Page images
PDF

record, that prove that their diseases | Britain, rendered gloomy by constant have yielded to the healing art. fogs and rains, has been thought to

It is, perhaps, only because the favour the perpetration of the worst disorders of the moral faculty have species of murder; while the vernal not been traced to a connection fun, in middle latitudes, has been as with physical causes, that medical generally remarked for producing writers have neglected to give them gentleness and benevolence. also a place in their systems of nofo. 2. The effects of diet upon the logy, and that fo few attempts have moral faculty are more certain, been hitherto made to leñen or re- | though less attended to, than the move them by physical, as well as effects of climate. “ Fulness of rational and moral remedies. bread,” we are told, was one of the

In treating of the effects of phy- predispofing causes of the vices of the sical causes upon the nioral faculty, cities of the plain. The fafts, so it might help to extend our ideas often inculcated among the jers, upon this subject, to reduce virtues were intended to lefsen the incentives and vices to certain species, and to to vice; for, pride, cruelty, and senpoint out the effets of particular fuality, are as much the natural concauses' upon each particular species fequences of luxury, as apoplexies of virtue or vice; but this would and palfies. But the quality, as well lead us into a field too extensive for as the quantity of aliment, has an the limits of the present inquiry. influence upon morals; hence we I Mall only bint at a few cases, and find the moral diseases that have been have no doubt but the ingenuity of mentioned are most frequently the myauditors will supply my filence by offspring of aniinal food. The proapplying the rest.

phei Isaiah seems to have been len.. It is immaterial whether the phy- lible of this, when he ascribes sach fical causes that are to be enumerated, I falutary effects to a temperate and act upon the moral faculty through vegetable diet. "Butter and honey the medium of the senses, the par. mall he eat, (says he) that he may fions, the memory, or the imagina- | know to refufe the evil and choose tion. Their influence is equally the good.” But we have many certain, whether they act as remote, | facts which prove the efficacy of a predisposing, or occasional causes. vegetable dict upon the passions.

1. The effets of climate upon the Dr. Arbuthnot affures us that he moralfaculty claim our first attention. cured feveral patients of irascible Not only indivichials, but nations, tempers, by nothing but a prescrip. derive a considerable part of their tion of this fimple and temperate moral, as well as inteilectual charac. regimen, ter, from ihe different portions they 1 3. The effects of certain drinks enjoy of the rays of the sun. Iral: upon the moral faculty are not less cibility, levity, timidity, and indo. obfervable than upon the intellectual sence, tempcted wi:h occasional poners of the mind. Fermented emotions of benevolence, are the liquors, of a youd quality, and taken moral qualities of the inhabitants of in a moderate quantity, are farouraKarm climates; while felhihuels, ble to the virturs of candour, benetempered with fincerity and inievolence, and generofity ; but when grity, foron the moral character of they are taken in excess, or whea the johabitants of cold countries. they are of a bad quality, and drank The state of the weather, and the even in a moderate quantity, they seasons of the vtar, also, have a visi- reldom fail of roufing every latent ble ettet upon moral ienibili:v. | spark of vice into action. The last The month of November, in (stat. l of these facts is so notorious, chat,

in Portugal, when a man is observ- | field, in order to reform him. The ed to be ill-natured or quarrelsome bridewells and work-houses of all after drinking, it is common in that countries prove that labour is not countiy to say, that “ he has drank only a very severe, but the most bad wine." While occasional fits of l benevolent of all punishments, inárintoxication produce ill-temper in much as it is one of the most suitable many people, habitual drunkennels means of reformation. Mr. Howard (which is generally produced by tells us, in his History of Prisons, distilled spirits) never fails to eradi. that, in Holland, it is a cominon cate veracity and integrity from the saving, “ Make men work, and you human mind. Perhaps this may be will make them honest.” And over the reason why the Spaniards, in the Raip and Spin-house, at Greeancient times, averadmitted a man's i ningen, this sentiment is exprefled, evident in a court of justice who i bie tells us, by a happy motto: had been convicted of drunkennels. « Vitiorum femina otium -- labore

