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taken care of. In Prosecution of one in Flanders and the other in A. D. these Orders a dreadful Slaughter Brabant ; the King commanded the 1695. was made; Mac-Donald and all his former, and the Duke of Bavaria Family were murdered in their the latter.

A Siege in Flanders Beds, their Houses fired, and their being in the common Judgment Cardle driven away. Duncanson, a more feasible Undertaking than who was Major of the Regiment, any Attempt upon the Maese, made produced his Orders from Colonel the French accordingly more induJames Hamilton; and Captain Camp- ftrious in covering themselves with bel, who was the Commanding Of. Lines, and taking all Precautions ficer at Glenco, produced Duncan. for securing that Country more than for's Order. Upon Examination of the other. After divers Decampthe Matter, it did not appear that ments which the King made in the King had given any Oiders Flanders to amuse the Enemy, he that could warrant this Execution, suddenly gave Order to the Earl of as the House voted Fune the 18th, Athlone and the Baron de Hezden, when they declared it to be a Mur with the Troops they commanded in ther. Colonel Hill appeared, and Flanders, and Count Tilly with was cleared, but Lieutenant Colo- his Troops and Reinforcements nel Hamilton, although summoned, from the Elector of Bavaria's Arwould not appear; and was there. my, invest Namur. Which fore ordered to be apprehended, and they effected in excellent Order ; was voted guilty of the Murther but some Detachments of Brandenof the Glenco-Men. The Earl of burgbers, that were ordered to comBroadalbin was this Seffion im- pleat the Circumvallation on the peached of High Treason, but it other side the Maese, coming not came not to Tryal. And Process of in quite Time enough, gave OpHigh Treason was brought againit portunity to Marshal Boufflers to the Earls of Middleton and Meljort, throw himself into the Town with and Sir Adam Blair, the Indict- several Regiments, Voluntiers, and ment found, and Sentence passed Ingineers, which increased the Garin the House against them. And rison 10 15,000 Men. The Invefinally, on the 17th of July the ftiture being compleated, the King Parliament was adjourned to the 7th came to the Castle of Falise the ad of November

of July, N. S. and was the next To turn to the Actions of the Day attended by the Elector of BaCampaign. His Majesty made no varia and the Army he commanded. long Stay in Holland, but proceed- And the next three

four ed to Flanders, and arrived at Ghent, Days were spent in disposing the June 5. N. S. And having spent Encampments in such Manner as three Days in making a Review of the better to cover the Siege. The his Army, he proceeded and put Place was as strong as Art, which in Execution his concerted Pro- had been much employed on it jects. The Confederate Army be- fince the French took it, added to ing now superior to the French in Nature, which left it a craggy Number, and proper Magazines Rock, could possibly make it. The erected, his Majelly resolved to Garrison, as we have said, was make some Coup Eclat this Sum- 15,000 Men, and those too the mer. To this purpose he formed Flower of the French Army, with the Army into two great bodies, Ammunition and Provisions in full

Penty. с с 2


A. D. 1695

But as

Plenty. And such was the Condi. We can only say that the best De-
tion of it, that as the French were fence being ineffectual, the Freaza
as first in the most fanguine Securi- were forced to surrender the Town
ty that the King would be baffled by Capitulation on the 4th of a
in his Undertaking, so the Intrepi. guft, and retired into the Cail;
dity of the Asailants, and the ftu- which being by Situation and Fersi-
pendious Performance at last in re. cation excellive strong, took op ano-
ducing it, stunned them. And from ther Month to reduce.
that Hour to his Death, King Willi In the mean time Villoroy scagi:
em was honoured by all the Men of by all possible Means to raise tz:
Bravery in France.

Siege, which directly he was als
The Lines of Circumvallation strong enough to attempt, and there
were no foorier finished, than his fore thought by Diversions to do i.
Mlajelty received Advice from Prince He was disappointed, as we have
Vaudemont, who commanded the said, in his Design againit Nia
Army in Flanders, that Marshal port, and could only take Dizerd
Villeroy, who commanded the French and Deynle.
Army was come out of his Lines, At this Time our Fleets at Sea
and, as it might be expected, in. were busy in bombarding tče
tended to attack his Highness. Towns on the Couíts of Frasil

, a Defeat of that Army St. Malo's felt the effect of it Jun would have much disturbed our At the 4th and 5th, Granville the toa, fairs, it was of the last Importance Dunkirk and Calais soon after, but to prevent it; which Prince Vau. these two laft Towns were not demont accomplished in the hand- much hurt by 'em. This gave someit Manner; for after three iext to a Blow Villeroy ftruck upra Days Observance of the Enemies Brusels, for Prince Vaudiniai Morios, being confirmed that their one side, and the Earl A!!! Designs were against him, on the with Count Najaw on the oute, 14th of July he at the same time being obliged to keep their S:made a shew of standing a Baule, ons, to prevent the Enemies adva when the Enemy was come in fight cing towards Namur, Marfil of him, and retreated under the leroy came before Brusils on a Smoak of his own Cannon which 14th of August, and by a Lecte he played against them. He d-filed sent in Word, that the Englijb bar towards . Deynje, brought off his ing bombarded the Towns on the Cannon, and encamped in a safe Coast of France, he was obliged a Ground while the Enemy all the revenge it, by ferving that City .. while believed he was making on. the fame Manner ; but that as a ly the ordinary Movements for a as he should be assured that the Batile. The next Day he conui- English would no more bombard nued his March, and encamped un che Towns of France, he shouk der the Walls of Gbent. And sent more attempe the like Practice. 4. a sufficient Force to secure Neroport, cordingly on the 15th he began zu which Place the French purposed to throw in Bombs and red ho .. befiege.

