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Gold, as it is the purest, so it is the sofest, and most ductile of all metals : iron, which is the hardest, gathers rust, corrodes itself ; and is therefore subject to corruption : it was never intended for coins and medals, or to bear faces and the inscriptions of the great. Indeed it is fit for armour, to bear off insults, and preserve the wearer in the day of battle: but the danger once repelled, it is laid aside by the brave, as a garment too rough for civil conversation : a necessary guard in war, but too harsh and cumbersome in peace, and which keeps off the embraces of a more humane life.
For this reason, my lord, though you have courage in an heroical degree, yet I ascribe it to you, but as your second attribute : mercy, beneficence, and compassion, claim precedence, as they are first in the divine nature. An intrepid courage, which is inherent in your Grace, is at best but a holiday kind of virtue, to be seldom exercised, and never but in cases of neceflity: affability, mildness, tenderness, and a word, which I would fain bring back to its orignal fignification of virtue, I mean Good-nature, are of daily use : they are the bread of mankind, and staff of life : neither sighs, nor tears, nor groans, nor curses of the vanquished, follow acts of compassion, and of charity: but a fincere pleasure and serenity of mind, in him who performs an action of mercy, which cannot fuffer the misfortunes of another, without redress; left they should bring a kind of contagion along with them, and pollute the happiness which he enjoys.
Yet since the perverse tempers of mankind, fince oppression on one side, and ambition or the other, are fometimes the unavoidable occasions of war ; that courage, that magnanimity, and resolution, which is born with you, cannot be too much commended : and here it grieves me that I ain scanted in the pleasure of dwelling on many of your actions : but vidéopest Tpôses is an expression which Tully often ufed, when he would do what he dares not, and fears the censure of the Ro
I have sometimes been forced to amplify on others; but here, where the subject is fó fruitful that the harvest overcomes the reaper, I am shortened by my chain, and can only see what is forbidden me to reach : since it is not permitted me to commend you according to the extent of my wishes, and much less is it in my power to make my commendations equal to your merits. Yet, in this frugality of your praises, there are some things which I cannot omit, without detracting from your character. You have so formed your own education as enables you to pay the debt you owe your country i or, more properly speaking, both your countries : because you were born, I may alınost say in purple, at the castle of Dublin,' when your grandfather was lordlieutenant, and have since been bred in the court of England.
If this address had been in verse, I might have called you, as Claudian calls Mercury, “Numen commune,
gemino faciens commercia mundo.” The better to satisfy this double obligation, you have early cultivated
the genius your have to arms, that when the service of Britain or Ireland shall require your courage and your conduct, you may exert them both to the benefit of either country. You began in the cabinet what you afterwards practised in the camp; and thus both Lucullus and Cæsar (to omit a crowd of thining Romans) formed themselves to war by the study of history, and by the examples of the greatest captains, both of Greece and Italy, before their time. I name those two commanders in particular, because they were better read in chronicle than any of the Roman leaders ; and that Lucullus in particular, having only the theory of war from books, was thought fit, without practice, to be sent into the field, against the most formidable enemy of Rome. Tully indeed was called the learned consul in derision; but then he was not born a soldier : his head was turned another way : when he read the Tacticks, he was thinking on the bar, which was his field of battle. The knowledge of warfare is thrown away on a general who dares not make use of what he knows. I commend it only in a man of courage and resolution ; in him it will direct his martial spirit ; and teach him the way to the best victories, which are those that are least bloody, and which, though atchieved by the hand, are managed by the head. Science distin. guishes a man of honour from one of those athletic brutes whom undeservedly we call heroes. Cursed be the poet, who first honoured with that name a meer Ajax, a man-killing ideot. The Ulyffes of Ovid upbraids his ignorance, that he understood not the shield,
for which he pleaded : there were engraven on it, plans of cities, and maps of countries, which Ajax could not comprehend, but looked on them as stupidly as his fellow-beast the lion. But, on the other side, your Grace has given yourself the education of his rival : you have studied every spot of ground in Flanders, which for these ten years pa!t has been the scene of battles and of sieges. No wonder if you performed your part with such applause on a theatre which you underftood so well.
If I designed this for a poetical encomium, it were cafy to enlarge on fo copious a subject; but, confining myself to the severity of truth, and to what is becoming me to say, I must not only pass over many instances of your military skill, but also those of your affiduous diligence in the war: and of your personal bravery, attended with an ardent thirst of honour; a long train of generosity; profuseness of doing good; a soul unfatisfied with all it has done ; and an unextinguished defire of doing more.
But all this is matter for your own historians; I am, as Virgil says, “ Spatiis exclusus iniquis."
Yet, not to be wholly silent of all your charities, I must stay a little on one action, which preferred the relief of others to the consideration of yourself. When, in the battle of Landen, your heat of courage (a fault only pardonable to your youth) had transported you so far before your friends, that they were unable to follow, much less to succour you ; when you were not only dangerously, but in all appearance mortally wound
ext, when in that desperate condition you were made prisoner, and carried to Namur, at that time in posseffion of the French ; then it was, my lord, that you took a considerable part of what was remitted to you of your own revenues, and as a memorable instance of your heroic charity, put it into the hands of count Guiscard, who was governor of the place, to be distributed among your fellow-prisoners. The French commander, charmed with the greatness of your soul, accordingly consigned it to the use for which it was intended by the donor : by which means the lives of so many miserable men were faved, and a comfortable provision made for their subsistence, who had otherwise perished, had not you been the companion of their misfortune: or rather sent by Providence, like another Jofeph, to keep out famine from invading those whom in humility you called your brethren. How happy was it for those poor creatures, that your Grace was made their fellow-sufferer! and how glorious' for you, that you chofe to want, rather than not relieve the wants of others ! The heathen poet; in commending the charity of Dido to the Trojans, spoke like a christian ; “ Non ignära mali, miferis fuccurrere disco." All men, even those of a different interest, and contrary principles, must praise this action, as the most eminent for piety, not only in thiş degenerate age, but almost in any of the former ; when men were made a de meliore luto;" when examples of charity were frequent, and when they were in being, “ Teucri pulcherrima proles, magnanimi heroes nati melioribus annis." No envy can