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2. D. The Bishop of Bristol at Utrecht Orders to raise the Siege, so wel 1712. made, at the same time, the like disposed the Troops under his ComWProposals of Ceffation of Arms to mand, that he broke through the
the Ministers of the Allies, ground. Lines the Confederates had thresi ing it upon the Terms that France up, and on the 24th forced the had offered to the Queen ; but was Camp of Denain, where he made a so far from meeting with a Compli- terrible Slaughter; took the Earl ance, chat all those Ministers ex of Albemarle Prisoner, with many pressed themselves extreamly furprizGenerals, and 300 other Officers, be ed at it. And the States of Holland fides 2,500 private Soldiers. This having formally declared againft a quite turned the Scale of the Warto Ceffation, all the Allies adhered to the French fide, who parsued the that Resolution.
Blow, and having taken Marcbier: Prince Eugene having determined and many smaller Pofts, invete to besiege Landrecy, the Army broke Doway on the ad of August, which up July 16. N. S. leaving the Eng. Place surrendered the 8th of Sep lifß with only 4 Squadrons and itember. And foon after they recs Battalion of Halflein Troops and vered Quesnoy and Bouchain. the Regiment of Walef ; who two Mr. Secretary St. Jaba wa Days after marched towards Ghent. created Lord Viscouut Belegbreke The rest following Prince Eigene. in the Month of July, and in the
On the 7th of July, O. S. Sir beginning of Augut was sent over John Leake being arrived in the to France, to negotiate a Treaty Haven of Dunkirk, with some of Suspension of Arms, which beTroops under the Command of ing concluded accordingly, the Brigadier Hill, they landed the next Queen's Proclamation for a Cela Day, and were by the French Go. tion of Hoftilities, both by Sea and vernor put into Possession of the 'Land, was published at Londen Place. The Keys were delivered to gujt 18. the English, the French Garrison In Consequence of this Ceffation, marched out, and the Queen's Co. an Order was sent to the Brit lours were set up.
Troops in Catalonia to separate frue When the Duke of Ormond march- the Germans. ed, he published a Suspension of On the 26th of October a Chapter Arms for cwo Months, and the same of the Order of the Garter being Day Marshal Villars sent to acquaint held at Windsor, the Dukes of But his Grace, that he also had declared fort, Hamilton, and Kent, the Earl of a Suspension of Arms with her Bri- Powlet, the Earls of Oxford and tanick Majesty's Troops. The Duke Strafford were ele&ed Knights Com of Ormond soon after took Poffellion panions of that moft Noble Oi. of Ghent and Bruges, and detached der. 6 Battalions to Dunkirk, whither he A Suspension of Arms between also sent a Train of Artillery. France, Spain, and Portugal, wz
July 17. N. S. The Prince of concluded at Utrecbt, on the men of Anhalt Defau invested Landrecy. November N. S. Prince Eugene covered the Siege, The Lord Lexington was fent : and the Earl of Albemarle had the Spain, (September 15.) as her Alaje Guard of the Camp at Denain, ity's Ambassador, to receive Kiez which was formed to keep open the Philip's Renunciation of all Right Communication with the Maga- and Claim to the Crown of Frazi. zines. But Marshal Villars having The Instrument whereof being
Irawn up in Form, the King fo- nager's House, the Porter and Foot- A. D. emnly swore (in the Presence of the men standing at the Door, insolent. 1712. Council of State and the chief Nobi, ly [coffed and fouted at the Footity on the 5th of November N. S.) men behind the Coach. Complaint o the Itrict Observance thereof. whereof being made to their Master, By which Renunciation it was sti no Satistaction could be obtained ; wulated,' That neither he nor any so that by trifling Delays, impertiof his Pofterity should ever claim nent Evasions, and unjult Haughtior enjoy the Crown of France; ness, on the French fide, the Quarnor any of the Royal Family rel was increased to that Degree, that of France should ever claim or no Business went on. For the States enjoy the Crown of Spain. And ftanding by their Minister, and the to prevent the Accession of too French King by his, the Matter bemuch Power to the House of came serious. And if the Count de Autria, it was further provided, Rechteren had not been willing to that in Case of Failure of King Pbi, resign his Post, and their High Mighlip and his Issue, the Monarchy of tinesses, thro' the ill State of the Spain should devolve to the House War, at last obliged to submit, the of Savoy, which is descended from Treaty must have broke up; for Donna Catherina, Daughter of the French were so elated by their King Philip Il'. This was after- Success this Campaign, that they vards solemnly ratified in the Assem- exerted the same Temper they were bly of the States, and passed into formerly remarkable for, before the firm Law of that Kingdom. Misfortunes of this War had hum
The Queen had nominated the bled them. It was expected that Duke of Hamilton to go to France in the Resolution of the States Genehe Quality of her Majesty's Am: ral accepting the Resignation of paslador, and he had made Prepara: Count Rechteren, dated September cions for his Departure accordingly, 20, would have finished this troubut a most unhappy Accident pre- blesome Affair. But the French vented it. For about the middle of King was not yet satisfied, for he November, the Duke and the Lord demanded that Three at least of the Mohun being met upon somie Affairs Dutch Plenipotentiaries should come relating to an Efate of the Lord to his Plenipotentiaries, and disown Macclesfield's Family, wherein they what Count Rechteren had done, were jointly concerned, fome Words which at last, on the 29th of Janupassed, which occasioned a Quarrel ary following, they were fain to that ended in a Duel, wherein they comply with, both lost their Lives.
