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The Great Western Rail Road.-De Witt Clinton, Esq. bas received instructions from the Engineer Department at Washington, to examine the route of the contemplated Rail Road from the Hudson River to the Ohio Canal. The distance is about 500 miles.
Machinery and Capital.-We copy the following extraordinary statement from the Mechanics' Magazine; it speaks volumes."Mr. Cramshaw's iron works-Number of persons employed 5000; annually expended for labor 300,000l., number of horses employed 450, number of steam engines 8, each at 50 horse power, but going night and day, doing the work of 12000 horses; water wheels 9, equal to the power of 954 horses; furnaces 84, each about 50 feet high and wide in proportion; forges 3, foundry 1, rolling mills 8, boring mill 1; annually used for mixing with the iron ore, iron stone 90,000 tons, lime 40,000 tons; annually consumed, coals 200,000 tons; gunpowder 30,000 lbs., candles 120, 000 lbs. One hundred and twenty miles of tram-railway have been laid down for the use of these works, besides which there is a canal of several miles, aqueduct, briges, &c. Of tram wagons, made chiefly of iron, there are many thousand. Mr. Cramshaw bas lately built a castle for his own residence, in the vicinity of the works, which covers an acre of ground and contains 72 apartments; the locks and hinges alone cost 7001. There is a pinery attached to the castle which is heated by steam, and costs 8501. yearly, and an extensive granary also, that costs nearly as much. -English paper.
Latest from Europe.-By an arrival at New-York, London papers to the 3d of November have been received. The most important news is the account of a dreadful riot at Bristol, England. It is said that four or five hundred persons were killed in the affray or perished in the buildings' which were burnt by the mob. Forty-two dwelling houses and ware houses were burnt, besides the excise house, custom house, four toll houses, three prisons and the Bishop's palace.- Courier.
The letters from Berlin to the 22d October, give 29 cases of cholera for that day, and 18 deaths. On the 19th, at Vienna, there were only 6 new cases in the city, and 1 death. In the suburbs, where the people could not be got to be equally careful, there were on the same day, sixty-three new cases and twentythree deaths.
It was said in Paris that the affairs of Greece were to be left to the decision of England and Russia.
All Egypt is infected with the cholera morbus, which is more destructive in the principal towns than ever the plague has been. From six hundred te eight hundred persons died daily at Cairo.
TO OUR PATRONS AND SUBSCRIBERS. -While we feel grateful for the p.om otness with which most of our subscribers have made payment, we would remind those few who are in arrears, that the balance due is much wanted by the printer.
It is presumed that those who have received the Magazine this year, will generally wish to receive it for the coming year; that they may have a complete Volume, together with the Title Page and Index.
It is proposed, in the January number, to give a List of Agents. We respectfully request our patrons to obtain new subscribers, who, if they choose, can be supplied with the back numbers of the current volume, on accommodating terms.
Original matter for our pages, would be very acceptable.
POSTAGE OF THIS PAPER.
The postage of this paper, to any place within the State in which it is printed, is one cent; to any place without that Sta e, not distant more than one hundred miles, one cent-over a hundred miles, one and a half cent.
PALEY'S NATURAL THEOLOGY, illustrated by the plates and by a selection from the notes of James Paxton, with additional notes, original and selected -New edition.
WATSON'S THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTES, or a view of the evidences, doctrines, morals and institutions of Christianity, by ichard Watson.— Stereotype edition
In addition to the above may be found a very valuable collection of Theological and other Books at CORY & BROWN'S, 13, Market-street.
BOOK & JOB PRINTING.
WILLIAM MARSHALL & Co No. 12, Market Square 4th story, respectfully inform the public that they have just added to their stock of materials, an entire new office, selected with great care by a gentleman wo contempleted prosecuting the printing business in this town. This being added to their former large assortment of materials, makes an extensive variety, and enables them to offer very great advantages to persons who may want any kind of Letter Press Printing done in good style, and at short notice
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SCOT'S FAMILY BIBLE, with critical Notes and practical Observations, in 6 Octavo vols.-Price 13 dollars-For sale at No 5, MarketSquare, by BREWER & WILCOX.
AN ESSAY ON THE STATE OF INFANTS, by Rev. Alvan Hyde D. D. Price 10 cents. For sale by HUTCHES & SHEPARD.
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JANUARY 31, 1832.
THE HOPKINSIAN MAGAZINE.
