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consequence, and that it is mainly to its feated the grand design of Providence, prominence and application that the which all preceding dispensations were volume before us owes its originality, employed to accomplish. The example usefulness, and power.
of Jesus Christ, defective and pernicious, But it is time that we justify this en- if he were only a frail human being. comium by a short analysis of the book. The religious character and habits of In attempting to convey an idea of its Unitarians, a conclusive evidence against nature and extent, we shall abstain al- the scriptural origin of their theory of together from quotations (although these belief. The degenerating tendency of discourses are rich in suitable materi- Unitarianism. als), and confine ourselves to an abstract These titles represent in some manner of the argument, and a few remarks upon the tenor of the ratiocination employed, its merits.
but they convey only a very imperfect These discourses are twelve in num- idea of the power with which it is prober. They might with greater propriety, secuted until it reaches its aim, and leaves perhaps, be termed dissertations. They its impression. The question as to the partake of the character of regular argu- person of the Saviour is shown to be one ments on the successive topics on which which may be settled by moral evidence; they touch, and they come to a point and moral evidence, when it is appealed only as they draw to a close. The first to for the purpose, is shown with irrethree of them are properly introductory, fragable certainty to proclaim that percontaining successively a statement of son to be Divine. Apart from the dethe doctrine to be defended in regard to termination of the meaning of parthe person of Christ, an inquiry into its ticular passages of scripture, and the importance, and an examination of the fluctuating tendencies of a minute verbal most plausible popular objections to the criticism, man's unbiassed reason is thus opinion just propounded. Of this part led to own that Jesus is the Son of of the book suffice it to say, that it is God. candid, comprehensive, and acute. In This mode of defending our Lord's the next four discourses, the author en- Divinity is no invention of modern tirely considers the testimony borne as times: and in this sense of the word we to the person of Jesus Christ, and the cannot claim for Mr East's discourses primary design of his mission by the the merit of originality. But in the only prophets, by John the Baptist, and the sense in which originality can either be evangelists, by Jesus Christ himself, expected or desired on such a subject, and by his apostles. This department it must be awarded to them. They set of the work displays less of Mr East's the argument under the strongest light. peculiar ability, we think, than may be They assign to it its just relative importtraced elsewhere, if we except the singu- ance. They guard it against misapplilarly able discussion in the sixth chapter, cation. They give it, so far as we know, of Christ's own testimony to his proper its first complete shape. Even an oppoDeity. We do not mean that this part nent, we think, cannot fail to admire the of the book is defective, but that in other mingled ingenuity, carefulness, and imtreatises, such as those of Pye Smith and partiality, with which the laws of moral Wardlaw, the directly scriptural argu- evidence are sifted by the author for the ment for our Lord's Divinity is so purpose of testing the validity of the arcompletely exhausted as to leave no- gument, which they are at the same time thing more to be desired. At the same demonstrated to furnish in behalf of the time, even here we can notice the speci- supreme Divinity of Jesus Christ. Hence cially discriminative turn of our author's it is that this work is likely to be a most mind in the relative prominence assigned useful one. We can conceive, indeed, to the passages he selects, as well as in nothing more adapted to do good in rehis homely, but effective, method of stat-moving the doubts which may be awaking their lessons.
ened in some minds on this momentous The chapters which follow, however, subject, by specious Unitarian objecappear to us to constitute the chief claim tions to particular passages of the Bible, which this volume possesses on our ad- or the cunning suggestion of special difmiring attention. These take up in suc- ficulties, than the perusal of these discession the following points :—The bear- courses, proving, as they do so plainly, ing of the fact, that the witnesses who that the general strain of scripture, and -testified of Christ raised the question of the general design of Christianity, alike his Divinity. The mission of Jesus require a divine Saviour, unless those Christ, if he were a mere inan, has de- laws of moral evidence are set at defi
ance, in the exercise of which alone the eye of the mind, as well as that of taste, one is owned to be of God, and the other has been duly considered in the producto have come from heaven. Experience, tion. we know for a fact, has already set its seal, in more instances than one, upon BIBLE EMANCIPATION. By ADAM the truth of these remarks.
