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fion of Papifts. They have cited fist without the due Administration 1688. the Chancellors and Archdeacons of Justice, yet these evil Counselto certify the Names of all those lors, that they might subject all to that did not read the King's late an arbitrary and despotick Power, Declaration for Liberty of Consci- have admitted only such Persons to ence, though the Bishops had not en. the Bench as would conform themjoined them to do it. The Illegality selves to their Intentions, without of this Commiffion was so notorious, any Regard to their Abilities; and that the most Reveren the Arch have preferr'd even profess’d Papists bihop of Canterbury refused to fit to the Courts of judicature, notor concur with it.
withstanding their Incapacity by VIII. Churches or Chapels for Law, and that their Sentences are the Exercise of the Popish Religi- invalid ; and further, have depriv'd on, Monasteries and Convents, e- Judges, who in the common Admifpecially of Jesuits, are exprefly niftration of Justice have been goforbid by the known Laws of the vern'd by their Consciences, rather Land; yet have been set up by these than their Directions. By which it is evil Counsellors ; and further, they apparent they design to make them. have raised up one of the Order of selves absolute Matters of the Lives, the Jesuits to be a Privy Counsellor Honours, and Eltates of the Suband Minister of State. Which evi- lects, without regard to the Equity dently shews, That no Laws or of the Cause, or the Conscience of the Rules bind them, but that they have Judge, whom they make to submit subjected the Honours and Estates to their Will and Pleasure in all of the Subjects and the established Things; and hope by these Means Religion to a despotick Power and to intimidate those that are now in arbitrary Government; in all which Employment, as well as those they they are served by Ecclesiastical shall hereafter put in their Rooms. Commissioners.
Much Blood had been shed in the IX. In Civil Affairs they have Kingdom by Judges governed by followed the fame Methods, for those evil Counsellors against the they have examined all Lieutenants, Rules and Forms of Law. Deputy Lieutenants, Justices of the XII. By putting the AdministraPeace, Esc. of eachCounty ; and tion of Justice into the Hands of those who out of Conscience refused Papists, all Macters of Civil Justice to concur in the taking off the Pe. are brought into great Uncertainnal Laws and Test, were turned out ties; their Sentence in Law being no of Commislion, and others put in, more to be regarded than a private more compliant to their Designs of Man's; so that those who had been defeating the Intent of the Laws caft by their Sentences may juftly made for the Security of the Pro. look upon them as of no Force, but testant Religion ; and in many of void in themselves. The Military these Places have pat profess'd Pa. Employments too, both by Sea and pifis, though disabled by Law. Land, of the higheit Command,
X. They have invaded the Pri- have been contrary to Law put into vileges, and seized on the Charters the Hands of Papists; so that having of molt of the Towns that have a made themselves Matters of the Ato Right to send Representatives to the fairs of the Church, the GovernParliament, and have placed new ment of the Nation, and Courts of Magistrates as they thought fit. Judicature, and subjected all to a XI. And tho' no Nation can sub- despotick and arbitrary Power, they
1688, might be able to maintain it, and obligatory ; tho they be eviden:ly execute their wicked Designs by the by Law deprived of all such Tralts
, Affistance of the Army, and thereby it being the Security the Subjects enslave the Nation,
have by the Law, for their Lises, XIII. The dismal Effects of this Eftates, &c. that they are not to Subversion of Laws, Liberties, doc. be subjected to the arbitrary Proceedappear by what we see done in Ire- ings of Papifts. land, where the whole Government XVII. That both the Prince and is in the Hands of the Papists, several Princess of Orange have, with all of the Protestants having left their Respect, fignified to his Majetty Habitations and Elates, remem their
great Regret at these Proceed. bring the cruel Massacre in 1641. ings ; and at his Defi:e declared
XIV. Those evil Counsellors have their Thoughts concerning the reprevailed with the King to declare pealing the Penal Laws and Tett; in Scotland, That he has an absolute which they did in such a Manner, Power, and that the Subjects are as they hoped they had propoled an bound to cbey him without Reserve; Expedient for settling the Peace of which shews what England muft the Kingdom, and a happy Agreeexpect when Things are prepared ment among the Subjects ; but this for it.
