Countering Coercion in Maritime Asia: The Theory and Practice of Gray Zone Deterrence
Rowman & Littlefield, May 24, 2017 - Political Science - 294 pages
In the past decade, tensions in Asia have risen as Beijing has become more assertive in maritime disputes with its neighbors and the United States. Although taking place below the threshold of direct military confrontation, China’s assertiveness frequently involves coercive elements that put at risk existing rules and norms; physical control of disputed waters and territory; and the credibility of U.S. security commitments. Regional leaders have expressed increasing alarm that such “gray zone” coercion threatens to destabilize the region by increasing the risk of conflict and undermining the rules-based order. Yet, the United States and its allies and partners have struggled to develop effective counters to China’s maritime coercion. This study reviews deterrence literature and nine case studies of coercion to develop recommendations for how the United States and its allies and partners could counter gray zone activity.
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CHAPTER 3 Case Studies of Maritime Coercion
CHAPTER 4 Policy Recommendations
About the Authors
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actions ADIZ Air Defense Identification aircraft airspace alliance allies and partners announced April Aquino Asahi Shimbun ASEAN Asia Maritime Transparency Ayungin Shoal Beijing Beijing’s bilateral China Coast Guard Chinese Chinese fishing Chinese Ships Chinese vessels claimed commitment conflict Defense Identification Zone deterrence diplomatic dispute East China Sea escalation exclusive economic zone Filipino forces Foreign Affairs Foreign Ministry Spokesperson gray zone coercion incident intercept Ishihara Japan Coast Guard July June land reclamation Manila March Ministry of Foreign National Noda November Obama Oil Rig operations Panatag Shoal Paracel patrol People’s Philippine Daily Inquirer PLA Navy President Prime Minister Protests Rappler rare earth Reef regional reported reportedly response Reuters risk rules and norms Scarborough Shoal Second Thomas Shoal Secretary Security Senkaku Islands September Sierra Madre South China Sea Spratly Islands Standoff status quo strategy Taiwan territorial threats Tokyo trawler U.S. leaders U.S. officials United Vietnam Vietnamese Washington waters Xinhua