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The three Chapters on the relations of vaginal or epithelial leucorrhæa to gonorrhæa in the female, to urethritis in the male, and to the ophthalmia of new-born infants, and the relations of leucorrhoa to disorders of the functions of menstruation, and to sterility and abortion, with illustrative cases, contains much valuable and interesting matter, and throws new light on some of the points connected with these subjects ; for which we must refer to the work itself. Dr. Smith thinks that there is but little question that, under certain circumstances, a spontaneous leucorrhea, arising independ. ently of sexual intercourse, may produce urethritis and inflammation of the glans penis in the male, instances of which have doubtless occurred to all practitioners of any experience.
A chapter is devoted to the anatomy and pathology of the Nabothean ovules; under which name, Dr. Smith says, have been grouped several dissimilar conditions, such as specific and simple eruptions of the os uteri, cysts, or vesicles developed upon the mucous membrane, and possibly obstructed follicles. Engravings are given of the appearances of these bodies, and also of their contents under the microscope. He thinks that the growths found upon the os uteri, termed vesicular polypi, have their origin in the small cysts which have passed under this name.
A short chapter on the constitutional and local causes of leucorrhea is followed by one on its treatment, which concludes the work. Dr. Smith says, " The most common and immediate cause of leucorrhea is simple irritation of the glands of the cervical canal; and many of the conditions described as inflammatory, such as abrasions and indurations of the os and cervix uteri, are the results of the long-continued discharges rather than of any inflammation occurring in the os and cervix as a primary affection.” Many of the affections of the os and cervix recently stated to constitute ulceration of the surface are really only epithelial abrasions; and the importance and frequency of ulcerations are much less than were formerly asserted. He thinks that the term “ epithelial abrasion " should, in the great majority of cases, take the place of “ ulceration; and that the words “irritation” and “relaxation should generrally take the place which has been assigned to inflammation.”
In the treatment of leucorrhea, the tonic treatment is indicated in a great majority of the cases ; and as a tonic, nothing is better than some preparation of iron. A favorite prescription with Dr. Smith is a combination of iron and alum, which he at first used in the form of a mixture of the sulphate of iron and alum, two to five grains of each dissolved in water, two or three times a day. He has now substituted for this a salt known under the name “iron alum,” which he considers superior to to any other remedy in leucorrhea. There are two forms of this salt, one known as “ ammonia iron alum," and the other as “potash iron alum.” He now prefers the former salt, on account of its greater solubility, and gives it in doses of from three to six grains, in infusion of columba, or in' simple water, with some warm tincture, three times a day. Tonics of a different kind are called for under different circumstances, and in certain cases purgatives or aperients are of great service. Under this head, valuable practical remarks are introduced on the subject of injections, caustic
applications, and pessaries, from which we should be pleased to make extracts, did our limits permit. The injection which Dr. S. has found of most benefit in cervical leucorrhea is a solution of alum and tannin, 3j. to 3 ij. of tannin and 3 ss. of alum to a quart of water, one half to be used at night and the other in the morning.
As to caustics, he thinks that no good can be effected by the more powerful which cannot be accomplished by the nitrate of silver, or by other means. His remarks on this point are worthy of careful note. We had marked other passages and points for extract and notice, but must draw our paper to a close. We have been pleased with the work of Dr. Smith, and auger its favorable reception by the profession. The illustra. tions are remarkably well executed, and the mechanical execution of the work highly satisfactory.
A Practical Treatise on the Diseases, Injuries, and Malformations of
the Urinary Bladder, the Prostate Gland, and the Urethra. By S. D. Gross, M. D., Professor of Surgery in the University of Louisville; one of the Surgeons of the Louisville Marine Hospital; Author of " Elements of Pathological Anatomy," &c., &c. Second Edition, revised and much enlarged. With one hundred and eightyfour illustrations. Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea. 1855. Pp. 925.
The present edition of this valuable work of Prof. Gross has been so much enlarged and improved as to give it almost the character of a new treatise. Four years only have elapsed since the first edition appeared, and we have now another, augmented by more than two hundred pages, and by seventy-eight illustrations, and forming the only complete treatise on the subject in the language. The additions are scattered through the work in the form of new paragraphs, sections, and chapters; and the whole now presents a mass of valuable and reliable information not elsewhere to be found. Very much of the material is of native origin, and not a little of it the result of our author's long and sụccessful devotion to the subject. Of the nearly two hundred illustrations of the work, almost one-third are original with the author; the remainder being from most authentic sources. The appendix contains a chapter on the prevalence of calculous disorders in the United States and Canada, which entitles Dr. Gross to the credit of having made the first attempt to collect and systematize our information on this subject. Dr. G. thinks there is no reason why the causes of urinary calculi should not be eventually detected, and their formation counteracted, if not prevented, by the timely interposition of remedies, without the necessity of and ultimate resort to the knife. The effect of inquiries like these now instituted should be to awaken increased attention to the subject, and throw new light on the etiology of this class of diseases. The information contained in the appendix bas been collected, the author informs us, with much labor from different sources.