The Court of Great Britain were The Negotiations of the Peace at in the mean Time labouring to Utrecbt stood ftill all this Summer, bring the Confederates into the by Reason of a Quarrel between
the same pacifick Dispolition themselves Count de Rechteren, one of the Ple. had imbibed. Mr. Harley, a Rela. nipotentiaries of the States General, tion of the Lord Treasurer's, was and M. Menager, one of the Pleni- sent in July to Hanover, to perpotentiaries of France. The Occa. fwade the Elector to come into fion whereof was, that the Day the the Queen's Measures for Peace, News of the Defeat at Denain came but returned in Oezober without efto the Hague, the Count de Rechte- fecting any thing. Endeavours to Ten paling in his Coach by M. Me the same Purpose were made at the
4. D. Court of Prufia to as little Pur- him accordingly, he let them koos, : 1712. pose; and the Lord Strafford, about That their Demand about So Nthe Middle of September, proposed was what could not be comply'd
to the States, her Majesty's Medi- 'with, her Majesty having already
ling to yield Lisle to France, and • that he should keep the Pales • recede from their Pretensions to . of Luxembourg, Namur, and Cher • Doway, Valenciennes, and Mau. lerog, till he be reitored to the E• beuge, which they had hitherto • lectorace of Bavaria, exclofre de
infitted on, provided Conde and the Upper Palatine, and be placed Tournay were included in their Bar • in the Rank of Ninth Elector; and rier ; che Tariff of 1664 restor'd ; that France will propose that tåe and Sicily yielded to the Emperor, Kingdom of Sardinia be also given and Strasburg to the Empire, where to the said Elector. His Lordki by they tacitly give up Spain and the I also let them know, that be bad Weft-Indies to King Philip.
brought with him a Plan of a Na The Duke of Ormond having set • Treaty of Succellion and Barre, tled the British Troops in their Win. " and must insist that that Treaty be ter Quarters in Ghent and Bruges, signed before the Conclufion a and taken a View of Dunkirk, re • the Peace ; and he afterwards exturned to England, and waited upon plained the Terms of it. Comthe Queen at Windsor on the 4th of • plain'd of Delays on the Part of the November.
· States, urged them to comply wit On the 23d of November, the what her Majelty had proposes
, Queen was pleased to declare her ' and finally intimated that her Ma Choice of the Duke of Shrewsbury jesty would be obliged to figa tbe to be her Ambassador Extraordinary • Peace in cwo or three Weck at to the Court of France ; where the most, without them, if they did Duke do Aumont had not long before not by that Time resolve to jo been named for the same Employ with her. And then deliver'd te ment to this Court.
Project of the Barrier Treaty. The Earl of Strafford was at this The States wrote a Letter on Time come over to England to re the 29th of December, N. S to ibe ceive her Majesty's Inttructions up- Queen, wherein they expreffed great on the last Declaration of the States. Respect to her Majesty, and agree And being returned to the Hague, in general to come into her AlaDecember 6, he desired a Confe- jesty's Measures ; but defired her to rence with the Deputies of the allow of some Observations an: ReStates Ceneral, who wailing upon marks they had made, both care
Plan of Peace, and Project of the perty to the States General; and that A. D. Barrier Treaty, which they sent to the Fort Rodenhuyden on this Side 1912. heir Envoy Extraordinary at her of Ghent shall be demolished. Majesty's Court, to be communicated 5. In case the States be in War o her Majesty. In Answer to which, against France, or in manifest Danbout the beginning of January, her ger of being attacked, they may put viajetty sent a Letter to the States as many Troops into those Places General, wherein she expressed her as the Usage of War, and Necessity elf very graciously towards them. Thall require. Ind the Ministers of the King of 6. They may also send into those Prusia and the Duke of Savoy hav- Places without paying any Duties ng by that time signified that their or Custom, Ammunition, Arms, espective Masters were disposed to Artillery, &c. ome into her Majesty's Measures, to 7. The States may put into the vhich also the imperialists seemed said Places, such Governors, Comess averse than they had been, it manders and other Officers, as they vas expected the Peace would soon think fit, who shall not be subject se conclued.
to any Orders, relating to the SeOn the 30th of January, N, S. curity and Military Government of he New Treaty of Barrier was the said Places, but those of the igned at Utrecht by the Ministers of States General. Great Britain and those of the States 8. The States may fortify the said General, containing in Substance : Towns and Places, repair the Forti
fications, and do whatever is useful HE Treaty of Succession for their Defence.
and Barrier signed October 9. That the Revenues (exclusive 29, 1709, to be void, and of no of what is necessary for the Civil Force or Value.