le:3, which continued for two Dail The Siege of Namur then was and Nights, and did vaft Daragon carried on with incrdible Vaiour in the 'Town. and Activity. The Particulars of Villeroy being afterwards per it arc too large to have Place here, forced, and his Army thereby

creased to 90,000 Men, he marched Dead, it was granted. And in that A, D. towards Namur, Prince of Vaude- Interval the Marquiss de Guiscard 1695. mont, the Earl of Athlone, and the the Governor made a Proposal of Prince of Heffe Caffel, with all their furrendring the Coeborn Fort, but Troops immediately marched and being told that nothing less than a got before him to the advantageous Capitulation for the whole would Camp of Mazy, but 5 Miles distant be listened to, it was at last agreed from Namur, where they lay to to by Boufflers. Advice whereof expect the Enemy. The French being sent to the King, he returned advancing to Florus gave a Sig- to the Siege, and Hollages being nal of Relief to the Garrison, exchanged, the Treaty commenced, which being returned by them, and that Night, August 31, was the king found it necessary to leave concluded. the Conduct of the Siege to the The two Armies in the mean Elector of Bavaria, and repair to Time faced one another, but on the he Army Auguft the 26th. On 2d of September, the Grand Salvo's the 29th, Villeroy came up to at

in that of the Confederates having ack the Confederate Army, but let Marshal Villoroy know that the hey were so well posted, that he Caltle of Namur was surrendered, urit not a:tempt it, but retired in he retired with the Army he combe Night. Marches and Counter- manded, and attempted nothing marches were all the French could further. o afterwards, for they were so On the 5th of September, the eil observed by the Confederates, French marched out of the Castle, hat they could 'not distress us e- the Confederates making a Lane ough to hinder the King's sending for them to pass through. The f 3000 Grenadiers to affiit in the King in private in his Coach, and General Assault of the Castle of the Elector of Bavaria in publick vamur, which was concerted foron Horse-back, with all the prinle 30:h of Auguft.

cipal Officers were present. The On that Day the Batteries hav- Marshal de Boufflers with Monsieur 8 played all the Morning, and de Guiscard rode at the Head of 2e Breaches being now practica- as good a Party of Dragoons as le, Terms were offered to the Be- the Siege had left, when on a fudeged before the Assault began, for den Mr. Dyckvelt came up to Boufreventing Effufion of Blood, but flers and in his Majelly's Name o Answer being returned, the Af. arrested him for Reprizal of the lult began at Noon, and was car Garrisons of Deynse and Dixmuyde, ed on till the Evening with great which the French had, contrary to laughter on both sides. But the the Capiculation, either forced into ravery of the Assailants, who re- their Service, or sent into Caraewed their Attacks from Time to lonia, upon a knavith Construction ime with incredible Courage, 0. of the Letter of the Capi:ulation, ercame all Difficulties, and Lodg. which said they should remain in lents were made on the Breaches : one of the Towns last taken by vhich the next Day were perfect- the French from the Confederates !, and Preparations made for a (meaning in Flanders ) till they cond General Affault : But the could be redeemed, but i: seems nemy prevented it. For first, de- the last Towns taken by the French landing a Cellation to bury their were those in Catalonia, and for


Cc 3

A. D. want of expressing Low-Countries dissolve the present Parliament, and 1695. in the Treaty, they sent them thi- call another to meet the 22d of No

ther. The Marshal was fain to vember.
obey, altho' he uttered fome blu While the Elections were ma.
ftring Words, and not thinking fit king, the King took the Divertie-
to give his Parole that those Men ment of a Progress in the Country,
(which were 6,000 in Number ) he went first to Newmarket (Ofts-
should be restored upon the Re- ber the 17th) to see the Horie Ra-
demption Money, which had been ces, where he was complimented
tendered according to the Cartel, by the Vice Chacellor and Doctors
he was led back Prisoner to Namur, from the University of Cambridge

, and from thence sent to Maestricht. From thence he went to the Earl But eight Days after, upon the of Sunderland's Seat at Altbery in Return of a Messenger sent to Northamptonshire, and made Vifits Court, he gave his Word that it to the Earl of Northampion, ard should be performed, and then was the Earl of Montague. Ofeber the set at Liberty. Nothing more was 28th, he came to Stamford, and transacted in Flanders this Cam- took a View of Burleigh House; paign. The King returned into Hol- and went thence to Lince's, and land, and the Armies on both Parts thence to Welbeck, the Duke of separated about the End of Sep- Newcastle's Seat, November the 3, timber.

