Page images
PDF
EPUB

A. D. Interest, and such as had underta- good the Accusations abovefaid, or 1696. ken in their several Stations to do discover what he knew of the Ploi. him Service.

ters against the Government, that Thus the Matter stood, when the the House, after much Debate, came King gave Admiral Russel leave to at last to a Resolution to attaint him lay it before the House of Com- by A& of Parliament. mons; to whom accordingly on The Bill to attaint Sir John Foto the 6th of November he commu uick being brought in, many nicated the Examination of Sir Speeches were made against it and John Fenwick, and desired he more for it, till the Question be might have leave to justify himself. ing put for the Second Reading is

This producid an Examination of was carried in the Affirmative, l'ez's Sir John Fenwick in the House, 196, No's 104. And Council bewherein he was sy of answering, ing assigned Sir John Ferwick, be upou pretence of hurting himself, was brought to the Bar on the izh and demanded Security, that what of November. Where the Bill be he now confess'd should not ap- ing read and opened by the King's pear in Evidence again him. The Council, and aniwered by the P Answer given him by the House soner's, Three Days Time was give was, That there was no Room to en to the Prisoner to preparec doubt, that he should be hurt by his Defence. On the 16th, he wa what he said here, since he had al- again brought to the Bar, and then ready said it before the Council; the King's Council exhibited tbe Ethat no Man that dealt candidly vidence, viz. Captain Perier, 0704 with this House, had ever suffered Voce, 'who deposed, That Sir Jebe by it, and that he would gain the Fenwick was one of those wto Favour of the House by making a sent over Charnock to invite Kits full and free Discovery. He itill James, with a French Power, :0 pre ended Fear, and then demand- invade England. And the Depo ed Time to recollect himself, which fition in Writing of Goodman tə the House did not think necessary the same Purpole, sworn expe to give him, and therefore desired against Sir John Finwick before tx him to speak now. What he said, Secretary of State ; together wir imported only, that when he spoke the Record of the same Gesame! to the Council he had desired a Deposition at Cook's Trial, wher Pardon without being an Evidence, he swore in open Cours, Tha:: which the King did not refuse, but John Fenwick was one of the Codesired first to know what he had pany with Cook as aforesaid. He to say. 'Twas upon this Encou- the King's Council left it; and teca ragement, he said, that he made the Council for the Prisoner urges the Discovery he had done ; to what they thought proper agari which the King answered, he ought the Form of Proceeding, but to more fully to make good what he thing in Defence of the Innocent had faid. He pretended he had of their Client. Which being corexplained his Informations to the cluded, they were ordered to w Council, but was still cold it was draw, and the Question for Cus not satisfactory. And in Effect mitment of the Bill being propone told the House he could go no far- another Struggle was made. Ei ther without having a Pardon be when the Quettion was put, it 51: fore hand. In fine, soch were his carried in the Affirmative, Yea'sira, Prevarications to avoid making No's 128.

No's 156.

On the 25th of November, the foreph Williamson, his Plenipoten- A. D. Bill was read the third Time, and tiaries for creating of a Peace with 1696, then the Question being put that France ; and Commissioners were it lhould pass, occasioned many and appoinerd on the 6th of February, long Speeches for and against it ; to execute the Office of Privy Seal, and upon the Queltion it was car- during the Absence of the Earl of ried in the Affirmative. Yea's 189, Pembroke. The Lord Galway was

conftituted one of the Lords JustiIn the House of Lords, the Bill ces in Ireland; and Sir Charles Porwent thro' all the fame Forms with ter being dend, John Merbuen, Efq; the same Oppositions ; till in the was made Lord Chancellor of that End the Question being put for Kingdom. On the 12th of Februpaffing it, it pals d in the Affirmative. ary, the Earl of Ailsbury, who, acYea's 68, No's 61. And the dif- cording to the Oaths of Porter and senting Lords entered their Protelt Goodman, was also one of those who again't it.

sent over Charnock to France, was
On the 28th of January Sir John admitted to Bail.
Fenwick was beheaded on Tower On the 19th of April, the Earl of
Hill

, denying that he went to that Sunderland was made Lord Cham.
Meeting in Leadenhall-street with berlain of his Majesty's Houshold,
Intention to invite King James to the Earl of Dorset, who had held
invade England, or that he was that place ever since the King came
provided of any Horse and Arms to the Crown, resigning it in Conti-
to alift him ; declaring also that deration of a Sum of Money. And
what he had discovered to a Great on the 22d, the Lord Summers was
Nan that came to him in the Tozier, made Lord High Chancellor. And
he received Knowledge of from then the King appointed Lords Ju-
France. He said he had been in- ftices, and departed for Holland,
trumental in saving the King's Life April the 26th.
0 1694, by oppoling a villanous The Parliament of Ireland met
Design then attempted against it. July the 27th, to whom the Lords
And finally gave Thanks to those Justices made a Speech, importing,
who by opposing the Bill had en That a great Debt lay on the
leavoured to save him.

