Theodicy: Essays on the Goodness of God, the Freedom of Man, and the Origin of Evil

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Open Court Publishing, 1985 - Religion - 448 pages
In order to be truly free, must you act arbitrarily? If an event did not happen, could it have happened? Since there is evil, and God could have made the world without evil, did God fail to pick the best course? Grappling with such simple--yet still intriguing--puzzles, Leibniz was able to present attractively his new theories of the real and the phenomenal, freewill and determinism, and the relation between minds and bodies. Theodicy was Leibniz's only book-length work to be published in his lifetime, and for many years the work by which he was known to the world. Fully at home with the latest scienctific advances, Leibniz ultimately rejected the new atomistic philosophies of Descartes, Gassendi, and Hobbes, and drew upon the old cosmology of Aristotelian scholasticism. There could be no conflict, he argued between faith and reason, freedom and necessity, natural and divine law. Ingeniously defending his postulate of pre-established harmony, Leibniz made important advances in the precise analysis of concepts.

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Contents

EDITORS INTRODUCTION page
7
PREFACE
49
PRELIMINARY DISSERTATION ON THE CONFORMITY
73
ESSAYS ON THE JUSTICE OF GOD AND THE FREEDOM
182
SUMMARY OF THE CONTROVERSY REDUCED TO FORMAL
377
EXCURSUS ON THEODICY 392
392
OBSERVATIONS ON THE BOOK CONCERNING THE ORIGIN
405
CAUSA DEI ASSERTA
443
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