« PreviousContinue »
introduction to the Scotch reprint, ad- I be defective. On this score, however, vertise it as a treatise professedly dis- we feel no difficulty. cussing “the orthodox doctrine regarding “Our doctrine is, that the Lord Jesus the extent of the atonement."
Christ, in order to secure the salvation If any person shall be led by this to of his people, and with a specific view to confound the controversy in the Secession that end, fulfilled the conditions of the church with that which has been raging law or covenant under which they and in America, and against which Dr Hodge all mankind were placed. Those conhas written with such vigour and success, ditions were, perfect obedience, and sawe can only say, that whatever may be tisfaction to Divine justice, by bearing the apparent design and bearing of the the penalty threatened against sin. prefatory statement, no supposition could Christ's righteousness, therefore, consists be more wide of the truth as regards the in his obedience and death. That righwork itself. The following extract will teousness is precisely what the law deenable our readers to judge :-, mands of every sinner, in order to his
“Dr Beman's theory, therefore, which justification before God. It is, therefore, denies that the death of Christ had a in its nature, adapted to all sinners who special reference to his own people, is are under that law. Its nature is not inconsistent with the plainly revealed altered by the fact that it was wrought facts, 1, That he died in execution of a out for a portion only of such sinners, or covenant in which his people were pro- that it is secured to them by the covenant mised to him as his reward, to secure between the Father and the Son. What which reward is declared to be his specific is necessary for the salvation of one man, and immediate design in laying down his is necessary for the salvation of another, life. 2. That the motive which led to and of all. The righteousness of Christ, the gift of the Son, and of the Son in therefore, consisting in the obedience dying, was not general benevolence, but and death demanded by the law under the highest conceivable love, love for his which all men are placed, is adapted to sheep and for his friends. 3. That the all men. It is also of infinite value, design of his death was not simply to being the righteousness of the eternal remove obstacles out of the way of Son of God, and therefore sufficient for mercy, but actually to secure the salva. all. On these two grounds, its adaptation of those given to him by the Father; tion to all, and its sufficiency for all, and that it does in fact secure for them rests the offer made in the gospel to all, the gift of the Holy Ghost, and conse- | With this its design has nothing to do; quently justification and eternal life. In who are to be saved by it we do not other words, God, having out of his mere know. It is of such a nature and value, good pleasure, elected some to everlast- that whosoever accepts of it shall be ing life, did enter into a covenant of saved. If one of the non-elect should grace, to deliver them out of the estate believe (though the hypothesis is. on of sin and misery, and to bring them into various accounts unreasonable), to him an estate of salvation, by a Redeemer. that righteousness would be imputed to The only Redeemer of God's elect is the his salvation. And if one of the elect Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal should not believe, or, having believed, Son of God, became man, was made should apostatize, he would certainly under the law; satisfied, by his obedience perish. These suppositions are made, and death, all its demands, and thus ful- simply to show that, according to our filed the conditions of that covenant on doctrine, the reason why any man perishwhich the salvation of his people was es, is not that there is no righteousness suspended, and thereby acquired a right provided suitable and adequate to his to them as his stipulated reward. Such case, or that it is not freely offered to was the specific design and certain effect all that hear the gospel, but simply be. of his death. This is the plain doctrine cause he wilfully rejects the proffered of our standards, and as we fully believe, salvation. Our doctrine, therefore, proof the Word of God.