THOMSON, D.D. The faults of the book are few, and we
Edinburgh: John Johnstone. have little heart to notice them. The A TRIUMPHANT statement of the results style throughout is lively and compact, of free trade in cheapening and exbut the continuously argumentative tending Bible circulation. To Dr Thomstrain of the work is at times unhappily son it must be peculiarly gratifying to broken in upon by a burst of invective, record successes which his energies were or a rhetorical flourish, more appropriate so zealously directed to secure. The in the public assembly than on the writ- body of the pamphlet consists of extracts ten page. Other occasional inaccuracies from, and remarks upon, the last report are obviously to be traced to the press of the Bible Board. Dr Thomson pre
As a whole, we regard this volume as fers exhibiting the facts in their language, a most valuable addition to the theolo- and in this we shall partly follow his exgical literature of our country, and we ample:take farewell of it with unfeigned grati- "«Since the date of our last Report, tude to the author, and under a firm May 1842, there have been published, conviction that this defence of his Mas- under the authority of the Board, sixty ter's honour will not, even as regards hu | editions of the Bible. From January man approbation, lose its reward. 1844 to January 1845, sixteen editions
of the Bible were published ; consisting, The TRUE SECRET of Success in CHRIS-in round numbers, of 200,000 copies.
TIAN CHURCHES. A Sermon preached From January 1845 to January 1846, at the opening of the United Secession twenty-one editions were published, the Synod. By the Rev. JOHN LAMB, number of copies amounting to 312,000. Errol.
From January 1846 to May 1846, five Glasgow: David Robertson. editions, consisting of upwards of 47,000 To all who heard this sermon, it will copies, have been published; and there be no common gratification to posesss are several editions now under the judg. it in print. It is not every day one ment of the Board.' meets with so much of valuable matter “Although,” says Dr T., “the present exhibited in a style so quiet and unpre- number of our machines and presses, till tending. The sentiments are beautiful long after January 1845, was not comand appropriate, always natural, often pleted by about one-half, yet the copies striking ;—the composition in keeping printed at Coldstream from that period throughout with the mind of the dis- till January 1846, exceeded by 44,400 the course, contains examples of fine writing, number of the copies printed by all other in the best sense of the word, and every parties throughout Scotland ; and of the where bears the impress of the sound 47,000 copies published from Jan. 1846 judgment, correct taste, and scriptural to May 1846, 30,450, or only 16,550 fewer knowledge of the preacher. We give the than the whole, were printed here. discourse our warmest commendation. | “The great increase which has re
sulted from the abolition of the monoThe GALLERY of SCRIPTURE ENGRAV- poly,' the Report goes on to state, 'is INGS, 1847.
placed in a still more imposing point of FISHER'S DRAWING-Room SCRAP-Book, view, when we advert to the fact, that 1847.
the number of Bibles printed under the The JUVENILE SCRAPBOOK, 1847. superintendence of the Scotch Board Fisher, Son & Co.
during the year ending January 1846, SUSTAINING the uniformity of excellence exceeds the total number printed by auwhich Fisher's annuals have hitherto ex-thority in Great Britain during either of hibited, the above call for little else but the years 1832, 1833. What, however, a repetition of the opinion we expressed will, perhaps, be thought still more wonon other parts of the series. The first derful-and is certainly a more striking mentioned of the present set, has a value proof of the increase of Bible circulation, of its own, beyond that of the exquisite as resulting from the reduction in price, plates with which it is beautified, in that since the abolition of the monopolythe letter-press is from the pen of Dr the number of Bibles printed at ColdKitto-a sufficient guarantee that the stream alone in the year 1845, exceeds by 23,780 the whole number printed dur- obtained at the expense of economy. ing the year 1832 in all England.by the Covers pasted on, and dropping off like Queen's Printers, and both the privileged a shell," after the wear of a few weeks, Universities! “But what must be the in- make dear Bibles in the end. To bis crease of Bibles printed in England now, other services, we trust Dr T. will add when besides all that were sold by booksel- that of setting a sturdy face against such lers to individuals, to families, to schools, dear-bought cheapness. and to congregations, there were disposed Dr Thomson has had some correspondof by the British and Foreign Bible Society |ence with the British and Foreign Bible alone, during last year, the enormous Society, from which it appears that a number of 1,441,651, viz.: from the De. cheap tender made by him of sacred pository at home, 1,104,787, from De- scriptures, for colonial circulation, has pots abroad, 336,864, being 525,840 been rejected. As the case stands, Dr copies more than in the preceding year!!! T. has certainly the best of it, the com-and I may add, being probably above mittee having no right, as we judge, to a million more than in any one year reject the proposal without reasons asprior to the abolition of the Bible mono- signed. The influence, however, of a poly in Scotland !"
