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D. Anderson, P. Hamilton. Rev. W. cordially approved of the principle of Thomson, convener. .

these overtures ; and appointed a board It was remitted to the committee on to devise measures for carrying the public questions, which was appointed at scheme into effect, with power, in the this time, to take into their consideration meantime, to obtain contributions in its & bill for increasing the salaries of pa- behalf: said committee to report to the rochial schoolmasters, with instructions Synod in October. to take all proper measures for obtaining

THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY. the abolition of the test by which eligi- The committee appointed on theolobility to the office of parochial school- gical education was empowered to direct master is restricted to members of the their attention to the present state of Established church. The same com- the theological library, and to take mittee was appointed to consider a bill measures, without delay, for placing it before parliament for the regulation of on such a footing as shall render it in, charitable trusts in England.

the highest practical degree a benefit to, LETTER OF SYMPATHY TO DR HEUGH. the Theological Hall and the church

In pursuance of a resolution of the generally ; and presbytery clerks were Synod formerly adopted, a letter of en

enjoined, in the mean time, to exact the sympathy, addressed to Dr Heugh, was

| sum of five shillings from all students on read; and the committee by whom it

behalf of its funds. was prepared was instructed to forward

An overture concerning remuneration it without delay.

to congregations injured by translations

was dismissed. A protest by the Rev. THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION.

John Lamb against a deed of the presEntered on the consideration of an bytery of Perth refusing to record a overture from the presbytery of Stirling dissent, was unanimously sustained. A and Falkirk respecting the superin-petition from the late East Regent tendence by presbyteries of students in Street congregation, Glasgow, and its languages and philosophy, who aspire to managers, was refused—the Synod exthe office of the ministry.

pressing, however, its sympathy with the The Synod approved of the object of petitioners in their trying situation. An the overture ; remitted it to a committee overture from the Glasgow presbytery to take the whole subject to which it on the Scottish universities was remitted refers under their careful consideration; to the committee on public questions, and to recommend to next meeting of who were authorised to express, in a Synod the measures which they may petition to. parliament, the unanimous deem it advisable to adopt for securing opinion of the Synod against the continue an effective and uniform superintendence ance of the religious tests at present exby all presbyteries of the students in isting in the universities of Scotland. The languages, philosophy and theology, who presbytery of Edinburgh was authorised are in their bounds, and for promoting to certify a student for admission to the the interests of theological education second session of the Divinity Hall, who generally in the Secession Church. The had been unable to attend the class of committee to consist of the Professors, natural philosophy. In a reference by Dr D. Young, W. Pringle, J. Cairns, Dr the presbytery of Perth respecting the Robson, Dr John Taylor, Dr James congregation of Leslie, lately under the Taylor, W. Johnston, P. M‘Dowal, P. inspection of Rev. W. Scott, it was deDavidson, Dr King, A. Thomson, W.cided by a majority of one, that supply Thomson, H. Renton, D. Thomas, Jas. of sermon be not given to the applicants. Hay.

The case of a member of the congregaThe Synod agreed to authorise the tion of Wick was remitted to the presby: presbytery of Edinburgh to sustain the tery of Elgin. The Board of Missions, attendance of a student on the moral was reappointed, with the addition of philosophy class in the Free Church Dr James Taylor, and Rev. Alexander college, during the session of 1844-5. Duncan.; and was instructed to report MINISTERS? LIBRARIES.

in October respecting the salary to be In connexion with various overtures allowed to the Synod treasurer. Several from presbyteries regarding the forma- other cases were delayed ; and the ses. tion of libraries in congregations for sion of Synod closed with prayer at & the use of their ministers, the Synod late hour on Thursday evening.

arenginio

MONTHLY RETROSPECT.