has been wrelted by those evii CounXV. Those Oppressions, and the sellors, to alienate the King from Contempt of all Law, put the Sub- them, and to persuade him that the jects under jult Fears, and made Prince designed to disturb the Quiet them have Recourse to lawful Re- of the Kingdom. medies, but without Effect : And XVIII. The last and great Reme. even petitioning has been made dan- dy for these Evils, is the calling of gerous by the Proceedings against a Parliament, for securing the Natithe Archbishop of Canterbury, and on from the evil Practices of thole the other Bishops, for presenting an wicked Counsellors : But this could innocent Petition to the King, full not be ob ain'd; for those Men, fearof Respect, setting forth the Rea- ing to be called to an Account, hav. fons why they could not obey that ing obstructed it, sowing Divifion Order, which' by the Instigation of between the Church and Diisenters, those evil Counsellors was sent them, upon the specious Pre.ence of L:be to appoint the Clergy to read in the ty of Conicience, that by that dicas Churches the Declaration for Liberty they might bring about their De of Conscience ; they being sent to figns, they have caused all Persons in Pilon, and brought to Trial, as for Employment to declare they woes some enormous Crime, before pro. vote in their Elections for a Pariz: fels'd Papists, and by Consequence ment, for such only as would take interested to condemn them, and off the Penal Laws; and those tha: trofe Judges turned out who gave refused to do so were turned cur. their Opinion in their Favour. Ana contrary to the Charters of the
XVI. It canno: be pretended a . Boroughs that send Members to PasCrime for Subjects to petition a King, Jiament. they made fuch Alerater how great foever, provided they do in their Officers and Mienbers as they it in the Manner the Law allows. thought fic for the effecting their De Thole evil Countellors have treated fign, of affuring them:eives of ** a Peer of the Realm as a Criminal
, Representatives cholen by theie ko for saying, that the Orders of a po roughs, and fo avoid the Pooh pith juftice of the Peace were ment they deserye. So that the de
turns of Popish Sheriffs and Mayors the Malice of those evil Counsel- 1688. being illegal, no lawful Parliamentlers; this Declaration being designcan be had as long as they are in ed to give a true Understanding of Power. And though by the Con- the Motives, of which a true Acftitution of the English Government count has already been given. It is the Elections to Parliament cught now declared, that this Expedition to be perfectly free, and the Mem is to procure a free Parliament, 'the bers when chosen give their Opini- Restoration of all Charters, and Pri: ons freely, without Force or Awe; vileges of Corporations, especially yet this cannot be expected. But one London: That Writs for the Choice may perhaps be called, wherein the of a Parliament, be addressed to PerElections will be carried by Fraud sons qualified by Law: That all difand Violence, and the Members of placed Officers, Civil, Military, and it directed and influenced by those Ecclefiaftical, be restored to their evil Counsellors, without regard to Places; and none elected Parlia. the Good or Happiness of the Na- ment-men, bue such as are qualified tion. Which is evident by their by Law: That they, being legally Attempts on the last Parliament; chosen, may fit in full Fseedom, that which, because it could not be so both Houses may concur in mabrought to comply with their wick- king such Laws as ihey shall think ed Designs, was diffolved.
convenient for the Security of the XIX. But to crown all, there are Protestant Religion, and for the Agreat Presumptions to believe, that greement betwixt the Church of those evil Counsellors, in order to England and Diffenters, as also for carry on their wicked Designs, have the securing all that will live peace. fallly published, That the Queen ably under the Government, Papifts hath brought forth a Son; though not excepted ; and whatever else there have appeared, both during they shall think proper for securing the Queen's pretended Bigness, and the Nation from Arbitrary Power. the Management of the Birth, visi. To this Parliament also che Enquiry ble Grounds of Suspicion, which into the birth of the pretended tho' known, were not endeavoured Prince of Wales Mall be referred. to be removed.
XXII. That the Prince will conXX. And since the Princess, as cur in any Thing this Parliament likewise the Prince, have so great shall determine, as having nothing an Interest in this Matter, the ma in his Eye bui the Satecy of all. ny Demonstrations of Affection and XXIII. This is the Design of this Services of the English Nation to Expeditivn, in which strickness of them and the States General would Discipline shall be observed by the not admit of an Excuse, of not en- Prince's Forces, and, as soon as thie deavouring to his Power to fuccour State of the Nation will admit, the the Proteitant Religion, and the forces shall be all jent back. Laws and Liberties of these King XXIV. He therefore hopes all doms, and fecure them the conti- People will judge righily of, and nual Enjoyment of them ; being approve, his Proceeuings, relying invited by many Lords Spiritual on God for Success. and Temporal, Gentlemen, and o. XXV. He invites the Nobility and thers of all Ranks.
Cominons of all Ranks to allt him XXI. This is the Cause of his in the Execution of his Design ; that coming to England, with a Force all the Violences and Diforučrs may sulficient to secure his Person from be redrefied in a free and legal Par
1688. XXVI. That as soon as the Na. That his Design is no more than to tions are brought to a quiet ftate, he procure a Settlement in Religion,
will take care that a Parliament fball and of the Liberties and Properties be called in Scotland, for the settling of the Subjects so as that they may that Kingdom.
not be again invaded.