Crown, by the Revenue producing In this Session the pretended pri- Ahort of what it was given for. vileged Places, such as White-fryers, That it was expedient that Limethe Savoy, Mint, & c. were by Act rick and some other places be forof Parliament disfranchised. tified ; and that it would be conve:

The perfecting the several Bills nient to build Baraques for the Sollepending, took up the rest of the diers, at those Places where they jefon, which lasted till April the are quartered. That the State of the 6th, On which Day the King Account of the Money already givame to the House, passed the Bills, en, of the Debts, and of the comind made a Speech of Thanks, and puted Expence of what was now hen both Houses were prorogued to proposed, should be laid before the

Parliament, And lastly, put them During the Session, the material in mind of encouraging Protestant ['ransactions without Doors were Strangers to come inio the King. hese. December the 12th, 1696, dom, and thereby to promote the he King named the Earl of Pem- Linnen Manufactory: The Comreke, the Lord Villiers, and Sir mons made a dutiful Address, and

Dd2

pro

he 13th of May.

A. D. proceeded to the Business proposed contribute to the Peace, accepted 1696. to them. On the 12th of August, the Mediation in the King's Name,

they voted 150,000 l. for clearing and fo a new Commission being
the Debt to the End of June. And sent, that Death did not at all hin-
raised it by continuing the Addi- der the Progress of the Peace. And
tional Excise, and by an Act for a the Ceremonial being eitablished,
Poll Tax, which with several other the first Conference was held Msg
Acts having received the Royal Ar- the gth.
sent, on the 4th of December, the The Detail of this Treaty is too
Parliament was prorogued to the large to have Place in this Manual

, joth of May.

neither is it necessary to the Engo The Preparations for a Treatylish Historian, except the Articles of Peace were in the mean Time for our own Nation, the Substance carried on, and the Place of Treaty whereof we shall give you wier

: agreed to be the Palace of Ryswick, they are concluded; and proceed seated in the Mid-way between now to speak of the Operations of Delft, and the Hague, the French the Campaign. Plenipotentiaries being to reside at The French Army was firf in Delfi, and those of the Confede- the field in Flanders, and on the rates at the Hague. The Prelimi- 16th of May set down before Ach. naries were stated and agreed to on King William went to the Army the 10th of February, corsitting as soon as he heard of it. But the of 24

Articles ; whereof the prin- French being more numerous, and cipal were, That the Treaties of Inconveniences lying in the way of Wenphalia, and Nimeguen, should making a Diversion, his Majes be the Basis of this. That K. Wil declared he would not facrifce the lian thould be owned by the French Lives of his Men in relieving ? King. That Strasburgh, Luxemburg, Town, which being taken, ou Mons and Charleroy should be resto. a few Monchs hence be restored red. That all that had been taken by Treaty. The same Argumes by the French in Caralonia should be influenced the beficged, so that : restored. That Dinant and Phillips was surrendered the 5th of Jur. burgh be restored. That the Princi- Nothing else was done in Flanders. pality of Orange and the Dutchy of In Catalonia the Duke of Praise Deux Ponts, as also many Lordships besieged Barcelona, both by si in Germany, should all be restored and Land. The Prince of H/? to their proper Owners; and that Darmsiade commanded in the Place, all the Re- unions made fince and made a brave Resistance. Bu the Treaty of Nimeguen be made the French made fuch Expeditica void.

sending Reinforcemenes io the Be. Charles XI. King of Sweden, fiegers, and the Spaniards were 10 had undertaken to be Mediator of flow in sending Relief to the E: this Peace, but it pleased God to fieged, that the Ci:y was latertake away the Life of that Prince, dered by Capitulation, after a nie on the 5th of April. And his Son Weeks Resistance. Charles XII. being then but 15 The Conferences for the per Years of Age, the Administration went on but slowly, thro' the DS of the Government was given to culties raised by the several Pardes

. the Queen and five Senators, till he And therefore King Williar, tbarbe should arrive to the 18th Year of might in Earnest know the [... kis Age. The Regents willing to of the French with relation to da:

feif, sent the Earl of Portland, who ftant Interest. The French Refu. A. D. 25 from himself advanced from the gees had Hopes, that at the Conclu- 1697. Head of our Army towards that of fion of the Peace they should be the Enemy, which lay not far off, allowed to return home : But no and in the Mid way sent to de- Notice had been taken of them in mand a Conference with Marshal the Treaty. And the Protestant I sufflers, which being granted, the Princes of Germany were enraged two Generals, attended by an e to see the Treaty with the Empire qual Number of Guards, held a allow, that the Exercise of the RoConference, which was repeated man Catholick Religion should rethree Times. And at lait ( August main settled in the Places that the 2d) they retired into a House, were to be restored by France, to where they were accommodated their respective owners, altho’ their with Pen and Ink, and so adjusted Ministers contended earnestly for a NIatters, that on the next Day the Clause in favour to the Protestant King left the Army, and coming Religion. to Dieren, dispatched the Lord The Imperialists fomewhat repiPortland to acquaint the Confede ned that the Peace was so soon conrates, That as to what concerned cluded, because on the very Day his Majesty, all Matters were so ad- they made the Truce with France, julied with France, that he desired Prince Eugene obtained a great Vicno Delay might be made in the tory over the Turks in Hungary, the Peace on that Account.