vides for the universal offer of the gospel c. It will, however, doubtless be asked, and for the righteous condemnation of admitting that our doctrine of the atone- unbelievers, as thoroughly as Dr Beman's. ment does accord with the facts above It opens the door for mercy, as far as mentioned, can it be reconciled with the legal obstructions are concerned, as fully no less certain facts, that the gospel is as his; while it meets all the other re. to be freely offered to all men, and that vealed facts of the case. It is not a those who reject it are justly condemned theory for one fact. It includes them for their unbelief? If it cannot, it must all; the fact that Christ died by cove
nant for his own people; that love for sington must have gone a step beyond his own sheep led him to lay down his his own theory, at least beyond his life; that his death renders their salva- own statement of the grounds on which tion absolutely certain; that it opens the it rests; and Dr Candlish must have not: way for the offer of salvation to all men, only modified, but retracted, not a few and shows the justice of the condemna of the sentiments which are to be found tion of unbelief. NO MAN PERISHES FOR in those crude and self-destructive hypoTHE WANT OF AN ATONEMENT, is the theses which fill his volume on the doctrine of the Synod of Dort; it is also atonement and kindred topics. . . our doctrine." • We commend Dr Hodge's book; there
CHURCH STATIONERY. are few like it, in its calm and dispas Glasgow: David Robertson. sionate reasonings, its sound and judi- MR ROBERTSON has now completed his cious conclusions, and its pious and set of church register certificate books, scriptural tone and spirit. We are sur- &c., and a very complete set it is. The prised, but at the same time we are new copies of the latter are in an enlarged delighted, to see it recommended by such form, which is a decided improvement. men as Drs Candlish and Symington, - We have already expressed our very men who should know the subject, hav- favourable opinion of these publications, ing written upon it themselves. We and, therefore, have only to repeat our believe their recommendation is both recommendation to sessions to furnish intelligent and sincere; and, therefore, themselves with sets for the different that they have seen reason to adopt the departments of ecclesiastical business, views of Dr Hodge on many points re- which they will do greatly to their own garding the death of Christ. Dr Sym. advantage, and at very little expense. I
| rantee the safety of any teachers placed ONE of the latest communications from near them. The leading man of the the ship of the London Missionary So- party had begged the captain of the ciety, gives us information of their having, above vessel to request that teachers beyond expectation, found an open door might be sent to them without delay. for the introduction of native teachers Thus, while two of the islands of this into Sandwich Island, one of the above group - Erromanga and Eranan—regroup. This island is about fifty miles mained shut against the gospel, here was north-west of Erromanga; its native a door unexpectedly opened to them, in name is Fatè or Vatè. The brethren on providence, into a field of much greater board the ship had intended calling at extent and promise than both these the island, with a view to friendly inter- united; and" a voice from it literally course, which might tend to prepare the crying to them, “ Come over and help way for the introduction of the gospel at us." Having reached the island, they a future time. But from the captain of found 'every thing as it had been repre. á vessel which they found at Dillon's sented to them, and settled four teachers Bay, they learned, not only that the among them at two stations ;-three of natives of Sandwich Island were friendly the teachers married, and accompanied and peaceable, but that there was a party with their wives. They were received of Samoans and Tongans' upon it, who most cordially by the chiefs and people, had been there many years, had acquired Seldom, indeed, have teachers been ingreat influence, and were very desirous troduced among a heathen people under that teachers of Christianity should set-circumstances more interesting and entle among them. This party had been couraging. So far as they could learn blown off during a storm, while attempt- respecting the extent and population or ing to make a passage between Tonga the island, it appears to be larger, and and Samoa, many years ago, and long to have a greater population, than any. before the gospel was introduced to single island of the Samoan group, or Samoa. They had become connected any of the yet unoccupied islands of the by marriage with the principal chief of New Hebrides. The inhabitants" are the district where they live, and had milder than those of the neighbouring acquired such influence as would gua- islands, and considerably more advanced NO. VII. VOL. III.
in civilization. They can hardly be said 3 CALCUTTA." ; to be cannibals. Their wars are comparatively trifling, being attended with THE baptism of a young convert from very little loss of life. Murders occur Mohammedanism took place in Union very seldom, excepting infanticide, which Chapel in December last; the history of is generally practised throughout the whose enlightenment in Christianity afisland. It is said that theft is unknown fords a good illustration of the soveamong them. The island has one of the reignty and power of divine grace. He finest harbours in the South Seas. was a native of Damascus, an Arab by
In the vicinity of Sandwich Island are descent; but, from the second to the fifteen islands; two of which are of much twenty-second year of his age, he regreater extent, and perhaps not less sided in or about Cairo, his father, who inviting than itself.
was a merchant, having removed to At the Isle of Pines and New Cale- Egypt. His father's house was visited donia, in another cluster of islands about by men of letters and enterprise, from 5° S.W., the brethren failed in their de- whom he gathered the rudiments of signs, in consequence of the ferocious knowledge, and caught the spirit of incharacter and unfriendly feelings of the quiry. In common with many others of chief of the former island. They were his own age, he soon arrived at the conunder the necessity of removing the two clusion, that Mohammedanism was not teachers who had been labouring at New adapted to the wants and cravings of Caledonia. These faithful men had been the soul. The search after truth was in constant jeopardy of their lives; and commenced in good earnest by about their deliverance from the hands of their twelve individuals in his own immediate powerful and relentless enemy, bears circle; and so intense was the longing, signal impress of the mighty and gracious of his own mind after the discovery of it, hand of God.
that he resolved to set out in quest of it. He obtained from a bookseller in Cairo
a portion of the New Testament, the JAVA.
