account was Boats, 60 Pinks, and 10 Fire thips. sent from Exetor that the Prince The Prince of Orange continued of Orange was marching towards three Days at Exeter without any the City, and that they were in no Body's coming to him. Condition to oppose him. The Bi On the nith the Lord Loulai shop therefore left the City, and was seized at Cirencester, going 20 came to London to wait upon the the Prince with 60 or 70 Nier, by King, with an Account of the State the Militia, by Order of the Duke of Afrairs, with which his Majesty of Beaufort ; three Gentlemen be was so pleated, that he translated ing killed, and Six Soldiers wound him to the Arch-bilhoprick of York, ed, in the Resistance they made. which had been a long Time va. The King's Army were by thus cant.

Time marched as far as Saluften, On the 8th, about One in the where they lay some Time. Afternoon, the Prince encer'd Exe On the 12th the Lord Corley, ter with Part of his Army, and who commanded the Royal Rej.



ment of Dragcons, pretending Or: Burlington. The Roffent.
ders from the King, caused the Roy Anglesey. Tho. Peterborough.
al Regiment of Horse, his own Re Rockefter, T. Oxon.
giment of Dragoons, and the Duke

of St. Alban's Regiment of Horse, Nom. Ebor. Chandois,
commanded by Lieutenant Colonel W. St. Afaph. Ofuljon.
Langflon, to march from Salisbury to

Fr. Ely. Dorchester, and thence to Bridport ; where some of the Officers, appre To which Petition the King re. hending some Design, refused to fol. turn'd this Answer :

low him ; but he, with as many of í his Regiment as would follow him, My Lords, and Lieutenant Colonel Langfton, What


ask of me I most palwih almost all his Regiment, went fronately defore; and I promise you, over to the Prince ; the rest, being on the Faith of a King, that I will the major Part of the Dragoons, have a Parliament, and such a one and the Royal Regiment, came back as you ask for, as soon as ever the to Salisbury. The fame Day the Prince of Orange has quitted this Earl of Feverfoam came down to Realm; for how is it possible a ParSalisbury, to command the Army liament should be Free in all its Cir. in Chief,

cumstances, as you petition for, whilft A Proclamation, to forbid the an Enemy is in the Kingdom, and can holding of Exeter-Fair, was pub- make a Return for near an Hundred lished on the 16th. And the same Voices ? Day Dr. Lampleugh, the Bishop of Exeter, was translated to the See About this Time the Prince of of York; and Dr. Trelawney, Bi- Orange's Declaration was publishshop of Bristol, translated to Exe. ed by Authority, with Remarks 'up. ter. Also a Proclamation was pub- on it: The Title of it was, lished for a Collection of Charity to be made for Relief of such poor The Declaration of William Herry, House-keepers as were reduced to by the Grace of God Prince of Orange, Want by the Deadness of Trade, &c. Of the Reasons inducing him to &c.

appear in Arnis in the Kingdom of The next Day the Archbishop of England, for preserving of the ProCanterbury, the Archbishop Elect teflant Religion, and for reloring of York, with the Bishops of Roche- the Laws and Liberties of England, ter and Ely, presented a Petition to Scotland, and Ireland. And in it be King, humbly defiring him to he set forth ; call a free Parliament, to redress I. That as a Kingdom cannot he Peoples Grievances, being the be preserv'd in Peace and Happionly way to prevent a War break. ness

, where the Laws, Liberties, and ng out in the Nation : and in the Customs, establish'd by the lawful nean Time to use what Means he Authority in it, are openly violanought fit to prevent Effusion of ted; more especially where the ReBlood; and this Petition was fub ligion is endeavour'd to be alter'd, cribed by,

and one contrary to Law imposed;

fo those who are molt immediately W. Cant. Dorset.

concern'd in it, are indispensibly Grafton, Clare.

bound to endeavour to preserve and Ormond. Clarendon. secure them : This being the more


Y 3

1688. necessary, because the Greatness of ly that none should be admitted to

Kings, Royal Families, and all in any Ecclesiastical Dignity or EmAuthority, as well as the Happiness ployment, Civil or Military, withof the Subje&ts

, depends on the in- out declaring themselves no Papifti, violable Observation of them. by taking the Oaths of Allegiance

II. And for this Reason he can. and Supremacy, and subscribing the not longer forbear declaring his Teft ; yet these evil Counsellors Regret, to see all these subjected have in effect annulled and abolishto Arbitrary Government, by those ed those Laws both in Ecclesiastical Counsellors that wholly possess the and Civil Employments. King, and that 100 openly and VII. In Ecclesiastical Affairs they plainly.

have, contrary to Law, set up : 11. and IV. Those Counsellors Commision for certain Persons to have set on foot the dispensing Pow- have Cognizance and Diregion of er, which renders the Laws for the Ecclesiastical Matcers; one of which, Security of the Religion and the tho' he be one of his Majesty's chief Properties of the People, establim'd Ministers of State, is a profess'd Peby the joint Power of the King and pift. That by this means the ProParliament, ineffectual and of no teftant Religion is reduc'd to a mort Use; tho’ it be most certain, Laws deplorable Condition, the Charch can only be repealed by the same of England being subjected by ComAuthority that made them. missioners, not only illegal in their

V. These Counsellors, to colour Institution but in their Aas alio. the Matter, have gained from the They submitting themselves in a!! Judges a Sentence, That this Dir. Things to the Direction of those pensing Power is a Right Inherent Evil Counsellors ; who are careful in the Crown; as if Twelve Men to raise none to Ecclesiastical Dig could give up all the Rights of the nities, but such as have no Zealtor Na ion, in spite of the Laws en the Protettant Religion. The land acted for their Security : Tho' this Commissioners have suspended the Opinion of the Judges being be- Bishop of London, only for refefiig forehand privately agreed on, raised to fuspend a Worthy Divine Withem to the Bench, feve al having out formal Process. been removed for refusing ; and turned out a President of Magda some of these new Judges make o lene College legally chosen, and a pen Profession of the Popish Religi. terwards all the Fellows, wi hoi on, by which they are incapacita- so much as citing them to a Lega ted by Law to enjoy the Place. Court to make their Defence; at: VI. That as his Majesty was u the only Reason given for it it was

, nanimously received and acknow. That they refuled to chuse for ledged as King, tho' openly profes- their President one recommended sing the Popish Religion, so he did by those Evil Counsellors, thoag? then promise, and at his Corona- the Right of free Election lay * tion folemnly. swore, to maintain doubtedly in them. Notwithstandhis Subje&s in all their Rights and ing which they have turned thera Liberties; and particularly, That out of their Freeholds contra :) he would maintain the Church of to Law, and the express Woc England, as it was established by of Magna Charia, which says, ** Law. That it is no less evident #0 Man frall lose his Life er Gothat Laws have been enacted for but ty the Laws of ibe Land. Aed che Security of the same ; especial. this College fince put into the fekt

They have

« PreviousContinue »