With the present number, our periodical enters on its eighth year. This is an age, to which few publications of the kind, in this country, have arrived. It becomes us gratefully to acknowl
edge "the good hand of God," which has sustained us under the labours, sacrifices, and discouragements, with which the work has been conducted. And while we are sensible that our pages have been less instructive and interesting than they would have been, if we had possesed greater ability, enjoyed more leisure, and received more aid from those who were well able to afford it; still we indulge the hope, that the original design of this publication, has been, in some degree, attained. Something, we trust, has been done, towards stating, explaining and proving that system of scriptural doctrines and duties, which had obtained the name of Hopkinsian. If this has edified and confirmed some; we would flatter ourselves it has enlightened and convinced others. It must have been perceived that the Hopkinsian system, while, on the one hand, it shuns the first principle of Arminianism-that of a self determi ning power, or "the efficiency of man in all his moral actions"-it avoids, on the other hand, the three capital absurdities of modern Calvinism, viz. the imputation of Adam's sin to his descendants; the natural inability of men to do what God requires; and an atonement made for the elect only. It is presumed some have discovered, that Hopkinsianism is, indeed, much the mildest, and the only consistent form of Calvinism. It is not unlikely, that some may have found themselves in the predicament of an aged Minister of the Old Colony,' a few years since; who had conceived a strong prejudice against the writings of Dr. Hopkins, which he had never read; but upon being persuaded by a clerical brother, to peruse a volume of the Dr.'s works, exclaimed, 'If this be Hopkinsianism, I have been a Hopkinsian these twenty years
We think we can perceive, that in places where this work has freely circulated, much of the reproach which had been cast upon the name Hopkinsian, has been removed, and that this appella
tion is used, as it ever should have been, merely as a term of distinction.
It gives us pleasure to state, that our publication has received a While regularly increasing patronage, from its commencement. we tender our thanks to all who have aided in circulating the Magazine; we would respectfully solicit a continua: ce of their assistance; as, without it, our work must share the fate of most religious periodicals in this fickle age, and expire for want of pecuniary support. Still more urgently would we solicit the aid of such as are able to adorn our pages with well-written original communications.
BETWEEN A CALVINIST AND A SEMI CALVINIST.
The following Dialogue was inserted in the Life of Dr. Hopkins, written principally by himself, and published soon after his death. That interesting and valuable work is now out of print, The life and probably has not been seen by many of our readers. of Dr Hops has recently been re-written, and published in an abridged form; from which the Dialogue, as well as some of the peculiar sentiments of the venerable author, have been excluded. We have ever considered this Dialogue as one of the Dr.'s most able and useful productions, with which we wish all our readers may be acquainted, and with which, at the suggestion of an esteemed correspondent we are happy to enrich our pages. - ED.
Semi-Calvinist Sir, I have wanted, for some time, to talk with you about the notion, which some lately advance, viz: That christians may, yea, that they ought, and must be willing to perish forever, in order to be christians. This is a shocking doctrine to me: For I believe it absolutely impossible for any one to be willing to be eternally wretched; and, if it were possible, it would be very wicked; for we are commanded to do that which is directly contrary to this, viz: to desire and seek to escape damnation, and to be saved; as all our most considerable and best divines have taught, which I could easily prove, were it necessary.
Calvinis!.I can decide nothing upon this matter until I know what is meant by being willing to be a ser ble forever, by those who assert this, or you, who oppose it. Let me then ask you, you suppose that by being willing to be miserable is meant a being pleased with damnation, or choosing to be miserable forever, for its own sake or in itself consi'ered; and preferring misery, eternal misery, and being just as the damned will be, to eternal happiness, and being just as the blessed will be forever, considering the form
er as being in itself better than the latter? This is doubtless impossible, and if it were not, would be very unreasonable and wickAnd I question whether any one ever believed this, or meant to assert it, by saying that christians ought to be willing to perish forever. But if by being willing to be cast off by God forever, be meant, that however great and dreadful this evil is; yet a christian may and ought to be willing to suffer it, if it be necessary in order to avoid a greater evil; or to obtain an overbalancing good, if such a case can be supposed: This, I think, is true, and ought to be maintained, as essential to the character of a christian; and that the contrary doctrine is dangerous and hurtful. For it is esSential to true benevolence to prefer a greater good to a less, and a less evil to a greater, and that whether it be private or public good or evil; or his own personal good or evil; or that of others. Semi. I am unable to conceive what you mean by (6 a greater evil, than eternal damnation, or a greater good' to be promoted by this evil. Is not this the greatest of all evils? And what good is left for him, who is doomed to eternal misery? I grant that a man may, and ought to subject himself, in many cases, to a less evil, in order to avoid a greater, or to obtain a greatly overbalancing good; but in the proposed case all good is lost forever, and the greatest possible evil takes place, and nothing but evil, without end.
Cale. Is not the damnation of millions a greater evil than the dam ation of a single person? And is not the eternal happiness of millions a greater good, than that of one individual? This I know you will grant. Supposing it were necessary for one individual to be miserable forever in order to save a million from this misery; and by his subjecting himself to this, they would all be saved from this evil, and be eternally happy ought he not to be willing to perish, in such a case and on this supposition? And if he should not be willing to give himself up to this evil, to save a mision from it, and to make them eternally happy, would he not prefer a million times greater evil to one a million times less; and choose a million times less good and prefer it to one a million times greater? And if this is not unreasonable and wicked, and directly contrary to true benevolence, what can be?
This is making an impossible supposition. The damnation of one man cannot save one, much less a million.
Cale. I grant it is an impossible supposition; but it nevertheless serves to show that there may be a greater evil than the damnation of one individual; a good that will overbalance a million. times, the evil of the damnation of one man; and that on supposion, this greater evil can be avoided, and the overbalancing good obtained, by the damnation of one man, and can be done no other way, then it is desirable he should be damned, and he ought to be willing, and to choose it. St. Paul makes this same supposition, when he says; I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ, for my brethren, my kinsmen, according to the flesh,' and