AMERICA.

by its said second article, for the abroIt will be recollected, that in the be- gation of the said convention of the 6th ginning of February, the United States' August 1827.” This joint resolution House of Representatives resolved, by has been subscribed by the President, a majority of 163 to 53, “ that the Pre- and is now a law of the States. The sident of the United States cause no- | British minister at Washington declares tice to be given to the government of his conviction, that the form of notice Great Britain, that the convention be- which has been adopted by Congress will tween the United States of America and greatly contribute to bring about an Great Britain, concerning the territory honourable and pacific adjustment of the of the north-west coast of America, west question. The opinion, we believe, is of the Stony Mountains (Oregon), of the very generally entertained on both sides 6th August 1827, signed at London, shall of the Atlantic, that the danger of a war be abrogated in twelve months after has now almost entirely passed away. giving said notice.” This, so far as that Every right-hearted man will rejoice in House of the legislature was concerned, such a prospect, and cherish fervent was substantially a resolution for war with gratitude to the “ God of Peace,” that, Britain. The Senate, however, have hap- for the present, our fears have been dispily displayed a differentspirit, and passed appointed. a much more moderate and pacific resolution, to the effect that the notice should BRITISH ANTI-STATE CHURCH ASSOCIATION. be given “ at the discretion of the President, and with a view to renewed efforts The second annual meeting of the for an amicable settlement." The reso- Council of this association was held at lution, so amended, on being brought Leicester on Thursday and Friday, 7th back to the Representatives, for their and 8th of May. Those assembled maconsideration, had the conciliatory clause nifested a hearty zeal in the cause. An struck out. The Senate refused to ac- interesting report was adopted, which quiesce in it thus mutilated. A confer- will speedily be published. The whole ence of the two Houses, conducted by proceedings were highly satisfactory to three members of each, then took place, the Executive Committee, and confident the result of which has been, the passing expectations are entertained that the of a deed, the latter part of which is as great object of the association will be follows : And whereas it has now be- prosecuted with increased activity and come desirable that the respective claims energy during the ensuing year. On of the United States and Great Britain the evening of Thursday, 8th May, a should be definitively settled, and that public meeting was held in the New Hall, said territory may, no longer than need Leicester, at which the following resolube, remain subject to the evil consequen- tions were adopted :ces of the divided allegiance of its Ame- “Ist. That we are more than ever rican and British population, and of the impressed with the deep truth and moconfusion and conflict of national jurisdic-ment of those grounds on which the tions, dangerous to the cherished peace Anti-State Church Association is foundand good understanding of the two coun-ed; that the labours and operations of tries : with a view, therefore, that steps this society have already attracted unbe taken for the abrogation of the said precedented attention to the voluntary convention of the 6th August 1827, in the principle, as the only scriptural and legimode prescribed in its second article, and timate means of advancing the christian that the attention of the governments of religion, and have subjected its claims to oboth countries may be more earnestly a free discussion and to searching exacand immediately directed to the adop- mination. That the consequence of this tion of all proper measures for a speedy has been to demonstrate more fully than cand amicable adjustment of the difficul- ever, that all secular and legislative insties and disputes in respect to said terri-terference in the affairs of the church tory, Resolved by the Senate and House of Christ eventually tends to impair its of Representatives of the United States, spirituality, to break down those barriers sin Congress assembled, that the President which separate it from the world, to jof the United States be, and he is hereby obstruct the progress of truth, and to authorised, at his discretion, to give the allow of the introduction of an indefinite British government the notice required laxity, both in religious doctrine and

practice.”-Moved by Rev. Dr Cox; christian church, both at home and seconded by Apsley Pellatt, Esq., abroad ; and notwithstanding discour

“2d. That holding with a full convic- agements which arise from the absence tion the sentiments expressed in the first of sympathetic co-operation in some resolution, and deeming it altogether quarters, professedly favourable to the unjustifiable either to conceal or to com- cause of nonconformity, we are cheered promise them, we feel it our imperative by the most unequivocal signs of the duty to use all the resources which are times to prosecute with untiring energy supplied by argument, persuasion, and the great religious enterprise in which the freest discussion. to promote their we have embarked.” -Moved by Mr dissemination. But that while engaged Edward Miall ; seconded by the Rev. in this work we earnestly deprecate the H. Robertson. imputation on the part of any who may differ from us, of uncharitable, or un

CORN BILL. Who D id christian feeling. That fidelity to the convictions of our own conscience, re

