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The Jesuits as they were and Are. By lability of the prince. The Jesuits might EDWARD DULLER.

also have learned, that endeavours to London : Seeley, Burnside, and Seeley.

prevent the mental progress of a nation

cannot escape punishment; for they now The author of this work is a German, beheld it rise as an angry giant, and burst who writes with an indignant sense of their well-rivetted fetters; they beheld the wrongs perpetrated by the Jesuit the grey-haired king whom they had led order on the rights of conscience, domestic astray, forced to become a fugitive from peace, and civil liberty ; but the review the fair land of his fathers; they found is too brief and sketchy for so large a themselves compelled to flee in stormy subject. The following is part of Mr haste, like proscribed criminals, from the Duller's account of the re-establishment soil where they had lately deemed themof Jesuit influence, which many circum- selves immoveably rooted, and still could stances concur to show is alarmingly on not escape being overtaken by the thouthe increase :

sand-voiced scorn of a long insulted :

people, to whom the very name "Jesuit' " In France, during the reign of Louis furnished a reciprocated term of conXVIII. and Charles X., the Jesuits were tumely, to be bandied about in the fierceactive in the vocation of missionaries, ness of party conflict. Such affecting and under the appellation of Pêres de la lessons are not read to us from the page foi (fathers of the faith), did much to re- of history without a purpose, and woe to store the reign of superstition and bigotry; those who overlook or despise them! in short, to bring back the good old But the Jesuits have ever set the warntimes of civil and religious bondage, in ings of history at scornful defiance. What which they were supported not only by avails it that their order has been prohisuch bishops as were of their party, but bited to set foot in France ? Its memby some influential statesmen, who che-bers are at this moment resident there, rished the illusion that the Jesuits are a and although they have neither public prop to the throne. In vain did many colleges, professed or novice houses, nor honourable and able men bear decided even seminaries, under their own avowed and convincing testimony to the untena- guidance, they do but work the more bility of the doctrine, and try to prove to effectively in secret, and the fruit of their their countrymen how fraught with dan- labour displays itself openly. They purger to the state the Jesuits have ever sue their old and well-tried plan of inproved. The voice of truth was either sinuating themselves into every vein of unheeded or despised, and the Jesuits the political body, drawing it into sub. continued to exercise their influence on jection, by stupifying (despite political the election of bishops undisturbed. Fa-l institutions of every name and form in voured by the government, they got favour of liberty) the general sense of education almost wholly into their hands, the nation, by bringing freedom of imposed on the court by a show of sauc- thought into suspicion, by crushing freetity, and ruled it for their own advan- dom of conscience, and by fanning the tage; infatuated the nobles so, that they flames of religious animosity and relisent their sons to the Swiss Jesuit semi-gious persecution. Only look at the last naries; and at the same time dazzled contest in France against the universities, and fascinated the lowest class of the no less than against the protestants, and community. But even in this melan- try, if you can, to shut your eyes to the choly state of things, the middle class, palpably resuscitating heads of the the pith and marrow of the nation, re- Hydra! Listen to the anathemas remained sound, and unseduced by the arts sounding from French pulpits, against to which the rest of their countrymen all who presume to lay a hostile finger had fallen a prey; and from their ranks, on one single link of the great Jesuit as from an invulnerable citadel, talented chain, conclude from these what are the writers launched against them the for- whisperings poured from the confesmidable artillery of the press, until at sional into the ears of the bonded souls length the lowering thunder-cloud burst (who are far deeper sunk than bonded on the memorable July days of 1830, slaves), and be convinced, that detested, and the weak and aged Charles X., with despised, and deprecated as they are, his Jesuit minister Polignac, perceived the Jesuits are again in the field, and too late, that the attempt to stultify the rule, if not the king's court, at least people does not always insure the invio- the peasant's hut!”



there, was, at one time, in great personal

danger; and his wife exposed to much THE accounts from the various places alarm. But the war is for the present already occupied in this wide and very arrested, and, it is hoped, permanently. interesting field, have of late been, as The chapel is well attended, and some. they usually will be, chequered in their times even crowded by the residents of nature. In the Wesleyan institution at Badagry, and the visitants from the Gambia, several sons of the neighbouring interior: and a gracious influence frechiefs have acquired a liberal education. quently accompanies the word. One who has recently left it, is heir apparent to his father in the government, and important results may possibly follow

