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ance with the latest researches in this branch of knowledge. The first part treats of the nature, connection, and uses of the great departments of human knowledge, and the second, of the physiology of animal and vegetable life, an outline of the chief characteristics of which, is presented in a clear and forcible manner.
Both these works are intended for the general, rather than the professional reader, but will amply repay a careful perusal.
DEATH OF DR. SWETT. At a meeting of the Physicians and Surgeons of the New York Hospital, held at that Institution on the 19th of September, 1854, on the occasion of the death of Dr. SWETT, of which Dr. Thomas Cock was chosen Chairman, and Dr. Bulkley, Secretary, the following resolu. tions were upanimously passed :
Resolved, That the Physicians and Surgeons of this Hospital have heard with deep regret, of the death of their colleague, JOHN A. SWETT, M. D., one of the Physicians of the Institution.
Resolved, That we recognise in this dispensation of Providence, the removal of one whose life has exhibited exemplary devotedness to his profession, and whose labors and contributions to medical science, and especially to that department with which his reputation is more intimately connected, have done much to elevate its character and usefulness.
Resolved, That in his death we are called to mourn the loss of one endeared to us by many social qualities, whose boporable deportment and integrity of character have ever commanded universal respect and esteem,
Resolved, That Dr. John Watson be requested to prepare a memoir and address on the life and services of our deceased colleague, to be delivered at this Hospital at some future time.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of the deceased.
THOMAS COCK, M. D., Chairman. H. D. BULKLEY, M. D., Secretary.
At a meeting of the Medical Faculty of the University of the City of New York, held Sept. 19, 1854,
The death of Professor Swett having been announced by the President, the following preamble and resolutions were adopted :
Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God to remove from among us our late colleague, Professor John A. Swett,
Resolved, that the members of the Faculty have heard with profound regret of the decease of their late associate;
Resolved, that in view of the accurate and extensive scientific acquirements the professional sagacity and skill, the aptitude to teach, and the gentlemanly and honorable deportment, of the deceased, and the pleasant relations which have uniformly subsisted between him and his colleagues, the members of the Faculty regard his death as a severe loss to the University, the profession, and the community.
Resolved, that in honor of his memory, the members of the Faculty will wear crape on the left arm for thirty days.
Resolved, that the members of the Faculty will attend the funeral of their late colleague.
Resolved, that the exercises at the University Medical College be sus. pended until after the funeral of the deceased.
Resolved, that a copy of the foregoing preamble and resolutions be sent to his widow, with the sincere condolence of the Medical Faculty.
A special meeting of the members of the New York MEDICAL AND SURGICAL SOCIETY, was held at the house of Dr. Beadle, on the evening of September 19th, 1854, on the occasion of the death of Dr. Swett. Resolutions were passed expressing the feelings of the Society, in view of the removal of one of the founders of the Society, “ a member who was not only distinguished for his clearness of perception, soundness of judgement, devotion to, and eminent attainments in, his profession, but who was endeared to all by his urbanity of mapper, honorable deportment, truthful character, and ardent friendship," and that the members would, as a body, attend his funeral, and wear the usual badge of mourning on the occasion.
City. Dr. John T. Metcalfe is, we understand, the most prominent candi. date for the professorship of the Institutes and Practice of Medicine in the University Medical College, vacated by the death of Prof. John A. Swett. Dr. M. is well known among us as a devoted and successful student, and an instructive and attractive lecturer.
We are happy to state that Prof. Watts has returned home from his visit to Europe in improved health. Prof. Bedford, we understand, was to leave for New York on the 1st of October. Prof. Austin Flint, of Louisville, Ky., who has been spending the summer in Paris, to enjoy the medical advantages there af. forded, has also returned.
Our Colleges. The Medical Colleges of our city, all commence their regular courses of lectures during the present month. The College of Physicians and Surgeons (Crosby Street), on Monday, October 16th; the University Medical School (Fourteenth Street), on Monday, 16th; and the New York Medical College (Thirteenth Street), on Wednesday, 18th inst.
In consequerce of the continued ill health of Prof. Bartlett, of the Crosby st. School, Prof. Smith will deliver the course on Materia Medica, and Prof. Clark that on the practice of Medicine. Prof. J. C. Dalton, of Buffalo University, will deliver the course on Physiology, resigned to him by Prof. Clark.