That as the imperfeu Redreis And also will ftudy to bring the now offered, is a Confession of those Kingdom of Ireland to such a Itate, Violations of the Government he that the Settlement may be observed, has set forth in his Declaration ; fo and the Protestant and British Inte- the Defect of it is no less apparent, sest secured. And endeavour to pro- they laying down only what they cure such an Establishment in the can take up again with Pleasure, the Three Kingdoms, that they may all Ground of them, Arbitrary Power
, live in a happy Union and Corre- being still retained. And it is plain spondence; and the Protestant Reli- there can be no Redress but in Par. gion, the Peace, Honour, and Hap- liament, by a Declaration of the piness of these Nations, be ettablish- Rights of the Subjects that have been ed upon lafting Foundations. invaded : His Highness therefore
declares be will refer all to a free
Dated at the Hague, the 24b
Prince of Orange ration, importing,
This Declaracion was feconden That since the Printing of the for- with. Letters ; one to the Officers mer, those Subverters of the Religi- and Soldiers of the Army, the other on and Laws had given some seem to the Officers and Seamen aboard ing Redress in the Grievances therein the English Fleet, to invite them to complained of, to persuade the Peo- join in the Common Cause. ple not to have Recourse to the Shel On the oth of November the Lord ter of the Prince's Arms for the Re- Delamere having received certas establishment of their Religion and Advice of the Prince's landing, z. Laws. And they have given out, sembled 50 Horse, and went to Me That the Prince's Designs were to chefter, and the next Day to Beder conquer and enslave the Nation; Downs, his Number being increated wherefore this Addition is made, to 4 or 500, and declared for the That his Highness is confident no Prince of Orange. Person can so far mistake his Inten. Before the Prince left Exeter, tize tions, since as his Forces are not Gentlemen of that Country entre sufficient, if he could conceive such into an Association, .whereby the a Design, so neither could the great obliged themselves by folemn Pro Number of the Principal Nobility mise, to stand by and all the and Gentry, that invite, accompany, Prince of Orange, in maintaining and aflift him, so far forget them the Protestant Religion, and one felves, as to join in a Delign that Laws and Liberties of Exgiasi, must make void their own lawful Scotland, and Ireland ; and 10 *Titles to theis Honours and Estates. venge any Injury done to the Prince
with the utmost Rigour, not only moft Power, oppose the fame, in 1688. against those that attempt it, but all Conjunction with the Prince of 0. their Adherents also.
range, to recover the almoft ruined In this great Revolution there Laws, Liberties, and Religion : happened no considerable Actions, That they ought not to be Bug-beared two or three small Encounters being out of their Reason, by the opproall the signs of War; the first of brious Name of Rebels, it being no which was at Wincanton in Somerset- Rebellion to resist one that makes hire, on the 20th of November, be- his own Will his Law. And theretween a Party of 120 Horse and fore all good Proteftants ought, and Dragoons under Colonel Sarsfield they hope will join with them : on the King's Side, and about 30, And that the Redresses already made under Colonel Campbell, of the were not to be regarded, but all to Prince's Men, who having posted be referred, to a free Parliament. themselves behind the Hedges in a On the 25th of November, the Line, got the Advantage of the Prince of Denmark, the Duke of King's, and killed many of them ; Grafton, the Lord Churchill, and and a sudden Alarm being given many more of the Nobility, did acthat the Enemy appruached, the rest tually leave the King, and go over fied.
to the Prince. Prince George and On the 19th of November, the the Lord Churchill left each of them King came down to Salisbury, a Letter to the King, to this effect; which was the Head Quarters; viz. To assure him, That it was with where,
great Grief they complied with the On the 22d, he put out a Procla. Dictates of Honour, since they obliged mation, promising Pardon to those them to for fake him; but it was in that would quit the Prince of O. the Common Cause of Chrisiendom, range.
and for the Security of the Proteflant But it was not the Prince of 0. Religion, themselves, &c. range's Army only that the King had This struck so great a Damp up. to deal with; the Nation was too on the King, that on the ņext Day, sensible of the Injuries they had re. with some Precipitation, he lefc ceived, to fit ftill now that they had Salisbury, and ordered the Army to this Opportunity of righting them- retire to Reading. His Majesty lay selves. We have told you, that the that Night at Andover, and came the Lord Delamere appeared in Chefrire next Day to London. with great Numbers of Gentry ; The Princess of Denmark the quickly after, another great Party Day before retired privately from of the Nobility, Gentry, and Com Whitehall, with the Lady Churchmons,' assembled at Nottingham, ill. where on November the 22d, they Immediately after the King's Remade a Declaration, setting forth turn to London, he removed Sir Edthe Reasons of their Undertaking, ward Hales from being Lieutein enumerating the Grievances the nant of the Tower, and put Sir BiNation suffered, by which they were vil Skelton, a Protestant in his made ienfible of the Arbitrary Ty- stead. rannical Power coming on the Na. And now at last the King ** tion, by the Influence of the Jesuiti- consented to call a Parliament ; cal Councils. To avoid therefore which he declared in Council on the enslaving themselves and their the 28th. And, Posterity, they will, to their ut On the 3 oth a Proclamation kis