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sionis: nondum enim nostris laudibus, quibus utar postea, sed prope inimicorum confessione virum bonum atque integrum hominem defendimus. quo constituto facilior est mihi aditus ad contentionem dignitatis, quae pars altera fuit accusationis.

VII. summam video esse in te, Ser Sulpici, dignitatem 15 generis, integritatis, industriae ceterorumque ornamentorum omnium, quibus fretum ad consulatus petitionem adgredi par est. paria cognosco esse ista in L Murena atque ita paria, ut neque ipse dignitate a te vinci potuerit neque te dignitate superarit. contempsisti L Murenae genus, extulisti tuum

Conta

quo loco si tibi hoc sumis, nisi qui patricius sit, neminem bono Co

esse genere natum, facis ut rursus plebes in Aventinum sevocanda esse videatur. sin autem sunt amplae et honestae familiae plebeiae, et proavus L Murenae et avus praetor fuit et pater, cum amplissime atque honestissime ex praetura triumphasset, hoc faciliorem huic gradum consulatus adipis

compare ad Att v 20 § 6 ego in vita mea nulla umquam voluptate tanta sum adfectus quanta adficior hac integritate.

bene habet] this simulatio is quoted with approval, Quintil IX 2 § 26.

confessione] he has shown their statements to be groundless; and they have no more charges of this kind to bring. Halm well remarks that Cicero's words are strongly exaggerated.

virum......hominem] ie Murena as a public person and in his private life. So in § 16, div in Caecil § 56.

I believe that the ablatives laudibus and confessione are to be compared with such as mea sententia, omnium testimonio, etc, Madvig § 255, obs 3. 'Not to forestall the praises which I shall presently bestow upon Murena, I may almost say that the unwilling admissions of his adversaries lead us to think my client a worthy citizen and a man of unsullied character.'

contentionem] see on § II.

vii 15 loco] that head of your speech under which you brought in your disparagement of Murena's family.

in Aventinum] incorrect, according to Liv II 32, unless the refer-' ence be to the same thing as the coetus nocturni of Liv II 28.

sin autem......et] 'but if it be true that'. .'then I say that both'...... Halm compares § 20 tamen testata sunt omnia = dico testata esse.

proavus, avus] are not known except from this notice of Cicero.

fuit] for the singular, compare Madvig § 213 a, obs.

honestissime] Zumpt remarks that he is sparing in his praise; for Murena had not had very good suc

cess.

ex praetura] the rule was, that only consuls, proconsuls, praetors, and pro-praetors had any claim to the honour of a Triumph. Cn Pompeius was the first in whose favour an exception was made.

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16 cendi reliquit, quod is iam patri debitus a filio petebatur.

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vero nobilitas, Servi Sulpici, tametsi summa est, tamen hominibus litteratis et historicis est notior, populo vero et suffragatoribus obscurior; pater enim fuit equestri loco, avus nulla inlustri laude celebratus. itaque non ex sermone hominum recenti, sed ex annalium vetustate eruenda memoria est nobilitatis tuae. quare ego te semper in nostrum numerum adgregare soleo, quod virtute industriaque perfecisti, ut cum equitis Romani esses filius, summa tamen amplitudine dignus putarere. nec mihi umquam minus in Q Pompeio, novo homine et fortissimo viro, virtutis esse visum est quam in homine nobilissimo M Aemilio. etenim eiusdem animi atque ingenii est posteris suis, quod Pompeius fecit, amplitudinem nominis, quam non acceperit, tradere, et, ut Scaurus, memoriam prope intermortuam generis sui virtute renovare.

16 tametsi......tamen] so de orat II § 120, pro Rosc Amer §§ 55, 56, 73, 117, etc. Matthiae.

com

summa] the gens Sulpicia was one of the oldest patrician gentes. pare Brutus § 62, Tac Ann III 48, Hist I 15, Liv II 19.

litteratis] the word bears a good sense (γραμματικός). The opposite is litterator (yраμμаτiστýs). Compare Catull XIV 9, Suetonius de Grammaticis 4 sunt qui litteratum a litteratore distinguant, ut Graeci grammaticum a grammatista, et illum quidem absolute hunc mediocriter doctum existiment: quorum opinionem Orbilius etiam exemplis confirmat. Gellius II 10 § 1.

historicis] 'antiquarians,' Halm; rightly, I think. So Pliny called his great work of research Naturalis Historia.