We heartily congratulate our readers verence for the authority of the great

on the progress this great measure has Founder of our faith, and ardent desire

recently made, and on its having now for its transmission in all its purity to

fairly cleared the House of Com

mons with a final majority of 327 to 229. successive generations, are paramount to any deference, however sincere, to the

Considerable anxiety is still felt about sentiments of even the wisest and the the rec

the reception it is to meet with from the best of men, and can never be constru

peers. Nothing, however, is more certain ed otherwise than by the misinformed or

than that the abolition of the corn laws uncandid, into the absence of good-will

is a question only of time, and of very towards those whose opinions we may be

short time-shall it be with, or without, called to oppose. That, though not

a dissolution of Parliament, and, possibly, uniting with any more formal alliance,

a change of ministry ? Were the Lords we distinctly disavow any want of kind

speedily and frankly to pass the bill, and christian affection towards any who

though they might be only making a love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.”

virtue of necessity, they would gain a -Moved by the Rev. John Burnet;

little credit, and save themselves and the seconded by the Rev. John Sibree.

public a world of trouble, annoyance, 76..“ 3d. That we feel called upon by

and loss, while they and their order and divers features of the present times, to

party would participate in the advantages devote ourselves, with increased energy,

which would result from the improveto the objects of the British Anti-State

ment of trade which might be immediChurch Association—that the notoriously

ately expected. It can scarcely be increased tendency of the Anglican clergy

supposed that prejudice has blinded to a merely ritual religion, their general

them to considerations so obvious. The and obstinate want of sympathy with

experiment will presently be made, the advancing spirit of the times, the exclusive feeling by which they are

SCOTTISH CONGREGATIONAL UNION. growingly distinguished, and the steps The annual meeting was held this year taken on their belief to silence complaint in Edinburgh, on Tuesday, Wednesday, and animadversion, by the most uncon- and Thursday, the 28th, 29th, and 30th stitutional restrictions of the liberty of April. The first business which occupied the press, render it imperative that we attention was the Theological Academy. arouse ourselves to the most determined It was resolved, that a resident Tutor vindication of the rights of conscience, should be appointed, who should devote and to wise and persevering efforts to to it his undivided attention. The expeneffect the dissolution of that unhallowed diture, on account of the Academy, union between the hierarchy and civil for last year had been about L.500. On power to which these and a multitude of Wednesday, several private meetings kindred evils, with a mass of social bit- were held; and, in the evening, there terness and private wrong, are directly was an interesting and numerously atattributable." - Moved by Rev. Dr tended soiree. The Rev. Mr Thomson Price ; seconded by Robert Hardy, Esq. of Glasgow delivered an address on the

.4th. That we hail with the most importance of maintaining their distincunfeigned satisfaction the advancing tive principles, at the close of which he movements towards a more free and said, “ He could not help observing, that enlightened order of things which are the general condition of their body at taking place in various sections of the present presented very unfavourable