Scurvy. During the past week thirty-two sailors afflicted with scurvy have been received into the N. Y. Hospital from the French frigates Penelope and Iphigenia, recently arrived at our port from a cruise upon the fishing grounds. A good opportunity is thus afforded for the study of a disease which, fortunately, is comparatively rare in modern times. We shall hope to revert to the subject in a future number.
University of Buffalo. Dr. Sanford B. Hunt, one of the editors of the "Buffalo Medical Journal,” has been appointed Professor of Anatomy in this Institution, in the place of Dr. E. M. Moore, appointed to the chair of Surgery in the Starling Medical College. Dr. John Boardman succeeds Dr. Hunt as Demonstrator of Anatomy.
Dr. Harrison, of St. Louis, has been appointed Professor of Materia Medica in the Cincinnati Medical College, a new institution.
Dr. Joseph Parrish, a physician of much ability and experience, so long and so favorably known as editor of the “New Jersey Medical Reporter," has been appointed to the chair of Obstetrics in the Philadelphia College of Medicine.
Dr. Thomas R. Crosby, of Hanover, N. H., has been appointed to the new professorship of Anatomy and Physiology in Norwich University, and Dr. Enoch C. Rolfe has received the appointment of Professor of Hygiene and Physiology in the new College at Somerville, Mass.
MISCELLANEOUS. Yellow fever at the South. Since our last, this fearful scourge has been committing ravages in Savannah, and to a less degree in Augusta, Geo., and more recently in New Orleans. At the former place, during the four weeks from August 23rd to September 19th inclusive, 436 have died with the disease. Six physicians have fallen victims to it, Drs. P. H. Wildman, Schley, Welles, Ellis, S. N. Harris, and J. M. Gordon, stricken down in the midst of their attendance upon the sick. In the early part of last month, Dr. Wildman announced the muriated tincture of iron “as an invaluable remedy in yellow fever,” stating that he had treated one hundred and fifty cases of that disease with it since the 21st of August, and that, of this number, not one had died who had commenced taking it prior to having the “black vomit.” He gave it in doses varying from twenty to sixty drops every two hours, in a tablespoonful of water for adults, and smaller doses for children. We tried it in one case of yellow fever at the New York Hospital last month, commencing its use two days before the black vomit appeared, but without any apparent influence upon the disease, which terminated fatally about the end of the fourth day from the time of attack. We are happy to see that the disease is diminishing both in Savannah and Augusta. At New Orleans it seems to be somewhat on the increase,
Cholera. We are happy to say that cases of cholera are diminishing very fast in our city. It is, however, still raging in some parts of our country. It has proved very fatal at Pittsburg quite recently, and is, we understand, at this moment prevailing in Newark, New Jersey, and, to a limited extent, in some other parts of the country.
DOMESTIC. Weekly Mortality. City.–For the week ending Sept. 2, 822:consumption, 43; apoplexy, 4; inflammation of brain, 23; congestion of brain, 22; coup de soleil, 1; cholera, 116; cholera morbus, 15; cholera infantum, 87; inflammation of bowels, 11; dysentery, 43; diarrhea, 69; convulsions, (infantile,) 73; typhus fever (including" typhoid '), 9. For the week ending Sep. 9, 732; consumption, 66; apoplexy, 4; inflammation of brain, 12; congestion of brain, 15; cholera, 129; cholera morbus, 8; cholera infantum, 60; inflammation of bowels, 6; dysentery, 39; diarrhea, 51; convulsions, 45; typhus fever (including "typhoid"), 13. For the week ending Sep. 16th, 681:consumption, 40; apoplexy, 3; congestion of brain, 11 ; coup de soliel, 1 ; VOL. IV, NO. 4.
cholera, 126; cholera morbus, 14; cholera infantum, 61; inflammation of bowels, 8; dysentery, 34; diarrhea, 41; convulsions, 38; typhus fever (including “ typhoid”), 9. For the week ending Sept. 23rd, 597:-consumption, 59; apoplexy, 1 ; congestion of brain, 11; cholera, 86; cholera morbus, 8; cholera infantum, 44; inflammation of bowels, 14 ; dysentery, 30; diarrhæa, 27; convulsions (infantile), 48; typhus fever (including "typhoid"), 16.
The total number of deaths in the city and county of New York, including the immigrant hospitals and all the other institutions, for the four weeks since our last report; viz. from Aug. 26th, to Sept. 23rd, comprising the 35th, 36th, 37th, and 38th weeks of 1854, was 2832, a falling off of 427 from the number dying in the previous month. The corresponding decrease last year was 800. The presence of cholera this year, together with the comparative dampness of the air, and prevalence of southerly and easterly winds, will probably account for the difference. We append the usual comparisons with the returns for the same period, for the last 12 years. The following are the deaths for the four weeks ending Sept. 23rd.