he visited the Earl of Siapers at In Catalonia the Spaniards had Broadgate ; and the next Day the the better in several' small Ren- Lord Brook at Warwick-Castle. On counters, but succeeded not in their the 5th, he dined with the Duke two Sieges of Castle - Folet, and Pa- of Shrewsbury at Eyefort. And E. lamos.

nally, on November the guh, ke The Duke of Savoy with the Con to Oxford, where he was federate Forces, among which were complimented by the University

, a Body of English under the Lord and entertained in the Theatre, Galway, this Campaign took Caffel, with fine Musick, an elegant OtaAnd the Confederate Fleet in the tion, and a noble Banqnet. The Mediterranean kept the Coasts of King seemed to be marvelously es Provence in continual dread of In- tertained with the Belle-Alfsemble et vasion, which made a Diversion various forts, the Vice-Chancellor, that favoured the Operations in Pi Proctors, Doctors, &c. in the edmont.

Robes, the several Orders of Gr In Germany little happened this duates in their respective Gows Year of publick Concern.

and Hoods, the Circle of Lacic In Ireland the Lord Lieutenant that appeared in the Galleris, ard (Lord Capel) held a Parliament, the neat Disposition of the Bangwhich arembled August the 27th, in the Area ; which with the form and sat till the 12th of Otober. and beautiful Scructure of that roDivers Acts paffed, and the Tranf- ble Room, might juftly raise the actions were carried on with Una. Admiration of a judicious Strao; nimity.

ger. His Majesty, I say, feemed The King returned to England, wondrously pleased, and looked a and arrived at Kensington, Öktober bout him in that lively Marre the 12th. He soon after called a peculiar to himself. And we Council, wherein it was resolved to Colonel Ceddrington, a Gentlegende


had known in the Army, mounted Days, before their Trial; that they A. D. the Rostrum, and accosted him with shall not be convicted but upon the 1695. an Oration, he seemed delighted Oaths of two Witnesses to Overtwith his Eloquence. But the Ab- AAs of the same Treason; that they sence of the University Orator, shall have Council to plead for whose Place this Gentleman ex them, and that they shall not be tempore fupplyed, was not agree triable unless the Indictment be able to him. The usual Presents found within three Years after the being made, the King, rofe from Fact, except in the Case of attemphis Seat, and instead of taking the ting to affalsinate or poison the other, placed for him at the Ta- King: That they shall have Pover ble, passed out of the Theatre, to compel Witnesses to appear for without taking Notice of the Ban: them; and that in case of the Triquer. What his Majesty's Reasons al of a Peer, all the Peers shall be were for putting that flight upon fummoned 20 Days before-hand, Co considerable a Body was never

and be allowed to fit and vote in known.

such Trial, first taking the Oaths On the 2nd of November the Par. required by Law. This Clause was iament met, and the Commons added by the Lords, and now passed laving chosen for their Speaker by the Commons; and the Bill re'aul Foley, Esq; the next Day his ceived the Royal Assent on January Majesty made a Speech to both the 21st following: Iouses, wherein he applauded the December 6th, the Commons Courage the English Troops had voted for Sea Services for the Year hewn last Summer, intimated that 1696, the Sum of 2,500,000 l. And s large Supplies were necessary for on the 14th, they voted for the he next Year's Service, and that Land Service, the Sum of 2,524,853). o Augmentation of Shipping was for 87440 Men, besides two Regieedful, declared that the Fundsment of Marines. roved deficient, and that the Civil The Ways and Means were, The Lift was in that Condition, that he 4 Shillings in the Pound on Land; ould not sublist without some Pro- the Continuation and Additions of ifion for it. Recommended again Duties at the Custon-House, which he Encouragement of Seamen ; the was a Fund of Credit for a Million Consideration of the bad Eitate of and half; by Contributions for Anhe Coin ; Relief of French Pro- nuities ; by Continuation of the estants, and Unanimity and Dir. Salt Duty; for erecting a Land Bank, atch in their Deliberations.

intended to raise Two Millions and · Both Houses presented Addresses five Hundred fixty four Thousand ) the King, congratulating the Suc- Pounds, ess of his Majesty's Arms, and as But the Monies brought in uparing him of their Aflistance in the on these Funds, being all clipped 'rosecution of the War.

Money, was recoined and produced November 26th, The Bill for Re not above half in the Tale, and the ulating Trials in Cases of Trea- Tallies given out were paid at vaft on was again brought in, the Con- Discount. And at the same time, ents whereof were, That all Per- the Land Bank proved a total De ons indicted for Treason shall ficiency, for nothing was subscribed lave a copy of their Indi&tment upon it, and Tallies upon that Fund ive Days, and of their Pannel two were paid instead of Money. So

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