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Í m it 12 .
required here, torg erinn. Se Z DRET. Tas E eurections made to tartott a reput E
t am Seram DITE O secer i operations. wart I, det er i te
me te te the societs comசாட்
2 ராக 2 Te கார் as ந க எ he continent of fie என 2 1. 1 ரக க * ராட் =
iai books were agunga. Erit WIITE 2 This 2 : In The Bible in the undermilitze. D
sterk - stanom the tre people for whom they Te urti ir pritan. Ett WOTIC were inter wonic not receive the scripTore wund wiruatis. Tuz Ist estamateL Turss without this addition, having alat bus milius CTIAUTE, ATIC SOTE 60L ways been in the habit of seeing them milions of the TIIAT DE heathens anc together. Mainmetams. PTUJIT NU more than Tns was an error on the part of the two wiliwis out of thisne 27 have associert, thong done with the best inyet Teated this TITETIKE Mass of marr- tentions; as these apocryphal books End, and all have souls to save or to anght never to have been published by perist. The great titile work seems, it, seeing ther form no part of the holy therefore, Uly at its commencement. scriptures given by inspiration of God, 11 bence brugomeall who have the bible and for the publication of which alone thesau)ves to bestow the bible upon the the society was instituted. The atten, world; and every encouragement should tion of the society was drawn to this surely the given to unch an institution as error by the Edinburgh Bible Society, the one here named, whose labours, and and by various of the auxiliaries in versions, and arrangements are so ex- England. This led to the adoption of tetive.
a resolution to exclude for ever these This island, above all parts of the uninspired books, and they were accordworld, has been favoured with the bible ; ingly excluded. This resolution was aud Scotland has benefited more by it formed in 1825, and since that time than England, from the more general (now a period of twenty years), the instruction in reading. It is an especial society has never published a single copy duty, then, which lies as an obligation of the apocrypha in any language. In on Great Britain, and yet more parti- regard to the English language, the cularly on Scotland, to put on new ac- apocrypha never was published by the tivity in the blessed work to which we society, not even one copy of it at any are called, of distributing the holy book time. of God over the entire world, and with The bible societies in England who the least possible delay,
had opposed the printing of the apo. One of the natives of the Fegee islands, crypha, when they saw that this practice said to a missionary, some years ago, was laid aside, cordially continued to « Oh, why did ye not send us the bible act with the parent society. But this was before?" Others, on receiving the word not the case in Edinburgh, and in some of God, have expressed themselves after other parts of Scotland. The chief a similar manner. In short, the heathen grounds stated by them for continuing seem more anxious to receive the bible, their separation are, that the British and than we are to give it to them. This is Foreign Bible Society retains a certain 2 strange position of things, and surely connexion with the bible societies on it ought to be reversed; we should press the continent, which still circulate the the scriptures on the world, rather than apocrypha. But what is the nature of that be put to shame, as we now are, by the connexion? It is simply that of giving world pressing us with a desire to obtain them some bibles without the apocrypha, them. And to this matter we might and bound to prevent its being added;
whilst all the money that may be received the apostles, who made general use of a for them is remitted to London, and version of the scriptures, in many reņot one farthing of it, therefore, can be spects defective, because it was received employed to aid in printing bibles con- and generally used by those to whom taining these objectionable books. This they spoke and wrote. connexion with these societies cannot, The Latin Vulgate, from which trans. theni, enable them, as some have alleged, lations have been made into different to print more apocryhas than otherwise languages, and some of which have been they would do, for they never print and published by the society, may well, in a circulate the apocryphal books by them- critical point of view, be considered supeselves. It should also be stated, that rior to the Septuagint, the Greek version these societies, consisting as they do of used by the apostles. protestants, never call these books the It was this self-same Latin Vulgate, it word of God, nor consider them as such; may be truly said, that was the sword of but, on the contrary, print with them a the Spirit, by which the Reformation was declaration of their uninspired nature. achieved, and with which the reformers It is wrong, therefore, to say, as has been found no fault. said, that “these bible societies circulate In different parts of Europe, particuthe apocrypha as a part of the scriptures larly in France, where translations from of truth.”