$ 44.

suffragatoribus] 'canvassers.' So See note on § 71. equestri loco] i e he had filled no office, and so had not attained to a seat in the Senate.

nulla.....celebratus] probably he was a senator, but had not won

curule honours.

VIII.

ex annalium vetustate] 'from the musty tomes of our records.' Halm well compares § 10 pro amici periculo, for a friend in danger.' Add § 30 simulatio prudentiae.

nostrum] ie of novi homines. Halm.

summa] i e the consulship, which he was thought to deserve, though he failed to get it.

Q Pompeius Rufus] consul 141 BC, censor 131 BC, first brought the consulship into the gens Pompeia. See II in Verr v § 181, Brutus § 96, Liv Epit 59, Velleius II 21 4.

M Aemilius Scaurus] consul 115 BC, censor 109 B C, and chosen princeps senatus 115 BC. Asconius tells us that for three generations preceding him the family had been under a cloud, so that he was no better off than a novus homo. Compare pro Scauro 4 a.

quam non acceperit] the subject to be supplied is 'he' or 'one,' as in de fin III § 70 detrahere quid de aliquo quod sibi assumat. Tischer.

quamquam ego iam putabam, iudices, multis viris fortibus ne 17 ignobilitas generis obiceretur, meò labore esse perfectum, qui non modo Curiis, Catonibus, Pompeiis, antiquis illis fortissimis viris, sed his recentibus, Mariis et Didiis et Caeliis, commemorandis iacebant. cum vero ego tanto intervallo claustra ista nobilitatis refregissem, ut aditus ad consulatum posthac, sicut apud maiores nostros fuit, non magis nobilitati quam virtuti pateret, non arbitrabar, cum ex familia vetere et inlustri consul designatus ab equitis Romani filio consule defenderetur, de generis novitate accusatores esse dicturos. etenim mihi ipsi accidit, ut cum duobus patriciis, altero improbissimo atque audacissimo, altero modestissimo atque optimo viro, peterem; superavi tamen dignitate Catilinam, gratia Galbam. quodsi id crimen homini novo esse deberet, profecto mihi

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generally compared with this is de leg agrar II § 3 me perlongo intervallo prope memoriae temporumque nostrorum primum hominem novum consulem fecistis et eum locum quem nobilitas praesidiis firmatum atque omni ratione obvallatum tenebat me duce rescidistis virtutique in posterum patere voluistis.

claustra] for metaphor compare Plin Ep 11 14 § 4 nunc refractis pudoris et reverentiae claustris omnia patent omnibus.

apud maiores] since 366 в C, compare Liv VII I. Tischer.

equitis Romani] compare Juv VIII 237 foll hic novus Arpinas ignobilis et modo Romae municipalis eques.

novitate] generis not hominis (for Murena was no homo novus, compare § 15). Sulpicius might speak of this in contrast to the antiquity of his own family. Halm. Zumpt prefers to read with MS Lag 9 nobilitate.

duobus] viz L Sergius Catilina, P Sulpicius Galba. For the latter's canvass compare ad Atticum II § 1. id] the defeat of a patrician. Tischer.

18 neque inimici neque invidi defuissent. omittamus igitur de genere dicere, cuius est magna in utroque dignitas: videamus

cetera.

'quaesturam una petiit et sum ego factus prior.' non est respondendum ad omnia. neque enim vestrum quemquam fugit, cum multi pares dignitate fiant, unus autem primum locum solus possit obtinere, non eundem esse ordinem dignitatis et renuntiationis, propterea quod renuntiatio gradus habet, dignitas autem est persaepe eadem omnium. sed quaestura

utriusque propemodum pari momento sortis fuit. habuit hic lege Titia provinciam tacitam et quietam, tu illam, cui, cum

18. cetera] these are, (1) quaestorship, § 18; (2) presence and absence, peace and war, §§ 19-34; (3) praetorship, §§ 35-42; (4) candidature for the consulship $$ 43-53.

factus prior] ie I got the required number of votes (18 out of 35 tribes) before Murena, and hence according to custom was returned elected before him. So fiant, 'are elected,' compare § 50 factus, § 45 faciam.

locum] Mommsen's conjecture, accepted by Halm, Tischer, and Sorof. Zumpt reads with the MSS primum only, or (see Gellius X I §6) primo.

pari momento sortis] was about as lucky for one as the other.'