perusal of which excited in him a desire
to become acquainted with the whole In the neighbourhood of Surabaya, in scheme of salvation. In Egypt, it was the eastern extremity of this island, an not safe for him to prosecute his inquiries interesting work of grace has for some after any religion different from the deyears been going on among the Moham- lusion in which he had been brought up. medan population. The spot has been He therefore packed up the stock of frequently visited by British missionaries. Arabic writings which he had gathered, But such restrictions are imposed on the took with him any little money he could direct labours of missionaries among command, and quitted Egypt by the Red them, that no regular ministrations could Sea, leaving his widowed mother to live be established on their behalf. The in- upon the property left by his father, fluence of a pious and zealous chaplain During his voyage, he could not disguise in the place has been considerable. the agitations and thoughts of his mind; And, in spite of all restrictions, the and suffered much persecution from the gospel has found its way to their hearts; Mohammedan seamen and passengers, and many are brought into the fold of in consequence of the avowal which he Christ. The work at first commenced boldly made of his disbelief in the mission in one of the villages, and has now ex- of Mohammed. In the orderings of a tended itself to ten others; and the gracious Providence, however, he found numbers of converts, which at first friends by the way as well as enemies. amounted only to twenty, has now in- Some American Christians, whom he creased to 150. There are, besides, got acquainted with at Jeddah, advised many on probation, who will receive him to make his way to Bengal, which baptism when they give satisfactory evi- he did in a vessel, the captain of whom dence of the sincerity of their profession. gave him all protection from the insults Those baptized appear to be truly in- of those on board; and one of the Ame. teresting and devoted followers of the ricuns, without his knowledge, sent a Lamb. They have erected a place of letter to a friend in Calcutta, informing worship for the purpose of holding reli- him respecting this young inquirer, and gious services on the Sabbath and week urging him to wait his arrival in the days. The greater proportion of these vessel, and introduce him to some chrisconverts are agriculturists, and possess tian minister. By this means, the young lands of their own....
man was immediately brought into ac
quaintance with the pastor of Unionship and divinity of Christ, in the work Chapel, and placed with some recent of the Holy Spirit, declared the light converts to Christianity, among whom he and happiness which he now felt in his advanced rapidly in the knowledge of heart, formerly so dark and wretched, the truth. It was found that his life was and openly gave up the Koran, in token in danger from the more violent of the of his utter renunciation of the figments Mussalmans in Calcutta, from whom he of the impostor, by whom his earlier had not for one moment concealed his years had been darkened. After his sentiments. At his baptism, in reply to baptism, he was transferred to the upper questions put to him, he made a bold provinces, where his knowledge of Arabic confession of his faith in the Messiah- may be far more useful than in Calcutta,
- UNITED SECESSION CHURCH. William Millar, moderator, who re
ported that he had preached and presided PRESBYTERIAL NOTICES.
in the moderation of a call at West
Calder, when Mr Robert M'Laurin, Lanark, March 3. - This day the preacher, was unanimously chosen by United Associate Presbytery of Lanark the people to be their pastor. The call met, and was constituted. After the was subscribed by 185 members, and a usual preliminary business, commission paper of adherents by twenty-four ordiers from Braehead presented a petition nary hearers. The call was unanimously requesting the court to appoint one of sustained as a regular gospel call, and their number to moderate in a call to one the clerk was directed to give the usual to be their pastor. The prayer of the notice to Mr M‘Laurin, and request his petition was granted, and the moderation decision in reference to it as soon as was appointed to take place on Wednes- possible. It was moved, seconded, and day the 18th curt, at one o'clock. Called unanimously agreed that this presbytery for reports in reference to what the con- overture the Synod at its approaching gregations, connected with the presby- meeting, to adopt means in order that tery have done last year for missions. each congregation connected with our The members of committee appointed to church may have a library provided for superintend this matter, severally re- the use of the minister. It was also with ported in reference to those churches similar unanimity agreed to overture the under their care. The moderator gave Synod, to take immediate steps in order notice that he would at next meeting of that the long contemplated union bepresbytery, move to overture the Synodtween the Relief Church and ours, may, at the approaching meeting in May next, without farther delay, be accomplished. to adopt means for providing each con- It was agreed to hold the next meeting gregation with a library, for the special of the presbytery on the Tuesday after use of the minister. The Rev. William the last Sabbath of May.. Miller was appointed to succeed the Stewartfield. At a meeting of this present moderator, who had occupied presbytery in March, certified statements the chair for the usual period. Brae-| were given in by the different congregahead Church, March 23.