the Vulgate are circulated, we find none There is another aspect of this con- of the evils taking place which some have nexion with these societies, and one predicted; but circumstances quite the which is worthy of especial notice, and reverse have occurred, for we see great it is this, that these bibles without the numbers brought, by the reading of these Apocrypha, furnished by the British and versions, to renounce popish errors, inForeign Bible Society, and circulated by stead of being confirmed in them, as some the societies in question, in their respec- have alleged, and to become true Chris, tive places, will gradually and certainly tians, as above already indicated. In bring into discredit, and thence into dis- fact, the main errors of the Catholics are use, their own bibles containing the not founded on such matters, but on apocrypha. It is well known that, from passages wrongly interpreted by them, the commencement of the Reformation, about the translation of which there is down to a very late period, the apocry- no difference between Catholic and Propha was contained in all, or nearly all, testant versions. the family bibles used in this country, Some other objections are also enterand is still extensively found in them. tained in the same quarter against this The change for the better in this, is ow society, but which it is unnecessary here ing chiefly to the Bible Society opera to enter upon. It may be enough to say, tions, because the bibles circulated by that they have met with their proper the societies being cheaper, and never replies, in various publications, by vacontaining the apocrypha, have come rious hands. One of the best tracts upon into very general use, and thus forced the whole subject of this controversy, is out, in some degree, the apocrypha bi- entitled, The Bible Society Question, in bles from our families. And this same its Principles and Details, by the Rev. thrusting out will no doubt take place, Samuel Charles Wilks, M.A., published in due time, on the continent of Europe. by Cochran and Key, Strand, London,
Some objections have also been made 1832, price 3s. Those who really wish against the British and Foreign Bible to know the true state of this question, Society, as respects certain of the ver- would do well to consult this ably written sions which it publishes. On this matter pamphlet. the following remarks may be made: In the mean time, the world is lying in The society's general plan is not to make darkness for want of the heavenly light translations of the scriptures itself, but it of the Word of God, and the commands adopts those which are received in coun- of our Saviour lie on us to send this light tries where versions exist, and it gladly to all mankind, and as early as we can. avails itself of translations made by mis- We may differ as to the best mode of sionaries in different parts of the world. doing this work, but surely we should not Some of the translations they thus obtain hinder and discourage one another. And are better than others, and none of them, if, unfortunately, there are certain things perhaps, are without defects. But, never- which hinder us from acting conscientheless, they may well and truly be styled tiously in one united body, let us bear the word of God.
with each other, and do our work without In adopting these versions, the society envy and strife. undoubtedly acts on the plan pursued by' Finally, let us all remember, and let us.
press the thought on our consideration giving the Scriptures to mankind, and and our consciences before God, that we God will bless us more than he has yet are privileged with the Word of God, not done in the knowledge of the bible ourfor our own good solely, but also that we selves, and in all the consequent benefits. should be God's instruments in sending And, again, let Scotland consider that it to others. It was at first sent to us by it ought decidedly to be the foremost in others, and by foreigners; we, therefore, this holy work, seeing we have so greatly ought to send it to others, and to foreign- benefited, in every way, by the heavenly ers every where. Let us be faithful in | book.
MONTHLY RETROSPECT. TREE CHURCII SUSTENTATION FUND. tion during the second half of the REGARDING this fund as an interesting ex- year [from Martinmas to Whitsunday) periment in ecclesiastical finance, we feel the dividend [for the whole year] cannot grateful to our brethren for the ample be expected to equal that of last year.” and explicit information they afford re- But the fund itself for the last half year specting its progress, and always look has increased considerably as compared with a degree of eagerness to the Month with the corresponding half of the prely Statement. Nothing seems clearer ceding year. The total amount received than that other denominations might from 15th May to 15th November 1845, learn valuable lessons from the punctu- was L.40,046, of which there was receiv. ality and precision of the Free Church ed from congregational associations, in reference to money matters. From L.38,429. While for the same period of the Statennent for December it appears 1844 the total was L.39,314, of which that all their ministers “entitled to the from associations, L.34,005. There is equal dividend” have received the sum
thus, for the last six months, a gross inof L.50 as stipend from Whitsunday to
crease of L.732 as compared with the Martinmas last, exactly the same as they
same period of 1844. But it is of im. received for the same half of the preced. portance to observe that in the proceeds ing year. We may here correct a mis- of the associations there is an increase taken opinion which many entertain, of L.4424, while there is a decrease that the emoluments of all Free Church of L.3691 in the private contributions, ministers are exactly equal. The fact is clearly showing that in no long time the that they are distributed into several fund must be dependent almost entirely different classes even as to what they on the associations. During the last six receive from the Sustentation Fund; and months the aggregate proceeds of the individual congregations are entitled to associations in sixty out of the seventy raise the stipends of their own ministers presbyteries have increased. The pres. according to their pleasure and ability, as byteries in which there has been a dewill be seen from the following law of the clension are the following :-Selkırk, General Assembly :-“The ordinary col- Paisley, Dumbarton, Stirling, St Anlections at church doors shall be adminis- drews, Brechin, Fordoun, Garioch, Tur. tered by the deacons of the congregations riff, and Strathbogie. Satisfactory rea(after deducting feu-duties, insurance, sons it is said can be assigned for the and the ordinary expenses of the place of defalcation in all these cases except worship, where not otherwise provided three. The four presbyteries in which for), in increasing the stipend of the the increase has been smallest are Islay, minister -- defraying the expenses of Cupar-Fife, Kelso and Lauder, and Sabbath schools-aiding in the support Orkney, scarcely averaging L.10 each. of elementary local schools, or contribut- The four in which the increase has been ing to any of the general funds of the greatest are Perth, L.383; Aberdeen, Free Church, at the choice of, and in the L.237; Edinburgh, L.213; and Lochproportions fixed, by the congregations, carron, L.204. But as regard should be or by the deacons, with their consent; paid to the relative rather than the the sums required for making more com absolute increase, it may be more instrucfortable the poor of the congregation to tive to say that Lochcarron has more be raised by extra-collections for that than trebled its contribution ; that Shet. specific object.”