==

mo

mentum what turns the scale, compare Lucan, IV 819, momentumque fuit mutatus Curio rerum. Zumpt gives another instance of the ablative (? locative), de invent II § 77; but the genitive magni momenti est is commoner. Compare on § 3.

lege Titia] is supposed to have dealt with the duties assigned to the various quaestors and the distribution of these charges (provinciae) among the quaestors of the year. But nothing is known concerning it.

tacitam et quietam] probably calles.

In

Both Murena and Sulpicius had
a provincia Italica; there were 4
of these, viz (1) Ostiensis, com-
pare pro Sest § 39, Suet Claud 24.
(2) Gallica, compare Plut Sertor
4, Suet Claud 24. (3) aquaria or
Puteolana, see in Vatin § 12. (4)
probably calles, the charge of su-
perintending the remoter parts of
Italy accessible only by paths which
were often mere sheep-tracks.
Tac Ann IV 27 the MSS give Cutius
Lupus quaestor cui provincia vetere
ex more calles evenerat, and Orelli
has shewn that this is better than
Cales, which is simply a correction
suggested by a note of Lipsius on a
passage of Dion Cassius. For the
sense of the word calles see pro Sest
§ 12, Liv XXII 14. In Suet Caes
19 we find the calles spoken of as a
provincia consularis in these words;
igitur cum Bibulo consul creatur.
eandem ob causam opera ab optima-
tibus data est ut provinciae futuris
consulibus minimi negotii, id est
silvae callesque, decernerentur.
for the supposed quaestura Calena,
its existence is affirmed by no direct
testimony, and the ingenious note
of Nipperdey on Tac Ann IV 27
fails to convince me that there ever
was such a post.

As

quaestores sortiuntur, etiam adclamari solet, Ostiensem, non tam gratiosam et inlustrem quam negotiosam et molestam. consedit utriusque nomen in quaestura; nullum enim vobis sors campum dedit, in quo excurrere virtus cognoscique posset.

IX. reliqui temporis spatium in contentionem vccatur, ab 19 utroque dissimillima ratione tractatum. Servius hic nobiscum hanc urbanam militiam respondendi, scribendi, cavendi, plenam sollicitudinis ac stomachi, secutus est: ius civile didicit ;' multum vigilavit laboravit, praesto multis fuit, multorum stultitiam perpessus est, arrogantiam pertulit, difficultatem exsorbuit: vixit ad aliorum arbitrium, non ad suum. magna laus

adclamari] seems to be always used in unfavourable sense by Cicero.

negotiosam] the charge of the public corn-supply.

consedit] opposed to excurrere. Compare orator § 96 in ea mediocritate consedit. Passed out of the public view in the routine duties of the office.'

campum] compare ad Att v 15 § I non habet satis magnum campum ille tibi non ignotus cursus animi.

ix 19 reliqui temporis] this is treated in §§ 19-53. See on § 18.

tractatum] employed,' 'applied.' See Nägelsb stil § 110 p 303. Halm compares auct ad Herenn IV § 33 vitam honeste tractatam. Zumpt thinks that there is a metaphor from the stage, comparing pro Rosc com § 20 personam tractare. Though I think this forced, I agree with him in leaving out (with MS Lag 9) the est after tractatum, which seems to me to spoil the run of the sentence.

urbanam militiam] a playful hit at the sedentary life of Sulpicius, as compared with the campaigns of Murena. Compare § 38.

respondendi] giving legal opinions, as in § 9.

scribendi] drawing up legal instruments (such as wills, contracts, pleadings), compare § 28, de orat

II 24.

cavendi] taking care that a client is not led unwarily into a ruinous contract, or an informal mode of. pleading, compare § 22.

didicit] i e he devoted himself now wholly to jurisprudence ard gave up oratory. Zumpt. See on $23.

vigilavit laboravit] for the asyndeton compare div in Caecil § 11 adsunt queruntur Siculi universi.

praesto fuit] 'served many clients.' difficultatem] 'wilful obstinacy,' 'wrongheadedness,' or better 'cantankerousness.' Compare Cat maior § 7 moderati enim et nec difficiles

nec inhumani senes tolerabilem senectutem agunt. The substantive seems to be used in this sense here only.

exsorbuit] swallowed,' ie put up with. So sorbere, ad Q fratrem

III 9 § 5, and often devorare.

arbitrium] compare Propert v I 143 illius arbitrio noctem lucemque videbis.

laus] 'merit.' So Virg Aen I 461 sunt hic etiam sua praemia laudi, v 355 primam merui qui laude

coronam.

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