SOUTH AFRICA. from his training under the missionaries. The christian chief of the Batlapi tribe, There is, at present, in it the son of whose country is four degrees inland, another chief, who reads the English died toward the end of last year; affordbible, writes a good hand, and has com- | ing, at the close of life, much evidence menced learning arithmetic. Five young of the “ good hope through grace." He natives, all of whom experience the sav- was baptized in 1841 ; and from the ing power of the gospel, have received period of his conversion, had closely instruction in it, with a view to their followed the Saviour. The Sabbath being employed in teaching their own before he died, the symptoms of dissolucountrymen. Of Sierra Leone it is noticed, tion became apparent. His family havthat there can be no doubt the climate ing collected around him, he said: “I is less unhealthy than it has been, and am in the hand of God. I see his love. that the effective strength of the mission-He is about to remove me from the ary body is greater than at any former world; but I rejoice in death. Christ period. The missionaries are diligently clothes me in the garments of righteousoccupied in reducing to writing, some of ness. Pray to God while you continue the most considerable languages of West on earth. I have no sorrow in my death: Africa, and making translations into my spirit lives in heaven.” Turning to them. In the stations on the Gold Coast, his sons, he said, “I tell you this, that and farther south, sickness and death those not here may know. Pray to the have been, to some extent, disturbing Lord. Let us pray.” He then covered the progress of the missions; but on the his face, and continued some time in whole, to a smaller amount than formerly. prayer. On Tuesday he called for his But the want of labourers is severely aged partner and said, “ I am going to felt in various important and extensive the kingdom of my Father. There is no fields of labour. The gospels of Matthew kingdom like that in the world. I and John, translated into the Accra leave to my successors, the kingdom of language, have been received by the Molehabangue. There is another inherinatives with great readiness. “I have tance which no one can take from me.” been most delightfully astonished,” writes Afterwards he said, “My spirit waits a missionary from that place, “ to see for Jehovah; my soul sings as in the the interest which our schoolboys take hymn, We've no abiding city here.' in the book; they are never without it I seek a city in heaven, where Jesus is.” in the house and by the way; and I He then prayed. Immediately before he frequently meet them in companies of died, being raised up to a sitting posture, three and four, reading to each other he leaned his head on his nephew's along the roads, as I walk out in the bosom, and said, “ my spirit is in heaven ; mornings.” The important mission in I am no longer here;” and immediately Ashanti has suffered materially for want expired. of help. The missionary had to leave The missions on the eastern border of it, early in the year, for the coast, and the Cape colony, have just suffered a very ultimately to return to England ; while serious interruption, by a rising of the only a native assistant could be got to Caffres immediately on the confines, and supply his place. Badagry has several their irruption into the colony, in great times, by hostile attacks from neighbour- numbers, and at various points along the ing tribes, been placed in critical cir- frontier line. This disturbance comcumstances. The Wesleyan missionary menced in the month of March ; and has been followed by hostilities betwixt there, which has inspired them with the the government troops and these Caffre highest encouragement. A missionary tribes, in which, as was to be expected, of the Church of England, who has rethe former have been successful, and, cently visited all these free cities, writes, after the slaughter of a considerable of date Feb. 27th last, “ Before my leavnumber of these undisciplined natives, it ing Amoy, the five high mandarins of is believed that the warfare is at length the place, jointly gave a special feast to brought to a close. It is a melancholy the missionaries tħere-seven including consolation, that all accounts of the origin myself—no other foreigner being present. of this contest which we have seen, whe- The most honourable seats were given to ther from missionaries or others, agree us; and they expressed high admiration in laying the blame of it entirely to the of the excellency of the missionary work, Caffres; who appear to have for some and the benevolence of missionaries." time shown so restless and threatening And in a subsequent communication he an attitude towards the colonists, that writes, “ The Hai-hang, or Lord Mayor, one of the missionaries resident among requested in my hearing, that the misthem, had shortly before, in a letter, sionaries would send a package of our stated it to be “ very plainly his convic-tracts, and promised that, after reading tion, that, without a trial of strength, the them himself, he would distribute them Caffres would not rest, nor leave the anong his people.” It is stated, however, colony in peace.” The occurrence, there- by the same missionary, that Amoy is fore, which led immediately to the inva- the least important place open to foreignsion, was but the opportunity, not the ers, in point of size, class of natives, and cause, of the outrage. Although several connexion with the interior; having bemissionaries were settled among them, yet sides the disadvantages of a difficult the chiefs and their people generally con- dialect, and a degree of local insalubrity, tinued far from God; and appear to have which, by deaths, or removals on account been recently receding still further. “I of sickness, has reduced the members of felt,” says the missionary just referred to, the missionary families from above twenty “ on contemplating their present terrible to seven, within the last year. He conopposition to the truth, to the converts, siders that, with its six missionaries, four and to the word and house of God, to- of whom have begun to preach in Chigether with the new vice of brandy- nese, it is already occupied to the utmost drinking, and the very bad state of the of its relative local importance. He furfrontier, through depredations of the bold-ther remarks, that the two northern ports est kind, that these people were rapidly of Shang-hai and Ning-po stand first, in bringing upon themselves, not only the the character of the people, in connexion wrath of man, but of God, and that their with the interior, and all or most of the destruction was drawing near.” Happily, local considerations which render a misthe missionary brethren and their fami- sionary station important, on a large lies have been graciously preserved amid view of things. this painful and sanguinary excitement; having speedily on its breaking out, re