land has done nearly the same thing; The Sustentation Committee state that Abernethy and Lewis have each that " from the increased number of more than doubled theirs ; and that For. ministers to be provided for, it is evi- far and Breadalbane have each approxident that without much additional exer- | mated to that rate.
It appears from the December State- RESIGNATION OF THE M NISTRY. ment, p. 50, that a number of the late SINCE our last there have been several imquoad sacra congregations are not con
| portant occurrences connected with the tributing to the Sustentation Fund at public affairs of this country, which we all, as might have been expected from fondly hope will, under the infinitely wise the efforts they made, previous to the
and good providence of God, lead to redisruption, for the maintenance of reli- sults for which not only our own age and gious ordinances among themselves. It nation, but distant times and lands will is justly said that nearly all the vigorous have ample reason to be fervently grateand flourishing congregations of this class ful. Free Trade seems now at no great left the establishment, and that being distance, and in that we verily believe, inured to habits of self-support, and hav- that the temporal welfare of Britain, of ing in many instances paid the interest Europe, and of the world, is included, of the debt on their fabrics, and been in and that their moral and spiritual inevery respect independent of foreign aid, terests are not remotely connected with it might have been reasonably hoped the same. Let it be our earnest prayer that they would prove useful auxiliaries and hope that so great a boon may be to the funds of the Free Church. “But constitutionally and quietly obtained. what,” says the editor, " is the real state From the continued rotting of the of the case? We have before us facts potatoes to an extent far beyond what which show that not a few of them have was imagined, it became palpably plain all at once come to depend for a large that a large portion of the people must, proportion of their support on the central of necessity, either die of starvation, or fund. One congregation, for example, be sustained by food from abroad. The with about 500 communicants contributes idea of paying duty on such food in the only about L.80 to the central fund; so present circumstances of the country, that its minister last year drew about with provisions so high, and trade giving L.40 from a fund designed to extend the unequivocal symptoms of decay, was too church to poorer localities, which that gross to be entertained by any whose congregation so far prevented from en-minds were not incurably blind. The joying the benefit. This is but a sample warning given by Lord Glenelg, a few of not a few such cases. * * * Some of years ago, had come to be regarded as the churches formerly called quoad sacra a prediction fulfilled. “In times of have done all that was expected from pressure and difficulty,” said his lordship, them, but others with congregations of there may come a crisis in which there 800, 900, 1000, or even 1200 have act- will be no longer an option as to the rate ed far otherwise, and we should think it and manner of admitting foreign grain. must be the unanimous opinion of the There may come a time of extremity in Free Church that such cases should be which government will find itself coninquired into. The simple question is strained to attend only to the interests of this : Why are the churches which were a starving population, when the pleas of self-sustaining before the disruption, not humanity and justice will become allself-sustaining still ?” We do not know powerful. We are also bound to conto what answer an inquiry may lead ; sider, in settling a question of this imporbut it appears to us that if the facts be as tant nature, the growing intelligence of alleged, they must be regarded as pro the age, the enlightened mind of the tanto an argument against a central fund. community, and the power of the public They seeni to show that congregations, préss, and I am greatly mistaken if we like individuals, when left chiefly to their will not find ourselves before long, under own resources, will exert themselves for the necessity of viewing it in regard only their own immediate behoof, beyond to the real justice of the question." what they will do on the scheme of a Accordingly in the latter part of Novemo community of goods. We cannot refrain (ber, Lord Morpeth, a nobleman of great from adding, that though we have never / influence and weight of character, who flattered the congregations of the Seces- had not previously committed himself sion, and never will, it being much more to free trade in corn, formally joined the in our way to provoke them to jealousy, league, and declared his “conviction that and excite them to increased liberality the time was come for a final repeal of and zeal, yet to their credit it must be the corn laws.” Without any concert, spoken, that not one of them, half so Lord John Russell, who had hitherto numerous as those just mentioned, would pleaded for a moderate fixed duty, ad. disgrace itself by being in any degree dressed a letter to his constituents, dated indebted to a public fund for the support Edinburgh, 220 November, in which he of its minister.