Lorna gird

symptoms,and showed a relaxation of that addressed to them, which was unanizeal, energy, and enterprise, for which mously agreed to. Dr A. stated “ that they had been originally distinguished.” he had received a letter from Dr Merle The Rev. Dr Vaughan, President of D’Aubigné, which mentioned that the Lancashire College, addressed the meet- friends in Geneva intended to send Mr ing on Independency and its present Laharpe, of the theological school there, condition. “It was a striking fact,” he and Count St George, as representatives said, "and they must not conceal it,-it to this country, whose object was to had been concealed too long,--that there attend all denominational meetings where never had been in the history of their they might have an opportunity of con. body so large a number of churches veying an expression of the regard which wanting ministers, and not able to find the Christians in Geneva had for the them; and so large a number of minis-Christians in this country. Dr A. said, ters wanting churches, and not able to the friends in Geneva were exceedingly find them.” [This, we understood, re- annoyed at the monopoly that had been ferred chiefly to England. It was lately made of Dr D’Aubigné, when he visited stated in the Patriot, that “ fourteen this country, by the Free Church; and Congregational churches in the metro- it was their desire that the present de polis and its neighbourhood were in want putation should not too much identify of pastors or assistant pastors, and it was themselves with any religious party not known whence they were to be sup- whatever.” Dr Wardlaw spoke in favour plied.”] “Surely this,” continued Dr V., of the Evangelical Alliance, but held *6 was an unwholesome state of things. that adherence to it did not imply the It had a cause, and his fear was that the suppression or compromise of one's discause lay deep ; and something like a tinctive principles. “The Alliance,” regeneration of the pervading elements said Dr W., " asks no such sacrifice, and of their body was needed to meet it. He to those who say that success will be could not but think, that, so long as the impossible without such sacrifice, I say great majority of Independent ministers -Let us try." The Rev. Mr Ingram of had to subsist upon an income not above Glasgow gave a sketch of the history of that which was supplied to the ordinarily the denomination in Scotland, and mainskilful artisan for his duties—it could tained that their adherence to purity not be expected, without expecting of communion was at once the cause of miracles, that the majority of Inde- their external weakness and internal pendent ministers would be men of strength. In so glancing at the poverty marked capacity and great culture. of many of the pastors and churches, It would be to expect that God would when they were the objects of a more supply a race of martyrs to poverty to relentless persecution than, said he, the anticipate anything of this kind ; and adherents of the Free church had ever that, too, in an age where there were been, he declared that, poor as were the openings in all directions for men of churches, and dependent as were the sagacity and talent. How natural is it, pastors, many of them, like Paul, work. unless there be the presence of extraor-ing with their own hands that they might dinary principle, that numbers will draft not be burdensome to the brethren, off into secular life, 'terrified by the yet the churches would rather have sold thought of destitution. He was very their garments, and the pastors begged far from wishing to see a Dissenting their bread from door to door, than have minister become a sinecurist—very far sent a deputation to solicit the charity of from wishing to see their ministers placed men whose wealth was wrung from the in a condition which would be attractive crimes, the groans, and the blood of to indolent and worldly minds. He their fellow-men. In all their poverty would have their ministers to be men and difficulties they never had, and, by who required to do their work well ; God's grace, they never would, hold but when they did their Master's work out the hand of christian fellowship to well, he would have them to receive a Heaven-defying man-stealers.” The • fair day's wage for a fair day's work."" Treasurer stated that the sum expended On Thursday Dr Alexander brought in aiding small churches, and maintainunder consideration the Congregational ing a system of itinerancy in the lowchurches in Switzerland, and proposed lands, highlands, and islands of Scotland, that a letter of sympathy should be amounted for the past year to L.2049.

MURRAY AND GIBB, PRINTERS, EDINBURGH.

THE

UNITED SECESSION MAGAZINE

FOR JULY, 1846,

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

SHORT. NOTICES OF THE REV. JAMES BROWN, M.C. OF !

BALBIGGIE,

WIEN the roll is read at the commencement of the annual meeting of Synod, how solemn the reflection that the names of so many pious and faithful ministers should have been erased during the preceding year by the stroke of death! Some of these have been cut off in early life, some in the midst of their days and usefulness, and some at a very advanced age, after patiently and honourably bearing the burden and heat of the day. In regard to some of those honoured men, much regret may be felt as to the particular time or circumstances of their death; still it must be remembered that each of them had entirely completed all the days of his appointed time on earth before his change came, that each of them had performed that particular work and service in the church, which his gracious Master had prescribed to him, and served his generation according to the will of God before he fell asleep. They have left behind them the sweet savour of their names, of their pious examples, of their ardent zeal in the cause of the Redeemer, and of their indefatigable and successful exertions in the christian ministry. ; it's

Mr Brown died at Kinross, in the house of his father-in-law, the Rev. Dr Hay, on the 21st February last, in the 21st year of his minis-. try. He was the sole surviving son of John Brown, of Finderlie, the head of an old and respectable family in the parish of Orwell, Kinrossshire. He passed through an extensive course of education in the Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, not only in those preliminary studies which are required for the christian ministry, but also in the study of medicine, attending in succession the various medical classes till he attained the honorary title of Master of Surgery. Like Timothy, Augustine, and many other ministers, Mr Brown was blessed with a religious mother, to whom he considered himself under deep obligations -for her instructions, example, and prayers. He revered her for her -meek and quiet spirit, for her uniform benevolence and kindness, accom

NO. VII. VOL. III.

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