ater is the univerial ledative of exhauriendum." turbulent patrions---it not only promotes a general equanimity of iem- 1 6. The effects of excessive fleep per, but it compofes anger. I have

are intimately connected with the hearri feveral well-attested cases, of a

effects of idlencis upon the moral draught of cold water having sudden

faculty :-hence we find that modely compond this violent passion, after

rate and even scanty portions of the usual remedies of renfon bad deep, in every part of the world, been applied to no purpose.

have been lound to be friendly, not 2. Extreme hunyer produces the only to health and long life, but, in moft uofriendly effcéts upon moral many instances, to morality. The fenability. It is immaterial whether

practice of the monks, who often it acts by inducing a relaxation of

Deep upon a floor, and who genethe folids, or an acrimony of the rally sile with the fun, for the sake fluids, or by the combined operation |

of mortifying their sensual appetites, of both thoie physical caules. The

is certainly founded in wisdom, and Indians, in America, whet their

has often produced the most falutary appetites for that savage species of

moral effects. war, which is peculiar to them, by

7. Too much cannot be said in the stimulus of hunger : bence, we

favour of cleanliness, as a physical are told, they always return magie

mean of promoting virtue. The and emaciated from their , nilitary

writings of Mofes have been called, excurfions.

by military men, the best “ orderly 5. Idleness is the parent of every

book" in the world. In every part vice. It is mentioned in the Old

of them we find cleanliness inculcated Teltainent, as anorner of the pre

with as much zeal as if it was part of disposing causes of the vices of the

the moral, instead of the Levitical cities of the plain. Labour of alí | law. Now, it is well known that kinds favours and facilitates the

the principal design of every prepractice of virtue. The country

cept and rite of the ceremonial parts Jife is a happy life, chiefly because

of the Jewish religion was to preits laborious employments are fac vent vice and promote virtue, All vourable to virtue and unfriendly to writers upon the leproly take notice vice. It is a common practice, il

of its connection with a certain vice. have been told, for the planters' in To this disease gross animal food, the southern states, to consigna house llave, who has become vicious! * Idleness, the leed of all vices, is to from idleness, to the drudgery of the be extir

$ 2 particu.

particularly swine's flesh, and a dirty been ascribed, in part, to their pecu. íkio, have been thought to be pre- liar mode of sublistence. Mr. Hodifpofing caufes: bence the reason, garth points out, in his ingenious probably, why pork was forbidden, prints, theconnection between crueland why ablutions of the body and ty to brule animals in youth, and limbs were so frequently inculcated murder in manhood. The emperor by the Jewish law. Sir John Prin- Domitian prepared his mind, by the gle's remarks, in his Oration upon amusement of killing flies, for all Captain Cook's Voyage, delivered thole bloody crimes which afterwards before the Roval Society in London,' disgraced his reign. I am so per: are very pertinent to this part of our | fretiy satisfied of the truth of a confubject. “ Cleanliness (fars he) is nection between morals and huma. conducive to health: but it is not so nity to brutes, that I Thall find it obvious that it also tends to good ditficult to reftrain my idolatry for order andother virtues. Such (mean that legislature that shall first efta. ing the thip's crew) as were made bliíh a fyftem of laws to defend more cleanlı, became more rober, them from outrage and oppreffion. more orderly, and more attentive to 11. The last mechanical inethod duty."

