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Ød, that upon the whole, the Deficen- miraculously restored. Difficulties 1695. сies for this Year's Service amoun. to be sure must happen upon so sed to 2,078,975 l.
great an Alteration, in the means of The Birincis of reforming the Buying and Selling, but they proCoin was the matter next conside. ved extreamly less than was apprered. Reasons Pro and Con were hended. The broad Hammered Mobandied upon the Subject. The ney pretty well supplyed, till the reNecesity of doing it was evident, coined came abroad. And the L: 5 but the Manner was the Question. having already pinned down milled To bring all the Coin at once to Noney to its old Price, those that the old Standard, was by many had it now no longer hoarded it. In looked upon as impracticable, and Guineas alone there was a grea: loks yet to depart from the Standard and felt, for when the milled Money begive a Denomination above intin came current, 'twas absurd io give fick Value, was giving no Relief 30 of those Shillings for a piece of in the most considerable Article Gold that was worth but zi s. and of Grievance, Forcign Exchange. 6 d. Wherefore the Price of them But upon the Issue, the Matter was was lower'd by Degrees, forf to most happily accomplished. First 26 s. and then to 22 s. of all it was resolved by both Hou To provide for the Loss of Refes, That the old Standard should coining the House voted 1,200, be maintained, and no Alteration 000 l. which they raised by a Day admitted in Name or Value, Se on Houles, commonly called the condly, to relieve the People who Window-Tax. poffcffed the bad Money, it was The next confiderable Materih resolved, 'That it hould be taken Session, was the Debates in the by tale as usual in the Exchequer, House about the Scotcb Africa 21 upon Loans and all Payments of East India Company. On De Taxes. And that even the coun. cember the 14th, the Lords conterfeit Money of base Alloy fould municated to the Commons far
refused, Thirdly for a their Concurrence an Address which quicker Supply of Coinage, a Pre- they had drawn up to present to mium was granted to all Persons the King, complainirg, That pe”. that would bring in Plate. "And suant to an Ad passed last sein for a Dispatch of the Coinage, of Parliament in Scotland, a Con. | Mints were erected at York, Nor- Pany of Merchanış was erected and wich, Cbeier, Exeter, and Brisol. impowered to Trade to Africa, 12 And lattly, all broad hammered East-Indies, &c. free from i Money was permitted to pass for Payments of Customs, Taxes e fome time, after the Day prefixed, any Impositions whatsoever, fo which was February the joih, pro- the Term of 21 Years; and for vided it were punched thro' to pre- thermore that his Niajesty proc.ca vent Clioping.
And for all Mo. to protect them and interpole nies which came not in by the 4th Authority, for Reftitution and R:: of May, Five Shillings and Eight paration of any Damage caze u Pence per Ource was allowed in the their Ships. Which Powers puro Exchequer, til November, and after ting their Company opon fo macha that Day Five Shillings and 2 Pence better Foot than the Englijs wer,
would tend to the Deftru&io By these Methods our Coin was the Trade of England. To wird
Address the Commons agreed, and plith it, and therefore to assassinate A. D. it was accordingly presented to the him in his Palace, had the soft 1695. King. Who answered that he had Term given it of attacking the. been ill served in Scotland, but he Prince of Orange in his Winter loped some Remedies might be Quarters. Agents were accordingly found to prevent the Inconveniences employed in England, and Meawhich might arise from this Act. sures concerted in France to back
The House of Commons taking them. To which Purpose Troops this Matter into consideration, dis were ordered to file down towards covered that a private Oath de Fide- Dunkirk and Calais. And on the li, had been administred to the 18th of February, King James himMembers of this Company, and self went to Calais to see the Men that divers Merchants of London embarked, and to receive the Signal had entred into it, and taken the from England for Sailing. faid Oath, Twenty whereof being But it pleased God to disappoint named, they were voted guilty of a them, by discovering the Design. High Crime and Misdemeanor, and The Conspirators at London, havordered to be impeached. But the ing received a Commission from Person who was the principal Evi- King James, consulted upon the dence against them withdrawing, so means of affaflinating King Wil. as not to be found, the Matter felt. liam; divers Ways were named and
This produced an Act for esta- disapproved, till at last it was ablihing à Council of Trade to pre- greed, that the most feasible would vent future Evils of this Sort, which be to attack him as he returned from Council still subfifts.