NÉSTORIANS. tired within the colony. But it was The most recent intelligence from the feared that the destruction of mission American missionaries at Ooroomiah, in property would be very great. Caffre- Western Persia, brings us gratifying tidland is now destitute of the presence ings of a religious revival having occurred of christian labourers; and it may be a at that station; in which not fewer than little time before the missions can be a hundred and twenty had been brought renewed.

under hopeful religious impression, and

were giving evidence of their being turned CHINA.

from darkness to light. The details of Of the five free ports, Canton can only this awakening we have not yet seen ; be said to be partially opened to mis- but the fact has been explicitly ansionary work, so long as the hostile feel- nounced. ing of the populace, and the exclusion of foreigners from entrance into the city,

AITUTAKI. operate as a serious impediment to free FROM this island in the South Seas, a action. Amoy possesses a friendly popu- missionary, in a recent letter, records lation; and its native rulers are not only the striking effects of divine truth on the tolerant, but have given evidence of a hearts of several young people, called friendly feeling towards the missionaries, away in early life. Of one of them he of whom there are already six settled I says, “ she made rapid advance in the

divine life, and ripened for heaven. One and many of the rest sought refuge up morning near her death, she said, 'there the mountains; although these were is only one direction in which my rather the enemies than the friends of thoughts now go, and that is to Jesus. those of the inhabitants who had avowed I have visited the cross : there I have protestantism; but all were more or less been able to leave my burdens. Oh, involved in the devastation caused by how sweet are those words, “ He bore their fanatical conquerors. Amid all our sins, and carried our sorrows." I these dark and trying occurrences, the have indeed been a Martha (this was missionaries encourage themselves in her name), cumbered about many things. their work, and look to those grounds I was not ready; I lacked one thing. of hope which remain for them. They Jesus was my anchor ; Jesus is my have already three promising native refuge; Jesus is my all. My course is missionary labourers, and with the eye finished : I am now ready.' Soon after of faith see several more of similar prothis she died.”

mise coming forward to their assistance.

Thousands scattered over a large porSYRIA.

tion of the country have had their atThe American missionaries, stationed tention strougly directed to the great in Beyrout and Abeih, on the west of fundamental points of difference between Mount Lebanon, persevere in their diffi- the pure gospel and their own corrupt cult and somewhat discouraging labours, and superstitious systems; and not a in the hope that fruit shall yet appear to few have become convinced that they the glory of God. In the former of these are wrong, and many are hoping and stations, they find an almost universal longing for a better state of things. spiritual death reigning around them. The Jews' society has one missionary Their audiences are usually attentive, in Beyrout, who is largely visited by the and they have not been without inte-Jews, who are constantly passing through resting cases of religious inquiry; but that town from all parts of Syria, as they have perceived no special influences well as from the European continent, of the Holy Spirit, and have had no ad, and has much opportunity of setting the ditions to the number of their commu- truth before them. One missionary, nicants. In the other station they have who was located in Safet, a little N.W. had opportunity of ministering both of the sea of Galilee, had been compelled spiritually and temporally to the pro- to quit it in consequence of the oppositestant refugees from the town of Has- tion encountered, his life having been bava, twenty to thirty miles distant, repeatedly threatened, while the gowhom the violence of persecution had vernor refused to guarantee his safety. compelled, a second time, to flee from Two others of the missionaries, who had their homes. After suffering much attempted a settlement in Hebron, but trouble from the adherents of the Greek had to relinquish the design, from not church, from which they had had the being able to procure a single room for courage to secede, the desperate warfare their permanent residence, have, notwhich arose betwixt the Maronites and withstanding, resumed missionary labour Druses extended to their neighbour- in Safet, in the hope that from one of hood, and suspended for a time the them being an Englishman, he might ministrations of the gospel among them. enjoy a larger share of protection from This warfare had nothing to do with the local authorities. In Jerusalem, the religion as such; but was wholly a strug- society has, in connexion with its misgle for political power and ascendancy sion, à college, an hospital, and a school in Lebanon, betwixt these two sections of industry. The visits of the Jews to of the inhabitants of that mountainous their missionaries are less frequent: two region, - the one being in profession adult Israelites made a public profession Christians, adhering to the Romish of Christianity during the past year. The church, the other a people whose reli- progress made by the students in the gion is neither christian nor mussulman; college has been very satisfactory: the but its doctrines are little understood. number is not stated. The hospital In this contest the Druses had the ad. has been extensively useful, notwithvantage; and when the Christians of standing the unabated hostility of the Hasbaya refused to submit to the terms rabbies against it. Many of the sufferers offered them, and stood up for their own relieved were pilgrims newly arrived, in defence, they were ultimately defeated; a condition of almost hopeless destituabout seventy-eight of them were slain, tion, who had expended all their subNO. XI. VOL. III.