The size of the present volume, extending to over nine hundred pages, shows the amount of labor which our industrious and accomplished author has bestowed upon the subject; in further proof of which we may add that the chapter on Stone in the Bladder occupies two hundred and twenty pages. We think that he has now accomplished what he informs us he endeavored to do in the first edition of his work, viz., performed for the bladder, the prostate gland, and the urethra, what has been so well done by Lawrence and McKenzie for the eye, Hope for the heart, Budd for the liver, and Curling for the testis. He has accomplished a task which promises to add to his already high reputation, and reflect credit upon American talent and research, and also to furnish valuable aid to his professional brethren, in a class of affections of great interest as well as importance. We have again to give Messrs. Blanchard & Lea the credit of having furnished us a book very well printed, with woodcuts in the best style of the art.
A Lecture on the Effects of Alcoholic Drinks on the Human System, and the Duties of Medical Men in relation thereto. Delivered in the lecture-room of the Medical College, on Christmas day, 1854, in compliance with the
request of the class attending the College. By N. T. Davis, Prof. of Pathology, Pract. Med. and Chir. Medicine. Chicago. Pp. 31.
Reply, by J. L. Ludlow, M. D., to a pamphlet entitled “ Correction of the Erroneous Statements of Henry H. Smith, M. D., published in the Medical Examiner, January, 1855, in relation to a case of gastrotomy which occurred in the practice of Washington L. Atlee, M. Ď.” Philadelphia : 1855. Pp. 22.
Theories of the Production of Males and Females. By Silas Hibbard, M. D. Buffalo, New York. Pp. 7.
Proceedings of the Connecticut Medical Society, 1854. Hartford. Pp. 83.
Transactions of the Medical Association of the State of Alabama, at its Eighth Annual Session at Mobile, February 5th, 6th, and 7th, 1855. Together with the Code of Medical Ethics, and a list of Members. Mobile : 1855. Pp. 148.
DOMESTIC. N. Y. Hospital.-At the Annual Meeting of the Governors, held on the 5th iost., Dr. John T. Metcalfe resigned his office, as one of the Physicians of this Institution. At the same meeting, Dr. Thomas F. Cock was elected to fill the vacancy. Dr. Metcalfe retains his office as Physician to Bellevue Hospital. - College nf Physicians and Surgeons. The continued ill health of Professor Bartlett has compelled him to resign the chair of M&teria Medica in this Institution, and he has been appointed Emeritus Professor. Dr. J. M. Smith has been appointed Professor of Materia Medica and Clinical Medicine; Dr. A. Clark takes the chair of Pathology and Practice of Medicine; and Dr. J. C. Dalton, Jr., that of Physiology. Professor Gilman has Medical Jurisprudence added to the branch so long taught by him. The new edifice on the corner of Fourth Avenue and Twenty-third street progresses rapidly, and is to be occupied during the coming winter.—Jew's Hospital, 28th st.–The Board of Directors have made the following appointments :
:-Valentine Mott, M. D., Willard Parker, M. D., T. M. Markoe, M. D., Consulting Surgeons ; Israel Moses, M. D., and A. B. Mott, M. D., Altending Surgeons ; C. R. Gilman, M. D., Wm. Detmold, M. D., B. W. McCready, M. D. W. H. Maxwell, M. D., Consulting Physicians; Mark Blumenthal, M. D., Attending Physician. This hospital was opened for patients on the 5th June. Application for admission may be made daily, between 9 and 11, A. M. and 5 and 7, P. M.
Women's Hospital.—A building in Madison avenue, No. 83, having been rented for the purposes of this institution, it was formally opened on the 2nd June. Dr. J. W. Francis, one of the consulting physicians, presided, and delivered an appropriate address, commendatory of its objects. The other promioent speakers on the occasion, were, Drs. E. H. Dixon, (of the Scalpel,) D. M. Reese, and Horace Green. There are said to be nineteen patients under treatment.-Albany Medical College.— The Annual Commencement was held in the assembly chamber on the 13th of June, when the degree of M. D., was conferred upon forty graduates. Hon. Ira Harris conferred the degrees, and the address was delivered by Professor MacNaughton. The funds of the hospital, in connection with this institution, have recently received a large increase.