Free Bible press in Scotland, has been 60But the increase in the number of most beneficially felt by the Society, as Bibles printed,' adds the report, 'is appears from last year's issues above not more remarkable nor more grati- noted. fying than the greatly reduced price at which copies of the inspired volume COMFORTABLE WORDS for CHRISTIAN are now sold. It is undeniably to the PARENTS BEREAVED of LITTLE CHILreduction of price which free competi-| DREN. By John Brown, D.D. tion has effected, that the increased Edinburgh: W. Oliphant and Song. circulation is to be attributed. On This little volume was occasioned by the comparing a catalogue of Bibles, New early death of a little daughter-an unTestaments, Psalm and Prayer Books, commonly amiable and interesting child. &c., published by your Majesty's late It is full of “good words fitly spoken.” Printers in 1838-about a year before The bereaved parent comfortso others the expiry of their patent-with an- with the same comforts wherewith he other published by the same parties himself had been comforted of God. in 1845, a great reduction of price will The conclusion at which Dr Brown arbe found to have been made on every rives, is one at which we are happy in edition of the Bible sold by them. For thinking along with him. It is a concluexample, the Quarto Bible with Blay- sion, however, at which we have seen ney's Marginal References, Pica letter, some authors arrive by paths, in which Royal paper, including Psalms and Para- we could not and durst not follow them. phrases, has been reduced from L.1, ls. This is not the case with the present 3d. to lls.; the Octavo Bible, Small work. There is no bold speculation, or Pica letter, Royal paper, with Psalms reckless assertion. A scriptural concluand Paraphrases, from Ss. 3d. to 4s. 4d.; sion is reached by a scriptural pathway, the 12mo Bible, Nonpareil, Crown paper, and in harmony with the strongest asserwith Psalms and Paraphrases, from 2s.id. tions of the truth taught by an apostle, to 13.; and the 24mo Bible, Pearl letter, that “ in Adam all die.” Instructive to with Psalms and Paraphrases, from 2s. all, this book will often be found on the 3d. to 9 d. The editions in which the table of those who have been tried by greatest reduction in price had been one of the darkest of divine dispensamade, are the 12mo Nonpareil, and the tions. It is most perspicuous in state24mo Pearl—the cost of the former hav-ment, and skilful in binding up the ing been reduced 52, and of the latter bleeding heart, and is the evident pronearly 65 per cent. The editions now duction of at once a masculine intellect, noticed are those in most frequent use."" and matured piety.
Dr T. is of opinion that, “in consequence of the extraordinary competition LECTURES on the PILGRIM'S PROGRESS. called forth, a still greater reduction has. By the Rev. GEORGE CHEEVER, D.D., taken place in the binding than on the of New York. sheets." Binding, to be cheap, must be
William Collins. sufficient. If we may judge from some For neatness and cheapness, nothing specimens nearer our own door than behind any of the editions that have as Coldstream, we would say that there is yet appeared of these singularly popular a danger of cheapness in binding being I lectures.
terror, where you have nothing whereThe progress of evangelical truth among with to produce conviction. They hnse the Armenian population of the Turkish minds and hearts are under the influence empire, to which we have repeatedly had of truth, regard with pity and compassion, occasion to make pleasing reference, con- those who may have turned aside from it, tinues stedfast, notwithstanding that oc- and refer to them “even with weeping;” currences have recently taken place in those whose minds and hearts are imopposition to it, sufficiently trying to bued with the spirit of falsehood, regard flesh and blood. The American Board those who forsake them, with the mortiremark, that this reformation among the fication of wounded pride, and the hatred Armenians, " is moving forward with still of a deadly resentment. “By their fruits more evidence of being a genuine work ye shall know them.” A new patriarch of divine grace." Greater progress has recently installed over the Armenian been made within the year than during Church, at Constantinople, has set himany period of equal length, since the self strenuously to oppose the spread commencement of the mission. The of scriptural truth, and has taken his doctrine of justification by faith, without measures with singular skill and sagathe deeds of the law, is one of the earliest city. “But the foolishness of God is seized on by the converts, and, in general, wiser than men.” The patriarch does is clearly apprehended by them. Their not seem to be opposed to the impiety has more of primitive simplicity, provement and elevation of his people and more of a prayerful spirit, than is by general education. It is even supcommon in our country. The number posed that he would change or abolish in any one place is indeed small; but certain practices of his church, were he the light is beginning to shine over the to consult merely his individual preferempire. Among these, at Trebisond, and ences. But he is watched with a jealous in one or two places where no mission-eye by the bankers, who compose the ary has ever resided, the progress of the wealthier lay members of that commureformation has been greatest. The nity, and the first step to a thorough missionaries have efficient native helpers; reform would bring on him that odious several priests are obedient to the faith, and much dreaded ephithet,“ protestant." and take a lively interest in its progress ; The power of the Armenian hierarchy, and there are others, whose labours are over their own members, has been not a little blest. The seminary at Bebek hitherto such, that in various hidden has twenty-six members; and soon, it is ways they could severely oppress them, believed, will have few pupils who are without