3 s

stance in the journey, and had neither committee feel that they have the strongthe means of subsistence, nor any source est reasons for persevering in the atof regular and honest livelihood, which tempt. A firman has been obtained is the condition of the vast majority of from the Ottoman Porte for the erection those Hebrew strangers who annually of an English church at Jerusalem, in crowd in great numbers to this city. connexion with the British consulate. The object of the school of industry is The Rev. S. Gobat, formerly a missionto train young converts in those habits ary of the Church of England Society of industry which are indispensable to in Abyssinia, has been nominated bishop the welfare of every people. The pro- there, in the room of the late Dr Alexsperity of this institution has, in common ander ; it may be hoped that he will with that of all their missionary opera- continue a zealous and indefatigable tions, been much retarded; yet the missionary.




The United Associate Synod met in a simultaneous one of the Synod of ReGordon Street Church, on Monday even- lief, had been mainly appointed. The ing, 5th October 1846. The Rev. John paper entitled “Scheme of Union," &c., Lamb preached from Matthew xvii. 20, drawn up by the joint committee of the and afterwards constituted the Synod. two bodies, and sent down to presbyThe Rev. John Newlands, Perth, was teries and sessions for consideration, was elected moderator, and took the chair read, and the remaining part of the sedeaccordingly. The Committee on Bills runt was spent in reading the reports on and Overtures then read their report; that scheme, and petitions relating to the and the order of business recommended same subject. by them was, after some consideration, These reports and petitions, 147* in adopted; and the Synod adjourned. number, were divided into three classes TUESDAY, 6th Oct.

I. Those in favour, generally, of the The Synod met this day at eleven Union on the basis transmitted by the o'clock, and commenced their proceed- joint committee, of which there were 57. ings with devotional exercises, which were II. Those in favour of the Union on conducted, in conjunction with the mo- the basis proposed, but with certain moderator, by Rev. Messrs Brown, Cum- difications, which are recommended, of nock, and Knox, Ayr. An elaborate re- which there were 62; and, port on the mode of taking the votes, was III. Those unfavourable to the Union laid on the table by the committee ap- on the present basis, of which there pointed at last meeting of Synod, to take were 5. that subject into consideration. The report was read by Mr J. Peddie, the

TUESDAY EVENING. convener; but that the members might

I The Committee on Bills and Overhave an opportunity of weighing ma-tures having

tures having recommended that the returely its calculations, and verifying its

port of the Debt Liquidating and Church conclusions, the discussion of it was deferred till next meeting of Synod. It

| Building Board, should be received at

this sederunt, it was read by the secrewas, at the same time agreed, that the

tary, Mr Greig. It was a very interestreport should be printed along with the in

ing document; and after stating what minutes, and that, at the present meethod

had been already done by the board, it ing, the votes should be taken in the

concluded with some suggestions for manner prescribed by the rules of pro

carrying on and completing the good cedure, a strict adherence to which it is

work in which they have been so sucthe object of the report to enforce.

cessfully engaged. The Synod then took up the question of onion with the Relief Church, for the! * Other ten were given in subsequently to consideration of which, this meeting, and the making up of the digest.

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