Ovariotomy.—Dr. Willard Parker has recently operated with success for the removal of a encysted orarian tumor, of large size į patient otherwise healthy, 23 years of age. For several days after the operation, patient was kept under the influeuce of opium.-Resignation and Appointments.-Dr. Israel Moses, U. S. Army, recently returned from California, has resigned his commission, and established himself in this city. Surgeon Saterlee, U. S. Army, has been appoioted to the vacancy occasioned by the decease of Dr. J. M. Mower. At West Point, Surgeon Moore has been appointed in place of Surgeon J. M. Cuyler, transferred to Fort Leavenworth, Missouri; Assist. Surgeon Barnes is also attached to the station at West Point. New Publications.-Professor Dickson, of South Carolina, has in press " Elements of Medicine,” being a treatise on Pathology and Therapeutics. The work of Dr. LaRoche, “ on Yellow Fever," is nearly ready. Professor Agassiz has in preparation “Contributions to the Natural History of the United States," to consist of 10 large volumes, quarto, illustrated by plates, and to be published
in numbers. The first part will soon be issned. The writings of Professor Simpson, are to be collected in a volume, and published under the editorial care of Dr. Priestly, of Edinburgh, and Professor D. H. Stone, of Boston; the American edition to appear simultaneously with the one published in Edinburgh. This work will be looked for with much interest by the profession in this country. The clinical lectures of Professor Bedford, at the University Medical College, have just appeared from the press of Messrs. Wood-an octavo of 350 pages, in very sperior style, both as regards paper and typog. raphy; a review of it will appear in our next number.
Rhode Island Medical Society:-At the forty-fourth Annual Meeting held at Providence on 6th June, Dr. Joseph Mauran, for several years President, resigned ; Dr. Ariel Ballou, of Woonsocket, R. I., was elected. The Trustees of the Fisk fund awarded the premium of $50 to Dr. Albert Newman, of Attleboro', Mass., for the best dissertation on “ Croup." A premium of $100 was also awarded to Mr. Edwin Lee, of London, for the best essay “on the influence of climate on tuberculous diseases.” Prize for 1856. $100 for the best dessertation on the subject “Does pregnancy accelerate or retard the development of Tubercles of the Lungs, in persons predisposed to this disease ?" The annual oration was delivered by Dr. C. W. Parsons; Subject :Oxaluria.Dr. C. T. Jackson, of Boston, has had conferred on him by the Sultan, the decoration of the Imperial order of the Mejidich, of the 51h class (chevalier) for his discovery of the anæstehtic properties of ether.—Dr. Lyman Clary, of Albany, has been appointed superintendent of the Idiot Asylum at Syracuse. -Dr. N.S. Shurtleif of Boston, has been elected honorary member of the “London Royal Society of Antiquarians.”—Dr. C. H. Browne, of Connecticut, has recovered $16,000 damages from the New Haven Railroad Company, for personal injuries by the Norwalk accident, in May, 1853. Professor Asbury Evans, has vacated the chair of surgery in the Ohio Medical College, and has resumed practice in Covington, Ky.- - The Charleston Journal and Review asserts that the hostility of Dr. Reese to the New York University Medical School, is in consequence of Dr. Reese having applied unsuccessfully for a sub-Professorship in that institution.- Some benevolent individual has presented a Clock to the New York Academy of Medicine, with the impressive motto, “Puta ! ab hoc momento pendit eternitas !". -Our thanks are hereby tendered to the editor of the New Jersey Reporter, for proof sheets of the proceedings of the Am. Medical Association; they failed to reach us in time for our last issue.—Dr. S. Smith, of the New York Journal of Medicine, has been appointed first-assistant physician of the Marine Hospital, Staten Island.
FOREIGN.-M. Flourens, Perpetual Secretary of the French Institute, has been appointed Professor of the Natural History of Organic Bodies, at the Garden of Plants, Paris, in place of M. Duvernoy, deceased. M. Charles Buonaparte, Prince of Canino, has been appointed to the charge of the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle.-The Bureau of the Administration of the French Hos. pital has prohibited the internes from receiving pupils for instruction. This will be much regretted by American medical students in Paris. --The internes of the Parisian Hospitals have tendered an invitation to the House Surgeons of the London Hospitals, to visit Paris during the Exposition. The Medical Jury at the Exposition consists of M. Rayer, (chairman,) Nelaton, Melier, Bussy, and Bouley. The deputy jurists are, M. M. Tardieu and Demorquay. -At a recent session of the French Institute, a paper was presented by M. Castano, of the French army, “ on the syphilitic virus." He considers it as produced by a fungiform vegetable parasite growing and developiog itself in the tissues; the cure consists in the destruction of the vegetable by caustics and mercurials. The paper was referred to MM.