of promoting morality that I thall 8. Odours of various kinds have mention, is to keep femibility alive bčen observed to act in the most feníi- by a familiarity with scenes of difress ble manner upon the moral faculty.from poverty and disease. Conp:/Brydone tells us, upon the authority fion never awakes in the hunan of a cèlebrated philosopher in Italy, bosom without being accompanied that the peculiar wickedness of the with a train of fifter virtues. Hence people who live in the neighbour. the wise man juftly remarks, that, hood of Etna and Vesuvius is occa-" by the sadness of the countenance fioned chiely by the finell of the the heart is made better." Cuphur, and of the hot exhalations! It will be sufficient only to men. which are constantly discharged from tion light and darkness, to fuggeft these volcanos. ' Agreeable odours | facts in favour of the influence of sekoin fail to inspire ferenity, and to each of them upon morai lengbility, compose the angry spirits. Hence How often do the peevish complaints the pleasure, and one of the advan- of the night, in sickness, give way tages, of a flower garden,

to the composing rays of the light of 9. As sensibility is the avenue to the morning! Othello cannot mur. the inoral faculty, every thing which der Dufdcmona by candle-light; tunds to dininith it tends also to anii who has not telt the effects of a injure morals. The Romans owed | blazing file on the gentle paflions? much of their corruption to the It is to be lamented, that no expefights of the contests of their gladia- riments have as yet been made, to tors, and of criminals with wild determine the effects of all the dii. boats. For these reasons, execu- ferent fpecies of ains, which cte. tions should never be public. In- ! mistry has lately discovered, upon deid, I believe tliere are few public the mural faculty. I have authority, punitaments of any kind that do not from actual experiments only, to harden the hearts of spectators, and declare, 'that dephlogisticated air, thereby Jeffen the natural horror / when taken into the lungs, produco which all crimes at first excite in the cheerfulne:s, gentleness, and serenity human mind.

of mind. 10. Cruelty to brute animals is it might help to enlarge our ideas avother means of destroying lenti. upon this subject, to take notice of bility. The ferocity of savages has the influence of the different stages of

lociety

fociety--of agriculture and com. | not to be wowdered at, hat a couh.. merce-ot foil and situation of the derable intimacy took place between different degrets of cultivation of us:--in short, we plunged together tulit, and of the intellectual powers into every follv and vice, which this -ot the different forms of governy- / gay and volup'uous city offered to men--and, lastly, of the different our view ; and, neither of us being profesions and occupations of man- under the strict rults observed by Kind, upon the mo: ai faculty: but as the general scholars, we had greater these act indirectly only, and by the opportunities to follow every wild intervention of caules that are un inclination, and gratify every wish Codurcted vit matter, lionceive we could form. they are foreign to the business of “ The confequence of our rata the present inquiry.

behaviour was a complaint of the governor's to each of our parents,

which gave them the greatest alarm ,GRASVILLE ABBEY; and uneafineis. A contiderable de

crease was, in consequence, made iš A Romance. ::.

our allowances, and a fevere repri. By G. NI.

mand sent us, tor conduct which (Continued from p. 262.)

threatened, in some degree, to bring

disgrace on our family. The re: CH A P. XVII. . proof, thought to both exceedingly.

mortifying, was not so dittreiling to ELUCIDATIONS CONTINUED.

us as the curtailment of our salaries, Something I'd unfold, which would prevent our appearing for fomething still there lies.

among the extravagant fociety we In heaven's dark volume, which i

which

s

had become acquainted with, as we read through milts.

Daycool must be ridiculed by those who had Good unexpected, evil unforeseen,

for for more to expend in the luxuries of the Appear by turns, as furtune foifts the place. scene :

[down amain, “ As I was firting, the day after I Some, rais'd aloft, corne tumbling had rercived this information from Then fall fo hard, they bound and Italy, meditating on my uncom. rise again.

fortable fiuition, d'olifont entered, , DRA D. Virg. I and told me vi his having ruce ved

in fimilar intelligence. THE HORMII's TALE. 66 Do not give way to defpair, “ TORN to a perdid fortune, (said he) but let us take fone meiliod