says, “ The Queen's ministers have met
and separated without affording us any | length to which it is safe to go in talking promise of seasonable relief. It becomes to hungry men,-men made hungry by us, therefore, the Queen's subjects, to statute law, for the unjust aggrandiseconsider how we can best avert, or at ment of a handful of their fellow-subjects, all events mitigate calamities of no or- - about warming their stomachs with dinary magnitude." He afterwards says, a pinch of curry powder, and then going " It is no longer worth while to contend comfortably to bed. Meanwhile let all for a fixed duty. * * * Let us unite good men earnestly implore the gracious then to put an end to a system which interposition of divine providence that has been proved to be the blight of com- all may be brought speedily to a prosmerce, the bane of agriculture, the source perous and comfortable issue ; and let of bitter divisions among classes, the every one of us, whether at a Gene. cause of penury, fever, mortality, and ral Election, or otherwise, determine to crime among the people.” It is well do his duty in this crisis of our counthat his lordship sees and admits all this try's affairs, as conscientiously and as at last, though most unprejudiced and zealously as if that whole issue depended enlightened men, who have reached his on himself. time of life, saw it as clearly twenty years ago as they do now. The effect of his IRISH ROMAN CATHOLICS.-COLLEGES letter, however, followed up as it was
AND ENDOWMENTS. by a number of large and influential public meetings, where many individuals. At a recent meeting of the Irish of commanding talents and station, who Catholic Bishops, it was resolved, formerly stood aloof, came forward, and " That the archbishops and bishops where there seemed to be entire har- of Ireland, having resolved that the mony of classes, not long ago hostilely measure of academical education proarrayed against each other,—the effect posed by the government, was danof all this seemed to be a resolution on gerous to faith and morals, while the the part of the cabinet, not unanimous, securities which they required for the but concurred in by the Duke of Wel. removal of those dangers were refused lington it is believed, that foreign grain by the government and legislature; we, should be admitted duty free. It is as guardians of the faith in Ireland, and alleged, however, that his Grace, con- anxious to preserve the unity of the Spirit trary to his usual practice, changed his in the bonds of peace, lay before the mind, and withdrew the consent he had Holy Father our former resolutions, their given. Sir R. Peel who, with all his application to the act in its present faults, is not destitute of intelligence form, together with the grounds on which and sagacity, saw the hopelessness of his those resolutions were founded, in order position, and he and all his colleagues that we may all receive the decision of tendered their resignation, which has his Holiness, and recognise the voice been accepted. Her Majesty sent for of Peter in the person of his successLord John Russell, and empowered him or.” From this, seven of the number, to form a government. But at the time including two of the archbishops, diswe write, the latest intelligence is that sented, because they considered it a more he has not succeeded in doing so, and accurate statement of the case, and more apprehensions are entertained that he respectful to the Holy See, simply to lay must abandon the task.
the bill before his Holiness for his conIn such circumstances, speculation sideration and decision. These seven would be foolish. But of this we are are understood as favourable to the meawell persuaded, that free trade, especi. sure. The prelates also unanimously really in corn, will soon be conceded or solved, “That our resolutions adopted extorted, -whoever may be the minister at different periods, condemning a statë of the crown. A voice more powerful pension for our clergy, be now repuba than that of a king has said, It must be. lished in order to inform our people that The landlords may be strong enough to our opinions on the subject are undeter Lord John Russell and his friends changed and unchangeable." Let Lord from taking office, but before, matters J. Russell avail himself of this, as a rea'come to extremity, they will do well to son for keeping in abeyance his avowed reflect whether an insulted, plundered, opinion respecting the endowment of the starving, and infuriated people, may not Papists. If he do otherwise, he, too, deprive them of something more than may find that his chief difficulty has rem their monopoly. There is but a certain ! ference to Ireland.
diri.............. NURRAY AND GIBB, PRINTERS, EDINBURGH.