Government) of the Places which 2. The States General engage to by this Treaty are to be part of the defend the Succession to the Crown States Barrier, but did not belong of Great Britain, to the Proteftant to Charles II. late King of Spain at Heirs, according to the Settlement the Time of his Death, Ahall for the made by Acts of Parliament. future belong to the States General,
3. The Queen shall use all her who shall levy the same, for the Ule Efforts to obtain in the ensuing Trea- and Maintenance of their Garrison, ty of Peace, that not only the Spa- & c. But with express Condition that nish Low-Countries, bot also what they shall never assume the Authoriother Towns and Places will be ty of laying new Taxes, or augmentfound necessary, whether conquered ing the old. It is farther agreed, that or not conquered, may serve to form towards the Expences of the Garrithe Barrier of the States.
fons, &c. as aforesaid, a Million of 4. To which Purpose it is agreed Florins yearly, or 200,000 Crowns that the States General may keep every three Months, shall also be Garrisons in Furnes, Fort Knocque, paid to the States General, out of the Ipres, Menin, the Town and Citadel most certain Revenues of the Provinof Tournay, Mons, Charleroy, the ces of the Spanish Low-Countries, Town and Cable of Namur, the which the late King of Spain was Cattle of Ghent, the Forts la Perle, poslefled of at the Time of his Death. Philip, and Damme, the Fort of St. 10. No Town, Place, Fort, or Donat being joined to the Fortifica- Territory of the Spanji Low-Countions of Slugs, and yielded in Pro. tries Thall be yielded, transferred,
A. D. given, or descend to the Crown of Merchandizes belonging to the Seb1712. France, or to any one of the French jects of Great Britain. The S226
Line, whether by Virtue of Gift, moreover promise that no Frands Sale, Exchange, Marriage, Settle. shall be used, by lading Goods e ment, Inheritance, Succession, or o- Merchandize upon the Ships where therwise ; nor by any Title, or in in Provisions and military Stores (erany Manner whatsoever, shall any empt from Cuftom) are laden. And of the said Provinces be put into the to the End that such particular Roks Power, or under the Authority of and Conditions may be led, a the most Christian King, or any one shall be necessary for the more ef:. of the French Line.
Etual Performance of this Article, : 11. The Queen promises to use is agreed that Commiffioners be aaall her Endeavours to engage his med on each side, who shall meet to Imperial Majesty to enter into a settle and adjust between themselves Treaty with the States General, a- and with the Commissioners of ts greeable to what has been above fti- Imperial Majesty, if he pleases + pulated, relating to the Barrier a. name any, all Things relating to be bovelaid.
Traffick and Commerce to be made 12. The Supreme Authority be. in the Spanish Low-Countries, and ing now in the Hards of the Queen the Places belonging to the Barrier
. of Great-Britain, and the States Ge 14. And for the better and more neral, and most of the Towns gar- certainly executing the Surety of risoned with their Troops, it is now these our Guarantees mutually unftipulated that neither the Govern- dertaken by the Treaty, it is lipe, ment of the Provinces shall be chan-lated and agreed, that the Quece of ged, nor the Garrisons drawn out Greal-Britain, her Heirs or Succelof the Towns, till the Commerce fors shall, at the Request of the States and Concerns of the Subjects of her General, and not otherwise, farnið Majelly be adjusted to her Majesty's the Succours hereafter expressed, to Satisfaction, and the Barrier of the make good the Guaranty of the Bar States General be settled and secured rier; and in like manner the Lords the in the Manner abovementioned. States General shall, at the Requei. 13. That the Subjects of the and not otherwise, of her Majeły
, Queen of Great Britain shall enjoy or her Heirs and Successors of the the same Privileges, Immunities, Lí- Protestant Line according to the Suberties, and all manner of Advanta- cutes of Great Britain, furnish the ges in Relation to Trade, as well for Succours hereafter mentioned, 13 Importation as Exportation, which make good the Guaranty of the Sucthey never enjoyed heretofore, in all cession to the Crown of Great Bri the Places and Towns of the Spanis tain. Which Succours to be furnited, Low-Countries, and of the Barrier shall
be sent according to the foli** that is to be yielded to the States ing Proportion; namely the Queen General. And' fhall moreover en- of Great-Britain, her Heirs and Sac joy all the Privileges, Immunities, ceffors, shall send 10,000 Foot to the Liberties, and Advantages, which Afiftance of the States General; and have been, or shall hereafter be gran- the States General Mall send to the ted to the Subjects of the States Ge- Afifance of her Majesty, her Hess neral in the Provinces of the Spanijh and Successors, 6,000 Foot, provide Low-Countries, and of the Barrier. with Arms, &c. and each Party So that no Officer shall be suffered fall also be obliged to fit out ewent to hinder or delay the Passage of the Men of War well equipped and pro