D and brought up in all the to overcoine the mistortune.” elegance of an Italian noble, I at: “ I at first conceived he intended tained my nineteenth year.- My to write consiliatory letters of refather, the baron Sampieno, was pentance,--and, I must own n'y advised to send me to Madrid, not moud fond did not altogether mp. only to finish a pirticular part of my prove :urli a manner et proceering; education, but for change of air, my, I there we remained iilent. but health being in that state woich gave the ioon convinced me I had mistaken them ferious alarm. . . This ideas, by informing m:, in plain

“At the seminart to which I was torms, he intended to commence fent, another youn; Iralian, of my gambler, and, persuading Die 10 own are, was also placed by his follow thic fumie courte. " I have not friends. - His name has d'Ollifont: a doubt (he continued) bur I initi ard oir manners being greatly alike, ampiv piake amends for what i trive 8!, volatile, and dillipted, it wio" foit in my quarterly allos: ance."

If I diniked the idea of making I tune he disposed of to a distant conceffion, how much more did I relation. abhor the thought of entering inio ! « Not long after this event, I bad so inean and despicable a protetton | the misfortune ro lose my parent, as d'Olliont had proposed! I was, | anii, by his death, found myself ia indeed, greatly hocked to find that polition of his title, and the whole he had such intentions.--I expoftue of his property, which amounted to Jated with him, on the disgrace, the a considerable sum, there being no intamy, of such a character, and other children, and his wife having attemptel, to the utmost of my abi. | died when I was very young. lity, to paint, in their true colours, L “ N. affections had for some time the mean and pitiful thifts they were | been fixed on a lovely object, who obliged to have recourse to, on many had rended with her moiber, near occasions. - I was, however, dilan/ the academy where I was placed. pointed in my endeavours to alarm | Beruty was her least ornament; an his pride, and make hiin give up amiable disposition, added to an to disgracesul a determination. In excellent under tianding, made her, short, we paited in eumity.

in iny eyes, an object worthy to be " He soon after began his direet the wife of a man, even in a higher course to deltruction, and, in a little situation than myself, thuugh the time, became connected with a gang, bad no fortune. who were well known for the dic. After an interval of a few frauds of which they had been guiliv, novihs from my father's death, I Neceflity, for the sake of my own had the exquisite happiness to receive reputation, now obliged one to thun | my charming' Callandra as iny own. one whole principles and morals Spain was ber native country; and, were univerfally known and con- being unwilling to quit it, I resolved demned.-Thefariilice was greator 10 quiesce with her defire of setthan I expected; but at lengih, with ltling there, as I had now no partici some resolution, I got the better of lar friends or relations in Italy. my feelings, and enjoyed confider- | Seventeen years were spent in a able happine is in the thought of the round of happiness, which no mortal danger I had escaped.

could enjoy in a greater degree than “My dispositio! became now myself.--One girl and two boys were more settieri, ana iny manners en- / the fruits of our constant love; both tirely changed, from the wild career of the latter died when infants, and of youth to the more thoughtful | the care of the education of the de portinent of manlood. The con- former was mine and my Catrandra's fcquence of this alteration was a chicf employment.-I need not tell thorough reconciliation with my you how we loved her,-your owa friends, and a greater supply of mo- ideas must paint to you that affection ney than I had ever received before. | which pofteled our breasts for this

li is from this only that I can remaining pledge of our felicity,arcount for the deadly hate which when we law in her every grace, and took poffeffion of d'Ollifont, against every virtue which could adorn a one whom he had at a former period | female.- Alas! those scenes of bliss cailed his friend, and who still would were not to last for ever, but, after have done any thing in his power, to this period, were soon to be changed have reclaimed him from fo con. | for misery, anguish, and a series of teinptible a mode of living,--which I years clouded with glooms of sorrow ir might now be properly called, his and adversity, never to be erased." father having died, and left him but I The hermit fhed a few tears at the a imall lugacy; the bulk of liis for- recollection, and was under the ne.

ceffity

« PreviousContinue »