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33; hydrocephalus, 12; albuminuria, 4; typhus and typhoid, 15; pneumonia, 15; infantile marasmus, 46. For the week ending Oct. 14, 482-consumption, 52; convulsions, 38; cholera, 25; cholera infantum, 19; diarrhea, 30; dysentery, 21; pertussis, 11. For the week ending Oct. 21, 447:-consumption, 48; cholera, 22; cholera infantum, 10; convulsions, 36; diarrhæa, 28 ; dysentery, 21; marasmus infantile, 35; typhus and typhoid, 14; scarlatina, 7; trachitis, 9.
Meteorological Observations for October.—The mean temperature for the four weeks, ending Oct. 21, 1854, was 61o. Mean dew-point below air temporature for the same time, 13o. Mean temperature for the same time last year,
59° dew-point below air temperature same time last year, 13° temperature, same time, eight years,
mean for last eight years. (As the result of observation) the weather was more moist, and not as fine in general, as for the same time last year. The number of fine October days, as compared with last year was, as 3 to 4, and probably the returns of mortality for the same period in both years, will show a similar difference. The usual comparative mortality for October, will be given in our next number.
FOREIGN. Imperial Academy of Medicine. The discussion upon the treatment of deviations of the uterus, by the use of the “ redresseur," or Simpson's sound modified, has just terminated, having occupied the Academy during eight sessions. It has adopted the conclusions: 1st, that the use of the sound may produce serious accidents, and even fatal results; eleven cases of death from this cause having been reported to the Academy, as occurring in France alone. 2d, that this instrument does not permanently restore the uterus to its normal position, but that it may be used in case of the failure of other modes of treatment. (By uterine deviations is intended, general displacement, inclinations, or inflexions). M. Valleix, who has perhaps used the instrument more extensively, and with more success than any other practitioner in France, was its principal advocate ; while MM. Velpeau, Malgaigne, P. Du Bois, and Robert, condemed its use, except as a last resource. It is long since any subject has occupied for so many sessions, the attention of this learned body.
M. Barth, of the Hospital Beaujou, who is so well known to American students in Paris, has been recently elected member of the Academy, in the section of pathological anatomy.
Baron Louis has lost his only child, a son, nineteen years of phthisis pulmonalis. M. Louis, in November last, resigned his post as physician to the Hotel Dieu, in order that he might devote all his time to the cure of his son. A son of M. Andral, also affected with phthisis, accompanied them on their recent tour to the south of France.
Cholera at Messina.–Sept. 2d. This city has been afflicted in the most awful manner; 5,068 persons died from the 230 to 28th of August. On the 29th there was a complete slaughter ; the general terror increased the number of victims. Of the 5,000 soldiers composing the garrison, 2,000 perished, and almost all the police. In a few days, 13,000 persons have died. The sick were left without food, medical aid, or the solace of clerical attendance in their dying moments. The physicians, as well as the druggists and priests, all shamefully took to flight. Large numbers of galley prisoners, condemned to chains for life, for capital crimes, were pardoned, on condition of burying the dead. Such a spectacle has not been seen in any Italian city since the plagues of the “ Middle Ages."
age, with Among the names of graduatas at l'Ecole de Medicine on 3d August, appears that of Dr. J. Hurt, of Brattleboro, Vt., after having defended his thesis “ On the diagnosis and symptomatology of Pulmonary Diseases."
Cholera in Paris.-On the 31st August there were but few cases in the hospitals, but more in proportion in the barracks. Total mortality in Paris from cholera since 1st November, 1,230. For France, 68,000.
According to the “ Population Returns” for 1851, in Great Britain, there were 2,358 physicians, and 15,163 surgeons. The highly objectionable practice of interments in the churches of London, and in the burial grounds within the city, is now, through the efforts of Dr. Sutherland, entirely discontinued.
Cholera in London.-Deaths from 2d to 9th September, 2,050, of whom 1096 were females.
M. Maissoneuve has been transferred from the Cochin Hospital to La Pitie. We shall expect soon to hear of some formidable operations in this quarter.
On the 13th inst. J. Foster Jenkins, M. D., to Elizabeth S. David.
At Carmel, N. Y., on 17th inst., Rev. Antoinette L. Brown, to J. H. Merritt, M. D.
At Utica, J. P. Gray, M. D., Superintendent of State Lunatic Asylum, to Mary B. Wetmore.
Died, in Philadelphia, in Sept. last, Dr. R. M. Patterson, President of the American Philosophical Society.
In Savannah, of yellow fever, Dr. J. B. Saussy; also Dr. P. W. Cullen, being the eighth of the physicians of Savannah who have fallen victims to the pestilence.
Lost in the Arctic, on 27th September, Dr. Jas. B. Taylor, of Albany, Surgeon of the steamer. Also, Dr. Carter P. Johnson, Professor of Anatomy in the Medical College of Virginia, and Dr. Henry Waring, of New York.
At Geneva, N. Y., on the 12th inst., Dr. Wm. Kimber.
At Leipsic, recently, Dr. Clarus, aged 80, for thirty-nine years Professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of Leipsic, and author of treatises on anatomy, physiology, insanity, and legal medicine.
(Died in 1850, by starvation, in Sir John Franklin's Arctic Expedition, Surgeon A. McDonald, and Assistant Surgeon H. D. S. Goodside, of the British navy.
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Injuries of the Head in Young Children, requiring the Trephine. By
Geo. T. Elliot, jun., M. D., one of the Physicians to Bellevue Hospital.
CATHARINE ARMSTRONG, aged three years and six months, while on a visit to some relatives in Peekskill, fell from the second story window, striking her head on the stony ground beneath, but not injuring any other part of her body. This happened on the 25th of July last, and three weeks were allowed to elapse before her mother was informed of the accident; during which period of time, I am unable to obtain accurate particulars of her condition. Her mother brought her to Dr. Van Buren for advice, by whom she was kindly transferred to my care. The child was losing the use of her limbs; and drowsy, though excited almost to frenzy when thwarted. Nutrition impaired, appetite gone, bowels irregular, and pulse slower than natural, when the patient was calm. The right parietal bone, near its posterior and superior angle, was the seat of several radiating fractures converging to a common center. The depression produced was cup-like, two inches in diameter, and the scalp uninjured. Pressure over the seat of fracture markedly increased the drowsiness. The operation of trephining was decided upon, and performed on the 15th of August, with the kind assistance of Drs. Van Buren, Markoe, F. Markoe Wright, and Thorn.
The patient was brought under the influence of chloroform by Dr. Wright, and kept fully and most satisfactorily anæsthatized during the VOL. IV. No. 3