News whereof came a few Days This probably facilitated the alter. Treaty, for not many Weeks after And on the other hand, News was it was terminated, by the Conclu come that Pointis, who commanded tion of a Peace with France, on a French Squadron in America, set the Parts of Spain, England, and out at private Expence by the King's Holland, which was signed by the Permission, and reinforced by BacPlenipotentiaries of those Nations, caneers and Volunteers at St. DoSeptember the 20th, N. S. The mingo, came before Carthagena, and Minilters of the Emperor, and the having taken some neighbouring Princes of the Empire would not Forts, besieged the City both by Sea agree to the Terms proposed, but and Land. The Defence was couon the contrary protested against rageous, but no Relief coming in, what was done, as being a separate the Assailants prevailed, and on the Peace contrary to the Terms of the 6th of May the Place was surrenAlliances.

dred by Capitulation. The Terms The Treaty therefore was conti were, that the Garrison should march nued longer between the Empire out, and the Inhabitants depart, and France, but as that Nation a but that all the Silver in the Town lone could not oppose the whole hould be the Prey of the Besiegers. Strength of France, they agreed to 'Twas not practicable to abide there, a Cellation of Arms on the 11th of and therefore they ruined the Fort, September, and the 30th of October, and quitted the Town soon after, the Peace on their Part too was carrying away an excessive rich 1gned.

Booty. The Englib Fleet in thofe Upon the Conclusion of this Peace Parts commanded by Admiral Negreat Blame was laid on the Eng- vil, came up with the French in lish and Dutch, on account of ta the Streight of Bahoma, and were a king too little Care of the Prese superior Force, But they however

[ocr errors]

A. D.' so unskilfully managed it, that the 8. Commisioners shall be ap1697. Enemy got off, and arrived safe in pointed to adjust and determine France, Auguft the 19th.

the Pretensions of both Nations 10 Soon after the Conclusion of the the Places in Hudson's Bay. Bu Peace, the King created the Lord the Places taken by the French du. Villiers Earl of Jersey, and ap ring the former Peace and retaken pointed him his Embassador at the by the English during this war, Hague. And having concerted some shall be letc to the French, accordimportant Matters with the Elector ing to the next preceeding Article. of Bavaria (fuppofed to be the first The Capitulation of 1696 to be 03Partition Treaty) and given private served. Commisiuners to meet in Audience to the French Plenipoten- three Months and determine in fix tiaries in his Closet, the King re Months all Differences in this Matturned to England.

ter. The Peace in the mean time was 9. All Letter of Marque and in the usual Form proclaimed at Reprisal shall be void, and none London, October the 19th, by order hereafter be granted. of the Lords Juftices. The Sub The roth declared the times when itance of the Articles were as fol- all Captures at Sea are forbid in the lows:

different Parts of the World.
1. That there be a perpetual ii. The Peace shall not be bro-
Peace between William III. King ken between the two Kings by ary
of Great-Britain, and Lewis XIV. Act of the Subjects of either thro'
the most Christian King.

inadvertency, contrary
2. That Enmities and Hostilitics Treaty.
cease.

12. That in case of future War 3. That all Offences committed between the two Kings, the Subjects during the War be forgiven. of either shalt peaceably enjoy tber

4. The French King engages, that own, and have lix Months ume to he will afford no Assistance of any withdraw their Effects. fort to the Enemies of K. William: 13. That the Principality of O. Or any ways molelt him in the range be reitored to King Was, Poffeffion of all his Dominions. and the French King to be 2CCOLS The King of Great-Britrin p:o- table for all the Profits during the mises reciprocally the same to the time he has been kept cut of it. French King

14. The Peace concluded a: 5. That there be free Commerce Germains between the Fiem.b kics þetween both Nations.

and the Elector of Branaenbarges 6. That the ordinary Justice of 1679 is restored. both Kingdoms shall be fairly exe 15. The Treaty between the cuted and freely claimed by the French and the Duke of Saror tu Subjects of the other Kingdom, ac-firmed. cording to the Laws of that where 16. Those named by either King in they reside or have Effects. in lix Months Thall be included in

7. The most Chriftian King Mall this Treaty; and both Kings expres sellore all Places which did belong their Thanks to the king of dayto England before the War, as the den for his Meditation, and com King of Great Britain shall also re- preherrd him in the best Manger in Nore all that did belong to France the Peace. before the War. Boch to be done

17. The Ratification of this A in sıx Months time,

liance shall be delivered by both *

« PreviousContinue »