--A pro re nata tions in the presbytery, of their respecmeeting of the presbytery was held here tive contributions, during the past year, on the above day, called by the mode- for missionary and other benevolent obrator, at the request of the congregation jects; and the clerk instructed to transof West Calder, who were solicitous to mit a statement of the amount for misobtain a moderation as soon as possible. sionary objects, raised by each congreCommissioners from the church appeared, gation, to the Synod's Board of Missions. and presented in the usual form a petition Called for the reports of sessions on the to this effect. The moderation was overture respecting the eldership, when granted, and the moderator of the pres-only the session of Stewartfield reported, bytery appointed to preach and pre- and who, at the same time, approved of side on the occasion. Lanark, April the design of the overture. The other 21st.-The presbytery met again this sessions were appointed to report on this day, and was constituted by the Rev. subject at the next meeting of the presbytery.' The Rev. A. Lind, convener of voch-bf-Deer, with the elders or manathe committee for superintending the gers, in the afternoon, and with the conmissionary stations; reported that the gregation in the evening of Wednesday; committee had visited the stations that and the same at Ellon, on Thursday of great anxiety was expressed by the the same week; and, at the same time, people for the continuance of sermon, appointed those who were to address the and for a located missionary, as indis- respective congregations. Favourable pensable for the success of the stations; reports, both written and oral, were rethat the audiences were increasing; that ceived of the stations of Gardenston and new committees of management had Pennan. Mr J. Watson, student, then been appointed at the stations; and that delivered ani exercise and additions, ana they, the committee, recommended the was examined on ecclesiastical history, continuance of sermon, and, by all means, as formerly prescribed to him, which the location of a missionary: The com- exercises were sustained. The presbytery mittee were appointed to co-operate with also overtured the Synod for congregathe committees at the stations, in endea- tional ministers' libraries. At the meetvouring to procure a located missionary, ing of the presbytery at Craigdam, after The committee appointed to draw out a making arrangements for conducting the plan for reviving the interests of religion meetings with the elders and managers in the congregations of the presbytery, of the congregations for regulating the gave in a written plan for this purpose, devotional exercises at the meetings with which the presbytery approved of; or the respective congregations, in the evendered a copy of it to be sent to the ings, for future visitationis at the next (elders and managers of each congre- meeting of the presbytery, and appointgation for their consideration, and that ing Mr J. Watson to give in the exerthey should report their opinion of it cises prescribed to him at the next ut the next meeting of the presbytery meeting, the presbytery adjourned to At a meeting of the presbytery in meet in the afternoon with the elders April, the sessions of the respective con- and managers of the congregation of gregations gave in their report on the Craigdam, and with the congregation in överture on the eldership, which; in con- the evening, which they did, and also formity to the decision of the presbytery, with the office-bearers and congregation kunanimously approved of the spirit of of Savoch-of-Deer, on Wednesday, and the overture, and were of opinion that with those of Ellon; on Thursday. Quessomething of the kind might be very tions respecting the temporal and spiribeneficial, so far as practicable, to carry tual interests of the respective congregait into effect. Received reports from the tions were put, in a friendly manner, to elders and managers of the different con- their elders and managers, and frankly. gregations, approving of the plan for answered in good feeling. Each congre reviving the interests of religion in the gation was addressed by two ministers presbytery, on the understanding that and one elder; the addresses preceded, answers to the queries be optional, and divided; and followed by devotional exthat the proposed visitations of the con-ercises by other members of the presby. gregations be regulated so as to suit their tery. The attendance of the congrega. convenience. The presbytery agreed to tions was respectable, and the people carry this plan into effect; without delay; seemed to take a lively interest in the to visit the congregations in a presbyte- services. May God give the increase. rial capacity; that two ministers and one Newcastle, 7th April, 1846. The preselder shall address each congregation; the bytery being met, the case of Jarrow other ministers present engaging in devo- Missionary Station was considered, and tional exercises; that the visitations be so from a variety of discouraging circumarranged that three congregations may stances, it was agreed that the supply be visited in one week; and that the mi- of preachers there be discontinued. The hister of each place preside as moderator members of Wallsend congregation, who at the meeting visiting his congregation. had for some time been worshipping at Appointed Craigdam, Savoch-of-Deer, Walker, were now, at their own request, and Enon, to be first visited; the pres- recognised as a distinct congregation. bytery to meet at Craigdam, on Tuesday, Mr Young gave notice of a motion as to after the third Sabbath of May, at twelve measures connected with the plan proTo'clock; for ordinary business; in the posed for the augmentation of small sti