This year. Last year. 1849, Average since 1842. Apoplexy,
11 Cholera, Asiatic,
53 Inflam. of brain,
49 44 33 Inflam. of bowels,
39 31 45 353 Inflam. of lungs,
40 33 Marasmus,
12 6 7
2709 1807 1951 1391 The increase of the number of mortality returns from immigration continues as in last month.
The mean temperature for the four weeks was 71°. Mean dew point below air temperature, 113°; mean dew point same time last year, 10°; mean temperature same time last year, 75o; mean for same time eight years, 671°; 2 inches of rain fell upon a level; same time last year, 5) inches.
BROOKLYN.—For the week ending Sep. 2nd, 162:-cholera, 25; cholera infantum, 31. For the week ending Sep. 9th, 140 :-cholera, 20; cholera infantum, 15. For the week ending Sep. 16th, 158:-cholera, 15; cholera infantum, 20. For the week ending Sep. 25th, 106:-cholera, 9; cholera infantum, 10.
(FOREIGN VARIA omitted for want of space.)
Died, in this city, Sept. 18th, after a lingering illness, John A. SWETT, M. D. aged 46 years, Professor of the Institutes and Practice of Medicine, in the University Medical School, and Physician of the New York Hospital.
Dr. Swett was born in Boston, Mass., in December, 1808. He received his academical education at the University of Cambridge, Mass., having entered that institution in 1824, after a thorough classical trainiog at the Latin School of Boston, and graduated with honor, in 1828. He then at once commenced the study of medicine in the office of Dr. Jacob Bigelow, of Boston, and at the end of three years, received the degree of Doctor of Medicine. In the selection of a place for the practice of his profession, he visited New-York in the fall of 1831, and soon decided to make this city the scene of his future labors. In this decision he was not sustained by the wishes of his parents, then residing in Boston, which made the early years of his professional life a period of struggle, and of no little anxiety. His zeal for study soon led him to seek other means of improvement than those afforded by the slow growth of private practice, and he attached himself to the New-York Dispensary, the oldest and most extensive of the charities of our city. Years of toil and industrious application in this great field for the study of disease in all its forms, afforded by the large number of patients at the institution, yielded rich returns, and probably both gave a direction to his future course, and laid the foundation for the reputation and success with which he was afterwards rewarded. He then commenced especial attention to the subject of diseases of the heart and lungs, a department with which his name soon became associated, and upon which his labors threw so much light.
Jo the winter of 1833-34, he was one of a small number who united to form an association for professional improvement at the New-York Dispensary, which, after some changes, assumed the form and name of the society now known as the New York Medical and Surgical Society. With this association, his feelings and sympathies were always closely indentified, and he contributed much to the pleasure and profit of its meetings. The members of this society, now numbering between twenty and thirty, all actively engaged in professional duties, attended as mourners at his funeral.
In 1834, he superintended the republication in this city of “Hall on Diag. nosis," a second edition of which, with notes, he published in 1839. In July, 1835, he visited Europe for professional improvement, and diligently availed himself of the advantages afforded by a residence in Paris, returning home, after an absence of eighteen months, and entering with renewed zeal upon his course of study and practice.
In the spring of 1838, he commenced his career as a lecturer, at the Broome street School of Medicine, an association formed by a few of the junior members of the profession, for the purpose of giving instruction on special branches of medicine and surgery, selecting for his department his favorite subject of diseases of the heart and lungs, with which his reputation became afterwards so intimately connected. He subsequently lectured on the same subject, with great increase of favor, in the spring course of lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, in Crosby street. The report of his lectures in the New York Lancet at that time, did much to extend his fame as a teacher and a lecturer, beyond the limits of the city, as well as at home.
In 1839, he and Dr. John Watson were associated as editors of the NewYork Journal of Medicine, which was conducted by them jointly, with ability, for two years, when the enterprise was abandoned, after the publication of four valuable volumes.
In the year 1842, Dr. Swett was elected one of the Physicians of the NewYork Hospital, with a unanimity highly flattering to him, and with a hearty response on the part of the profession, as to his peculiar fitness for the station. This was the scene of his subsequent and of his latest professional labors, and he rendered it attractive to students as well as to practitioners, by his accurate pathological demonstrations, and his clear and judicious clinical instruction. His devotion to his duties in connection with that Institution,