Hunting, in a Lane a little beyond Another Affair which employed Brentford, which the King usually the Consideration of both Houses passed through after he came over this Session, was a Grant from the the Water, without waiting for the King to the Earl of Portland, of coming up of the Guards, the greatthe Lordships of Denbigh, Brom- eft Part whereof remained on the field and Yale, and other Lands in other Side, expecting the Ferrythe Principality of Wales, Part of Boat back again. The 15th of Fethe Demesnes of the Prince of Wales. bruary was pitched upon to be the Which Grant being brought to the Day, but the King not then going Lords of the Treasury to be passed, abroad, it was put off to the 21st. was opposed by divers Wellh Gentle. But on that Day too, News was men, who urged such Reasons a: brought them by Keys their Mefgainit it, that it stopt for some time, fenger, called the Orderly-Man, who and now being complained of in went daily to Kensington for Intelthe House, after full hearing, the ligence, that the Guards were all Commons unanimously voted, That come back, and that there was a an Address be presented to his Ma. Muciering of a damnable Plot disjesty to stop the said Grant: which covered. Thus far on their Side; let was done accordingly.
us now trace the Steps of the DisAnd now a Scene opened which covery. gave us great Surprize. The Ene On the first Notice of the French my, as I have said, had taken up Preparations, the Elector of Bava. an Opinion, that it was not dil ria and the Duke of Wirtemberg honourable to take away the King's sent Advices from Flanders to his Lile by any way that could accom Majesty of it. And both the Duke
A.D. of Bavaria, and the States-General, prehending the Duke of Beruiet, 1695: stopped all mipping in Oftend and (who came to London to forward
Bruges, and the Sas van Ghent to the Design) Sir George Barclay, Matransport the Forces, which they jor Lowick, George Porter, Captain immediately drew down to ship off Stow, Captain Walbanck, Captain for England.
James Courtney, Dinant, Chambers, Mr. Pendergrafs, a Gentleman of Boise, George Higgins, Davis, Cardel
, Virtue, but an Adherent to King Goodman, Cranburn, Keys, Perder. James, being sent for to London by grass, Byerly, Trevor, Sir Geo. Marhis Friends about this time, was in. wel, Durance, Chr. Knigbils, King, formed of the Design, and invited Sir William Perkins, and Rock to take part in it; but he had such wood. Horror at the Wickedness of it, Upon publishing this Proclamathat he immediately resolved to dif- tion, several named in it, as well cover it. Before this fome dark aş others of the Conspirators, were Hints of it had been given to the taken into Custody. And on the Earl of Portland. So that when 24th of February the King came Pendergrass on the 14th of February to the House of Lords, and after in the Evening, went to that Lord, palling fome A&ts, made a Speech; he was admitted into Privacy and wherein he acquainted both Hoofs litined to, when he told him that of this Discovery of the Conspiracy if the King went abroad to hunt for assassinating his Person, and of the next Day, he would be mur. the intended Invasion. Apd ibat 23 dered: The Earl carried him that he had taken up divers of the CosNight to the King, to whom he spirators, so he had also given Oimade a full Discovery of the whole ders for the bringing over fach Defign. Mr.de la Rue another of Troops as might effectually protea that Party was by Brigadier Lewfon the Nation from the impeccing brought the next Day to his Maje- Danger. sty, to whom he also made a full The Secretary Sir Williaz Tron Discovery, which agreeing with bal spoke more largely in the Hou're what the former had faid, put the of Commons concerning the Cred. Macrer out of all Doubt. But as they bility of the Witnesses, and the tewere Men of Honour, they refused veral Ways the Discovery came; ic: to name the Persons. The King gave besides the Informations from a them great Thanks for their Genero- broad, Mr. de la Rue went to Brifity in the Discovery, and used such gadier Lewson, Mr. Pendergrass to Reasons to them, why as Men of the Lord Portland, without knowing Honour they should discover the one another. And one Harri, Names of the Conspirators, that who came from France, with S they were at last prevailed upon, George Barclay, upon the first Pab under the Promise of not being made lication of the Proclamation, came use of as Evidence. But Porter foon voluntarily, and surrendred himsex after coming in to make Discovery, to him (the Secretary) and gave his and having accused Pendergrass, al- fufficient assurance of the reality of tho' he himself was the Man that the wicked Design, tho' he was is drew him in, he threw off all scru- able to tell the Particulars of it. ple, and became an Evidence. Both Houses being convinced of
On the 23d of February the King the Danger the Nation had elizpublished a Proclamation for ap. ped, agreed in an Address to us
Majesty, wherein they express’d Kingdom. And finally, it was en A, D.
The Commons also entred into Answer seems to have been given, be-
This Man was imployed to watch, The Example was followed not at Kensington, the King's going inly by the House of Lords, but also out and in, and bring Advice to hrough all the Corporations in the the Conspirators. It was proved
4. D. he was privy to the intended Affaf- levying and subsisting Men. The 1695. fination, and affifted towards it as Defence he made consisting only in
much as he could. They were both some Attempts against the Reputa. found guilty of High Treason, and tion of the Witnesses, which : sentenced to Death.
succeeding, he had no more to say,
were buried in his Garden, and
Against Sir John Friend Captain And both were executed on the ;!