becoming obnoxious to the not candidates for the ministry of the penalty of law. Their influence is Word. It is the resort of numerous visi- great over those who command the retants, and has become an important sources of labour, trade, and worldly preaching station. The same result is prosperity. When any member of the expected from the female seminary, which Armenian Church gets his eyes opened is to be established in Pera or Galata. to its superstitions, the anathema of The Armenian ecclesiastics have, as usual, excommunication can be issued against taken alarm at this breaking up of con- him ; which has the effect of making fidence in their creed, and superstitious him almost an outlaw from society, and rites of worship; and have resorted to shutting against him nearly every possithe common weapon of self-defence, em- ble avenue of subsistence. Since the ployed by all false or corrupted systems patriarch of Constantinople uttered his of religion ; the persecution of those who, 1 excommunication against a great numfrom a conviction of the truth, withdraw ber whom he designates “gospel readers,” from them. This is the most natural parents, having gospel reading children. and easiest, though not always the most have turned them out of doors, lest the effectual way, for the adherents of error curse should spread through the whole maintaining, and giving enlargement to family. Many have been dismissed their own systems. The easiest way of from employment. None of their own spreading them is by the sword; the people will buy from them, or sell to easiest way of putting a stop to secession them. Even the water carriers of the from them, is by anathema, imprison- street refuse to take water to any house ment, and death. You can soon awaken where any of the accursed reside. Many of them, both individuals and families the government at Constantinople, which have found refuge and subsistence in immediately brought out a vizerial letter, the houses of British and American as it is termed,—a letter of instruction Christians. The persecution has broke from the head of the government, to the out with similar violence at the other pasha of that city, ordering him to put a missionary stations further east. A stop to the persecution; and embodying missionary writes from Erzeroom, the in it a recognition for the first time by principal city of ancient, Armenia ; the government of protestantism. This “ among the Armenians of this city document bears, that, “ as is well known there is less religious liberty than among the protestant faith has of late spread the Mussulmans. About eight weeks among the Armenians, and those emsince, two individuals who had embraced bracing it had been anathematized, and Mahomedanism, wishing to return to the business brought to a stand, in consechristian faith, were allowed to do so, quence; that the sultan had therefore without suffering any injury; the English ordered the patriarch to be forbidden to commissioner now resident here, having interfere with them, and that all the interposed in their behalf with great authorities concerned should concur in energy and decision. But the tyrant protecting such persons; your excellency who presides over this christian commu- will follow the same rule: the Armenian nity, inflicts the severest punishment on priests and community shall not be perany of its members for simply reading mitted in any way to persecute or interthe scriptures, speaking with one an- fere with them, provided their life is decent other regarding them, or meeting for and orderly ; this official letter has been instruction from this sacred book.” written that your excellency may protect Several individuals there, some of high and defend them; and on receipt of it, you influence, have been bastinadoed and will be pleased to act accordingly.” It otherwise maltreated by the bishop. is noticed by, the same correspondent, Happily, however, this persecution has that the council of public instruction at not only wrought its own cure; but in Constantinople, has, since the return of the orderings of a holy providence, has the sultan from the provinces, actively led to an advance in religious liberty, not resumed its labours; it is resolved that a previously known in the Turkish Empire. normal school be established; and it is From the correspondence of the London also proposed immediately to put into newspapers it will be learned, that activity about 20,000 primary schools for an appeal and complaint was carried moslems in the Turkish provinces. The by one of the oppressed at Erzeroom, to anxiety for European education is great.
UNITED SECESSION CHURCH.
| a committee was appointed to devise a Edinburgh, November 3.—The presby- scheme for meeting with Sabbath schotery met this day. They sustained three lars, and the young of our church genecalls: one addressed to Mr John Young, rally within the bounds, to be held on probationer, by the congregation of West the first day of the ensuing year, the Linton ; a second addressed to Rev. Dr Rev. Andrew Thomson, convener. CerEadie of Glasgow, by the congregation tificates were had from the profesof Rose Street, Edinburgh; a third ad- sors, attesting the attendance and dilidressed to Mr John Scott jun., proba- gence of the students during the last tioner, by the congregation of Back session of the Divinity Hall. Messrs Street, Dalkeith. Notices of the calls | Inglis, Dickson, Thomson, Scott, Cooper, to the probationers were ordered to be Pringle, and Grant, having completed sent to them; and a commissioner ap- their course of study, were examined in pointed to lay Dr Eadie's call, with re- theology, and entered on trials for lilative documents, on the table of the cense. A scheme of exercises for the stuPresbytery of Glasgow at its first meeting. dents of the other years was sanctioned; An address, as ordered, was circulated and the presbytery resolved to carry out on the subject of Sabbath Schools ; and the superintendence of their studies, ac